Lokuttarakusalavaººan±

277. Loka½ tarat²ti etena lokasamatikkamapaµipattim±ha. Uttarat²ti etena lokassantagamana½ phale patiµµh±na½ phala½. Samatikkamm±ti-±din± nibb±na½. Samatikkamm±ti hi nissaritv±. Abhibhuyy±ti visa½yutta½ hutv±ti attho. Tividhopi cattho magg±d²su ekekasmi½ yojetabbo, maggeyeva v± idha tassa adhippetatt±. Ekacittakkhaºikanti ekamaggassa dve v±re anuppatti½ sandh±y±ha. Aññamañña½ dhamm±na½ anativattan±dis±dhik±ya paññ±ya va¹¹heti. “Niyy±t²ti niyy±n²yan”ti vattabbe ²-k±rassa rassatta½ ya-k±rassa ca ka-k±ra½ katv± “niyy±nikan”ti vutta½. Niyy±ti eten±ti niyy±na½, niyy±nameva niyy±nika½ venayiko viya. Ettha “neyy±nikan”ti vattabbe i-k±rassa e-k±ratta½ akatv± vutta½.
Phalanti cittacetasikar±si vuccati, ta½ aññamañña½ sampayutt±na½ dhamm±na½ attano avayavabh³t±na½ nissayo hoti. Phalañ±ºa½ v± phala½, samm±diµµhi-±dayo aªg±ni v±. Lokuttarabh±veti loka½ uttiººabh±ve. Tena phalanibb±n±ni saªgaºh±ti. Tesu ya½ bhavati phala½, ta½ “bh³m²”ti vuccati. Yath± v± kammanibbatt± k±mabhav±dayo ta½samaªgino nissayabh±vena “bh³m²”ti vuccanti, eva½ maggena nibbatta½ phala½ ariyas±vakassa k±lena k±la½ sam±pajjitabbat±ya nissayabh±vato “bh³m²”ti vuccati, tatoyeva ariy± ciratara½ tiµµhanti. Samucchedavivekavasen±ti ettha ap±yagaman²y±na½ accantasamucchedo itaresañca vijjutobh±sena viya tamassa samucchedo daµµhabbo. Lokiyajjh±nampi puthujjanassa ariyassa ca akat±dhik±rassa na vin± paµipad±ya ijjhati, kat±dhik±rassa pana ariyassa maggeneva samijjhanato vip±k±na½ viya kusalena tath± samiddhassa ariyamaggena sadisat±ya abh±vato atabbip±katt± ca na maggapaµipad± tassa jh±nassa paµipad±ti sakk± vattunti tattha tath± garu½ katv± paµipad±hi eva desan± na kat±, yath±vuttajjh±nasaªgahattha½ suddhikadesan±pi kat±.
Idha pana kassaci vin± paµipad±ya asiddhito garu½ katv± dassetu½ “dukkhapaµipadan”ti-±di vutta½. Yo koci v±roti saki½ dvikkhattu½ tikkhattu½ catukkhattu½ anekakkhattunti evam±d²su vikkhambhanav±resu yo koci. Saki½ dvikkhattuñca vikkhambhanav±r± sukh± paµipad± eva, na ca tato uddha½ sukh± paµipad± hot²ti tikkhattu½ vikkhambhanav±ra½ dukkh± paµipad±ti rocesu½ aµµhakath±cariy±. Tasmi½ tath±rocite tato paresu catukkhattu½ vikkhambhanav±r±d²su vattabbameva natth²ti. R³p±r³p±na½ lakkhaº±d²hi paricchinditv± gahaºa½ r³p±r³papariggaho, n±mar³pamattameta½, na añño koci satt±dikoti vavatth±pana½ n±mar³pavavatth±pana½. Pariggahitar³p±r³passa maggap±tubh±vadandhat± ca n±mar³pavavatth±pan±d²na½ kicchasiddhito siy±ti na r³p±r³papariggahakicchat±ya eva dukkhapaµipadat± vattabb±ti ce? Ta½ na, n±mar³pavavatth±pan±d²na½ paccan²kakilesamandat±ya sukhasiddhiyampi tath±siddhavipassan±sahagat±na½ indriy±na½ mandat±ya maggap±tubh±vadandhabh±vato.
