2. R³pakaŗ¹a½

Uddesavaŗŗan±

Id±ni r³pamaby±kata½ bh±jetabba½, tańca kenaci samayavavatth±na½ katv± na sakk± bh±jetu½. Na hi r³passa cittupp±dena samayavavatth±na½ sakk± k±tu½ acittasamuµµh±nasabbh±vato, cittasamuµµh±nassa ca anekacittasamuµµh±nat±ya r³pasamuµµh±pakacitt±nańca kesańci katthaci asamuµµh±panat±ya vavatth±n±bh±vato, vińńattidvayavajjitassa r³passa acittasahabhubh±vato ca, na ca r³p±na½ upasampajja viharaŗena samayavavatth±na½ yujjati mahaggatappam±ŗ±na½ jh±n±na½ viya r³p±na½ upasampajja vih±tabbat±bh±v±, up±d±r³pehi ca na yujjati tesa½ sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vena appavattanato, n±pi mah±bh³tehi yujjati kesańci mah±bh³t±na½ kehici up±d±r³pehi vin± pavattito asam±nak±l±nańca sabbh±vato. Na hi “yasmi½ samaye pathav²dh±tu uppann± hoti, tasmi½ samaye cakkh±yatana½ hot²”ti sakk± vattu½ sot±dinissayabh³t±ya pathaviy± citt±disamuµµh±n±ya ca saha cakkh±yatanassa abh±v±. Eva½ sot±yatan±d²supi yojetabba½.
Mah±bh³tehi asam±nak±l±ni vińńatti-upacay±d²nipi tasmi½ samaye hont²ti na sakk± vattunti. Ekasmińca k±le anek±ni kal±pasahass±ni uppajjanti pavattanti ca, na ar³padhamm±na½ viya r³p±na½ kal±padvayasah±bh±vo atthi. Ekasmińca kal±pe vattam±ne eva ańńassa nirodho, ańńassa cuppatti hot²ti sabbath± r³p±by±kata½ samayavavatth±na½ katv± na sakk± vibhajitu½. Ekak±d²hi pana nayehi na hetu-±din± sabh±vena vibhajitu½ sakk±ti tath± vibhajanattha½ cittupp±dakaŗ¹e t±va avibhatta½ aby±kata½ atth²ti dassetu½ samayavavatth±nena vin± aby±katassa sabh±vatoyeva niddese ekadesa½ niddisitv± nigamanakaraŗassa anupapattito ca vibhattańca avibhattańca sabba½ saŖgaŗhanto ±ha “katame dhamm± aby±kat±? Kusal±…pe… asaŖkhat± ca dh±tu. Ime dhamm± aby±kat±”ti. Avibhatte hi vibhajitabbe dassite vibhajana½ yutta½ ń±tu½ icch±ya upp±dit±y±ti. Ettha pana vip±kakiriy±by±kata½ vibhattatt± na vibhajitabba½, asaŖkhat± ca dh±tu bhed±bh±vato. Ya½ panettha bhedayuttatt± avibhattatt± ca vibhajitabba½, ta½ vibhajanto ±ha “tattha katama½ sabba½ r³pan”ti-±di. Ayamettha p±¼iyojan±.
Naya½ dassetv±ti ettha heµµh± gahaŗameva nayadassana½. Ta½ vip±kesu katv± vińń±tatt± kiriy±by±katesu nissaµµha½. K±m±vacar±dibh±vena vattabbassa kiriy±by±katassa v± dassana½, ta½ katv± k±m±vacar±ti-±dika½ gahetv± vuttatt± nissaµµha½. Pańcav²sati r³p±n²ti p±¼iya½ vutt±ni das±yatan±ni pańcadasa ca sukhumar³p±ni, upacayasantatiyo v± ekanti katv± hadayavatthuńca. Channavut²ti cakkh±didasak± satta utusamuµµh±n±dayo tayo aµµhak± utucittaj± dve sadd± ca. Kal±pabh±vena pavattar³par³p±ni “r³pakoµµh±s±”ti vutt±ni r³pakal±pakoµµh±sabh±vato. Koµµh±s±ti ca a½s±, avayav±ti attho. Koµµhanti v± sar²ra½, tassa a½s± kes±dayo koµµh±s±ti ańńepi avayav± koµµh±s± viya koµµh±s±. Nibb±na½ nippadesato gahitanti sop±disesanirup±disesar±gakkhay±di-asaŖkhat±divacan²yabh±vena bhinna½ nippadesato gahita½. Atthato hi ek±va asaŖkhat± dh±t³ti.
