Heµµh± j±ti gahit± jar± gahit±, imasmi½ µh±ne maraºa½ gahita½. Ime tayo dhamm± imesa½ satt±na½ ukkhitt±sikapacc±mittasadis±. Yath± hi purisassa tayo pacc±mitt± ot±ra½ gavesam±n± vicareyyu½. Tesu eko eva½ vadeyya– ‘eta½ n²haritv± aµavipavesana½ mayha½ bh±ro hot³’ti. Dutiyo ‘aµavigatak±le pothetv± pathaviya½ p±tana½ mayha½ bh±ro’ti. Tatiyo ‘pathavigatak±lato paµµh±ya asin± s²sacchedana½ mayha½ bh±ro’ti. Evar³p± ime j±ti ±dayo. N²haritv± aµavipavesanapacc±mittasadis± hettha j±ti, tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne nibbatt±panato. Aµavigata½ pothetv± pathaviya½ p±tanapacc±mittasadis± jar± nibbattakkhandh±na½ dubbalapar±dh²namañcapar±yaºabh±vakaraºato. Pathavigatassa asin± s²sacchedakapacc±mittasadisa½ maraºa½, jar±ppatt±na½ khandh±na½ j²vitakkhayap±panatoti.
645. Kaba¼²k±r±h±raniddese kaba¼a½ kar²yat²ti kaba¼²k±ro. ¾har²yat²ti ±h±ro. Kaba¼a½ katv± ajjhohar²yat²ti attho. R³pa½ v± ±harat²tipi ‘±h±ro’. Eva½ vatthuvasena n±ma½ uddharitv± puna vatthuvaseneveta½ pabhedato dassetu½ odano kumm±soti-±di vutta½. Odan±d²ni hi ph±ºitapariyant±ni dv±dasa idh±dhippetassa ±h±rassa vatth³ni. P±¼iya½ an±gat±ni m³laphal±d²ni yev±panaka½ paviµµh±ni.
Id±ni t±ni m³laphal±d²ni kattabbato dassetu½ yamhi yamhi janapadeti-±dim±ha. Tattha mukhena asitabba½ bhuñjitabbanti mukh±siya½. Dantehi vikh±ditabbanti dantavikh±dana½. Galena ajjhoharitabbanti galajjhoharaº²ya½. Id±ni ta½ kiccavasena dassetu½ kucchivitthambhananti ±ha. Tañhi m³laphal±di odanakumm±s±di v± ajjhohaµa½ kucchi½ vitthambheti. Idamassa kicca½. Y±ya oj±ya satt± y±pent²ti heµµh± sabbapadehi savatthuka½ ±h±ra½ dassetv± id±ni nibbaµµita-ojameva dassetu½ ida½ vutta½.
Ki½ panettha vatthussa kicca½? Ki½ oj±ya? Parissayaharaºap±lan±ni. Vatthuhi parissaya½ harati p±letu½ na sakkoti, oj± p±leti parissaya½ haritu½ na sakkoti. Dvepi ekato hutv± p±letumpi sakkonti parissayampi haritu½. Ko panesa parissayo n±ma? Kammajatejo. Antokucchiyañhi odan±divatthusmi½ asati, kammajatejo uµµhahitv± udarapaµala½ gaºh±ti, ‘ch±tomhi, ±h±ra½ me deth±’ti vad±peti. Bhuttak±le udarapaµala½ muñcitv± vatthu½ gaºh±ti. Atha satto ekaggo hoti.
Yath± hi ch±y±rakkhaso ch±ya½ paviµµha½ gahetv± devasaªkhalik±ya bandhitv± attano bhavane modanto ch±tak±le ±gantv± s²se ¹a½sati. So ¹aµµhatt± viravati. Ta½ virava½ sutv± ‘dukkhappatto ettha atth²’ti tato tato manuss± ±gacchanti. So ±gat±gate gahetv± kh±ditv± bhavane modati. Eva½sampadamida½ veditabba½. Ch±y±rakkhaso viya hi kammajatejo, devasaªkhalik±ya bandhitv± µhapitasatto viya udarapaµala½, puna ±gatamanuss± viya odan±divatthu, otaritv± s²se ¹a½sana½ viya kammajatejassa vatthuto muttassa udarapaµalaggahaºa½, ¹aµµhassa viravanak±lo viya ‘±h±ra½ deth±’ti vacanak±lo, t±ya saññ±ya ±gat±gate gahetv± kh±ditv± bhavane modanak±lo viya kammajatejena udarapaµala½ muñcitv± vatthusmi½ gahite ekaggacittat±.