R³p±r³pa½ pariggahetv±ti akicchenapi pariggahetv±. Kicchena pariggahite vattabbameva natthi. Eva½ sesesupi. Ima½ v±ra½ rocesunti kal±pasammasan±vas±ne udayabbay±nupassan±ya vattam±n±ya uppannassa vipassanupakkilesassa tikkhattu½ vikkhambhanena kicchat±v±ra½ dukkh± paµipad±ti rocesu½ etadantatt± paµipad±ya. Etassa akicchattepi purim±na½ kicchatte dukkhapaµipadat± vuttanay±v±ti na paµisiddh±ti daµµhabba½. Yath±vutta½ v± sabba½ r³p±r³papariggah±dikicchata½ tikkhattu½ vikkhambhanav±rat±vasena “ima½ v±ran”ti ±ha. Yassa pana sabbattha akicchat±, tassa sukh± paµipad± veditabb±.
Mus±v±d±d²na½ visa½v±dan±dikiccat±ya l³kh±na½ aparigg±hak±na½ paµipakkhabh±vato parigg±hakasabh±v± samm±v±c±. S± siniddhabh±vato sampayuttadhamme pariggaºh±ti samm±v±c±paccayasubh±sitasot±rañca jana½. K±yikakiriy±kicca½ kattabba½ samuµµh±peti, sayañca samuµµhahana½ ghaµana½ hot²ti samm±kammantasaªkh±t± viratipi samuµµh±nasabh±v±ti vutt±. Sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± ukkhipana½ samuµµhahana½ k±yikakiriy±ya bh±rukkhipana½ viya, j²vam±nassa sattassa, sampayuttadhamm±na½ v± suddhi vod±na½ ±j²vasseva v± j²vitindriyavuttiy±.
283. Maggasannissitanti paramatthamaggasabh±vatt± magg±vayavabh±vena samud±yasannissitanti attho.
285. Patiµµh±na½ kilesavasena, ±y³hana½ abhisaªkh±ravasena. Taºh±vasena v± patiµµh±na½, diµµhivasena ±y³hana½. Bodh²ti y± aya½ dhammas±magg² vuccat²ti yojetabb±. Senaªgarathaªg±dayo viy±ti etena puggalapaññattiy± avijjam±napaññattibh±va½ dasseti. Aªga-saddo k±raºatthopi hot²ti catusaccabodh±ya sa½vattant²ti bojjhaªg±. Bujjhant²ti bodhiyo, bodhiyo eva aªg±ti “anubujjhant²ti bojjhaªg±”ti vutta½. Vipassan±d²na½ k±raº±na½ bujjhitabb±nañca sacc±na½ anur³pa½ paccakkhabh±vena paµimukha½ avipar²tat±ya samm± ca bujjhant²ti evamatthavisesad²pakehi upasaggehi “anubujjhant²”ti-±di vutta½. Bodhi-saddo hi sabbavisesayutta½ bujjhana½ s±maññena saªgaºh±t²ti.
299. Tiººanti r±g±d²na½. Karoti n±ma ki½ duccarit±ni anuvattam±n±ni.
301. P±º±tip±t±dinipph±ditapaccay±na½ niccasevana½ dhuvapaµisevana½. Sakiccakoti visu½ attano kiccav±. Na hot²ti atthantarabh±va½ paµikkhipati. Paccayapaµisevanas±mantajappana-iriy±pathappavattan±ni p±picchat±nibbatt±ni t²ºi kuhanavatth³n²ti.
343. Vuµµh±nag±min²vipassan± saªkh±rupekkh± s±nulom±, s± suññato passant² “suññat±”ti vuccati, dukkhato passant² taºh±paºidhisosanato “appaºihitan”ti. S± ±gaman²yaµµh±ne magg±dhigamattha½ ±gamanapaµipad±µh±ne µhatv± suññat±ppaºihitanti n±ma½ deti. ¾gamanato n±me laddhe saguºato ±rammaºato ca n±ma½ siddhameva hoti, na pana saguº±rammaºehi n±mal±bhe sabbattha ±gamanato n±ma½ siddha½ hot²ti paripuººan±masiddhihetutt± saguº±rammaºehi sabbesampi n±mattayayogo, na ±gamanatoti vavatth±nakaratt± ca nippariy±yadesan±ya ±gamanatova idha n±ma½ labhati, na itareh²ti vutta½.
