Nid±nakath±vaŗŗan±

Aµµhas±lini½ t±va vaŗŗentehi ±cariyehi tass± sanniveso vibh±vetabbo. Tasm± ida½ vuccati–
“Vacanattho paricchedo, sanniveso ca p±¼iy±;
s±garehi tath± cint±, desan±hi gambh²rat±.
“Desan±ya sar²rassa, pavattiggahaŗa½ tath±;
therassa v±can±magga-tappabh±vitat±pi ca.
“Paµivedh± tath± buddha-vacan±d²hi ±dito;
±bhidhammikabh±vassa, s±dhana½ sabbadassino.
“Vinayen±tha gosiŖga-suttena ca mahesin±;
bh±sitattassa sa½siddhi, nid±nena ca d²pit±.
“Pak±setv± ima½ sabba½, paµińń±takath± kat±;
aµµhas±liniy± eta½, sannivesa½ vibh±vaye”ti.
Vacanatthavij±nanena vidit±bhidhammas±mańńatthassa abhidhammakath± vuccam±n± sobheyy±ti abhidhammaparij±nanameva ±dimhi yuttar³panti tadattha½ pucchati “tattha kenaµµhena abhidhammo”ti. Tattha tatth±ti “abhidhammassa attha½ pak±sayiss±m²”ti yadida½ vutta½, tasmi½. “Yassa attha½ pak±sayiss±m²”ti paµińń±ta½, so abhidhammo kenaµµhena abhidhammoti attho. Tatth±ti v± “abhidhammakathan”ti etasmi½ vacane yo abhidhammo vutto, so kenaµµhena abhidhammoti attho. Dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµhen±ti ettha dhammo atireko dhamm±tireko, suttant±dhik± p±¼²ti attho. Dhammo viseso dhammaviseso dhamm±tisayo, vicitt± p±¼²ti attho, dhamm±tirekadhammavises± eva attho dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµho. Dvinnampi atth±na½ abhidhammasaddassa atthabh±vena s±mańńato ekavacananiddeso kato. Tasm±ti yasm± “abhikkamanti, abhikkantavaŗŗ±”ti-±d²su viya atirekavisesaµµhad²pako abhisaddo, tasm± ayampi dhammo dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµhena “abhidhammo”ti vuccat²ti sambandho.
Tattha siy±– “abhikkamanti, abhikkantavaŗŗ±”ti ettha dh±tusaddassa purato payujjam±no abhisaddo kiriy±ya atirekavisesabh±vad²pako hot²ti yutta½ upasaggabh±vato, dhammasaddo pana na dh±tusaddoti etasm± purato abhisaddo payogameva n±rahati. Ath±pi payujjeyya, kiriy±visesak± upasagg±, na ca dhammo kiriy±ti dhammassa atirekavisesabh±vad²pana½ na yuttanti? No na yutta½. Ańńassapi hi upasaggassa adh±tusadd± purato payujjam±nassa akiriy±yapi atirekavisesabh±vad²pakassa dassanatoti etamattha½ vibh±vetu½ atichatt±di-ud±haraŗa½ dassento ±ha “yath±”ti-±di. Evamev±ti yath± chatt±tirekachattavises±di-atthena atichatt±dayo honti atisaddassa upasaggassa adh±tusaddassapi purato payujjam±nassa akiriy±ya ca tabbh±vad²pakatt±, evamayampi dhammo dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµhena “abhidhammo”ti vuccati abhi-saddassa upasaggassa adh±tusaddassapi purato payujjam±nassa akiriy±ya ca tabbh±vad²pakatt±ti adhipp±yo.
