Kammapathasa½sandanakath±vaººan±

Kammapathappatt±na½ duss²ly±d²na½ asa½var±na½ tath± duccarit±nañca akusalakammapathehi kammapathappatt±nameva ca sus²ly±d²na½ sa½var±na½ tath± sucarit±nañca kusalakammapathehi atthato n±natt±bh±vadassana½. Atha v± tesa½ phassadv±r±d²hi avirodhabh±vena d²pana½ kammapathasa½sandananti keci vadanti tadeta½ vic±retabba½. Na hi pañcaphassadv±rapañca-asa½varadv±rapañcasa½varadv±resu uppann±na½ asa½var±na½ sa½var±nañca kammapathat± atthi p±º±tip±t±d²na½ parasantakavatthulobhaparasatt±rammaºaby±p±da-ahetukadiµµhi-±d²nañca tesu dv±resu anuppattito. Tividhaka-±yaduccarit±d²ni ca kammapath±ti p±kaµ± ev±ti ki½ tesa½ kammapathehi n±natt±bh±vadassanena, na ca duccarit±na½ sucarit±nañca phassadv±r±divasena uppatti d²pit±, n±pi asa½var±na½ sa½var±nañca yato tesa½ phassadv±r±d²hi avirodhabh±vena d²pan± siy±, kevala½ pana phassadv±r±divasena uppann±na½ asa½var±na½ sa½var±nañca k±yakamm±dit± d²pit±. Yadi ca ettaka½ kammapathasa½sandana½, “akusala½ k±yakamma½ pañcaphassadv±ravasena nuppajjat²”ti-±di kammapathasa½sandana½ na siy±. Es±pi chaphassadv±r±d²hi avirodhad²pan±ti ce, vuttameva pak±rantarena dassetu½ “atha v±”ti na vattabba½. Samuccayatthe ca atha v±-sadde kammapathappatt±neva duss²ly±d²ni k±yakamm±din±mehi vadantehi manokammassa chaphassadv±ravasena uppatti na vattabb±. Na hi ta½ cakkhudv±r±divasena uppajjat²ti. Yadi ca kammapathappatt± eva asa½var±dayo gahit±, duccaritehi aññesa½ asa½var±na½ abh±v± tesañca ta½ta½kammabh±vassa vuttatt± “copanak±ya-asa½varadv±ravasena uppanno asa½varo akusala½ k±yakammameva hot²”ti-±di na vattabba½ siy±. Vuccam±ne hi tasmi½ saªkaro siy±, vac²manokamm±nipi hi k±yadv±re uppajjanti, tath± sesadv±resupi kammantar±n²ti.
Atha pana dv±rantare uppajjam±na½ kammantarampi ta½dv±rikakammameva siy±, “tividha½ k±yaduccarita½ akusala½ k±yakammamev±”ti-±di, “akusala½ k±yakamma½ copanak±ya-asa½varadv±ravasena v±c±-asa½varadv±ravasena ca uppajjat²”ti-±di ca virujjheyya. Duccarit±nañhi aññadv±racaraºa½ atthi, na cassa dv±rantaruppanna½ kammantara½ hot²ti. Tasm± heµµh± kammapathappatt±na½ eva k±yakamm±dibh±vassa vuttatt± ses±nañca ta½ta½dv±ruppann±na½ kusal±kusal±na½ dv±rasa½sandane ta½ta½dv±rapakkhikabh±vassa katatt± idha kammapatha½ appatt±nañca cetan±bh±vato akamm±nañca asa½var±na½ sa½var±nañca bhaj±piyam±n±na½ kammapath±na½ viya k±yakamm±dit±d²pana½, kammapathappatt±na½ tividhak±yaduccarit±d²na½ tividhak±yasucarit±d²nañca dv±rantaracaraºepi k±yakamm±dibh±v±vijahanad²pana½, yath±pak±sit±nañca kammapathabh±va½ patt±na½ apatt±nañca akusalak±yakamm±d²nañca kusalak±yakamm±d²nañca phassadv±r±d²hi uppattipak±sanañca kammapathasa½sandana½ n±ma. Kasm±? Akammapath±na½ kammapathesu kammapath±nañca akammapathesu sam±nan±mat±vasena, kammapath±na½ kammapathesu s±maññan±m±vijahanavasena, ubhayesañca uppattivasena dv±resu ettha sa½sanditatt±.
