Dukaniddesavaººan±

Up±d±bh±jan²yakath±

595. Id±ni duvidhasaªgah±d²su ‘atthi r³pa½ up±d±, atthi r³pa½ no-up±d±’ti eva½ bhedasabbh±vato pucch±pubbaªgama½ padabh±jana½ dassento katama½ ta½ r³pa½ up±d±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha up±diyat²ti ‘up±d±’; mah±bh³t±ni gahetv±, amuñcitv±, t±ni niss±ya pavattat²ti attho. Id±ni ta½ pabhedato dassento cakkh±yatananti-±dim±ha.
596. Eva½ tev²satividha½ up±d±r³pa½ saªkhepato uddisitv± puna tadeva vitth±rato niddisanto katama½ ta½ r³pa½ cakkh±yatananti-±dim±ha. Tattha duvidha½ cakkhu– ma½sacakkhu paññ±cakkhu ca. Etesu ‘buddhacakkhu samantacakkhu ñ±ºacakkhu dibbacakkhu dhammacakkh³’ti pañcavidha½ paññ±cakkhu. Tattha “addasa½ kho aha½, bhikkhave, buddhacakkhun± loka½ volokento satte apparajakkhe…pe… duviññ±paye”ti (ma. ni. 1.283) ida½ buddhacakkhu n±ma. “Samantacakkhu vuccati sabbaññutaññ±ºan”ti ida½ samantacakkhu n±ma. “Cakkhu½ udap±di ñ±ºa½ udap±d²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 15) ida½ ñ±ºacakkhu n±ma. “Addasa½ kho aha½, bhikkhave, dibbena cakkhun± visuddhen±”ti (ma. ni. 1.284) ida½ dibbacakkhu n±ma. “Tasmi½ yev±sane viraja½ v²tamala½ dhammacakkhu½ udap±d²”ti (ma. ni. 2.395) ida½ heµµhimamaggattayasaªkh±ta½ ñ±ºa½ dhammacakkhu n±ma.
Ma½sacakkhupi pas±dacakkhu sasambh±racakkh³ti duvidha½ hoti. Tattha yoya½ akkhik³pake patiµµhito heµµh± akkhik³pakaµµhikena, upari bhamukaµµhikena, ubhato akkhik³µehi, anto matthaluªgena, bahiddh± akkhilomehi paricchinno ma½sapiº¹o. Saªkhepato ‘catasso dh±tuyo, vaººo gandho raso oj±, sambhavo saºµh±na½, j²vita½ bh±vo k±yapas±do cakkhupas±do’ti cuddasasambh±ro. Vitth±rato ‘catasso dh±tuyo, ta½sannissitavaººagandharasa-oj±saºµh±nasambhav± c±’ti im±ni dasa catusamuµµh±nikatt± catt±l²sa½ honti. J²vita½ bh±vo k±yapas±do cakkhupas±doti catt±ri ekantakammasamuµµh±n±nev±ti imesa½ catucatt±l²s±ya r³p±na½ vasena catucatt±l²sasambh±ro. Ya½ loko seta½ cakkhu½ puthula½ visaµa½ vitthiººa½ ‘cakkhun’ti sañj±nanto na cakkhu½ sañj±n±ti, vatthu½ cakkhuto sañj±n±ti, so ma½sapiº¹o akkhik³pe patiµµhito, nh±rusuttakena matthaluªge ±baddho, yattha setampi atthi, kaºhampi lohitakampi, pathav²pi ±popi tejopi v±yopi, ya½ semh³ssadatt± seta½, pittussadatt± kaºha½, ruhirussadatt± lohitaka½, pathavussadatt± patthiººa½ hoti, ±pussadatt± paggharati, tejussadatt± paridayhati, v±yussadatt± sambhamati, ida½ sasambh±racakkhu n±ma.