584. Sabbanti sakala½ cakkav±¼a½. Parimaŗ¹ala½ parimaŗ¹alasaŗµh±na½, parikkhepato chatti½sa satasahass±ni dasa ceva sahass±ni a¹¹hacatutth±ni ca yojanasat±ni hont²ti attho. Ettha ca vaµµa½ “parimaŗ¹alan”ti vutta½. Catt±ri nahut±n²ti catt±l²sa sahass±ni. Nagavhay±ti nag±ti avh±tabb± nagasaddan±m±ti attho.
Devad±nav±d²na½ tig±vut±disar²ravasena mahant±ni p±tubh³t±ni. Tatth±ya½ vacanattho– bh³t±ni j±t±ni nibbatt±ni mahant±ni mah±bh³t±n²ti. Anekacchariyadassanena anek±bh³tavisesadassanavasena ca m±y±k±ro mahanto bh³toti mah±bh³to. Yakkh±dayo j±tivaseneva mahant± bh³t±ti mah±bh³t±. Niru¼ho v± aya½ mah±bh³tasaddo tesu daµµhabbo. Pathaviy±dayo pana mah±bh³t± viya mah±bh³t±. Bh³tasaddassa ubhayaliŖgatt± napu½sakat± kat±. Mah±parih±ratoti ettha vacanattha½ vadanto ±ha “mahantehi bh³t±ni, mah±parih±r±ni v± bh³t±n²”ti. Tattha pacchimatthe purimapade uttarapadassa parih±rasaddassa lopa½ katv± “mah±bh³t±n²”ti vuccanti.
Accimatoti aggissa. Koµisatasahassa½ eka½ koµisatasahasseka½. Cakkav±¼anti ta½ sabba½ ±ŗ±kkhettavasena eka½ katv± voharanti. Vil²yati kh±rodakena. Vik²rat²ti viddha½sati. Up±dinnakesu vik±ra½ dassento “patthaddho”ti-±dim±ha. Kaµµhamukhena v±ti -saddo upamattho. Yath± kaµµhamukhasappena daµµho patthaddho hoti, eva½ pathav²dh±tuppakopena so k±yo kaµµhamukheva hoti, kaµµhamukhamukhagato viya patthaddho hot²ti attho. Atha v± -saddo evasaddassatthe. “Pathav²dh±tuppakopen±”ti etassa ca parato ±haritv± veditabbo. Tatr±yamattho– “kaµµhamukhena daµµhopi k±yo pathav²dh±tuppakopeneva patthaddho hoti, tasm± pathav²dh±tuy± aviyutto so k±yo sabbad± kaµµhamukhamukhagato viya hot²”ti. Atha v± aniyamattho -saddo. Tatr±yamattho– “kaµµhamukhena daµµho k±yo patthaddho hoti v± na v± hoti mant±gadavasena, pathav²dh±tuppakopena pana mant±gadarahito so k±yo kaµµhamukhamukhagato viya hoti ekantapatthaddho”ti. P³tiyoti kuthito. Mah±vik±r±ni bh³t±n²ti mah±vik±r±ni j±t±ni, vijjam±n±n²ti v± attho. Ettha ca purimapade uttarapadassa vik±rasaddassa lopa½ katv± “mah±bh³t±n²”ti vutt±ni.
Pathav²ti-±din± sabbalokassa p±kaµ±nipi vipall±sa½ muńcitv± yath±sabh±vato pariggayham±n±ni mahantena v±y±mena vin± na pariggayhant²ti p±kaµ±nipi duvińńeyyasabh±vatt± “mahant±n²”ti vuccanti. T±ni hi suvińńeyy±ni amahant±n²ti gahetv± µhito tesa½ duppariggahitata½ disv± “aho mahant±ni et±n²”ti paj±n±ti. Up±d±y±ti etena vińń±yam±n± pacchimak±lakiriy± pavatt²ti katv± “pavattar³pan”ti vutta½. Evańhi “up±d±y±”ti etena paµiccasamuppannat± vutt± hot²ti. Atha v± up±d±yati nissayat²ti up±d±ya½, up±d±yameva r³pa½ up±d±yar³pa½, ańńanissayassa ekantanissitassa r³passeta½ adhivacana½. Ta½ pana na sattassa, n±pi vedan±dino tadabh±vepi bh±vatoti dassetu½ “catunna½ mah±bh³t±nan”ti-±dim±ha. Bhavati hi nissayar³p±na½ s±mibh±voti.