Ekadeseneva vibhatt±ti “katame ca, bhikkhave, pańcakkhandh±? R³pakkhandho…pe… vińń±ŗakkhandho. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, r³pakkhandho? Ya½ kińci r³pa½ at²t±…pe… santike v±, aya½ vuccati r³pakkhandho”ti-evam±din± (sa½. ni. 3.48; vibha. 2) uddesaniddesamatteneva vibhatt±, “tattha katama½ r³pa½ at²tan”ti-evam±din± (vibha. 3) paµiniddesassa abhidhammabh±jan²yassa pańhapucchakassa ca abh±v± na nippadesena. Abhidhamma½ patv± pana…pe… nippadesatova vibhatt±, tasm± ayampi dhammo dhamm±tirekadhammavisesaµµhena “abhidhammo”ti vuccati nippades±na½ tiŗŗampi nay±na½ atirekap±¼ibh±vato visesap±¼ibh±vato c±ti adhipp±yo. Suttante b±v²satiy± indriy±na½ ekato an±gatatt± indriyavibhaŖge suttantabh±jan²ya½ natthi. “Avijj±paccay± saŖkh±r± sambhavant²”ti-±din± paµiccasamupp±de tassa tassa paccayadhammassa paccayuppannadhamm±na½ paccayabh±vo uddiµµho, uddiµµhadhamm±nańca kusal±dibh±vo pucchitv± vissajjetabbo, na cettha “avijj±saŖkh±r±”ti eva½ vutto uddeso atth²ti pańhapucchaka½ natthi. Suttante pańca sikkh±pad±ni uddiµµh±ni p±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ²ti-±d²ni. S± pana veramaŗ² yadi sabh±vakicc±divasena vibhaj²yeyya, “±rati virat²”ti-±din± abhidhammabh±jan²yameva hoti. Ath±pi cittupp±davasena vibhaj²yeyya, tath±pi abhidhammabh±jan²yameva hoti. Ańńo pana veramaŗ²na½ vibhajitabbappak±ro natthi, yena pak±rena suttantabh±jan²ya½ vattabba½ siy±. Tasm± sikkh±padavibhaŖge suttantabh±jan²ya½ natthi.
Vacanatthato abhidhamme ń±te paricchedato ń±petu½ ±ha “pakaraŗaparicchedato”ti-±di. Katipay±va pańhav±r± avases±ti dhammahadayavibhaŖge an±gat± hutv± mah±dhammahadaye ±gat± dhammahadayavibhaŖgavacanavasena avases± katipay±va pańhav±r±ti attho. Ettheva saŖgahit±ti “apubba½ natth²”ti vutta½. Appamattik±va tanti avases±ti dhammahadayavibhaŖge an±gantv± mah±dhammahadaye ±gatatantito yadi pathav²-±d²na½ vitth±rakath± mah±dh±tukath± r³pakaŗ¹adh±tuvibhaŖg±d²su, atha dh±tukath±ya vitth±rakath± dh±tukath±ya an±gantv± mah±dh±tukath±ya ±gatatanti appamattik±v±ti adhipp±yo.
