Sadd±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ sotuk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ v± sota½, saddesu ±viñchanarasa½, sotaviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, sotuk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±na½.
Gandh±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ gh±yituk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ v± gh±na½, gandhesu ±viñchanarasa½, gh±naviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½ gh±yituk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±na½.
Ras±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaº± s±yituk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaº± v± jivh±, rasesu ±viñchanaras±, jivh±viññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±n±, s±yituk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±n±.
Phoµµhabb±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºo phusituk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºo v± k±yo, phoµµhabbesu ±viñchanaraso, k±yaviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±no, phusituk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±no.
Keci pana ‘tej±dhik±na½ bh³t±na½ pas±do cakkhu, v±yupathav²-±p±dhik±na½ bh³t±na½ pas±d± sotagh±najivh±, k±yo sabbesan’ti vadanti. Apare ‘tej±dhik±na½ pas±do cakkhu, vivarav±yu-±papathav±dhik±na½ pas±d± sotagh±najivh±k±y±’ti vadanti. Te vattabb±– ‘sutta½ ±harath±’ti. Addh± suttameva na dakkhissanti. Keci panettha ‘tej±d²na½ guºehi r³p±d²hi anuggayhabh±vato’ti k±raºa½ vadanti. Te ca vattabb±– ‘ko panevam±ha r³p±dayo tej±d²na½ guº±’ti? Avinibbhogesu hi r³pesu ‘aya½ imassa guºo, aya½ imassa guºo’ti na labbh± vattu½. Ath±pi vadeyyu½– ‘yath± tesu tesu sambh±resu tassa tassa bh³tassa adhikat±ya pathav²-±d²na½ sandh±raº±d²ni kicc±ni icchatha, eva½ tej±di-adhikesu sambh±resu r³p±d²na½ adhikabh±vadassanato icchitabbameta½ r³p±dayo tesa½ guº±’ti. Te vattabb±– iccheyy±ma yadi ±p±dhikassa ±savassa gandhato pathav²-adhike kapp±se gandho adhikataro siy±, tej±dhikassa ca uºhodakassa vaººatopi s²t³dakassa vaººo parih±yetha. Yasm± paneta½ ubhayampi natthi, tasm± pah±yetheta½ etesa½ nissayabh³t±na½ visesakappana½, yath± avisesepi ekakal±pe bh³t±na½ r³paras±dayo aññamañña½ visadis± honti, eva½ cakkhupas±d±dayo, avijjam±nepi aññasmi½ visesak±raºeti gahetabbameta½.
Ki½ pana ta½ ya½ aññamaññassa as±dh±raºa½? Kammameva nesa½ visesak±raºa½. Tasm± kammavisesato etesa½ viseso, na bh³tavisesato. Bh³tavisese hi sati pas±dova nuppajjati. Sam±n±nañhi pas±do, na visam±n±nanti por±º±. Eva½ kammevisasato visesavantesu ca etesu cakkhusot±ni asampattavisayagg±hak±ni attano nissaya½ anall²nanissaye eva visaye viññ±ºahetutt±. Gh±najivh±k±y± sampattavisayagg±hak±, nissayavasena ceva sayañca attano nissaya½ all²neyeva visaye viññ±ºahetutt±.
Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “±p±thagatatt±va ±rammaºa½ sampatta½ n±ma. Candamaº¹alas³riyamaº¹al±nañhi dv±catt±l²sayojanasahassamatthake µhit±na½ vaººo cakkhupas±da½ ghaµµeti. So d³re µhatv± paññ±yam±nopi sampattoyeva n±ma. Ta½gocaratt± cakkhu sampattagocarameva n±ma. D³re rukkha½ chindant±nampi, rajak±nañca vattha½ dhovant±na½ d³ratova k±yavik±ro paññ±yati. Saddo pana dh±tuparampar±ya ±gantv± sota½ ghaµµetv± saºika½ vavatth±na½ gacchat²”ti vutta½.
Tattha kiñc±pi ±p±thagatatt± ±rammaºa½ sampattanti vutta½, candamaº¹al±divaººo pana cakkhu½ asampatto d³re µhitova paññ±yati. Saddopi sace saºika½ ±gaccheyya, d³re uppanno cirena suyyeyya, paramparaghaµµan±ya ca ±gantv± sota½ ghaµµento asukadis±ya n±m±ti na paññ±yeyya. Tasm± asampattagocar±neva t±ni.
Ahi-±disam±n±ni cet±ni. Yath± hi ahi n±ma bahi sittasammaµµhaµµh±ne n±bhiramati, saªk±raµµh±natiºapaººagahanavammik±niyeva pana pavisitv± nipannak±le abhiramati, ekaggata½ ±pajjati, evameva cakkhupeta½ visamajjh±saya½ maµµhesu suvaººabhitti-±d²su n±bhiramati, oloketumpi na icchati, r³pacittapupphalat±dicittesuyeva pana abhiramati. T±disesu hi µh±nesu cakkhumhi appahonte mukhampi vivaritv± oloketuk±m± honti.
