Vip±kuddh±rakath±vaººan±

Yato yattako ca vip±ko hoti, yasmiñca µh±ne vipaccati, ta½ dassetu½ vip±kuddh±rakath± ±raddh±. Etthev±ti ek±ya cetan±ya kamme ±y³hiteyeva. Duhetukapaµisandhivasena dv±dasakamaggopi hoti dv±dasakappak±rop²ti attho. Ahetukapaµisandhivasena ahetukaµµhakampi. Asaªkh±rikasasaªkh±rik±na½ sasaªkh±rika-asaªkh±rikavip±kasaªkara½ anicchanto dutiyatthero “dv±das±”ti-±dim±ha. Purimassa hi paccayatosasaªkh±rika-asaªkh±rikabh±vo, itaresa½ kammato. Tatiyo tihetukato duhetukampi anicchanto “das±”ti-±dim±ha.
Imasmi½ vip±kuddh±raµµh±ne kammapaµisandhivavatth±nattha½ s±ketapañha½ gaºhi½su. Kammavasena vip±kassa ta½ta½guºadosussadanimittata½ dassetu½ ussadakittana½ gaºhi½su. Hetukittana½ idha paµhamattherassa adhipp±yena vutta½. Dutiyattherav±d±d²su visesa½ tattha tattheva vakkh±mi. ѱºassa jaccandh±divipattinimittapaµipakkhabh±vato tihetuka½ atidubbalampi sam±na½ paµisandhi½ ±ka¹¹hanta½ duhetuka½ ±ka¹¹heyy±ti “ahetuk± na hot²”ti ±ha. Ya½ pana paµisambhid±magge sugatiya½ jaccandhabadhir±divipattiy± ahetuka-upapatti½ vajjetv± gatisampattiy± sahetukopapatti½ dassentena “gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte katamesa½ aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti”cceva (paµi. ma. 1.232) vutta½. Tena ñ±ºavippayuttena kammun± ñ±ºasampayuttapaµisandhi na hot²ti d²pita½ hoti. Aññath± “sattanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hot²”ti idampi vucceyya. Tath± hi “gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte katamesa½ aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti? Kusalassa kammassa javanakkhaºe tayo het³ kusal± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti. Tena vuccati kusalam³lapaccay±pi saªkh±r±. Nikantikkhaºe dve het³ akusal± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti. Tena vuccati akusalam³lapaccay±pi saªkh±r±. Paµisandhikkhaºe tayo het³ aby±kat± tasmi½ khaºe j±tacetan±ya sahaj±tapaccay± honti. Tena vuccati n±mar³papaccay±pi viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay±pi n±mar³pan”ti vissajjita½ ñ±ºasampayuttopapattiya½.
Eva½ ñ±ºavippayuttato ñ±ºasampayuttupapattiy± ca vijjam±n±ya “gatisampattiy± ñ±ºasampayutte katamesa½ sattanna½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti? Kusalassa kammassa javanakkhaºe dve het³ kusal±”ti vatv± aññattha ca pubbe vuttanayeneva sakk± vissajjana½ k±tunti. Yath± pana “ñ±ºasampayutte sattanna½ het³na½ paccay±”ti avacanato ñ±ºavippayuttato ñ±ºasampayutt± paµisandhi na hoti, eva½ “gatisampattiy± ñ±ºavippayutte channa½ het³na½ paccay± upapatti hoti”cceva (paµi. ma. 1.233) vatv± “sattanna½ het³na½ paccay±”ti avacanato ñ±ºasampayuttato ñ±ºavippayutt±pi paµisandhi na hot²ti ±panna½. Etth±pi hi na na sakk± kammanikantikkhaºesu tayo ca dve ca het³ yojetv± paµisandhikkhaºe dve yojetunti. Imassa pana therassa ayamadhipp±yo siy± “kammasarikkhakavip±kadassanavasena idha p±µho s±vaseso kathito”ti. “ѱºasampayutte aµµhanna½ het³na½ paccay±”ti etth±pi p±µhassa s±vasesat±patt²ti ce? Na, dubbalassa duhetukakammassa ñ±ºasampayuttavip±kad±ne asamatthatt±. Tihetukassa pana ahetukavipaccane viya duhetukavipaccanepi natthi samatthat±vigh±toti. ¾rammaºena vedan± parivattetabb±ti sant²raºatad±rammaºe sandh±ya vutta½. Vibh±gaggahaºasamatthat±bh±vato hi cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni iµµha-iµµhamajjhattesu upekkh±sahagat±neva honti, k±yaviññ±ºañca sukhasahagatameva paµighaµµan±visesen±ti.