Ya½ pana vutta½ “s±vakabh±sitatt± cha¹¹etha nan”ti, ta½ buddhabh±sitabh±vadassanena paµisedhetu½ “samm±sambuddho h²”ti-±dim±ha. Cat³su pańhes³ti “upalabbhati nupalabbhat²”ti paµińń±ya gahit±ya paµikkhepagahaŗattha½ “yo saccikaµµho”ti vutta½ saccikaµµha½ nissaya½ katv± up±d±ya pavatt± dvepi pańcak± eko pańho, “sabbatth±”ti sar²ra½ sabba½ v± desa½ up±d±ya pavatt± eko, “sabbad±”ti k±lamup±d±ya eko, “sabbes³”ti yadi khandh±yatan±dayo gahit±, te up±d±ya pavatt±, atha pana “yo saccikaµµho sabbattha sabbad±”ti etehi na koci saccikaµµho deso k±lo v± aggahito atthi, te pana s±mańńavasena gahetv± anuyogo kato, na bhedavasen±ti bhedavasena gahetv± anuyuńjitu½ “sabbes³”ti vutt± saccikaµµhadesak±lappadese up±d±ya ca pavatt± ekoti etesu cat³su. Dvinna½ pańcak±nanti ettha “puggalo upalabbhati…pe… micch±”ti eka½, “puggalo nupalabbhati…pe… micch±”ti (kath±. 18) eka½, “tva½ ce pana mańńasi…pe… ida½ te micch±”ti (kath±. 3) eka½, “ese ce dunniggahite…pe… ida½ te micch±”ti eka½, “na heva½ niggahetabbe, tena hi ya½ niggaŗh±si…pe… sukat± paµip±dan±”ti (kath±. 10) ekanti eva½ niggahakaraŗa½, paµikammakaraŗa½, niggahassa suniggahabh±va½ icchato paµińń±µhapanena paµikammaveµhana½, paµikammassa duppaµikammabh±va½ icchato ta½nidassanena niggahassa dunniggahabh±vadassanena niggahanibbeµhana½, aniggahabh±v±ropan±din± chedoti aya½ eko pańcako, yo aµµhakath±ya½ anulomapańcakapaµikammacatukkaniggahacatukka-upanayanacatukkanigamanacatukka n±mehi sakav±dipubbapakkhe anulomapaccan²kapańcakoti vutto, parav±dipubbapakkhe ca evameva paccan²y±nulomapańcakoti vutto. Eva½ dve pańcak± veditabb±. Eva½ sesapańhesup²ti aµµha pańcak± aµµhamukh± v±dayutt²ti vutt±. Yutt²ti up±yo, v±dassa yutti v±dayutti, v±dappavattanassa up±yoti attho.
Anulomapaccan²kapańcake ±diniggaha½ dassetv± paccan²y±nulomapańcake ca ±diniggahameva dassetv± m±tika½ d²petu½ “s± panes±”ti-±dim±ha. Puggaloti att± satto j²vo. Upalabbhat²ti pańń±ya upagantv± labbhati. Saccikaµµhaparamaµµhen±ti m±y±mar²ci-±dayo viya n±bh³t±k±rena, anussav±d²hi gahetabb± viya na anuttamatthabh±vena, atha kho bh³tena uttamatthabh±vena upalabbhat²ti pucchati. Itaro t±disa½ icchanto paµij±n±ti. Puna yo saccikaµµhaparamaµµhena upalabbhati, so saccikaµµhaparamaµµhato ańńo tad±dh±ro, ańńatra v± tehi, tesa½ v± ±dh±rabh³to, anańńo v± tato ruppan±disabh±vato sappaccay±disabh±vato v± upalabbham±no ±pajjat²ti anuyuńjati “yo saccikaµµho…pe… paramaµµhen±”ti. Itaro puggalassa r³p±d²hi ańńatta½ anańńattańca anicchanto “na hevan”ti paµikkhipati. Puna sakav±d² paµińń±ya ekatt±panna½ appaµikkhipitabba½ paµikkhipat²ti katv± niggaha½ ±ropento ±ha “±j±n±hi niggahan”ti. “Puggalo nupalabbhat²”ti puµµho sakav±d² puggaladiµµhi½ paµisedhento “±mant±”ti paµij±n±ti. Puna itaro yo saccikaµµhena nupalabbhati puggalo, so saccikaµµhaparamaµµhato ańńo v± anańńo v± nupalabbhat²ti ±pajjati ańńassa pak±rassa abh±v±ti anuyuńjati “yo saccikaµµho…pe… paramaµµhen±”ti. Yasm± pana puggalo sabbena sabba½ nupalabbhati, tasm± tassa ańńatt±nańńatt±nuyogo ananuyogo puggalaladdhi½ paµisedhentassa an±pajjanatoti “na hevan”ti paµikkhipati. Itaro paµińń±ya ±pajjanalesameva passanto avipar²ta½ attha½ asambujjhantoyeva niggaha½ ±ropeti “±j±n±hi niggahan”ti.
