Kammakath±vaººan±

Cetayitv± kamma½ karot²ti ettha yasm± purimacetan±ya cetayitv± sanniµµh±nakamma½ karoti, tasm± cetan±pubbaka½ kamma½ ta½cetan±sabh±vamev±ti cetana½ aha½ kamma½ vad±m²ti attho. Atha v± sam±nak±lattepi k±raºakiriy± pubbak±l± viya vattu½ yutt±, phalakiriy± ca aparak±l± viya. Yasm± ca cetan±ya cetayitv± k±yav±c±hi copanakiriya½ manas± ca abhijjh±dikiriya½ karoti, tasm± tass± kiriy±ya k±rika½ cetana½ aha½ kamma½ vad±m²ti attho. K±ye v±ti k±yaviññattisaªkh±te k±ye v±. Sat²ti dharam±ne, anirodhite v±. K±yasamuµµh±pik± cetan± k±yasañcetan±. Ettha ca sukhadukkhupp±dakena kammena bhavitabba½, cetan± ca sukhadukkhupp±dik± vutt±ti tass± kammabh±vo siddho hoti. Sañcetaniyanti sañcetanasabh±vavanta½. Samiddhittherena “sañcetaniya½, ±vuso…pe… manas± sukha½ so vedayat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.300; kath±. 539) avibhajitv± by±kato. Sukhavedan²yanti-±din± pana vibhajitv± by±k±tabbo so pañho, tasm± samm± by±kato n±ma na hoti. Itaradvayepi eseva nayo. Yath± pana sutt±ni µhit±ni, tath± copanakiriy±nissayabh³t± k±yav±c± abhijjh±dikiriy±nissayo ca manodv±r±ni, y±ya pana cetan±ya tehi k±y±d²hi karaºabh³tehi copan±bhijjh±dikiriya½ karonti v±si-±d²hi viya chedan±di½, s± cetan± kammanti dv±rappavattiyampi kammadv±r±bhedanañca kammadv±ravavatth±nañca dissati, evañca sati “k±yena ce kata½ kamman”ti-±dig±th±yo (dha. sa. aµµha. 1 k±yakammadv±ra) ativiya yujjanti.
Lokuttaramaggo idha lokiyakammakath±ya½ anadhippetopi bhaj±piyam±no t²ºi kamm±ni bhajati. Manena duss²lyanti k±yikav±casikav²tikkamavajja½ sabba½ akusala½ saªgaºh±ti, micch±diµµhisaªkappav±y±masatisam±dhi½ v±. Tampi ceta½ “manas± sa½varo s±dh³”ti (sa½. ni. 1.116; dha. pa. 361) vuttassa sa½varassa paµipakkhavasena vutta½, na s²lavipattivasena. Na hi s± m±nasik± atth²ti maggasseva bhaj±pana½ mah±visayatt±. Bojjhaªg± hi manokammameva bhajeyyu½, na ca na sakk± maggabhaj±paneneva tesa½ bhaj±pana½ viññ±tunti.
Kammapatha½ appatt±nampi ta½ta½dv±re sa½sandana½ avarodhana½ dv±rantare kammantaruppattiyampi kammadv±r±bhedanañca dv±rasa½sandana½ n±ma. “Tividh±, bhikkhave, k±yasañcetan± akusala½ k±yakamman”ti-±din± (kath±. 539) kammapathappatt±va sanniµµh±pakacetan± kammanti vutt±ti purimacetan± sabb± k±yakamma½ na hot²ti vutta½. ¾º±petv±…pe… alabhantass±ti ±ºattehi am±ritabh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½, vac²duccarita½ n±ma hoti akammapathabh±vatoti adhipp±yo. “Ime satt± haññant³”ti pavattaby±p±davasena cetan±pakkhik± v± bhavanti k±yakammavoh±ral±bh±. Abboh±rik± v± manokammavoh±ravirah±. Sasambh±rapathav²-±d²su ±p±dayo ettha nidassana½.
Kulumbass±ti gabbhassa, kulasseva v±. Tissopi saªg²tiyo ±ru¼hat±ya ananuj±nanato “tava suttass±”ti vutta½. Dasavidh± iddhi paµisambhid±magge iddhikath±ya gahetabb±. Bh±van±mayanti adhiµµh±niddhi½ sandh±ya vadati. Ghaµabhedo viya par³pagh±to, udakavin±so viya iddhivin±so ca hot²ti upam± sa½sandati. Tava pañhoti bh±van±may±ya par³pagh±to hot²ti vutto ñ±petu½ icchito attho. ¾thabbaºiddhi vijj±mayiddhi hoti. Sattame padeti maº¹al±dito sattame pade.
Vacanantarena gametabbattha½ neyyattha½, sayameva gamitabbattha½ n²tattha½. Kiriyato samuµµh±ti, ud±hu akiriyatoti ten±dhippeta½ sampaj±namus±v±da½ sandh±ya pucchati, na uposathakkhandhake vutta½. Tattha avuttameva hi so anariyavoh±ra½ vuttanti gahetv± voharat²ti. V±c±giranti v±c±saªkh±ta½ gira½, v±c±nucc±raºa½ v±.
Khandasiv±dayo seµµh±ti khand±ti kum±r±. Siv±ti mahessar±, micch±diµµhiy± nidassanatthamida½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Natthikadiµµh±dayo eva hi kammapathappatt± kammanti. Cetan± panettha abboh±rik±ti k±yadv±re vac²dv±re ca samuµµhit±pi k±yakamma½ vac²kammanti ca voh±ra½ na labhati abhijjh±dippadh±natt±. “Tividh±, bhikkhave, manosañcetan± akusala½ manokamman”ti pana vacanato sabh±veneva s± manokamma½, na abhijjh±dipakkhikatt±ti “abhijjh±dipakkhik±v±”ti na vutta½. Imasmi½ pana µh±ne k±yaªgav±caªg±ni acopetv± cintanak±le cetan±pi cetan±sampayuttadhamm±pi manodv±re eva samuµµhahanti, tasm± cetan±ya abboh±rikabh±vo kathañci natth²ti adhipp±yo.
“Tividh± bhikkhave, k±yasañcetan± kusala½ k±yakamman”ti-±divacanato (kath±. 539) p±º±tip±t±dipaµipakkhabh³t± tabbirativisiµµh± cetan±va p±º±tip±tavirati-±dik± hont²ti “cetan±pakkhik± v±”ti vutta½, na “viratipakkhik±”ti. Rakkhat²ti avin±setv± katheti. Bhindat²ti vin±setv± katheti.

Kammakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

Cakkhuviññ±ºadv±ranti cakkhuviññ±ºassa dv±ra½. Cakkhu ca ta½ viññ±ºadv±rañc±ti v± cakkhuviññ±ºadv±ra½. Cakkhu viññ±ºadv±ranti v± asam±saniddeso. Ta½ pana cakkhumeva. Esa nayo sesesupi. “Cakkhun± sa½varo s±dh³”ti-±dik±ya (dha. pa. 360) g±th±ya pas±dak±yacopanak±yasa½vare ekajjha½ katv± k±yena sa½varo vutto, ta½ idha bhinditv± aµµha sa½var±, tappaµipakkhabh±vena asa½var± aµµha kathit±. S²lasa½var±dayopi pañceva sa½var± sabbadv±resu uppajjam±n±pi, tappaµipakkhabh±vena duss²ly±d²ni asa½var±ti vutt±ni. Tattha duss²lya½ p±º±tip±t±dicetan±. Muµµhassacca½ satipaµipakkh± akusal± dhamm±. Pam±danti keci. S²t±d²su paµigho akkhanti. Thinamiddha½ kosajja½.
Vin± vac²dv±rena suddha½ k±yadv±rasaªkh±tanti ida½ vac²dv±rasallakkhitassa mus±v±d±dinopi k±yadv±re pavattisabbh±v± asuddhat± atth²ti ta½niv±raºattha½ vutta½. Na hi ta½ k±yakamma½ hoti. Suddhavac²dv±ropalakkhita½ pana vac²kammameva hot²ti. Ettha asa½varoti etena suddhak±yadv±rena upalakkhito asa½varo dv±rantare uppajjam±nopi vutto. Dv±rantar±nupalakkhita½ sabba½ ta½dv±rik±kusalañceti veditabba½. Evañca katv± kammapathasa½sandane “copanak±ya-asa½varadv±ravasena uppajjam±no asa½varo akusala½ k±yakammameva hot²”ti-±di “akusala½ k±yakamma½ copanak±ya-asa½varadv±ravasena vac²-asa½varavasena ca uppajjat²”ti-±din± saha aviruddha½ hoti. Asa½varo hi dv±rantare uppajjam±nopi sadv±re ev±ti vuccati, sadv±ravasena uppannoti ca, kamma½ aññadv±re aññadv±ravasena c±ti eva½ aviruddha½.
Atha v± etth±ti suddha½ asuddhanti eta½ avic±retv± etasmi½ copaneti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ sati dv±rantaropalakkhita½ kammapathabh±vappattat±ya vac²manokamma½ copanak±ya-asa½varadv±re uppanna½, sesa½ sabba½ ta½dv±ruppann±kusala½ viya “copanak±ya-asa½varo”ti vuccati. Kammapathabh±vappattiy± dv±rantaruppanna½ k±yakammañca tath± na vuccat²ti kammapathasa½sandanavirodho siy±, tadavirodha½ tattheva vakkh±ma. S²lasa½var±dayo pañca nikkhepakaº¹e ±vi bhavissanti. Tattha ñ±ºasa½vare paccayasannissitas²lassa, v²riyasa½vare ca ±j²vap±risuddhiy± antogadhat± daµµhabb±.