3. Nikkhepakaŗ¹a½

Tikanikkhepakath±vaŗŗan±

985. Sabbesanti cittupp±davasena r³p±saŖkhatavasena ca bhinn±na½ sabbesa½ phass±dicakkh±dipadabh±jananayena vitth±rito. Tattha pana asaŖkhatassa bhed±bh±vato asaŖkhat± dh±t³tveva padabh±jana½ daµµhabba½. Yev±panak±na½ pana sukhumup±d±yar³passa ca indriyavik±raparicchedalakkhaŗar³pupatthambhakabh±varahitassa hadayavatthussa paduddh±rena idha niddes±narahatt± niddeso na katoti daµµhabbo. Na hi tath±gatassa dhammesu ±cariyamuµµhi atth²ti. Nikkhipitv±ti vitth±radesana½ µhapetv±, apanetv±ti attho, vitth±radesana½ antogadha½ katv±ti v±. G±th±ttho nid±ne vutto eva.
M³lavasena paccayabh±vo hetupaccayattho. Pabhavati etasm±ti pabhavo, so eva “janako”ti visesito. Samuµµh±ti eten±ti samuµµh±na½, tassa visesana½ nibbattakanti. Sabb±ni v± et±ni pariy±yavacan±ni. Atthavasen±ti kasm± vutta½, nanu kusalam³l±na½ hetubh±vato dhammavasen±ti yuttanti? Saccameta½, alobh±d²na½ pana tiŗŗa½ sam±nassa m³laµµhassa vasena dassitata½ sandh±ya “atthavasen±”ti vutta½. Imin± dhammoti bh±vo, atthoti dhammakicca½ adhippetanti vińń±yati. “Alobho nid±na½ kamm±na½ samuday±y±”ti-±divacanato (a. ni. 3.34) t±ni kusalam³l±ni samuµµh±na½ etass±tipi ta½samuµµh±na½. Ta½ pana tehi samuµµhita½ hot²ti “alobh±d²hi samuµµhitan”ti ±ha. Te kusalam³lata½sampayutt± samuµµh±na½ etass±tipi attho sambhavati. Ettha pana cetana½ µhapetv± ańńe “ta½sampayutt±”ti samuµµh±nabh±ve vattabb±. Tattha m³lehi attano paccayato kusale pariy±diyati, khandhehi sabh±vato kammehi ańńassa nibbattanakiccato. M³lehi ca kusal±na½ anavajjat±ya hetu½ dasseti, khandhehi ta½sampayogakata½ anavajjasabh±va½, kammehi sukhavip±kata½. M³lehi v± nid±nasampattiy± ±dikaly±ŗata½, khandhehi sabh±vasampattiy± majjhekaly±ŗata½, kammehi nibbattisampattiy± pariyos±nakaly±ŗata½.
986. Ta½ …pe… uddha½ akusala½ n±ma natth²ti kasm± vutta½, nanu vicikicchuddhaccasahagatamoho atth²ti? Saccameta½, tena pana vin± ta½sampayuttat± natth²ti ta½sampayuttesu gahitesu moho gahito ev±ti katv± “tato uddha½ natth²”ti vutta½ ańńattha abh±v±. Ekasmi½ µhita½ ekaµµha½, sahajabh±vena ekaµµha½ sahajekaµµha½. Pah±tabbanti pah±na½, pah±nabh±vena ekaµµha½ pah±nekaµµha½. Yena hi ya½ saha pah±tabba½, tena ta½ ekasmi½ puggale µhita½ hoti, ekasmi½ samucchinne asamucchinne ca itarassa samucchinnat±ya asamucchinnat±ya ca vasena ańńamańń±virahitato.
987. T²ŗi lakkhaŗ±n²ti aniccadukkha-anattat±. N±makasiŗasattapańńattiyo tisso pańńattiyo. Paramatthe amuńcitv± vohariyam±n± vih±ramańc±dik± up±d±pańńatti sattapańńattiggahaŗena gahit±ti veditabb±, et±ni ca lakkhaŗ±d²ni heµµh± dv²su kaŗ¹esu vińńatti-±d²ni viya na vutt±ni, na ca sabh±vadhamm±ti katv± na labbhant²ti vutt±ni. Na hi koci sabh±vo kusalattik±saŖgahitoti vattu½ yuttanti.