Tattha o¼±rike vatthusmi½ oj± mand± hoti. Sukhume balavat². Kudr³sakabhatt±d²ni hi bhuñjitv± muhutteneva ch±to hoti. Sappi-±d²ni pivitv± µhitassa divasampi bhatta½ na ruccati. Ettha ca up±d±yup±d±ya o¼±rikasukhumat± veditabb±. Kumbh²l±nañhi ±h±ra½ up±d±ya mor±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Kumbh²l± kira p±s±ºe gilanti. Te ca nesa½ kucchippatt± vil²yanti. Mor± sappavicchik±dip±ºe kh±danti. Mor±na½ pana ±h±ra½ up±d±ya taracch±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Te kira tivassacha¹¹it±ni vis±º±ni ceva aµµh²ni ca kh±danti. T±ni ca nesa½ khe¼ena temitamatt±neva kandam³la½ viya muduk±ni honti. Taracch±nampi ±h±ramup±d±ya hatth²na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Te hi n±n±rukkhas±kh±dayo kh±danti. Hatth²na½ ±h±rato gavayagokaººamig±d²na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Te kira niss±r±ni n±n±rukkhapaºº±d²ni kh±danti. Tesampi ±h±rato gunna½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Te allasukkhatiº±ni kh±danti. Tesampi ±h±rato sas±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Sas±na½ ±h±rato sakuº±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Sakuº±na½ ±h±rato paccantav±s²na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Paccantav±s²na½ ±h±rato g±mabhojak±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. G±mabhojak±na½ ±h±rato r±jar±jamah±matt±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Tesampi ±h±rato cakkavattino ±h±ro sukhumo. Cakkavattino ±h±rato bhummadev±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Bhummadev±na½ ±h±rato c±tumah±r±jik±na½ ±h±ro sukhumo. Eva½ y±va paranimmitavasavatt²na½ ±h±ro vitth±retabbo. Tesa½ pan±h±ro sukhumotveva niµµha½ patto.
Lakkhaº±ditopi oj±lakkhaºo kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro, r³p±haraºaraso, upatthambhanapaccupaµµh±no, kaba¼a½ katv± ±haritabbavatthupadaµµh±noti veditabbo.
646. No-up±d±niddese yath± up±d±r³pa½ up±diyateva, na aññena up±diyati, evameta½ na up±diyatev±ti no-up±d±.
647. Phusitabbanti phoµµhabba½. Phusitv± j±nitabbanti attho. Phoµµhabbañca ta½ ±yatanañc±ti phoµµhabb±yatana½. ¾po ca ta½ nissattasuññatasabh±vaµµhena dh±tu c±ti ±podh±tu. Id±ni yasm± t²ºi r³p±ni phusitv± j±nitabb±ni tasm± t±ni bh±jetv± dassetu½ katama½ ta½ r³pa½ phoµµhabb±yatana½? Pathav²dh±t³ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kakkha¼attalakkhaº± pathav²dh±tu, patiµµh±naras±, sampaµicchanapaccupaµµh±n±. Tejodh±tu uºhattalakkhaº±, parip±canaras±, maddav±nuppad±napaccupaµµh±n±. V±yodh±tu vitthambhanalakkhaº±, samud²raºaras±, abhin²h±rapaccupaµµh±n±. Purim± pana ‘±podh±tu’ paggharaºalakkhaº±, br³hanaras±, saªgahapaccupaµµh±n±. Ekek± cettha sesattayapadaµµh±n±ti veditabb±.
Kakkha¼anti thaddha½. Mudukanti athaddha½. Saºhanti maµµha½. Pharusanti khara½. Sukhasamphassanti sukhavedan±paccaya½ iµµhaphoµµhabba½. Dukkhasamphassanti dukkhavedan±paccaya½ aniµµhaphoµµhabba½. Garukanti bh±riya½. Lahukanti abh±riya½, sallahukanti attho. Ettha ca ‘kakkha¼a½ muduka½ saºha½ pharusa½ garuka½ lahukan’ti padehi pathav²dh±tu eva bh±jit±. “Yad±ya½ k±yo ±yusahagato ca hoti usm±sahagato ca viññ±ºasahagato ca tad± lahutaro ca hoti mudutaro ca kammaññataro c±”ti (d². ni. 2.424) suttepi lahumudubh³ta½ pathav²dh±tumeva sandh±ya vutta½.