Visesavat± k±lena tad±rammaºapaccayasabbajavanavat± vip±kappavatti½ dassetu½ “sa½var±sa½vare…pe… upagatass±”ti vutta½ aññak±le pañcaviññ±º±diparipuººavip±kappavatti-abh±v±. Kakkaµaka…pe… bhavaªgotaraºanti etena ida½ dasseti– ked±re p³retv± nad²pavesanamaggabh³ta½ m±tika½ appavisitv± kakkaµakamagg±din± amaggena nad²-otaraºa½ viya cittassa javitv± bhavaªgappavesanamaggabh³te tad±rammaºe anuppanne maggena vin± bhavaªgotaraºanti.
Etesu t²su moghav±resu dutiyo upaparikkhitv± gahetabbo. Yadi hi anulome vedan±ttike paµiccav±r±d²su “±sevanapaccay± na magge dve”ti “na maggapaccay± ±sevane dve”ti ca vutta½ siy±, sopi moghav±ro labbheyya. Yadi pana voµµhabbanampi ±sevanapaccayo siy±, kusal±kusal±nampi siy±. Na hi ±sevanapaccaya½ laddhu½ yuttassa ±sevanapaccayabh±v² dhammo ±sevanapaccayoti avutto atthi. Voµµhabbanassa pana kusal±kusal±na½ ±sevanapaccayabh±vo avutto. “Kusala½ dhamma½ paµicca kusalo dhammo uppajjati n±sevanapaccay±. Akusala½ dhamma½…pe… n±sevanapaccay±”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.93) vacanato paµikkhittova. Ath±pi siy± “asam±navedan±na½ vasena eva½ vuttan”ti, evamapi yath± “±vajjan± kusal±na½ khandh±na½ akusal±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.417) vutta½, eva½ “±sevanapaccayena paccayoti”pi vattabba½ siy±, j±tibhed± na vuttanti ce? Bh³mibhinnassa k±m±vacarassa r³p±vacar±d²na½ ±sevanapaccayabh±vo viya j±tibhinnassapi bhaveyy±ti vattabbo eva siy±. Abhinnaj±tikassa ca vasena yath± “±vajjan± sahetuk±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti vutta½, eva½ “±sevanapaccayena paccayo”tipi vattabba½ siy±, na tu vutta½. Tasm± vedan±ttikepi saªkhitt±ya gaºan±ya “±sevanapaccay± na magge eka½, na maggapaccay± ±sevane ekan”ti eva½ gaºan±ya niddh±riyam±n±ya voµµhabbanassa ±sevanapaccayattassa abh±v± yath±vuttappak±ro dutiyo moghav±ro v²ma½sitabbo.
Voµµhabbana½ pana v²thivip±kasantatiy± ±vaµµanato ±vajjan±, tato visadisassa javanassa karaºato manasik±ro ca. Evañca katv± paµµh±ne “voµµhabbana½ kusal±na½ khandh±na½ anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti-±di na vutta½, “±vajjan±”icceva vutta½. Tasm± voµµhabbanato catunna½ v± pañcanna½ v± javan±na½ ±rammaºapurej±ta½ bhavitu½ asakkonta½ r³p±di-±vajjan±d²na½ paccayo bhavitu½ na sakkoti, ayametassa sabh±voti javan±p±rip³riy± dutiyo moghav±ro dassetu½ yutto siy±, ayampi aµµhakath±ya½ an±gatatt± suµµhu vic±retabbo. Bhavaªgassa javan±nubandhanabh³tatt± “tad±rammaºa½ bhavaªgan”ti vutta½. Paµµh±ne (paµµh±. 3.1.102) ca vutta½ “sahetuka½ bhavaªga½ ahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti, “ahetuka½ bhavaªga½ sahetukassa bhavaªgassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti ca. Kusal±kusal±na½ sukhadukkhavip±kamatto vip±ko na iµµh±niµµh±na½ vibh±ga½ karoti, javana½ pana rajjanavirajjan±divasena iµµh±niµµhavibh±ga½ karot²ti “±rammaºarasa½ javanameva anubhavat²”ti vutta½.
