Id±ni p±¼iy± sannivesa½ dassetu½ “tattha dhammasaªgaº²pakaraºe”ti-±dim±ha. K±m±vacarakusalato aµµh±ti k±m±vacarakusale catt±ro khandhe gahetv± tato aµµha citt±ni uddharati. Paµham± vibhatt²tipi vadanti. Ek³nanavuti citt±n²ti yattha et±ni citt±ni vibhatt±ni, te p±¼ippades± “ek³nanavuti citt±n²”ti vutt±. Tesañca samud±yo cittavibhatti, tasm± upapannameta½ “ek³nanavuti citt±ni cittavibhatt²”ti. M±tikañca uddisitv± tattha ekeka½ pada½ uddharitv± yasm± citt±ni vibhatt±ni, tasm± m±tik±pi cittavibhatti-antogadh±yev±ti cittupp±dakaº¹a½ m±tik±padabh±jan²yavasena duvidhanti idampi vacana½ yujjati.
M³latoti “t²ºi kusalam³l±n²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 985) kusal±d²na½ m³lavasena saªkhipitv± vacana½. “Vedan±kkhandho”ti-±din± khandhato. “K±yakamman”ti-±din± dv±rato. “Sukhabh³miya½ k±m±vacare”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 988) bh³mito. Atthoti hetuphala½. Dhammoti hetu “T²ºi kusalam³l±ni t²ºi akusalam³l±n²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 985-986) hetuvasena saªgaho dhammato nikkhepo. “Ta½sampayutto, ta½samuµµh±n± tadekaµµh± ca kiles±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 985-986) hetuphalavasena saªgaho atthato nikkhepo. Atha v± dhammoti bh±sito. Atthoti bh±sitattho. “Tayo kusalahet³”ti (dha. sa. 1059) dhammo. “Tattha katame tayo kusalahet³ alobho”ti-±di (dha. sa. 1060) attho, so ca dhammo. “Tattha katamo alobho”ti-±di (dha. sa. 1061) atthoti eva½ atthadhammavasena nikkhepo veditabbo. N±matoti “t²ºi kusalam³l±n²”ti vuttadhamm±na½ alobhoti-±din±mavasena. Liªgatoti uddiµµhassa ekasseva dhammassa “alobho alubbhan± alubbhitattan”ti (dha. sa. 1061) puris±diliªgavasena nikkhepo.
Gaºanac±ranti gaºanappavatti½. Sam±nent²ti sam±na½ karonti p³renti, tath± sam±netabbanti etth±pi. “Vijj±bh±gino avijj±bh±gino”ti (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 101) evam±d²su ettha viññ±tesu ±bhidhammikatther± suttanta½ suºant± cintent± ca suttantesu “vijj±bh±gino”ti-±d²su ±gatesu atthassa viññ±tatt± na kilamant²ti etamattha½ sandh±ya vutta½ “±bhidhammikatther±na½…pe… akilamattha½ µhapit±”ti.
Anamataggoti aññ±taggo. Khandhantaranti khandhan±natta½, khandhameva v±. Gahetu½ asakkuºeyyatt± saºha½, sukhum±ya paññ±ya gahetabbato sukhumañca dhamma½ saºhasukhumadhamma½. Balavat± ñ±ºavegena pavattatt± balavato ñ±ºavegassa nimittabh±vato ca balava½. Gambh²rameva gambh²ragata½, gambh²r±ni v± gat±ni gaman±ni etassa sant²ti gambh²ragata½. Yath±nupubbanti yath±nupubbena. Nikhilen±ti niravasesena desita½, pañcakhilarahitena v± bhagavat± desita½. R³pagata½v±ti hatthagata½ r³pa½ viya cakkhun±. “Paµivedhañ±ºena samantapaµµh±na½ yo passati, so attheva, no natth²”ti att±na½ sandh±ya thero vadat²ti.
Khuddakavatthuvibhaªge ±gatesu ek±dhikesu aµµhasu kilesasatesu aµµhasatataºh±vicarit±ni apanetv± ses± dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo ca uppann±nuppannabh±vena diguºit±ni diya¹¹hakilesasahass±ni das±dhik±ni honti, appaka½ pana ³namadhika½ v± na gaºan³paga½ hot²ti “diya¹¹hakilesasahassan”ti vutta½. Itaresa½ at²t±dibh±v±masan± aggahaºa½ khepane daµµhabba½.