Tattha tividhakammadv±ravasena uppann±na½ kamm±na½ ñ±takammabh±vat±ya ta½ta½kammabh±vassa avacan²yatt± kammadv±resu tesa½ uppattiy± ca vuttatt± pañcaviññ±ºadv±ravasena asa½var±d²na½ uppattipariy±yavacan±bh±vato ca kammadv±raviññ±ºadv±r±ni virajjhitv± “pañcaphassadv±ravasena hi uppanno”ti-±di vutta½. “Yampida½ cakkhusamphassapaccay± uppajjati sukha½ v±”ti-±din± “cakkhusamphassapaccay± vedan±kkhandho atthi kusalo”ti-±din± ca pañcaphassadv±ravasena asa½var±d²na½ uppattipariy±yo vutto, na ca “yamida½ cakkhuviññ±ºapaccay±”ti-±divacana½ atth²ti. Vuttampi ceta½ “cakkhuviññ±ºasahaj±to hi phasso cakkhusamphasso”ti-±di (dha. sa. 1 kammakath±; mah±ni. aµµha. 86). Tena hi asa½var±na½ sa½var±nañca cakkhusamphass±d²hi asahaj±tatt± manosamphassasahaj±t±nañca cakkhusamphassadv±r±divasena uppatti d²pit±ti. “So hi k±yadv±re copana½ patto akusala½ k±yakamma½ hot²”ti-±din± “copanak±ya-asa½varadv±ravasena uppanno akusala½ k±yakammameva hot²”ti-±din± ca vac²kamm±d²nañca kammapathappatt±na½ asa½varabh³t±na½ k±yakamm±dibh±ve ±panne “catubbidha½ vac²duccarita½ akusala½ vac²kammameva hot²”ti-±din± apav±dena nivatti daµµhabb±. Evañca katv± pubbe dassitesu asa½varavinicchayesu dutiyavinicchayesu ca na koci virodho. Na hi vac²kamm±dibh³to copanak±ya-asa½varo k±yakamm±di hot²ti.
Akusala½ manokamma½ pana chaphassadv±ravasena uppajjati, ta½ k±yavac²dv±resu copana½ patta½ akusala½ k±yavac²kamma½ hot²ti ettha ki½ ta½ akusala½ manokamma½ n±ma, heµµh± dassitanayena ca k±yavac²dv±resu uppanna½ tividha½ manoduccarita½ copana½ appatta½ sabb±kusalañca. Yadi eva½ tassa k±yavac²kammabh±vo natth²ti “copanappatta½ k±yavac²kamma½ hot²”ti na yujjat²ti No na yujjati copanappatta½ k±ye v±c±ya ca akusala½ kamma½ hot²ti atthasiddhito. Kamma½ pana honta½ ki½ kamma½ hot²ti? Manokammameva hot²ti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– copanappatta½ akusala½ k±yadv±re vac²dv±re ca manokamma½ hot²ti. Atha v± ta½-saddassa manokammena sambandha½ akatv± chaphassadv±ravasena ya½ uppajjati, tanti yath±vutta-upp±damattaparicchinnena sambandho k±tabbo. Ki½ pana tanti? Kammakath±ya pavattam±natt± kammanti viññ±yati, tañca manosamphassadv±re uppajjam±nampi tividha½ kamma½ hot²ti. Yath± ta½ hoti, ta½ dassetu½ “k±yavac²dv±resu copana½ pattan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha niyamassa akatatt± copanappatti upalakkhaºabh±vena k±yavac²kamman±mas±dhik±va, na pana sabbampi copanappatta½ k±yavac²kammameva, n±pi kusalapakkhe copana½ appatta½ k±yavac²kamma½ na hot²ti ayamattho siddhova hot²ti.