‘Sukhasamphassa½ dukkhasamphassan’ti padadvayena pana t²ºipi mah±bh³t±ni bh±jit±ni. Pathav²dh±tu hi sukhasamphass±pi atthi dukkhasamphass±pi. Tath± tejodh±tuv±yodh±tuyo. Tattha sukhasamphass± pathav²dh±tu mudutaluºahatthe dahare p±de samb±hante ass±detv± ass±detv± ‘samb±ha t±ta, samb±ha t±t±’ti vad±pan±k±ra½ karoti. Sukhasamphass± tejodh±tu s²tasamaye aªg±rakapalla½ ±haritv± gatta½ sedente ass±detv± ass±detv± ‘sedehi t±ta, sedehi t±t±’ti vad±pan±k±ra½ karoti. Sukhasamphass± v±yodh±tu uºhasamaye vattasampanne dahare b²janena b²jante ass±detv± ass±detv± ‘b²ja t±ta, b²ja t±t±’ti vad±pan±k±ra½ karoti. Thaddhahatthe pana dahare p±de samb±hante aµµh²na½ bhijjanak±lo viya hoti. Sopi ‘apeh²’ti vattabbata½ ±pajjati. Uºhasamaye aªg±rakapalle ±bhate ‘apanehi nan’ti vattabba½ hoti. S²tasamaye b²janena b²jante ‘apehi, m± b²j±’ti vattabba½ hoti. Evamet±sa½ sukhasamphassat± dukkhasamphassat± ca veditabb±.
Ya½ phoµµhabba½ anidassana½ sappaµighanti-±din± nayena vutt± pana cat³hi cat³hi nayehi paµimaº¹it± terasa v±r± heµµh± r³p±yatan±d²su vuttanayeneva veditabb±.
Ki½ panet±ni t²ºi mah±bh³t±ni ekappah±reneva ±p±tha½ ±gacchanti ud±hu noti? ¾gacchanti. Eva½ ±gat±ni k±yapas±da½ ghaµµenti na ghaµµent²ti? Ghaµµenti. Ekappah±reneva t±ni ±rammaºa½ katv± k±yaviññ±ºa½ uppajjati nuppajjat²ti? Nuppajjati. ¾bhujitavasena v± hi ussadavasena v± ±rammaºakaraºa½ hoti.
Tattha ±bhujitavasena t±va, pattasmiñhi odanena p³retv± ±bhate eka½ sittha½ gahetv± thaddha½ v± muduka½ v±ti v²ma½santo kiñc±pi tattha tejopi atthi v±yopi atthi, pathav²dh±tumeva pana ±bhujati. Uºhodake hattha½ ot±retv± v²ma½santo kiñc±pi tattha pathav²pi atthi v±yopi atthi, tejodh±tumeva pana ±bhujati. Uºhasamaye v±tap±na½ vivaritv± v±tena sar²ra½ pahar±pento µhito mandamande v±te paharante kiñc±pi tattha pathav²pi atthi tejopi atthi, v±yodh±tumeva pana ±bhujati. Eva½ ±bhujitavasena ±rammaºa½ karoti n±ma.
Yo pana upakkhalati v± s²sena v± rukkha½ paharati bhuñjanto v± sakkhara½ ¹a½sati, so kiñc±pi tattha tejopi atthi v±yopi atthi, ussadavasena pana pathav²dh±tumeva ±rammaºa½ karoti. Aggi½ akkamantopi kiñc±pi tattha pathav²pi atthi v±yopi atthi, ussadavasena pana tejodh±tumeva ±rammaºa½ karoti. Balavav±te kaººasakkhali½ paharitv± badhirabh±va½ karonte. Kiñc±pi tattha pathav²pi atthi tejopi atthi, ussadavasena pana v±yodh±tumeva ±rammaºa½ karoti.