988. Sukhabh³m²ti k±m±vacar±dayopi yujjanti. Sukhasahagat± hi k±m±vacar±dibh³mi sukhabh³mi. K±m±vacar±dibh³m²ti ca k±m±vacar±dit±ya dhamm± eva vuccant²ti k±m±vacar±dicittupp±des³ti atthato vińń±yati. Evańca katv± “sukhabh³miyan”ti vatv± tass± eva vibh±gadassanattha½ “k±m±vacare”ti-±di vutta½. Bh³mi-saddo ca abhidhamme k±m±vacar±d²su niru¼hoti “cat³su bh³m²su kusalan”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1384) ańńabh³miggahaŗa½ na hot²ti. P±¼ito c±ti “visiµµh±na½ p±k±ti vip±k±”ti-±divacanatthavibh±vanena p±¼ito. “Vipakkabh±vam±pann±na½ ar³padhamm±nameta½ adhivacanan”ti-±din± bh±sitatthavibh±vanena atthato ca. N±maparicched±d²hi tikaduk±na½ vavatth±nadassanena v± p±¼ito, tadatthavińń±panena atthato.
991. S±liphalanti s±lip±kam±ha.
994. Amh±ka½ m±tulattheroti puggal±rammaŗassapi up±d±nassa up±d±nakkhandh± eva paccayo, na lokuttar±, ko pana v±do khandh±rammaŗassa. Ten±ha “aggahit±n²”ti.
998. Yath± up±d±nehi aggahetabb± anup±d±niy±, eva½ sa½kilesehi aggahetabb± asa½kilesik±ti katv± “asa½…pe… eseva nayo”ti ±ha.
1006. Diµµhiy± gahito att± na vijjati. Yesu pana vipallatthag±ho, te up±d±nakkhandh±va vijjanti. Tasm± yasmi½ avijjam±nanicc±divipariy±s±k±ragahaŗa½ atthi, sova up±d±nakkhandhapańcakasaŖkh±to k±yo. Tattha nicc±di-±k±rassa avijjam±nat±dassanattha½ ruppan±disabh±vasseva ca vijjam±nat±dassanattha½ vijjam±no k±yoti visesetv± vutto, lokuttar± pana na kad±ci avijjam±n±k±rena gayhant²ti na ida½ visesana½ arahanti. Sakk±ye diµµhi, sat² v± k±ye diµµhi sakk±yadiµµhi. Attan± gahit±k±rassa avijjam±nat±ya sayameva sat², na t±ya gahito att± attaniya½ v±ti attho. Aya½ panattho sambhavat²ti katv± vutto, purimo eva pana padh±no. Dutiye hi diµµhiy± vatthu avisesita½ hoti. K±yoti hi khandhapańcake vuccam±ne lokuttar±panayana½ natthi. Na hi lokuttaresu k±ya-saddo na vattati. K±yapassaddhi-±d²su hi lokuttaresu k±ya-saddopi lokuttarakkhandhav±cakoti. S²len±ti suddhiy± ahetubh³tena s²lena. Gahitasam±d±nanti upp±ditapar±m±sova. So hi sam±diyanti etena kukkuras²lavat±d²n²ti “sam±d±nan”ti vutto. Tattha av²tikkaman²yat±ya s²la½, bhattivasena satata½ caritabbat±ya vata½ daµµhabba½.