Atha v± tanti ta½ chaphassadv±ravasena uppajjam±na½ manokammanti sabba½ manas±pi nipphajjam±na½ kamma½ manokammanti codak±dhipp±yena gahetv± vadati, na pubbe dassitamanokammanti. Yo hi parassa adhipp±yo “manas± nipphattito sabbena manokammeneva bhavitabba½, na k±yavac²kammen±”ti, ta½ nivattetv± kammattayaniyama½ dassetu½ idam±raddha½ “ta½ k±yavac²dv±resu copana½ pattan”ti-±di. Ettha ca saªkar±bh±vo purimanayeneva veditabbo. Atha v± kammanti avisesena kammasaddamattena sambandha½ katv± yath±vutto kammappabhedo yath± hoti, ta½ pak±ra½ dasseti. Asaªkaro ca vuttanayova. Ya½ pana vadanti “k±yavac²kammasahaj±t± abhijjh±dayo yad± cetan±pakkhik± honti, tad± t±ni manokamm±ni k±yavac²kamm±ni hont²”ti, tañca na, cetan±pakkhik±na½ manokammatt±bh±v±. Abboh±rikatte ca manokammat± suµµhutara½ natthi. Vuttampi ceta½ “abboh±rik± v±”ti. Tasm± manokammassa k±yavac²kammat± na vattabb±. Abhijjh±dikiriy±k±rik±ya eva cetan±ya sampayutt± abhijjh±dayo manokamma½, na p±º±tip±t±dik±yavac²kiriy±k±rik±y±ti bhiyyopi tesa½ manokammat±ti na tesa½ manokamm±na½ sata½ k±yavac²kammat± vattabb±ti. Eva½ kamm±na½ dv±resu dv±r±nañca kammesu aniyatatt± dv±ranibandhana½ na kata½. Id±ni akatepi ca dv±ranibandhane yesa½ dv±r±na½ vasena ida½ citta½ uppajjati, tesa½ ta½ta½dv±rakammapath±nañca vasena uppattiy± yath±bhaµµhap±¼iy± vutt±ya ca d²panattha½ “tattha k±m±vacaran”ti-±dim±ha. Citta½ tividhakammadv±ravasena uppajjat²ti ida½ manokammadv±rabh³tassa tena sabh±vena uppatti½ gahetv± vutta½. Yath± v± citta½ citt±dhipateyyanti sampayuttavasena vuccati, evamidh±p²ti veditabba½. Copanadvayarahitassa manopabandhassa manokammadv±rabh±ve pana vattabbameva natthi.

Kammapathasa½sandanakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Dv±rakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Aya½ yojan±ti “r³p±rammaºa½ v±…pe… dhamm±rammaºa½ v±”ti etena saha “ya½ ya½ v± pan±”ti etassa aya½ sambandhoti attho. Ko pan±ya½ sambandhoti? Yena vacan±ni aññamañña½ sambajjhanti, ta½ pubb±paravacane payojana½ sambandho. Idha ca sabb±rammaºat±didassana½ “r³p±rammaºa½ v±…pe… dhamm±rammaºa½ v±”ti etassa anantara½ “ya½ ya½ v± pan±”ti etassa vacane payojana½ yojan± daµµhabba½. Tattha “r³p±rammaºa½ v±…pe… dhamm±rammaºa½ v± ±rabbh±”ti ettakena ±panna½ dosa½ dassetv± tannivattanavasena “ya½ ya½ v± pan±”ti etassa payojana½ dassetu½ “heµµh±”ti-±dim±ha. Dutiye atthavikappe “ya½ ya½ v±pan±”ti etena appadh±nampi r³p±di½ ±ka¹¹hati. Na hi padh±nassa cittassa attanoyeva ±rammaºabh±vo atth²ti. Heµµh± vuttanayen±ti sabb±rammaºat±dinayena. “Heµµh± gahitameva gahitanti vatv± tassa vacane payojana½ dassetu½ ‘r³pa½ v±…pe… ida½ v± ida½ v± ±rabbh±’ti kathetu½ ida½ vuttan”ti vutta½. Tattha ida½ v± ida½ v±ti eta½ sabb±rammaºat±di½ sandh±ya kathitanti veditabba½.