Dukam±tik±padavaººan±

1-6. M³laµµhen±ti suppatiµµhitabh±vas±dhanena m³labh±vena, na paccayamattaµµhena hetudhamm± het³ dhamm±ti sam±s±sam±saniddesabh±vo dvinna½ p±µh±na½ viseso. Tathev±ti sampayogatova. Sahetuk±na½ hetusampayuttabh±vato “sampayogato”ti vuttanti veditabba½, na sahasaddassa sampayogatthatt±. Saha-saddo pana ekapuñje upp±dato y±va bhaªg± sahetuk±na½ het³hi sam±nadesagahaº±na½ hetu-±disabbh±va½ d²peti, sampayutta-saddo ekupp±d±divasena saha het³hi ek²bh±vupagamana½, tato eva ca dvinna½ duk±na½ n±natta½ veditabba½. Dhamman±natt±bh±vepi hi padatthan±nattena dukantara½ vuccati. Na hi hetudukasaªgahitehi dhammehi aññe sahetukaduk±d²hi vuccanti, te eva pana sahetuk±hetuk±dibh±vato sahetukaduk±d²hi vutt±. Eva½ sahetukadukasaªgahit± eva hetusampayuttavippayuttabh±vato hetusampayuttadukena vutt±. Na hi dhamm±na½ avuttat±pekkha½ dukantaravacananti natthi punaruttidoso. Desetabbappak±raj±nanañhi desan±vil±so tath± desan±ñ±ºañc±ti. Tena dhamm±na½ tappak±rat± vutt± hoti. Sakalekadesavasena paµhamaduka½ dutiyatatiyehi saddhi½ yojetv± catutth±dayo tayo duk± vutt±. Sakalañhi paµhamaduka½ dutiyadukekadesena sahetukapadena tatiyadukekadesena hetusampayuttapadena ca yojetv± yath±kkama½ catutthapañcamaduk± vutt±, tath± paµhamadukekadesa½ nahetupada½ sakalena dutiyadukena yojetv± chaµµhaduko vutto. Idampi sambhavat²ti etena avuttampi sambhavavasena d²pitanti dasseti. Sambhavo hi gahaºassa k±raºanti. Yath± hetusahetuk±ti ida½ sambhavat²ti katv± gahita½, eva½ hetu-ahetuk±ti idampi sambhavat²ti katv± gahetabbamev±ti eva½ aññatth±pi yojetabba½.
Eva½ paµhamaduka½ dutiyatatiyadukesu dutiyapadehi yojetv± “het³ ceva dhamm± ahetuk± ca, ahetuk± ceva dhamm± na ca het³, het³ ceva dhamm± hetuvippayutt± ca, hetuvippayutt± ceva dhamm± na ca het³”ti ye dve duk± k±tabb±, tesa½ sambhavavaseneva saªgaha½ dassetv± kho pana-padena aparesampi duk±na½ saªgaha½ dassetu½ “tatra yadetan”ti-±dim±ha. Tatr±ti p±¼iya½. Aya½ atirekatthoti id±ni ya½ vakkhati, tamattham±ha. Tattha pana aññepi aññath±p²ti etesa½ visu½ pavattiy± dve duk± dassit±, saha pavattiy± pana ayampi duko veditabbo “het³ ceva dhamm± hetusampayutt±pi hetuvippayutt±p²”ti, etesu pana pañcasu dukesu dutiyadukena tatiyaduko viya, catutthadukena pañcamaduko viya ca chaµµhadukena ninn±natthatt± “na hetu kho pana dhamm± hetusampayutt±pi hetuvippayutt±p²”ti aya½ duko na vutto. Dassitaninn±natthanayo hi so purimadukeh²ti. Itaresu cat³su het³ ceva ahetukadukena sam±natthatt± het³ ceva hetuvippayuttaduko, hetusahetukadukena sam±natthatt± hetuhetusampayuttaduko ca nahetuhetusampayuttaduko viya na vattabbo. Tesu pana dv²su pacchimaduke “het³ kho pana dhamm± sahetuk±”ti pada½ catutthaduke paµhamapadena ninn±n±karaºatt± na vattabba½, “het³ kho pana dhamm± ahetuk±”ti pada½ “het³ ceva dhamm± ahetuk±”ti etena ninn±natt± na vattabba½. Avasiµµhe pana ekasmi½ duke “ahetuk± ceva dhamm± na ca het³”ti pada½ chaµµhaduke dutiyapadena ekatthatt± na vattabba½. Id±ni “het³ ceva dhamm± ahetuk± c±”ti idameveka½ pada½ avasiµµha½, na ca ekena padena duko hot²ti tañca na vuttanti. Catutthaduke dutiyapadena pana sam±natthassa chaµµhaduke paµhamapadassa vacana½ dukap³raºattha½, etena v± gatidassanena sabbassa sambhavantassa saªgaho katoti daµµhabbo. Tath± hi sabbo sambhavaduko paµhamaduke dutiyatatiyadukapakkhepena dassito, tesu ca paµhamadukapakkhepen±ti.