Mecakapaµ±ti n²lanibh± paµ±. Cittasamuµµh±n± vaººadh±t³ti cittapaccaya-utusamuµµh±n± vaººadh±t³ti attho gahetabbo. Kasm±? Na hi cittasamuµµh±na½ r³pa½ bahi nigacchat²ti, cittasamuµµh±nar³paparampar±ya ±gatatt± pana eva½ vutta½. Atha v± cittasamuµµh±n± vaººadh±t³ti ettha paccaya-utusadd±na½ lopa½ katv± soyeva pubbe vutto attho suvaººat± sussarat± viya. Ettha hi “sussarat±”ti up±dinnak±dhik±re ±gata½, na ca saddo up±dinnako atthi, tasm± up±dinnakar³pa-oµµhat±lu-±dinissayatt± eva½ vuttanti, evametth±pi cittapaccaya-utusamuµµh±na½ sandh±ya “cittasamuµµh±n± vaººadh±t³”ti vadati.
K±yasakkhinti paccakkha½. Dant±varaºanti oµµhadvaya½. Mukh±d±nanti mukhavivara½. Siliµµhanti sa½gata½ susaºµhita½. Sare nimitta½ gahetv±ti “dhammo eso vuccat²”ti dhammassaravasena nimitta½ gahetv±, na kiles±nubyañjanavasena. Ekappah±ren±ti ettha pah±roti divasassa tatiyo bh±go vuccati. Eva½ santeti pubbe vuttamaggahetv± v±can±maggassa therappabhavattavacanameva gahetv± tena purimavacanañca paµikkhipanto codeti.
Tenetametass±ti vinayassa. Attatthaparatth±dibhedeti yo ta½ sutta½ sajjh±yati suº±ti v±ceti cinteti deseti, suttena saªgahito s²l±di-attho tassapi hoti, tena parassa s±dhetabbato parassapi hot²ti tadubhaya½ ta½ sutta½ s³ceti d²peti. Tath± diµµhadhammikasampar±yikatthe lokiyalokuttarattheti evam±dibhede atthe ±disaddena saªgaºh±ti. Atthasaddo c±ya½ hitapariy±yavacana½, na bh±sitatthavacana½. Yadi siy±, sutta½ attanopi bh±sitattha½ s³ceti parasuttassap²ti ayamattho siy±, suttena ca yo attho pak±sito, so tasseva hot²ti na tena parattho s³cito hoti, tena ca s³cetabbassa paratthassa nivattetabbassa abh±v± attaggahaºa½ na kattabba½, attatthaparatthavinimuttassa bh±sitatthassa abh±v± ±diggahaºañca na kattabba½, tasm± yath±vuttassa atthassa sutte asambhavato sutt±dh±rassa puggalassa vasena attatthaparatth± vutt±.
Atha v± sutta½ anapekkhitv± ye attatth±dayopi atthappabhed± vutt± niddese (mah±ni. 69; c³¼ani. moghar±jam±ºavapucch±niddesa 85) “attattho parattho ubhayattho diµµhadhammiko attho sampar±yiko attho utt±no attho gambh²ro attho gu¼ho attho paµicchanno attho neyyo attho n²to attho anavajjo attho nikkileso attho vod±no attho paramattho attho”ti, te sutta½ s³cet²ti attho. Atha v± “attan± ca appiccho hot²”ti attattha½, “appicchakathañca paresa½ katt± hot²”ti parattha½ s³cet²ti. Eva½ “attan± ca p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hot²”ti-±disutt±ni (a. ni. 4.99) yojetabb±ni. Vinay±bhidhammehi ca visesetv± suttasaddassa attho vattabbo, tasm± veneyyajjh±sayavasappavatt±ya desan±ya attahitaparahit±d²ni s±tisaya½ pak±sit±ni honti, na ±º±dhammasabh±vavasappavatt±y±ti idameva “atth±na½ s³canato suttan”ti vutta½.
Sutte ca ±º±dhammasabh±v± veneyyajjh±saya½ anuvattanti, na vinay±bhidhammesu viya veneyyajjh±sayo ±º±dhammasabh±ve anuvattati, tasm± veneyy±na½ ekantahitapaµil±bhasa½vattanik± suttantadesan± hot²ti “suvutt± cettha atth±”ti-±di vutta½. Pasavat²ti phalati “Sutt±º±”ti etassa attha½ pak±setu½ “suµµhu ca ne t±yat²”ti vutta½. Attatthaparatth±dividh±nesu ca suttassa pam±ºabh±vo tesañca saªg±hakatta½ yojetabba½, tadatthappak±sane padh±natt± suttassa itarehi visesanañca. Etanti “atth±na½ s³canato”ti-±dika½ atthavacana½. Etass±ti suttassa.