Avijjam±ne k±rake katha½ ±vajjan±dibh±vena pavatti hot²ti ta½ dassetu½ pañcavidha½ niy±ma½ n±ma gaºhi½su. Niy±mo ca dhamm±na½ sabh±vakiccapaccayabh±vavisesova. Ta½ta½sadisaphalad±nanti tassa tassa attano anur³paphalassa d±na½. Sadisavip±kad±nanti ca anur³pavip±kad±nanti attho. Ida½ vatthunti ekavacananiddeso ekag±th±vatthubh±vena kato. Jagatippadesoti yath±vuttato aññopi lokappadeso. K±lagati-upadhipayogapaµib±¼hañhi p±pa½ na vipacceyya, na padesapaµib±¼hanti. Sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±napaµisandhiy±didhamm±na½ niy±mo dasasahassikampanapaccayabh±vo dhammaniy±mo. Aya½ idha adhippetoti etena niy±mavasena ±vajjan±dibh±vo, na k±rakavasen±ti etamattha½ dasseti.
Imasmi½ µh±neti so¼asavip±kakath±µh±ne. Dv±dasahi v±hetabb± n±¼iyantopam± na dv±dasanna½ citt±na½ ekasmi½ dv±re ek±rammaºe saha kiccakaraºavasena vutt±, atha kho dv±dasanna½ ekasmi½ dv±re sakiccakaraºamattavasena. Ahetukapaµisandhijanakasadisajavan±nantara½ ahetukatad±rammaºa½ dassento “catunna½ pana duhetukakusalacitt±na½ aññatarajavanassa…pe… patiµµh±t²”ti ±ha. Ahetukapaµisandhikassa pana tihetukajavane javite paµisandhid±yakena kammena ahetukassa tad±rammaºassa nibbatti na paµisedhit±. Eva½ duhetukapaµisandhikassapi tihetuk±nantara½ duhetukatad±rammaºa½ appaµisiddha½ daµµhabba½. Paripuººavip±kassa ca paµisandhijanakakammassa vasen±ya½ vip±kavibh±van± tass± mukhanidassanamattamev±ti pavattivip±kassa ca ekassa tihetuk±dikammassa so¼asavip±kacitt±d²ni vuttanayena yojetabb±ni. Tasm± yena kenaci kammun± ekena aneka½ tad±rammaºa½ pavattam±na½ kammavises±bh±v± yesa½ ta½ anubandhabh³ta½, tesa½ javanasaªkh±t±na½ paccay±na½ visesena visiµµha½ hot²ti javanen±ya½ tad±rammaºaniy±mo vutto, na n±n±kammun± nibbattam±nassa vasena. Evañca katv± paµµh±ne (paµµh±. 3.1.98) “sahetuke khandhe aniccato dukkhato anattato vipassati. Kusal±kusale niruddhe ahetuko vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti ñ±º±nantara½ ahetukatad±rammaºa½, “kusal±kusale niruddhe sahetuko vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti akusal±nantarañca sahetukatad±rammaºa½ vutta½, na ca “ta½ etena therena adassitan”ti katv± tassa paµisedho kato hot²ti.
Ya½ pana javanena…pe… ta½ kusala½ sandh±ya vuttanti ida½ kusalassa viya akusalassa sadiso vip±ko natth²ti katv± vutta½. Sasaªkh±rik±saªkh±rikaniyamana½ pana sandh±ya tasmi½ vutte akusalepi na ta½ na yujjat²ti. Aµµh±nametanti ida½ niyamit±divasena yoniso ayoniso v± ±vaµµite ayoniso yoniso v± vavatth±panassa abh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Paµisiddhanti avacanameva paµisedhoti katv± vutta½. K±mataºh±nibbattena kammun± mahaggatalokuttar±nubhavanavip±ko na hot²ti tattha tad±rammaº±bh±vo veditabbo. ¾p±thagate visaye tanninna½ bhavaªga½ ±vajjana½ upp±det²ti ±vajjana½ visaye ninnatt± uppajjati. Bhavaªga½ pana sabbad± savisaye ninnamev±ti visayantaraviññ±ºassa paccayo hutv±pi tadabh±v± vin± ±vajjanena savisaye ninnatt±va uppajjati. Ciººatt±ti ±vajjanena vin± bahula½ uppannapubbatt±. Samud±c±ratt±ti ±p±thagate visaye paµisandhivisaye ca bahula½ upp±ditapubbatt±. Ciººatt±ti v± puggalena ±sevitabh±vo vutto. Samud±c±ratt±ti saya½ bahula½ pavattabh±vo. Nirodhassa anantarapaccaya½ nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatananti ida½ tadanantarameva nirodhaphusana½ sandh±ya vutta½, na ar³pakkhandh±na½ viya nirodhassa anantarapaccayabh±va½. Nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ pana kiñci parikammena vin± uppajjam±na½ natthi. Parikamm±vajjanameva tassa ±vajjananti aññassa viya etassapi s±vajjanat±ya bhavitabba½.