Yo panettha sito ettha paµibaddho catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do, ida½ pas±dacakkhu n±ma. Tadeta½ tassa sasambh±racakkhuno setamaº¹alaparikkhittassa kaºhamaº¹alassa majjhe, abhimukhe µhit±na½ sar²rasaºµh±nuppattidesabh³te diµµhimaº¹ale, sattasu picupaµalesu ±sittatela½ picupaµal±ni viya, sattakkhipaµal±ni by±petv±, dh±raºanh±panamaº¹anab²janakicc±hi cat³hi dh±t²hi khattiyakum±ro viya, sandh±raºa-±bandhanaparip±canasamud²raºakicc±hi cat³hi dh±t³hi kat³pak±ra½, utucitt±h±rehi upatthambhiyam±na½, ±yun± anup±liyam±na½, vaººagandharas±d²hi parivuta½, pam±ºato ³k±siramatta½, cakkhuviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati. Vuttampi ceta½ dhammasen±patin±–
“Yena cakkhuppas±dena, r³p±ni manupassati;
paritta½ sukhuma½ eta½, ³k±sirasam³paman”ti.
Cakkhu ca ta½ ±yatanañc±ti cakkh±yatana½. Ya½ cakkhu catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±doti idh±pi upayogattheyeva s±mivacana½; catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni up±diyitv± pavattappas±doti attho. Imin± pas±dacakkhumeva gaºh±ti, sesacakkhu½ paµikkhipati. Ya½ pana indriyagocarasutte “eka½ mah±bh³ta½ up±d±ya pas±do pathav²dh±tuy± t²hi mah±bh³tehi saªgahito ±podh±tuy± ca tejodh±tuy± ca v±yodh±tuy± ca,” catuparivattasutte “dvinna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do pathav²dh±tuy± ca ±podh±tuy± ca dv²hi mah±bh³tehi saªgahito tejodh±tuy± ca v±yodh±tuy± c±”ti vutta½, ta½ pariy±yena vutta½. Ayañhi suttantikakath± n±ma pariy±yadesan± Yo ca catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do so tesu ekekass±pi dinna½ dvinnampi pas±doyev±ti imin± pariy±yena tattha desan± ±gat±. Abhidhammo pana nippariy±yadesan± n±ma. Tasm± idha ‘catunna½ mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya pas±do’ti vutta½.
‘Aya½ me att±’ti b±lajanena pariggahitatt± attabh±vo vuccati sar²rampi khandhapañcakampi. Tasmi½ pariy±panno tannissitoti attabh±vapariy±panno cakkhuviññ±ºena passitu½ na sakk±ti anidassano. Paµighaµµan±nigha½so ettha j±yat²ti sappaµigho.
Yen±ti-±d²su aya½ saªkhepattho– yena karaºabh³tena cakkhun± aya½ satto ida½ vuttappak±ra½ r³pa½ at²te passi v±, vattam±ne passati v±, an±gate passissati v±, sacassa aparibhinna½ cakkhu bhaveyya, ath±nena ±p±thagata½ r³pa½ passe v±, at²ta½ v± r³pa½ at²tena cakkhun± passi, paccuppanna½ paccuppannena passati, an±gata½ an±gatena passissati, sace ta½ r³pa½ cakkhussa ±p±tha½ ±gaccheyya cakkhun± ta½ r³pa½ passeyy±ti idamettha parikappavacana½. Dassanapariº±yakaµµhena cakkhu½peta½, sañj±tisamosaraºaµµhena cakkh±yatana½peta½, suññatabh±vanissattaµµhena cakkhudh±tupes±. Dassanalakkhaºe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti cakkhundriya½peta½. Lujjanapalujjanaµµhena lokopeso. Va¼añjanaµµhena dv±r±pes±. Ap³raº²yaµµhena samuddopeso. Parisuddhaµµhena paº¹ara½peta½. Phass±d²na½ abhij±yanaµµhena khetta½peta½. Tesa½yeva patiµµh±naµµhena vatthu½peta½. Samavisama½ dassenta½ attabh±va½ net²ti netta½peta½. Tenevaµµhena nayana½peta½ Sakk±yapariy±pannaµµhena orima½ t²ra½peta½. Bahus±dh±raºaµµhena ass±mikaµµhena ca suñño g±mopesoti.