7-13. Sam±nak±lena asam±nak±lena k±lavimuttena ca paccayena nipphann±na½ paccay±yatt±na½ paccayabh±vamattena tesa½ paccay±na½ atthita½ d²petu½ sappaccayavacana½, na sahetukavacana½ viya sam±nak±l±nameva, n±pi sanidassana½ viya ta½sabh±vassa anatthantarabh³tassa. Saªkhata-saddo pana sametehi nipph±ditabh±va½ d²pet²ti ayametesa½ viseso dukantaravacane k±raºa½. Ettha ca appaccay± asaªkhat±ti bahuvacananiddeso avinicchitatthaparicchedadassanavasena m±tik±µhapanato katoti veditabbo. Uddesena hi kusal±disabh±v±na½ dhamm±na½ atthit±matta½ vuccati, na paricchedoti aparicchedena bahuvacanena uddeso vuttoti. R³panti r³p±yatana½ pathaviy±di v±. Purimasmi½ atthavikappe r³p±yatanassa asaªgahitat± ±pajjat²ti ruppanalakkhaºa½ v± r³panti aya½ atthanayo vutto. Tattha r³panti ruppanasabh±vo. Na lujjati na palujjat²ti yo gahito tath± na hoti, so lokoti ta½gahaºarahit±na½ lokuttar±na½ natthi lokat±. Dukkhasacca½ v± loko, tattha teneva lokasabh±vena vidit±ti lokiy±.
Eva½ sante cakkhuviññ±ºena vij±nitabbassa r³p±yatanassa teneva navij±nitabbassa sadd±yatan±dikassa ca n±natt± dvinnampi pad±na½ atthan±nattato duko hoti. Eva½ pana duke vuccam±ne dukabahut± ±pajjati, yattak±ni viññ±º±ni, tattak± duk± vutt± samatt± µhapetv± sabbadhamm±rammaº±ni viññ±º±ni. Tesu ca dukassa pacchedo ±pajjati, tath± ca sati “kenac²”ti pada½ sabbaviññ±ºasaªg±haka½ na siy±, niddesena ca viruddha½ ida½ vacana½. Yo ca tattha “ye te dhamm± cakkhuviññeyy±, na te dhamm± sotaviññeyy±ti aya½ duko na hot²”ti paµisedho kato, so ca katha½ yujjeyya. Na hi samatth± aµµhakath± p±¼i½ paµisedhetunti, na ca kenaci-saddassa tenev±ti aya½ padattho sambhavati, “kenac²”ti etassa ±dipadassa aniyamita½ ya½ kiñci eka½ padattho, ta½ vatv± vuccam±nassa “kenac²”ti dutiyapadassa ya½ kiñci apara½ aniyamita½ padatthoti lokasiddhameta½, tatheva ca niddeso pavatto, na cettha viññ±tabbadhammabhedena dukabhedo samatto ±pajjati yattak± viññ±tabb±, tattak± duk±ti, tasm± natthi dukabahut±. Na hi eka½yeva viññ±tabba½ kenaci viññeyya½ kenaci na viññeyyañca, kintu aparampi aparamp²ti sabbaviññ±tabbasaªgahe duko samatto hoti, evañca sati “kenac²”ti pada½ aniyamena sabbaviññ±ºasaªg±hakanti siddha½ hoti, viññ±ºan±nattena ca viññ±tabba½ bhinditv± aya½ duko vutto, na viññ±tabb±na½ atthantarat±y±ti. Etassa pana dukassa nikkhepar±siniddeso dukasaªgahitadhammekadesesu dukapadadvayappavattidassanavasena pavatto. Atthuddh±raniddeso niravasesadukasaªgahitadhammadassanavasen±ti veditabbo.