Aya½ panetth±dhipp±yo daµµhabbo– nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanassa na nirodhassa anantarapaccayabh±ve ninn±dit± aññattha diµµh± atadatthaparikammabh±ve ca uppattiy±, atha ca ta½ tassa anantarapaccayo hoti, tath± ca uppajjati. Eva½ yath±vutt± manoviññ±ºadh±tu asatipi nir±vajjanuppattiya½ ninn±dibh±ve nir±vajjan± uppajjat²ti. Evañca katv± “ariyamaggacitta½ magg±nantar±ni phalacitt±n²”ti ida½ vutta½. Yadi hi nibb±n±rammaº±vajjan±bh±va½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½ siy±, gotrabhuvod±n±ni nidassan±ni siyu½ teheva etesa½ nir±vajjanat±siddhito. Phalasam±pattik±le ca “paritt±rammaºa½ mahaggat±rammaºa½ anuloma½ phalasam±pattiy± anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti vacanato sam±n±rammaº±vajjanarahitatt± “magg±nantar±ni phalacitt±n²”ti eva½ phalasam±patticitt±ni na vajjetabb±ni siyu½, gotrabhuvod±n±ni pana yadipi nibb±ne ciºº±ni samud±c±r±ni ca na honti, ±rammaºantare ciººasamud±c±r±neva. Phalasam±patticitt±ni ca maggav²thito uddha½ tadatthaparikammasabbh±v±ti tesa½ gahaºa½ na kata½, anulom±nantarañca phalasam±patticitta½ ciººa½ samud±c±ra½, na nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan±nantara½ magg±nantarassa viya tadatthaparikamm±bh±v±ti “nirodh± vuµµhahantass±”ti tañca nidassana½. ¾rammaºena pana vin± nuppajjat²ti ida½ etassa mahaggat±rammaºatt±bh±v± puccha½ k±retv± ±rammaºaniddh±raºattha½ vutta½.
Tatth±ti vip±kakath±ya½. Jaccandhap²µhasappi-upam±nidassana½ vip±kassa nissayena vin± appavattidassanattha½. Visayagg±hoti ida½ cakkh±d²na½ savisayaggahaºena cakkhuviññ±º±divip±kassa dassanattha½ vutta½. Upanissayato cakkh±d²na½ dassan±di-atthato ca tasseva vip±kassa dassanattha½ “upanissayamatthaso”ti vutta½. Hadayavatthumev±ti yath± purimacitt±ni hadayavatthunissit±ni ca pas±davatthu-anugat±ni ca aññ±rammaº±ni honti, na eva½ bhavaªga½, ta½ paneta½ vatth±rammaºantararahita½ kevala½ hadayavatthumeva niss±ya pavattat²ti vutta½ hoti. Hadayar³pavatthukanti idh±pi aññavatth±nugatanti adhipp±yo veditabbo. Makkaµakassa hi sutt±rohaºa½ viya pas±davatthuka½ citta½, suttena gaman±d²ni viya tadanugat±ni sesacitt±n²ti. Suttaghaµµanamakkaµakacalan±ni viya pas±daghaµµanabhavaªgacalan±ni saha hont²ti d²panato “ekeka½…pe… ±gacchat²”tipi d²peti.
Bhavaªgassa ±vaµµitak±loti ida½ dov±rikasadis±na½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ p±daparimajjakasadisassa ±vajjanassa saññ±d±nasadiso anantarapaccayabh±vo eva bhavaªg±vaµµananti katv± vutta½. Vip±kamanodh±tu-±d²na½ adisv±va sampaµicchan±dikaraºa½ g±¼haggahaºamattaputhulacaturassabh±vavij±nanamattakah±paºabh±vavij±nanamattakammopanayanamattas±maññavasena vutta½, na g±¼hagg±hak±d²na½ kah±paºadassanassa abh±vo ta½sam±nabh±vo ca sampaµicchan±d²na½ adhippetoti veditabbo.
Paº¹ara½ etanti paº¹arar³padassanas±maññato cakkhuviññ±ºameva dassanakicca½ s±dhet²ti d²pana½ veditabba½. Eva½ sotadv±r±d²supi yojetabba½ savan±divasena. Sant±panavasena gu¼as²lo gu¼appayojano v± go¼iyako. Upanissayatoti na upanissayapaccaya½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yasmi½ pana asati yo na hoti, so idha “upanissayo”ti adhippeto. ¾lokasannissitanti idampi ±loke sati sabbh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½, na upanissayapaccayata½. Mandath±magata½ n±ma kiriyacittassa paccayabh±va½ anupagantv± sayameva pavattam±na½.