Abhikkamant²ti ettha abhi-saddo kamanassa vuddhibh±va½ atirekatta½ d²peti. Abhikkanten±ti ca ettha kantiy± adhikatta½ visesabh±vanti yutta½ kiriy±visesakatt± upasaggassa. Abhiññ±t±, abhir±j±, abhivinayeti ettha lakkhaºap³jitaparicchinnesu ratti-±d²su abhi-saddo vattat²ti kathameta½ yujjeyy±ti? Lakkhaºakaraºañ±ºap³janaparicchedakiriy±d²panato t±hi ca kiriy±hi rattir±javinay±na½ yuttatt±. Bh±van±pharaºavuddh²hi vuddhimanto. ¾rammaº±d²h²ti ±rammaºasampayuttakammadv±rapaµipad±d²hi. Avisiµµhanti aññamaññavisiµµhesu vinayasuttant±bhidhammesu avisiµµha½ sam±na½ piµakasaddanti attho. Yath±vuttenev±ti “eva½ duvidhatthen±”ti-±din± nayena.
Kathetabb±na½ atth±na½ desak±yattena ±º±dividhin± atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±. S±sitabbapuggalagatena yath±par±dh±din± s±sitabbabh±vena anus±sana½ vinayana½ s±sana½. Kathetabbassa sa½var±sa½var±dino atthassa kathana½ vacanapaµibaddhakaraºa½ kath±. Bheda-saddo visu½ visu½ yojetabbo “desan±bheda½ s±sanabheda½ kath±bhedañca yath±raha½ parid²paye”ti. Bhedanti n±natta½, n±n±karaºanti attho. Sikkh± ca pah±n±ni ca gambh²rabh±vo ca sikkh±pah±nagambh²rabh±va½, tañca parid²paye. Yanti pariyatti-±di½. Yath±ti up±rambh±dihetu pariy±puºan±dippak±rehi.
T²supi cetesu ete dhammatthadesan±paµivedh±ti ettha tanti-attho tantidesan± tanti-atthapaµivedho ca tantivisay± hont²ti vinayapiµak±d²na½ atthadesan±paµivedh±dh±rabh±vo yutto, piµak±ni pana tantiyoyev±ti dhamm±dh±rabh±vo katha½ yujjeyy±ti? Tantisamud±yassa avayavatantiy± ±dh±rabh±vato, dhamm±d²nañca dukkhog±habh±vato tehi vinay±dayo gambh²r±ti vinay±d²nañca catubbidho gambh²rabh±vo vutto, tasm± “dhamm±dayo eva dukkhog±hatt± gambh²r±, na vinay±dayo”ti na codetabbameta½. Tattha paµivedhassa dukkarabh±vato dhammatth±na½, desan±ñ±ºassa dukkarabh±vato desan±ya ca dukkhog±habh±vo veditabbo. Paµivedhassa pana upp±detu½ asakkuºeyyatt± tabbisayañ±ºuppattiy± ca dukkarabh±vato dukkhog±hat± veditabb±.
Hetumhi ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±ti etena vacanatthena dhammassa hetubh±vo katha½ ñ±tabboti? “Dhammapaµisambhid±”ti etassa sam±sapadassa avayavapadattha½ dassentena “hetumhi ñ±ºan”ti vuttatt±. “Dhamme paµisambhid±”ti ettha hi “dhamme”ti etassa attha½ dassentena “hetumh²”ti vutta½, “paµisambhid±”ti etassa ca attha½ dassentena “ñ±ºan”ti, tasm± hetudhammasadd± ekatth± ñ±ºapaµisambhid±sadd± c±ti imamattha½ dassentena s±dhito dhammassa hetubh±vo. Atthassa hetuphalabh±vo ca evameva daµµhabbo. Yath±dhammanti ettha dhamma-saddo hetu½ hetuphalañca sabba½ gaºh±ti. Sabh±vav±cako hesa, na pariyattihetubh±vav±cako, tasm± yath±dhammanti yo yo avijj±saªkh±r±didhammo, tasmi½ tasminti attho. Dhamm±bhil±poti atthabyañjanako avipar²t±bhil±po. Etena “tatra dhammanirutt±bhil±pe ñ±ºa½ niruttipaµisambhid±”ti (vibha. 718-720) ettha vuttadhammanirutti½ dasseti. Anulom±divasena v± kathananti etena tass± dhammaniruttiy± abhil±pa½ kathana½ tassa vacanassa pavattana½ dasseti. Adhipp±yoti etena “desan±ti paññatt²”ti eta½ vacana½ dhammanirutt±bhil±pa½ sandh±ya vutta½, na tabbinimutta½ paññatti½ sandh±y±ti dasseti.