Susum±ropi bahi nikkhanto gahetabba½ na passati, akkh²ni nimm²letv±va carati. Yad± pana by±masatamatta½ udaka½ og±hitv± bila½ pavisitv± nipanno hoti, tad± tassa citta½ ekagga½ hoti sukha½ supati, evameva sota½ tampe bilajjh±saya½ ±k±sasannissita½ kaººacchiddak³pakeyeva ajjh±saya½ karoti. Kaººacchidd±k±soyeva tassa saddasavane paccayo hoti. Ajaµ±k±sopi vaµµatiyeva. Antoleºasmiñhi sajjh±ye kariyam±ne na leºacchadana½ bhinditv± saddo bahi nikkhamati, dv±rav±tap±nacchiddehi pana nikkhamitv± dh±tuparampar±yeva ghaµµento gantv± sotapas±da½ ghaµµeti. Atha tasmi½ k±le ‘asuko n±ma sajjh±yat²’ti leºapiµµhe nisinn± j±nanti.
Eva½ sante sampattagocarat± hoti. ‘Ki½ paneta½ sampattagocaran’ti? ‘¾ma, sampattagocara½’. ‘Yadi eva½, d³re bher²-±d²su vajjam±nesu d³re saddoti j±nana½ na bhaveyy±’ti? ‘No na bhavati. Sotapas±dasmiñhi ghaµµite d³re saddo ±sanne saddo, parat²re orimat²reti tath± tath± j±nan±k±ro hoti. Dhammat± es±’ti. ‘Ki½ et±ya dhammat±ya? Yato yato chidda½ tato tato savana½ hoti, candimas³riy±d²na½ dassana½ viy±ti asampattagocarameveta½’.
Pakkh²pi rukkhe v± bh³miya½ v± na ramati. Yad± pana eka½ v± dve v± le¹¹up±te atikkamma ajaµ±k±sa½ pakkhando hoti, tad± ekaggacittata½ ±pajjati, evameva gh±nampi ±k±sajjh±saya½ v±t³panissayagandhagocara½. Tath± hi g±vo navavuµµhe deve bh³miya½ gh±yitv± gh±yitv± ±k±s±bhimukh± hutv± v±ta½ ±ka¹¹hanti. Aªgul²hi gandhapiº¹a½ gahetv±pi ca upasiªghanak±le v±ta½ an±ka¹¹hanto neva tassa gandha½ j±n±ti.
Kukkuropi bahi vicaranto khemaµµh±na½ na passati le¹¹upah±r±d²hi upadduto hoti. Antog±ma½ pavisitv± uddhanaµµh±ne ch±rika½ by³hitv± nipannassa pana ph±suka½ hoti, evameva jivh±pi g±majjh±say± ±posannissitaras±rammaº±. Tath± hi tiy±maratti½ samaºadhamma½ katv±pi p±tova pattac²varam±d±ya g±mo pavisitabbo hoti. Sukkhakh±dan²yassa ca na sakk± khe¼ena atemitassa rasa½ j±nitu½.
Siªg±lopi bahi caranto rati½ na vindati, ±makasus±ne manussama½sa½ kh±ditv± nipannasseva panassa ph±suka½ hoti, evameva k±yopi up±diººakajjh±sayo pathav²nissitaphoµµhabb±rammaºo. Tath± hi añña½ up±diººaka½ alabham±n± satt± attanova hatthatale s²sa½ katv± nipajjanti. Ajjhattikab±hir± cassa pathav² ±rammaºaggahaºe paccayo hoti. Susanthatassapi hi sayanassa, hatthe µhapit±nampi v± phal±na½, na sakk± anis²dantena v± anipp²¼entena v± thaddhamudubh±vo j±nitunti. Ajjhattikab±hir±pathav² etassa k±yapas±dassa phoµµhabbaj±nane paccayo hoti. Eva½ lakkhaº±divavatth±natopetesa½ asammissat± veditabb±. Aññeyeva hi cakkhupas±dassa lakkhaºarasapaccupaµµh±napadaµµh±nagocarajjh±sayanissay± aññe sotapas±d±d²nanti asammiss±neva cakkh±yatan±d²ni.