1007. Idheva tiµµham±nass±ti imiss±yeva indas±laguh±ya½ tiµµham±nassa. V±cuggatakaraŗa½ uggaho. Atthaparipucchana½ paripucch±. Kusalehi saha codan±pariharaŗavasena vinicchayakaraŗa½ vinicchayo. Bah³na½ n±nappak±r±na½ sakk±yadiµµh²na½ avihatatt± t± janenti, t±hi janit±ti v± puthujjan±. Avigh±tameva v± jana-saddo vadati. Puthu satth±r±na½ mukhullokik±ti ettha puth³ jan± etesanti puthujjan±ti vacanattho. Puthu…pe… avuµµhit±ti ettha janetabb±, j±yanti v± etth±ti jan±, gatiyo. Puth³ jan± etesanti puthujjan±. Ito pare j±yanti eteh²ti jan±, abhisaŖkh±r±dayo. Te etesa½ puth³ vijjant²ti puthujjan±. AbhisaŖkharaŗ±di-attho eva v± jana-saddo daµµhabbo. R±gaggi-±dayo sant±p±. Te eva sabbepi v± kiles± pari¼±h±. Puthu pańcasu k±maguŗes³ti ettha j±yat²ti jano, “r±go gedho”ti evam±diko. Puthu jano etesanti puthujjan±. Puth³su v± jan± j±t± ratt±ti eva½ r±g±di-attho eva jana-saddo daµµhabbo. Palibuddh±ti sambaddh± upaddut± v±. Assutav±ti etena andhat± vutt±ti “andhaputhujjano vutto”ti ±ha.
Anayeti ava¹¹hiya½. Sabbattha niruttilakkhaŗena padasiddhi veditabb±. Anekesu ca kappasatasahassesu kata½ j±nanti, p±kaµańca karonti upak±ra½ satijanana-±misapaµiggahaŗ±din± paccekasambuddh±, tatheva dukkhitassa sakkacca½ k±tabba½ karonti. Samm±sambuddho pana asaŖkhyeyya-appameyyesupi kata½ upak±ra½ maggaphal±na½ upanissayańca j±n±ti, p±kaµańca karoti, s²ho viya ca java½ sabbattha sakkaccameva dhammadesana½ karoti. Ariyabh±voti yehi yogato ariy± vuccanti, te maggaphaladhamm± daµµhabb±. Ariyakaradhamm± aniccadassan±dayo, vipassiyam±n± v± anicc±dayo.
Sot±n²ti taŗh±diµµhikilesaduccarita-avijj±sot±ni. “Sot±na½ sa½vara½ br³m²”ti vatv± “pańń±yete pidh²yare”ti vacanena sot±na½ sa½varo pidahana½ samucchedań±ŗanti vińń±yati. Khant²ti adhiv±san±, s± ca tath±pavatt± khandh±. Pańń±ti eke, adoso eva v±. K±yaduccarit±d²nanti duss²lyasaŖkh±t±na½ k±yavac²duccarit±na½ muµµhassaccasaŖkh±tassa pam±dassa abhijjh±domanass±na½ p±pak±na½ akkhanti-ańń±ŗakosajj±nańca. Anupekkh± saŖkh±rehi avivaµµana½, s±layat±ti attho. Dhammaµµhitiya½ paµiccasamupp±de paµilomabh±vo sassatucchedag±ho, tappaµicch±dakamoho v±. Nibb±ne paµilomabh±vo saŖkh±resu rati, nibb±napaµicch±dako moho v±. SaŖkh±ranimittagg±hoti y±disassa kilesassa appah²natt± vipassan± saŖkh±ranimitta½ na muńcati, so kileso daµµhabbo. SaŖkh±ranimittaggahaŗassa atikkamana½ v± pah±na½.
Catunna½ ariyamagg±na½ bh±vitatt± accanta½ appavattibh±vena ya½ pah±nanti yojan± veditabb±. Kena pana pah±nanti? Ariyamaggehev±ti vińń±yam±no ayamattho tesa½ bh±vitatt± appavattivacanena. Samudayapakkhikass±ti ettha catt±ropi magg± catusacc±bhisamay±ti katv± tehi pah±tabbena tena tena samudayena saha pah±tabbatt± samudayasabh±gatt± ca saccavibhaŖge ca sabbakiles±na½ samudayabh±vassa vuttatt± “samudayapakkhik±”ti diµµhi-±dayo vuccanti. K±yav±c±citt±na½ vir³pappavattiy± nayana½ apay±pana½, k±yaduccarit±d²na½ vin±sanayana½ v± vinayo, tesa½ v± jimhappavatti½ vicchinditv± ujukanayana½ vinayana½. Eseseti eso so eva, atthato anańńoti attho. Tajj±teti atthato ta½sabh±vova. Sappuriso ariyasabh±vo, ariyo ca sappurisabh±voti attho.