14-19. Cakkhutopi…pe… manatop²ti cakkhuviññ±º±div²th²su tadanugatamanoviññ±ºav²th²su ca kiñc±pi kusal±d²nampi pavatti atthi, k±m±sav±dayo eva pana vaºato y³sa½ viya paggharaºaka-asucibh±vena sandanti, tasm± te eva “±sav±”ti vuccanti. Tattha hi paggharaºaka-asucimhi niru¼ho ±savasaddoti. Dhammato y±va gotrabhunti tato para½ maggaphalesu appavattito vutta½. Ete hi ±rammaºakaraºavasena dhamme gacchant± tato para½ na gacchant²ti. Nanu tato para½ bhavaªg±d²nipi gacchant²ti ce? Na, tesampi pubbe ±lambitesu lokiyadhammesu s±savabh±vena antogadhatt± tato parat±bh±vato. Ettha ca gotrabhuvacanena gotrabhuvod±naphalasam±pattipurec±rikaparikamm±ni vutt±n²ti veditabb±ni, paµhamamaggapurec±rikameva v± gotrabhu avadhinidassanabh±vena gahita½, tato para½ maggaphalasam±nat±ya pana aññesu maggesu maggav²thiya½ phalasam±pattiv²thiya½ nirodh±nantarañca pavattam±nesu phalesu nibb±ne ca pavatti niv±rit± ±sav±nanti veditabb±. Savant²ti gacchanti. Duvidho hi avadhi abhividhivisayo anabhividhivisayo ca. Abhividhivisaya½ kiriy± by±petv± pavattati “±bhavagg± bhagavato yaso gato”ti, itara½ bahi katv± “±p±µaliputt± vuµµho devo”ti. Ayañca ±-k±ro abhividhi-attho idha gahitoti “antokaraºattho”ti vutta½.
Cirap±riv±siyaµµho ciraparivutthat± pur±ºabh±vo. ¾di-saddena “purim±, bhikkhave, koµi na paññ±yati bhavataºh±y±”ti (a. ni. 10.62) ida½ sutta½ saªgahita½. Avijj±savabhav±sav±nañca ciraparivutthat±ya dassit±ya tabbh±vabh±v²na½ k±m±savadiµµh±sav±nañca ciraparivutthat± dassit± hoti. Aññesupi yath±vutte dhamme ok±sañca ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattam±nesu m±n±d²su vijjam±nesu attattaniy±digg±havasena abhiby±pana½ madakaraºavasena ±savasadisat± ca etesa½yeva, n±ññesanti etesveva ±savasaddo niru¼ho daµµhabbo. ¾yata½ v± savanti phalant²ti ±sav± Na hi kiñci sa½s±radukkha½ ±savehi vin± uppajjam±na½ atth²ti. ¾rammaºabh±vena ye dhamm± vaºo viya ±save paggharanti, te asampayoge atabbh±vepi saha ±saveh²ti s±sav±, ±savavantoti attho.