Asaªkh±rikasasaªkh±rikesu dosa½ disv±ti na kammassa viruddhasabh±vena vip±kena bhavitabbanti asaªkh±rikakammassa sasaªkh±rikavip±kesu, sasaªkh±rikakammassa ca asaªkh±rikavip±kesu dosa½ disv±. Ahetuk±na½ pana r³p±d²su abhinip±tamatt±dikicc±na½ na sasaªkh±rikaviruddho sabh±voti asaªkh±rikat± natthi, asaªkh±rikaviruddhasabh±v±bh±v± n±pi sasaªkh±rikat±ti ubhay±virodh± ubhayenapi tesa½ nibbatti½ anuj±n±ti. Cittaniy±manti tad±rammaºaniy±ma½. Kiriyato pañc±ti imesa½…pe… patiµµh±t²ti kiriyajavan±nantarañca tad±rammaºa½ vutta½. Paµµh±ne (paµµh±. 1.3.94) pana “kusal±kusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti vip±kadhammadhamm±nameva anantar± tad±rammaºa½ vutta½. Kusalattike ca “sekkh± v± puthujjan± v± kusala½ aniccato”ti-±din± (paµµh±. 1.1.406) kusal±kusalajavanameva vatv± tadanantara½ tad±rammaºa½ vutta½, na aby±kat±nantara½, na ca katthaci kiriy±nantara½ tad±rammaºassa vuttaµµh±na½ dissati. Vijjam±ne ca tasmi½ avacane k±raºa½ natthi, tasm± upaparikkhitabbo eso therav±do. Vipph±rikañhi javana½ n±va½ viya nad²soto bhavaªga½ anubandhat²ti yutta½, na pana cha¼aªgupekkhavato santavutti½ kiriyajavana½ paººapuµa½ viya nad²sototi.
Piº¹ajavana½ javat²ti kusal±kusalakiriyajavan±ni piº¹etv± kathit±n²ti tath± kathit±ni javan±ni piº¹it±ni viya vutt±ni, ekasmi½ v± tad±rammaºe piº¹etv± dassit±ni hutv± javit±neva vutt±ni. Imañca pana piº¹ajavana½ vadantena akusalato catt±riyeva upekkh±sahagat±ni gahetv± dv±dasupekkh±sahagatajavan±ni piº¹it±ni viya vutt±ni. Paµµh±ne pana “kusala½ ass±deti abhinandati, ta½ ±rabbha r±go uppajjati. Diµµhi, vicikicch± uddhacca½, domanassa½ uppajjati. Akusale niruddhe vip±ko tad±rammaºat± uppajjat²”ti vuttatt± itar±ni dve iµµh±rammaºe pavattavicikicchuddhaccasahagat±nipi kusalavip±ke tad±rammaºe piº¹etabb±ni siyu½. Tesa½ pana anantara½ ahetukavip±keneva tad±rammaºena bhavitabba½, so ca sant²raºabh±veneva gahitoti apubba½ gahetabba½ natthi. Ahetuke ca piº¹etabba½ n±rahant²ti adhipp±yena na piº¹et²ti.
Tihetukajavan±vas±ne panetth±ti etasmi½ dutiyav±de tihetukajavan±vas±ne tihetukatad±rammaºa½ yuttanti dassetu½ yutta½ vadati javanasam±natt±, n±labbham±natt± aññassa. Paµhamattherena akusal±nantara½ vuttassa ahetukatad±rammaºassa, kusal±nantara½ vuttassa ca sahetukatad±rammaºassa akusal±nantara½ uppatti½ vadantassa hi paµisandhijanaka½ tihetukakamma½ duhetuk±hetuka½ vip±ka½ janayantampi tihetukajavan±nantara½ na janet²ti na ettha k±raºa½ dissat²ti eva½ yutta½ gahetabba½ avuttamp²ti adhipp±yo. Atha v± tasmi½ tasmi½ therav±de yena adhipp±yena sasaªkh±r±saªkh±ravidh±n±di vutta½, ta½ teneva adhipp±yena yutta½ gahetabba½, na adhipp±yantara½ adhipp±yantarena ±lo¼etabbanti attho. Hetusadisamev±ti janakakammahetusadisameva. Mah±pakaraºe ±vi bhavissat²ti mah±pakaraºe ±gatap±¼iy± p±kaµa½ uppattividh±na½ ±vi bhavissat²ti adhipp±yena vadati.

K±m±vacarakusalavip±kakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.