Advayanti dvayat±rahita½, vaŗŗameva “acc²”ti gahetv± acci½ v± “vaŗŗo ev±”ti tesa½ ekatta½ passanto viya yath±takkita½ att±na½ “r³pan”ti, yath±diµµha½ v± r³pa½ “att±”ti gahetv± tesa½ ekatta½ passanto daµµhabbo. Ettha ca “r³pa½ att±”ti imiss± pavattiy± abh±vepi r³pe attaggahaŗa½ pavattam±na½ acciya½ vaŗŗaggahaŗa½ viya. Upam±yo ca anańńatt±diggahaŗanidassanavaseneva vutt±, na vaŗŗ±d²na½ viya attano vijjam±nattassa, attano viya v± vaŗŗ±d²na½ avijjam±nattassa dassanattha½.
1008. Sar²ranipphattiy±ti sar²rap±rip³riy±. Nicchetu½ asakkonto vicinanto kicchat²ti vicikicch±. Idappaccay±na½ bh±voti j±ti-±disabh±vameva ±ha, j±ti-±d²na½ v± jar±maraŗ±di-upp±danasamatthata½. S± pana j±ti-±divinimutt± natth²ti tesa½yev±dhivacana½ hoti “idappaccayat±”ti.
1009. Idha an±gatakiles± “tadekaµµh± kiles±”ti vuccant²ti te dassetu½ “imiss± ca p±¼iy±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Sahajekaµµhavasen±ti tattha uppannadiµµhiy± sahajekaµµhavasen±ti atthato vińń±yati. Ta½sampayuttoti tehi sa½yojanakilesehi sampayuttotipi attho yujjati. Tath± te sa½yojanakiles± samuµµh±na½ etass±ti ta½samuµµh±nanti v±. Sa½yojanarahitehi ca pana kilesehi sampayutt±na½ samuµµhit±nańca sabbh±vato kileseheva yojan± kat±.
1011. Sa½yojan±d²na½ viy±ti sa½yojanatadekaµµhakiles±d²na½ yath±vutt±na½ viya. Teh²ti dassanabh±van±maggehi. AbhisaŖkh±ravińń±ŗa½ kusal±kusala½, n±mar³pańca vip±kanti katv± “kusal±d²nampi pah±na½ anuńń±tan”ti ±ha.
1013. Het³ cev±ti “pah±tabbahetuk±”ti etasmi½ sam±sapade ekadesena sam±sapadattha½ vadati. Ettha ca purimanayena “ime dhamm± dassanenapah±tabbahetuk±”ti imeyeva dassanenapah±tabbahetuk±, na ito ańńeti aya½ niyamo pańń±yati, na ime dassanenapah±tabbahetuk±yev±ti. Tasm± imesa½ dassanenapah±tabbahetukabh±vo aniyato vicikicch±sahagatamohassa ahetukatt±ti purimanayo vivaraŗ²yatthav± hoti. Tasm± purimanayena dhammato dassanenapah±tabbahetuke nikkhipitv± atthato nikkhipitu½ dutiyanayo vutto.
1029. Mahaggat± v± iddhividh±dayo. Appam±ŗ±rammaŗ± mahaggat± cetopariyapubbeniv±s±n±gata½sań±ŗasampayutt±.
1035. Anantare niyutt±ni, anantaraphalappayojan±ni, anantaraphalakaraŗas²l±ni v± ±nantarik±ni. T±ni pana paµipakkhena aniv±raŗ²yaphalatt± antar±yarahit±n²ti “anantar±yena phalad±yak±n²”ti vutta½. Anantar±y±ni v± ±nantarik±n²ti niruttivasena padasiddhi veditabb±. Ekasmimp²ti pi-saddena anekasmimpi ±y³hite vattabbamevanatth²ti dasseti. Na ca tesa½ ańńamańńapaµib±hakatta½ atthi appaµipakkhatt±, appaµipakkhat± ca sam±naphalatt± anubalappad±nato ca. “Natthi hetu natthi paccayo satt±na½ sa½kiles±y±”ti (d². ni. 1.168) evam±diko ahetukav±do. “Karoto kho k±rayato chindato ched±payato…pe… karoto na kar²yati p±pan”ti (d². ni. 1.166) evam±diko akiriyav±do. “Natthi dinnan”ti (d². ni. 1.171; ma. ni. 2.94; 3.91) evam±diko natthikav±do. Etesu purimav±do bandhamokkh±na½ hetu½ paµisedheti, dutiyo kamma½, tatiyo vip±kanti ayametesa½ viseso. Tańh²ti ahetuk±diniyatamicch±diµµhi½, na pana niyatabh±va½ appatta½.