So ca lokiyalokuttaroti eva½ vutta½ abhisamaya½ yena pak±rena abhisameti, yañca abhisameti, yo ca tassa sabh±vo, tehi p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “visayato asammohato ca atth±di-anur³pa½ dhamm±d²su avabodho”ti ±ha. Tattha hi visayato atth±di-anur³pa½ dhamm±d²su avabodho avijj±didhammasaªkh±r±di-atthatadubhayapaññ±pan±rammaºo lokiyo abhisamayo. Asammohato atth±di-anur³pa½ dhamm±d²su avabodho nibb±n±rammaºo maggasampayutto yath±vuttadhammatthapaññatt²su sammohaviddha½sano lokuttaro abhisamayoti. Abhisamayato aññampi paµivedhattha½ dassetu½ “tesa½ tesa½ v±”ti-±dim±ha. “Paµivedhana½ paµivedho”ti imin± hi vacanatthena abhisamayo, paµivijjh²yat²ti paµivedhoti imin± ta½ta½r³p±didhamm±na½ avipar²tasabh±vo ca paµivedhoti yujjati.
Yath±vuttehi dhamm±d²hi piµak±na½ gambh²rabh±va½ dassetu½ “id±ni yasm± etesu piµakes³”ti-±dim±ha. Yo cetth±ti etesu ta½ta½piµakagatesu dhamm±d²su yo paµivedho etesu ca piµakesu tesa½ tesa½ dhamm±na½ yo avipar²tasabh±voti yojetabbo. Dukkhog±hat± ca vuttanayeneva veditabb±. Aya½ panettha viseso “avipar²tasabh±vasaªkh±to paµivedho dubbiññeyyat±ya eva dukkhog±ho”ti.
Yanti pariyattiduggahaºa½ sandh±ya vutta½. Atthanti bh±sitattha½ payojanatthañca. Na upaparikkhant²ti na vic±renti. Na nijjh±na½ khamant²ti nijjh±napañña½ na khamanti, nijjh±yitv± paññ±ya disv± rocetv± na gahetabb± hont²ti adhipp±yo. It²ti eva½ et±ya pariyattiy± v±dappamokkh±nisa½s± attano upari parehi ±ropitav±dassa niggahassa pamokkhappayojan± hutv± dhamma½ pariy±puºanti. V±dappamokkhoti v± nind±pamokkho. Yassa catth±y±ti yassa ca s²l±diparip³raºassa anup±d±vimokkhassa v± atth±ya. Dhamma½ pariy±puºant²ti ñ±yena pariy±puºant²ti adhipp±yo. Ass±ti assa dhammassa. N±nubhont²ti na vindanti. Tesa½ te dhamm± duggahitatt± up±rambham±nadappamakkhapal±s±dihetubh±vena d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti. Bhaº¹±g±re niyutto bhaº¹±g±riko, bhaº¹±g±riko viy±ti bhaº¹±g±riko, dhammaratan±nup±lako. Añña½ attha½ anapekkhitv± bhaº¹±g±rikasseva sato pariyatti bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatti.
T±sa½yev±ti avadh±raºa½ p±puºitabb±na½ cha¼abhiññ±catupaµisambhid±na½ vinaye pabhedavacan±bh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½. Verañjakaº¹e hi tisso vijj±va vibhatt±ti. Dutiye t±sa½yev±ti avadh±raºa½ catasso paµisambhid± apekkhitv± kata½, na tisso vijj±. T± hi chasu abhiññ±su antogadh±ti sutte vibhatt±yev±ti. Ñatv± saªgayham±nanti yojan±. Tesanti tesa½ piµak±na½. Sabbamp²ti sabbampi buddhavacana½.