350. Animittavipassananti anicc±nupassana½. Nimittadhammes³ti sam³h±dighanavasena ca sakiccaparicchedat±ya ca sapariggahesu khandhesu. Animittavimokkhoti anicc±nupassanam±ha. Eva½sampadamidanti kathamidha upam±sa½sandana½ hoti. Na hi chandacitt±na½ maggasaªkh±ta-adhipatibh±v±bh±vo viya saddhindriy±dhikassa animittavimokkhassa animittabh±v±bh±vo atthi, na ca amagg±dhipat²na½ magg±dhipatin±mad±n±bh±vo viya animittassa animittan±mad±n±bh±voti sakk± vattu½ animittavimokkhassa ananimittat±ya abh±vato Maggo adhipati etesanti ca magg±dhipatinoti yutto tattha chandacittehi ta½sampayutt±na½ magg±dhipatibh±v±bh±vo. Idha pana maggo animitta½ etass±ti magg±nimittoti ayamattho na sambhavat²ti na tena amaggena maggassa animittabh±vo na yujjati, ki½ v± ettha s±mañña½ adhippetanti. Amaggaªgamaggan±m±bh±vo. Yath± satipi adhipatibh±ve chandacitt±na½ na magg±dhipat²ti maggan±ma½, na ca tehi maggassa tesa½ amaggaªgatt±, tath± satipi saddh±ya ±gamanabh±vena tass± animittanti maggan±ma½, na ca t±ya maggassa tass± amaggaªgatt±. Eva½ animittavipassan±yapi animittabh±vo nippariy±yena natth²ti d²pito hoti.
Nanu ca idha jh±na½ suññat±din±mena vutta½, na maggoti ce? Na, maggasampayogato jh±nassa suññat±din±makatt±. Suttantapariy±yena saguº±rammaºehi idha abhidhammepi n±ma½ labhat²ti ±ha½su. Tasm± paµikkhitt± “na pana labhant²”ti. Ki½ k±raº±? Abhidhamme sarasa½ an±masitv± paccan²katova n±mal±bh±ti adhipp±yo. Yo hi saguº±rammaºehi n±mal±bho, so sarasappadh±no hoti. Saraseneva ca n±mal±bhe sabbamagg±na½ suññat±dibh±voti vavatth±na½ na siy±. Tasm± abhidhamme satipi dv²hi n±mal±bhe paccan²kato n±mavavatth±nakara½ gahitanti saguº±rammaºehi suññat±ppaºihitamagg± n±ma½ na labhant²ti ±ha. Atha v± na pana labhant²ti aññanirapekkhehi saguº±rammaºehi na labhanti. Ki½ k±raº±? Abhidhamme sarasapaccan²kehi sahitehi n±mal±bh±ti attho. Paccan²kañhi vavatth±nakara½ anapekkhitv± kevalassa sarasassa n±mahetubh±vo abhidhamme natthi avavatth±n±pattito. Tasm± att±bhinivesapaºidhipaµipakkhavipassan±nulom± magg± satipi sarasantare paccan²kasahitena sarasena n±ma½ labhanti. Animittamaggassa pana vipassan± nimittapaµipakkh± na hoti saya½ nimittaggahaºato nimittaggahaº±niv±raº±ti tadanulomamaggopi na nimittassa paµipakkho. Yadi siy±, nimittagatavipassan±yapi paµipakkho siy±ti. Tasm± vijjam±nopi saraso vavatth±nakarapaccan²k±bh±v± abhidhamme animittanti n±mad±yako na gahito. Anicc±nupassan±nulomo pana maggo suddhikapaµipad±nayeyeva saªgahitoti daµµhabbo. Tasm± eva ca so nayo vuttoti. Evanti ya½ vakkhati “aniccato vuµµhahantassa maggo animitto hot²”ti (dha. sa. aµµha. 350), eva½ ±haritv± aµµhakath±cariyehi so animittamaggo d²pitoti attho.
Vuµµh±na…pe… kim±rammaº±ti anicc±dito vuµµhahantassa vuµµh±nag±miniy± lakkhaº±rammaºatte sati saªkh±rehi vuµµh±na½ na siy±, saªkh±r±rammaºatte ca lakkhaºapaµivedhoti maññam±no pucchati. “Aniccan”ti-±din± saªkh±resu pavattam±nena ñ±ºena lakkhaº±nipi paµividdh±ni honti tad±k±rasaªkh±ragahaºatoti ±ha “lakkhaº±rammaº±”ti. Saªkh±r±rammaº± eva yath±vutt±dhipp±yena “lakkhaº±rammaº±”ti vutt±ti dassento “lakkhaºa½ n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Aniccat± dukkhat± anattat±ti hi visu½ gayham±na½ lakkhaºa½ paññattigatika½ paramatthato avijjam±na½, avijjam±natt± eva paritt±divasena navattabbadhammabh³ta½. Tasm± visu½ gahetabbassa lakkhaºassa paramatthato abh±v± “anicca½ dukkhamanatt±”ti saªkh±re sabh±vato sallakkhentova lakkhaº±ni sallakkheti n±m±ti ±ha “yo pana anicca½ dukkhamanatt±ti t²ºi lakkhaº±ni sallakkhet²”ti. Yasm± ca aniccanti-±din± saªkh±r±va dissam±n±, tasm± te kaºµhe baddhakuºapa½ viya paµinissajjan²y± honti.