Ya½kiñci dh±tu½ ±rammaºa½ karontassa k±yaviññ±ºampi ekappah±rena nuppajjati. S³cikal±pena viddhassa ekappah±rena k±yo ghaµµiyati. Yasmi½ yasmi½ pana µh±ne k±yapas±do ussanno hoti, tattha tattha k±yaviññ±ºa½ uppajjati. Yattha yatth±pi paµighaµµananigha½so balav± hoti tattha tattha paµhama½ uppajjati. Kukkuµapattena vaºe dhoviyam±ne a½su-a½su k±yapas±da½ ghaµµeti. Yattha yattha pana pas±do ussanno hoti, tattha tattheva k±yaviññ±ºa½ uppajjati. Eva½ ussadavasena ±rammaºa½ karoti. Ussadavaseneva ca k±yaviññ±ºa½ uppajjati n±ma.
Katha½ pana cittassa ±rammaºato saªkanti hot²ti? Dv²h±k±rehi hoti– ajjh±sayato v± visay±dhimattato v±. Vih±rap³j±d²su hi ‘t±ni t±ni cetiy±ni ceva paµim±yo ca vandiss±mi, potthakammacittakamm±ni ca olokess±m²’ti ajjh±sayena gato eka½ vanditv± v± passitv± v± itarassa vandanatth±ya v± dassanatth±ya v± mana½ katv± vanditumpi passitumpi gacchatiyeva, eva½ ajjh±sayato saªkamati n±ma.
Kel±sak³µapaµibh±ga½ pana mah±cetiya½ olokento µhitopi aparabh±ge sabbat³riyesu paggahitesu r³p±rammaºa½ vissajjetv± sadd±rammaºa½ saªkamati. Manuññagandhesu pupphesu v± gandhesu v± ±bhatesu sadd±rammaºa½ vissajjetv± gandh±rammaºa½ saªkamati. Eva½ visay±dhimattato saªkamati n±ma.
651. ¾podh±tuniddese ±poti sabh±vaniddeso. ¾pova ±pogata½. Sinehavasena sineho, sinehova sinehagata½. Bandhanatta½ r³pass±ti pathav²dh±tu-±dikassa bh³tar³passa bandhanabh±vo. Ayopiº¹i-±d²ni hi ±podh±tu ±bandhitv± baddh±ni karoti. T±ya ±baddhatt± t±ni baddh±ni n±ma honti. P±s±ºapabbatat±laµµhihatthidantagosiªg±d²supi eseva nayo Sabb±ni het±ni ±podh±tu eva ±bandhitv± baddh±ni karoti. ¾podh±tuy± ±baddhatt±va baddh±ni honti.
Ki½ pana pathav²dh±tu sesadh±t³na½ patiµµh± hoti na hot²ti hoti phusitv± hoti ud±hu aphusitv±? ¾podh±tu v± ses± ±bandham±n± phusitv± ±bandhati ud±hu aphusitv±ti? Pathav²dh±tu t±va ±podh±tuy± aphusitv±va patiµµh± hoti, tejodh±tuy± ca v±yodh±tuy± ca phusitv±. ¾podh±tu pana pathav²dh±tumpi tejov±yodh±tuyopi aphusitv±va ±bandhati. Yadi phusitv± ±bandheyya phoµµhabb±yatana½ n±ma bhaveyya.
Tejodh±tuv±yodh±t³nampi sesadh±t³su sakasakakiccakaraºe eseva nayo. Tejodh±tu hi pathav²dh±tu½ phusitv± jh±peti. S± pana na uºh± hutv± jh±yati. Yadi uºh± hutv± jh±yeyya uºhattalakkhaº± n±ma bhaveyya. ¾podh±tu½ pana aphusitv±va t±peti. S±pi tapam±n± na uºh± hutv± tapati. Yadi uºh± hutv± tapeyya uºhattalakkhaº± n±ma bhaveyya. V±yodh±tu½ pana phusitv±va t±peti. S±pi tapam±n± na uºh± hutv± tapati. Yadi uºh± hutv± tapeyya uºhattalakkhaº± n±ma bhaveyya. V±yodh±tu pathav²dh±tu½ phusitv± vitthambheti, tath± tejodh±tu½ ±podh±tu½ pana aphusitv±va vitthambheti.