Atth±nuloman±mato anulomiko. Anulomikatta½yeva vibh±vetu½ “kasm± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Ekanik±yamp²ti ekasam³hampi. Poºik± ca cikkhallik± ca khattiy±, tesa½ niv±so poºikanik±yo cikkhallikanik±yo ca. Eva½ dhammakkhandhato catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²ti buddhavacanapiµak±d²ni niµµh±petv± anekacchariyap±tubh±vapaµimaº¹it±ya saªg²tiy± paµhamabuddhavacan±diko sabbo vuttappabhedo aññopi udd±nasaªgah±dibhedo saªg²tiy± ñ±yat²ti etassa dassanattha½ “evameta½ sabbamp²”ti-±di ±raddha½. Aya½ abhidhammo piµakato abhidhammapiµakanti-±din± piµak±dibh±vadassaneneva majjhimabuddhavacanabh±vo tath±gatassa ca ±dito ±bhidhammikabh±vo dassitoti veditabbo.
Ettha siy± “yadi tath±gatabh±sitabh±vo abhidhammassa siddho siy±, majjhimabuddhavacanabh±vo ca siddho bhaveyya, so eva ca na siddho”ti tassa vinay±d²hi buddhabh±sitabh±va½ s±dhetu½ vatthu½ dassento “ta½ dh±rayantesu bhikkh³s³”ti-±dim±ha. Sabbas±mayikaparis±y±ti sabbanik±yikaparis±ya pañcapi nik±ye pariy±puºantiy±. Na uggahitanti sakalassa vinayapiµakassa anuggahitatt± ±ha. Vinayamatta½ uggahitanti vibhaªgadvayassa uggahitatt± ±ha. Vinaya½ avivaººetuk±mat±ya “abhidhamma½ pariy±puºass³”ti bhaºantassa an±patti½, abhidhamme anok±sakata½ bhikkhu½ pañha½ pucchantiy± p±cittiyañca vadantena bhagavat± abhidhammassa buddhabh±sitabh±vo d²pito buddhabh±sitehi sutt±d²hisaha vacanato, b±hirakabh±sitesu ca ²disassa vacanassa abh±v±.
Itopi balavatara½ ±bhidhammikassa s±dhuk±rad±nena vicikicch±vicchedassa katatt±. Kammato añña½ kamma½ kammantara½, ta½ k±m±vacar±di½ r³p±vacar±dibh±vena, kaºhavip±k±di½ sukkavip±k±dibh±vena kathento ±lo¼eti.
Jinacakketi jinas±sane. Visa½v±det²ti vippalambheti. Bhedakaravatth³su ekasminti “bh±sita½ lapita½ tath±gatena abh±sita½ alapita½ tath±gaten±ti d²pet²”ti ekasmi½ sandissati. Uttaripi eva½ vattabbo…pe… na aññesa½ visayo…pe… nid±nakicca½ n±ma natth²ti ap±kaµ±na½ k±ladesadesakaparis±na½ p±kaµabh±vakaraºattha½ tadupadesasahitena nid±nena bhavitabba½, aññesa½ avisayatt± desako p±kaµo, okkantik±l±d²na½ p±kaµatt± k±lo ca, devaloke desitabh±vassa p±kaµatt± desaparis± ca p±kaµ±ti ki½ nid±nakicca½ siy±ti.
Yattha khandh±dayo nippadesena vibhatt±, so abhidhammo n±ma, tasm± tassa nid±nena khandh±d²na½ nippadesatopi paµividdhaµµh±nena bhavitabbanti adhipp±yena thero “mah±bodhinid±no abhidhammo”ti dasseti. “So eva½ paj±n±mi samm±diµµhipaccay±pi vedayitan”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 5.12) nayena paccay±d²hi vedana½ upaparikkhanto khandh±dipades±na½ vedan±kkhandh±d²na½ vasena vih±si. Dhammeti kusal±di-araºante.
Dhamma½ parivattentoti s±µµhakatha½ p±¼i½ parivattento eta½ parav±d²codana½ patv± “aya½ parav±d²”ti-±dim±ha. Amh±disesu nid±na½ j±nantesu paµisaraºesu vijjam±nesu appaµisaraºo araññe kandanto viya nid±nasabbh±ve sakkhibh³tesupi amhesu vijjam±nesu asakkhika½ a¹¹a½ karonto viya hoti, nid±nassa atthibh±vampi na j±n±ti, nanu eta½ nid±nanti kathento evam±ha. Ekamev±ti desan±nid±nameva ajjh±say±nur³pena desitatt±. Dve nid±n±n²ti adhigantabbadesetabbadhamm±nur³pena desitatt±. Abhidhamm±dhigamassa m³la½ adhigama½ nidet²ti adhigamanid±na½. Bodhi-abhin²h±rasaddh±y±ti y±ya saddh±ya d²paªkaradasabalassa santike bodhiy± citta½ abhin²hari paºidh±na½ ak±si.