Os±naduke “no ±sav± kho pan±”ti avatv± “±savavippayutt± kho pan±”ti vacana½ s±sav±na½ sahetuk±na½ viya sampayuttehi ta½sahitat± na hot²ti dassanattha½. Eva½ sesagocchakesupi yath±sambhava½ vippayuttaggahaºe payojana½ daµµhabba½. Apica “no ±sav± kho pana dhamm± s±sav±”ti ida½ pada½ catutthaduke dutiyapadena ninn±na½, na ca ekena duko hoti, tasm± ±savavippayuttapadameva gahetv± os±nadukayojan± ñ±y±gat±ti kat±. Hetugocchake pana hetuvippayutt±na½ sahetukat± natth²ti te gahetv± dukayojan±ya asakkuºeyyatt± nahetupada½ gahetv± os±nadukayojan± kat±. Ye v± pana paµhame duke dutiyassa pakkhepe eko, tatiyassa dve, paµhamassa dutiye eko, tatiye dve, dutiyassa tatiye eko, dutiye ca tatiyassa ekoti aµµha duk± labbhanti, tesu t²hi itare ca nayato dassit±ti veditabb±. Esa nayo sesagocchakesupi.
20-25. Kilesakammavip±kavaµµ±na½ paccayabh±vena tattha sa½yojenti, satipi aññesa½ tappaccayabh±ve na vin± sa½yojan±ni tesa½ tappaccayabh±vo atthi, orambh±giyuddhambh±giyasaªgahitehi ca ta½ta½bhavanibbattakakammaniyamo bhavaniyamo ca hoti, na ca upacchinnasa½yojanassa kat±nipi kamm±ni bhava½ nibbattent²ti. Sa½yojetabb±ti v± sa½yojaniy±, sa½yojane niyutt±ti v±. D³ragatassapi ±ka¹¹hanato nissaritu½ appad±navasena bandhana½ sa½yojana½, ganthakaraºa½ saªkhalikacakkalak±na½ viya paµibaddhat±karaºa½ v± ganthana½ gantho, sa½silisakaraºa½ yojana½ yogoti ayametesa½ visesoti veditabbo. Dhamm±na½ sabh±vakiccavisesaññun± pana bhagavat± sampayuttesu ±rammaºesu tappaccayesu ca tehi tehi nipph±diyam±na½ ta½ ta½ kiccavisesa½ passantena te te dhamm± tath± tath± ±savasa½yojanaganth±divasena vutt±ti “kimattha½ eteyeva dhamm± eva½ vutt±, kasm± ca vutt± eva puna vutt±”ti na codetabbameta½.
26-37. Ganthaniy±ti ettha ayamañño attho “ganthakaraºa½ ganthana½, ganthane niyutt±ti ganthaniy±, ganthayitu½ sakkuºeyy±, ganthayitu½ arahant²ti v± ganthaniy±”ti. Eva½ oghaniy±d²supi daµµhabba½. Ten±tikkamat²ti eta½ dh±tvattha½ gahetv± oghaniy±ti padasiddhi kat±.
50-54. Dhammasabh±va½ aggahetv± parato ±masant²ti par±m±s±. Paratoti nicc±dito. ¾masant²ti sabh±vapaµisedhena parimajjanti.
55-68. Sabh±vato vijjam±na½ avijjam±na½ v± vicittasaññ±ya saññita½ ±rammaºa½ aggahetv± appavattito ±lambam±n± dhamm± s±rammaº±. Cintana½ gahaºa½ ±rammaº³paladdhi. Cetasi niyutt±, cetas± sa½saµµh± v± cetasik±. Dubbiññeyyan±nattat±ya ek²bh±vamivupagamana½ nirantarabh±vupagamana½. Yesa½ r³p±na½ citta½ sahaj±tapaccayo hoti, tesa½ cittassa ca suviññeyyan±nattanti nirantarabh±v±nupagamana½ veditabba½. Ekato vattam±n±p²ti api-saddo ko pana v±do ekato avattam±n±ti etamattha½ d²peti. Idamettha vic±retabba½– avinibbhogar³p±na½ ki½ aññamañña½ sa½saµµhat±, ud±hu visa½saµµhat±ti? Visu½ ±rammaºabh±vena suviññeyyan±nattatt± na sa½saµµhat±, n±pi visa½saµµhat± sa½saµµh±ti an±saªkan²yasabh±vatt±. Catunnañhi khandh±na½ aññamañña½ sa½saµµhasabh±vatt± r³panibb±nehipi so sa½saµµhabh±vo atthi natth²ti siy± ±saªk±, tasm± tesa½ itarehi, itaresañca tehi visa½saµµhasabh±vat± vuccati, na pana r³p±na½ r³pehi katthaci sa½saµµhat± atth²ti tad±saªk±bh±vato visa½saµµhat± ca r³p±na½ r³pehi na vuccat²ti. Esa hi tesa½ sabh±voti. Cittasa½saµµhasamuµµh±n±dipadesu sa½saµµhasamuµµh±n±disadd± cittasadd±pekkh±ti pacceka½ cittasaddasambandhatt± cittasa½saµµh± ca te cittasamuµµh±n± c±ti pacceka½ yojetv± attho vutto. Up±diyantev±ti bh³t±ni gaºhanti eva, nissayanti ev±ti attho. Yath± bh³t±ni up±diyanti gayhanti niss²yanti, na tath± et±ni gayhanti niss²yanti, tasm± up±d±. Atha v± bh³t±ni amuñcitv± tesa½ vaººanibh±dibh±vena gahetabbato up±d±.