Ucchurasa½ pacitv± ph±ºitapiº¹e kariyam±ne ±podh±tu thaddh± hoti na hot²ti? Na hoti. S± hi paggharaºalakkhaº±. Pathav²dh±tu kakkha¼alakkhaº±. Omatta½ pana ±po adhimattapathav²gatika½ j±ta½. S± hi ras±k±rena µhitabh±va½ vijahati, lakkhaºa½ na vijahati. Ph±ºitapiº¹e vil²yam±nepi pathav²dh±tu na vil²yati. Kakkha¼alakkhaº± hi pathav²dh±tu paggharaºalakkhaº± ±podh±tu. Omatt± pana pathav² adhimatta-±pagatik± hoti. S± piº¹±k±rena µhitabh±va½ vijahati, lakkhaºa½ na vijahati. Catunnañhi mah±bh³t±na½ bh±vaññathattameva hoti, lakkhaºaññathatta½ n±ma natthi. Tassa abh±vo aµµh±naparikappasuttena d²pito. Vuttañheta½–
“Siy±, ±nanda, catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ aññathatta½, pathav²dh±tuy±…pe… v±yodh±tuy± na tveva buddhe aveccappas±dena samann±gatassa ariyas±vakassa siy± aññathattan”ti (a. ni. 3.76).
Ayañhettha attho– ±nanda, kakkha¼attalakkhaº± pathav²dh±tu parivattitv± paggharaºalakkhaº± ±podh±tu n±ma bhaveyya, ariyas±vakassa pana aññathatta½ n±ma natth²ti. Evamettha aµµh±naparikappo ±gato.
652. Ito paresu up±diººar³p±diniddesesu up±diººapad±d²na½ attho m±tik±kath±ya½ vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Cakkh±yatan±d²ni heµµh± vitth±rit±neva. Tattha tattha pana visesamattameva vakkh±ma.
Up±diººaniddese t±va cakkh±yatan±d²ni ekanta-up±diººatt± vutt±ni. Yasm± pana r³p±yatan±d²ni up±diºº±nipi atthi anup±diºº±nipi, tasm± t±ni ya½ v± pan±ti saªkhepato dassetv± puna kammassa katatt± r³p±yatananti-±din± nayena vitth±rit±ni. Imin± up±yena sabbayev±panakesu attho veditabbo.
Kasm± pana ‘kammassa katatt±’ti ca ‘na kammassa katatt±’ti ca ubhinnampi niddese ‘jarat± ca aniccat± ca’ na gahit±, anup±diºº±d²na½yeva niddesesu gahit±ti? Na kammassa katatt±ti ettha t±va kammato aññapaccayasamuµµh±na½ saªgahita½. ‘Kammassa katatt±’ti ettha kammasamuµµh±nameva. Im±ni ca dve r³p±ni neva kammato na aññasm± r³pajanakapaccay± uppajjanti, tasm± na gahit±ni. S± ca nesa½ anuppatti parato ±vi bhavissati. Anup±diººanti-±d²su pana kevala½ anup±diºº±diggahaºena kamm±disamuµµh±nat± paµikkhitt±, na-aññapaccayasamuµµh±nat± anuññ±t±. Tasm± tattha gahit±n²ti veditabb±ni.
666. Cittasamuµµh±naniddese k±yaviññatti vac²viññatt²ti ida½ dvaya½ yasm± ekantacittasamuµµh±n±ni bh³t±ni up±d±ya paññ±yati, tasm± vutta½. Paramatthato pana tassa nissayabh³t±ni bh³t±neva cittasamuµµh±n±ni, ta½nissitatt±. Yath± aniccassa r³passa jar±maraºa½ anicca½ n±ma hoti, evamidampi cittasamuµµh±na½ n±ma j±ta½.
668. Cittasahabhuniddesepi eseva nayo. Y±va citta½ t±va paññ±yanato idameva dvaya½ vutta½. Na paneta½ cittena saha bh³t±ni viya, cetan±dayo viya ca uppajjati.
670. Citt±nuparivattit±yapi eseva nayo. Y±va citta½ t±va paññ±yanato eva heta½ dvaya½ citt±nuparivatt²ti vutta½.
674. O¼±rikanti vatth±rammaºabh³tatt± sa½ªghaµµanavasena gahetabbato th³la½. Vuttavipall±sato sukhuma½ veditabba½.
676. D³reti ghaµµanavasena aggahetabbatt± dubbiññeyyabh±vena sam²pe µhitampi d³re. Itara½ pana ghaµµanavasena gahetabbatt± suviññeyyabh±vena d³re µhitampi santike. Cakkh±yatan±diniddes± heµµh± vuttanayeneva vitth±rato veditabb±. Ida½ t±va duvidhena r³pasaªgahe visesamatta½. Tividhasaªgaho utt±natthova.