1039. Paccayaµµhen±ti maggapaccayasaŖkh±tena sampayogavisiµµhena paccayabh±ven±ti veditabba½. Ettha ca maggaŖg±na½ µhapana½ maggapaccayabh±varahite maggahetuke dassetu½, tena maggahetuke asaŖkarato vavatthapeti. Sace pana koci vadeyya “ekeka½ aŖga½ µhapetv± ta½ta½sampayutt±na½ maggahetukabh±vepi ‘maggaŖg±ni µhapetv±’ti ida½ vacana½ yujjat²”ti. Evańhi sati tatiyanaye viya idh±pi “µhapetv±”ti na vattabba½ siy±, vuttańceta½, tasm± vuttanayenevattho veditabbo. MaggaŖg±maggaŖg±nańhi sampayutt±na½ visesadassanattho aya½ nayoti. SesamaggaŖg±na½ pubbe µhapit±nanti adhipp±yo. Phass±d²nańhi purimanayepi maggahetukat± siddh±ti.
Samm±diµµhiy± dutiyanayepi µhapit±ya tatiyanaye sahetukabh±vo dassito. Katha½ dassito, nanu ariyamaggasamaŖgissa “alobho adoso ime dhamm± maggahet³”ti (dha. sa. 1039) avatv± “alobho adoso amoho ime dhamm± maggahet³”ti visu½ samm±diµµhi-±dike maggahet³ dassetv± “ta½sampayutto…pe… vińń±ŗakkhandho”ti (dha. sa. 1039) visu½ maggahetuk±na½ dassitatt± “maggahet³su amoho”ti (dha. sa. 1039) vutt±ya samm±diµµhiy± maggahetukat± na dassit± siy±? No na dassit±. Yath± hi t²ŗi sa½yojan±ni dassetv± “tadekaµµho lobho doso moho, ime dhamm± dassanena pah±tabbahet³”ti (dha. sa. 1017) visu½ pah±tabbahet³ niyametv± “tadekaµµh± ca kiles±”ti-±divacanena (dha. sa. 1017) lobhadosamoh± ca ańńamańńasahajekaµµh± ańńamańńasampayutt± saŖkh±rakkhandhabh³t± ca dassanenapah±tabbahetuk±ti dassit± honti, evamidh±pi “alobh±dayo ime dhamm± maggahet³”ti nigamit±pi ańńamańńasampayuttasaŖkh±rakkhandhabh±vato ta½sampayuttasaŖkh±rakkhandhavacanena “maggahetuk±”ti dassit± ev±ti siddha½ hoti, samm±diµµhiy±pi amohoti vutt±ya maggahetukabh±vadassana½. Sace pana yo dutiyanaye maggo ceva hetu c±ti vutto, tato ańńasseva ańńena as±dh±raŗena pariy±yena maggahetubh±va½ dassetv± ta½sampayogato samm±diµµhiy± maggahetukabh±vadassanattho tatiyanayo siy±. “AriyamaggasamaŖgissa alobho adoso ime dhamm± maggahet³”ti-±di vattabba½ siy±. Yasm± pana “maggahet³”ti imin± ańńena s±dh±raŗena pariy±yena yesa½ maggahetubh±vo sambhavati, te sabbe “maggahet³”ti dassetv± ta½sampayutt±na½ tesa½ ańńesańca maggahetukabh±vadassanattho tatiyanayo, tasm± tattha “amoho”tipi vutta½. Na hi so maggahetu na hot²ti. Ime pana tayopi nay± atthavisesavasena nikkhittatt± atthato nikkhep± daµµhabb±. Atha v± sar³pena vacana½ dhammato nikkhepo, atthena atthatoti evampi yojan± sambhavati. Tattha dutiyatatiyanay± sar³pato hetuhetumantudassanavasena dhammato nikkhepo. Paµhamanayo tath±-adassanato atthena ca maggaŖgata½sampayutt±na½ hetuhetumantubh±v±vagamanato atthato nikkhepoti.