75-82. Sa½kiliµµhattike vuttanayen±ti sa½-sadda½ apanetv± kilisant²ti kiles±ti-±din± nayena.
83-100. K±m±vacar±d²su ayamaparo attho– k±mataºh± k±mo, eva½ r³p±r³pataºh± r³pa½ ar³pañca. ¾rammaºakaraºavasena t±ni yattha avacaranti, te k±m±vacar±dayoti. Evañhi sati aññabh³m²su uppajjam±n±na½ ak±m±vacar±dit± k±m±vacar±dit± ca n±pajjat²ti siddha½ hoti. Nikkhepakaº¹epi “etth±vacar±”ti vacana½ av²ciparanimmitaparicchinnok±s±ya k±mataºh±ya ±rammaºabh±va½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½, tadok±sat± ca taºh±ya tanninnat±ya veditabb±. Yadi pariy±pannasaddassa antogadh±ti ayamattho, magg±didhamm±nañca lokuttarantogadhatt± pariy±pannat± ±pajjati. Na hi “pariy±pann±”ti ettha tebh³makagahaºa½ atth²ti? N±pajjati sabbad± pavattam±nassa paccakkhassa lokassa vasena pariy±pannanicchayato. Atha v± paricchedak±rik±ya taºh±ya paricchinditv± ±pann± paµipann± gahit±ti pariy±pann±.
An²ya-saddo bahul± kattu-abhidh±yakoti vaµµac±rakato niyyant²ti niyy±n²y±, n²-k±rassa rassatta½ ya-k±rassa ca ka-k±ratta½ katv± “niyy±nik±”ti vutta½, niyy±nakaraºas²l± v± niyy±nik±. Uttaritabbassa aññassa niddiµµhassa abh±v± niddisiyam±n± sa-uttar± dhamm±va uttaritabb±ti “att±nan”ti ±ha. R±g±d²nanti r±g±d²na½ dasanna½ kiles±na½ sabbaniyat±kusal±na½ v±. Tehi n±nappak±radukkhanibbattakehi abhibh³t± satt± kandanti akandant±pi kandanak±raºabh±vato. Yasm± pana pah±nekaµµhat±vasena ca “saraº±”ti ±ha, tasm± “r±g±d²nan”ti vacanena r±gadosamoh±va gahit±ti ñ±yati. Raºa-saddo v± r±g±direº³su niru¼ho daµµhabbo, raºa½ v± yuddha½, “k±m± te paµham± sen±”ti (su. ni. 438; mah±ni. 28, 68, 149; c³¼ani. nandam±ºavapucch±niddesa 47) evam±dik± ca akusal± sen± ariyamaggayuddhena jetabbatt± sayuddhatt± “saraº±”ti vuccant²ti. Araºavibhaªgasutte (ma. ni. 3.323 ±dayo) pana sadukkh± sa-upagh±t± sa-up±y±s± sapari¼±h± micch±paµipad±bh³t± k±masukh±nuyog±dayo “saraº±”ti vutt±ti dukkh±d²na½ raºabh±vo tannibbattakasabh±v±na½ akusal±na½ saraºat± ca veditabb±.

Piµµhiduk± samatt±.