It²ti ya½ disv± m±tik± µhapit±, eva½ desitatt±ti adhipp±yo. Yath± kinti yena pak±rena buddhabh±sita½ n±ma j±ta½, ta½ nidassana½ kinti attho. Yatonid±nanti ya½k±raŗ± cha-ajjhattikab±hir±yatan±dinid±nanti attho. Papańcasańń±saŖkh±ti taŗh±m±nadiµµhipapańcasampayutt± sańń±koµµh±s±. Samud±carant²ti ajjh±caranti. Ettha ceti etesu ±yatan±d²su taŗh±m±nadiµµh²hi abhinanditabba½ abhivaditabba½ ajjhositabbańca natthi ce Nanu natthiyeva, kasm± “natthi ce”ti vuttanti? Sacca½ natthi, appah²n±bhinandan±bhivadanajjhos±n±na½ pana puthujjan±na½ abhinanditabb±dippak±r±ni ±yatan±d²ni hont²ti tesa½ na sakk± “natth²”ti vattu½, pah²n±bhinandan±d²na½ pana sabbath± natth²ti “natthi ce”ti vutta½. Esevantoti abhinandan±d²na½ natthibh±vakaro maggo tappaµippassaddhibh³ta½ phala½ v± r±g±nusay±d²na½ anto avas±na½, appavatt²ti attho.
J±na½ j±n±t²ti sabbańńutańń±ŗena j±nitabba½ j±n±ti. Na hi padesań±ŗav± j±nitabba½ sabba½ j±n±t²ti. Passa½ passat²ti dibbacakkhupańń±cakkhudhammacakkhubuddhacakkhusamantacakkhusaŖkh±tehi pańcahi cakkh³hi passitabba½ passati. Atha v± j±na½ j±n±t²ti yath± ańńe savipall±s± k±mar³paparińń±v±dino j±nant±pi vipall±savasena j±nanti, na eva½ bhagav± bhagav± pana pah²navipall±satt± j±nanto j±n±tiyeva, diµµhidassanassa ca abh±v± passanto passatiyev±ti attho. Cakkhubh³toti pańń±cakkhumayatt± sattesu ca tadupp±danato lokassa cakkhubh³to. ѱŗabh³toti etassa ca evameva attho daµµhabbo. Dhamm± bodhipakkhiy±. Brahm± maggo, tehi uppannatt± lokassa ca tadupp±danato tabbh³to. Vatt±ti catusaccadhamme vadat²ti vatt±. Pavatt±ti cira½ saccappaµivedha½ pavattento vadat²ti pavatt±. Atthassa ninnet±ti attha½ uddharitv± dasset±, paramattha½ v± nibb±na½ p±payit±. Amatassa d±t±ti amatasacchikiriya½ sattesu upp±dento amata½ dad±t²ti amatassa d±t±. Bodhipakkhiyadhamm±na½ tad±yattabh±vato dhammass±m². Suvaŗŗ±liŖganti suvaŗŗamaya½ ±liŖga½ khuddakamudiŖga½. Supupphitasatapattapadumamiva sassirika½ sasobha½ supupphitasatapattasassirika½.
Anumoditak±lato paµµh±ya…pe… buddhabh±sita½ n±ma j±tanti etena anumodan± buddhabh±sitabh±vassa k±raŗanti ayamattho vutto viya dissati, evańca sati kath±vatthussa buddhabh±sitabh±vo na siy± ananumoditatt±, tasm± evamettha attho daµµhabbo– “mah±kacc±yano eva½ vibhajissat²”ti disv± bhagav± m±tika½ nikkhipitv± vih±ra½ paviµµho, tatheva ca thero bhagavat± dinnanayena µhapitam±tik±ya vibhaj²ti buddhabh±sita½ n±ma j±ta½, ta½ pana anumodan±ya p±kaµa½ j±tanti etamattha½ sandh±ya “eva½ satth±r±…pe… n±ma j±tan”ti vuttanti.