Apica nesa½ asammissat±ya aya½ upam±pi veditabb±– yath± hi pañcavaºº±na½ dhaj±na½ uss±pit±na½ kiñc±pi ch±y± ek±baddh± viya hoti, tassa tassa pana aññamañña½ asammiss±va yath± ca pañcavaººena kapp±sena vaµµi½ katv± d²pe j±lite kiñc±pi j±l± ek±baddh± viya hoti, tassa tassa pana a½suno p±µiyekk± p±µiyekk± j±l± asammiss± eva, evameva kiñc±pi im±ni pañc±yatan±ni ekasmi½ attabh±ve samosaµ±ni aññamañña½ pana asammiss±neva. Na kevalañca im±neva pañca, sesar³p±nipi asammiss±neva. Imasmiñhi sar²re heµµhimak±yo majjhimak±yo uparimak±yoti tayo koµµh±s±. Tattha n±bhito paµµh±ya heµµh± heµµhimak±yo n±ma. Tasmi½ k±yadasaka½, bh±vadasaka½, ±h±rasamuµµh±n±ni aµµha, utusamuµµh±n±ni aµµha, cittasamuµµh±n±ni aµµh±ti catucatt±l²sa r³p±ni. N±bhito uddha½ y±va galav±µak± majjhimak±yo n±ma. Tattha ca k±yadasaka½, bh±vadasaka½, vatthudasaka½, ±h±rasamuµµh±n±d²ni t²ºi aµµhak±n²ti catupaññ±sa r³p±ni. Galav±µakato uddha½ uparimak±yo n±ma. Tattha cakkhudasaka½, sotadasaka½, gh±nadasaka½, jivh±dasaka½, k±yadasaka½, bh±vadasaka½, ±h±rasamuµµh±n±d²ni t²ºi aµµhak±n²ti catur±s²ti r³p±ni.
Tattha cakkhupas±dassa paccay±ni catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni, vaººo gandho raso oj±, j²vitindriya½ cakkhupas±doti ida½ ekantato avinibhutt±na½ dasanna½ nipphannar³p±na½ vasena cakkhudasaka½ n±ma. Imin± nayena ses±nipi veditabb±ni. Tesu heµµhimak±ye r³pa½ majjhimak±ya-uparimak±yar³pehi saddhi½ asammissa½. Sesak±yadvayepi r³pa½ itarehi saddhi½ asammissameva. Yath± hi s±yanhasamaye pabbatacch±y± ca rukkhacch±y± ca kiñc±pi ek±baddh± viya honti aññamañña½ pana asammiss±va eva½ imesupi k±yesu catucatt±l²sa catupaññ±sa catur±s²ti r³p±ni ca kiñc±pi ek±baddh±ni viya honti, aññamañña½ pana asammiss±nev±ti.
616. R³p±yatananiddese vaººova vaººanibh±; nibh±t²ti v± nibh±. Cakkhuviññ±ºassa p±kaµ± hot²ti attho. Vaººova nibh± vaººanibh±. Saddhi½ nidassanena sanidassana½, cakkhuviññ±ºena passitabbanti attho. Saddhi½ paµighena sappaµigha½, paµighaµµananigha½sajanakanti attho. N²l±d²su um±pupphasam±na½ n²la½, kaºik±rapupphasam±na½ p²taka½, bandhuj²vakapupphasam±na½ lohitaka½, osadhit±rakasam±na½ od±ta½. Jh±maªg±rasam±na½ k±¼aka½, mandaratta½ sinduv±rakarav²ramaku¼asam±na½ mañjiµµhaka½. “Harittacahemavaººak±ma½sumukhapakkam±”ti (j±. 1.15.133) ettha pana kiñc±pi ‘har²’ti suvaººa½ vutta½, parato panassa j±tar³paggahaºena gahitatt± idha s±ma½ hari n±ma. Im±ni satta vatthu½ an±masitv± sabh±veneva dassit±ni.
Harivaººanti haritasaddalavaººa½. Ambaªkuravaººanti ambaªkurena sam±navaººa½. Im±ni dve vatthu½ ±masitv± dassit±ni. D²gh±d²ni dv±dasa voh±rato dassit±ni. So ca nesa½ voh±ro upanidh±yasiddho ceva sannivesasiddho ca. D²gh±d²ni hi aññamañña½ upanidh±yasiddh±ni, vaµµ±d²ni sannivesavisesena. Tattha rassa½ upanidh±ya tato uccatara½ d²gha½, ta½ upanidh±ya tato n²catara½ rassa½. Th³la½ upanidh±ya tato khuddakatara½ aºu½, ta½ upanidh±ya tato mahantatara½ th³la½. Cakkasaºµh±na½ vaµµa½, kukkuµaº¹asaºµh±na½ parimaº¹ala½. Cat³hi a½sehi yutta½ catura½sa½. Cha¼a½s±d²supi eseva nayo. Ninnanti onata½, thalanti unnata½.
Tattha yasm± d²gh±d²ni phusitv± sakk± j±nitu½, n²l±d²ni paneva½ na sakk±, tasm± na nippariy±yena d²gha½ r³p±yatana½; tath± rass±d²ni. Ta½ ta½ niss±ya pana tath± tath± µhita½ d²gha½ rassanti tena tena voh±rena r³p±yatanamevettha bh±sitanti veditabba½. Ch±y± ±tapoti ida½ aññamaññaparicchinna½; tath± ±loko andhak±ro ca. Abbh± mahik±ti-±d²ni catt±ri vatthun±va dassit±ni. Tattha ‘abbh±’ti val±hako. ‘Mahik±’ti hima½. Imehi cat³hi abbh±d²na½ vaºº± dassit±. Candamaº¹alassa vaººanibh±ti-±d²hi tesa½ tesa½ pabh±vaºº± dassit±.