1040. Yasmi½ sabh±vadhamme ninnapoŗapabbh±rabh±vena citta½ pavattati, so tassa ±rammaŗ±dhipati veditabbo. Cetopariyań±ŗena j±nitv± paccavekkham±no tena paccavekkham±noti vutto. Etth±p²ti etasmimpi aµµhakath±vacane, ettha v± paµµh±ne magg±d²ni µhapetv± ańńesa½ adhipatipaccayabh±vassa avacaneneva paµikkhepap±¼iya½. Ayamevatthoti attano maggaphala½ µhapetv±ti attho. V²ma½s±dhipateyyanti padh±nena adhipatin± sahaj±t±dhipati nidassito, tayida½ nayadassanamattameva hot²ti ańńopi eva½pak±ro sahaj±to magg±dhipati nidassito hoti, tasm± v²riy±dhipateyyanti ca yojetabba½. Idampi hi atthato vuttamev±ti.
1041. Attano sabh±vo attabh±vo. Laddhok±sassa kammassa vip±ko kappasahass±tikkame uppajjati anekakappasahass±yuk±na½ satt±na½, kappasahass±tikkamepi v± laddhok±sa½ ya½ bhavissati, tadapi laddhok±samev±ti attano vip±ka½ sandh±ya vuccati. Natthi n±ma na hot²ti anuppanno n±ma na hot²ti adhipp±yo. Upp±d²su antogadhatt± “upp±dino dhamm±”ti etena vacanena vuccat²ti katv± ±ha “upp±dino dhamm± n±ma j±to”ti. Ar³pasaŖkh±to att±ti ar³pabhavaŖga½ ±ha. Tattha ±k±s±nańc±yatanasańń±dimayo att±ti hi atthato voh±ro pavattoti.
Yadi pana ±y³…pe… sabba½ vip±ka½ dadeyya, aladdhok±sańca vip±ka½ det²ti katv± vipakkavip±kańca dadeyya, tato ekasseva kammassa sabbavip±kena bhavitabbanti ańńassa kammassa ok±so na bhaveyya niratthakatt± uppattiy±yeva ok±so na bhaveyya, uppannassa v± phalad±ne. Atha v± aladdhok±sassa vip±kad±ne paccayantararahitassapi vip±kad±na½ ±pannanti avijj±taŗh±dipaccayantarakhepakassa ańńassa apacayag±mikammassa kammakkhayakarassa ok±so na bhaveyya. Bh±vitepi magge avijj±dipaccayantararahitassa ca kammassa vipaccanato samatthat± na siy±ti attho. Sabbad± v± vip±kappavattiy± eva bhavitabbatt± vip±kato ańńassa pavatti-ok±so na bhaveyya. Ta½ pan±ti ±y³hita½ kamma½. Ida½ pana dhuvavip±kassa vip±kena adhuvavip±kassapi laddhok±sassa vip±ka½ upp±d²ti dassetu½ ±raddhanti daµµhabba½. Aµµha sam±pattiyo ca balavavirahe aggamaggabh±van±virahe ca appah²nasabh±vato dhuva½ vipaccant²ti dhuvavip±k±ti vutt±. ¾y³hitakamme vuccam±ne anuppanna½ kasm± vuttanti? Ya½ ±y³hita½ bhavissati, tatth±pi ±y³hita-saddappavattisabbh±v±.
1050. Up±dinn±ti ettha na upetena ±dinn±ti ayamattho, upasaddo pana upasaggamattameva, tasm± up±d±n±rammaŗ± up±d±nehi, ańńe ca anabhinivesena “aha½ magga½ bh±vayi½, mama maggo uppanno”ti-±dikena gahaŗena ±dinn± icceva up±dinn±. Up±dinna-saddena v± amaggaphaladhamm±yeva vutt±, itarehi maggaphaladhamm± c±ti veditabba½.

Tikanikkhepakath±vaŗŗan± niµµhit±.