Ett±vat± ‘passi v±’ti-±d²hi cat³hi padehi cakkhu½petanti-±d²ni cuddasa n±m±ni yojetv± cakkh±yatanassa catt±ro vavatth±pananay± vutt±ti veditabb±. Katha½? Ettha hi yena cakkhun± anidassanena sappaµighena r³pa½ sanidassana½ sappaµigha½ passi v± cakkhu½peta½…pe… suñño g±mopeso, ida½ ta½ r³pa½ cakkh±yatananti ayameko nayo. Eva½ ses±pi veditabb±.
597. Id±ni yasm± vijjuniccharaº±dik±lesu anoloketuk±mass±pi r³pa½ cakkhupas±da½ ghaµµeti, tasm± ta½ ±k±ra½ dassetu½ dutiyo niddesav±ro ±raddho. Tattha yamhi cakkhumh²ti yamhi adhikaraºabh³te cakkhumhi. R³panti paccattavacanameta½. Tattha paµihaññi v±ti at²tattho. Paµihaññati ti paccuppannattho. Paµihaññissati v±ti an±gatattho. Paµihaññe v±ti vikappanattho. At²tañhi r³pa½ at²te cakkhusmi½ paµihaññi n±ma. Paccuppanna½ paccuppanne paµihaññati n±ma. An±gata½ an±gate paµihaññissati n±ma. Sace ta½ r³pa½ cakkhussa ±p±tha½ ±gaccheyya, cakkhumhi paµihaññeyya ta½ r³panti ayamettha parikappo. Atthato pana pas±da½ ghaµµayam±nameva r³pa½ paµihaññati n±ma. Idh±pi purimanayeneva catt±ro vavatth±pananay± veditabb±.
598. Id±ni yasm± attano icch±ya oloketuk±massa r³pe cakkhu½ upasa½harato cakkhu r³pasmi½ paµihaññati, tasm± ta½ ±k±ra½ dassetu½ tatiyo niddesav±ro ±raddho. So atthato p±kaµoyeva. Ettha pana cakkhu ±rammaºa½ sampaµiccham±nameva r³pamhi paµihaññati n±ma. Idh±pi purimanayeneva catt±ro vavatth±pananay± veditabb±.
599. Ito para½ phassapañcamak±na½ uppattidassanavasena pañca, tesa½yeva ±rammaºapaµibaddha-uppattidassanavasena pañc±ti, dasa v±r± dassit±. Tattha cakkhu½ niss±y±ti cakkhu½ niss±ya, paccaya½ katv±. R³pa½ ±rabbh±ti r³p±rammaºa½ ±gamma, sandh±ya, paµicca. Imin± cakkhupas±davatthuk±na½ phass±d²na½ purej±tapaccayena cakkhudv±rajavanav²thipariy±pann±na½ ±rammaº±dhipati-±rammaº³panissayapaccayehi r³passa paccayabh±vo dassito. Itaresu pañcasu v±resu r³pa½ ±rammaºamass±ti r³p±rammaºoti eva½ ±rammaºapaccayamatteneva paccayabh±vo dassito. Yath± pana purimesu t²su, eva½ imesupi dasasu v±resu catt±ro catt±ro vavatth±pananay± veditabb±. Eva½ katama½ ta½ r³pa½ cakkh±yatananti pucch±ya uddhaµa½ cakkhu½ ‘ida½ tan’ti n±nappak±rato dassetu½, purim± tayo, ime das±ti, terasa niddesav±r± dassit±. Ekekasmiñcettha catunna½ catunna½ vavatth±pananay±na½ ±gatatt± dvipaññ±s±ya nayehi paµimaº¹etv±va dassit±ti veditabb±.
600. Ito paresu sot±yatan±diniddesesupi eseva nayo. Visesamatta½ panettha eva½ veditabba½– suº±t²ti sota½. Ta½ sasambh±rasotabilassa anto tanutambalom±cite aªgulivedhakasaºµh±ne padese vuttappak±r±hi dh±t³hi kat³pak±ra½, utucitt±h±rehi upatthambhiyam±na½, ±yun± anup±liyam±na½, vaºº±d²hi parivuta½ sotaviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati.
Gh±yat²ti gh±na½. Ta½ sasambh±ragh±nabilassa anto ajappadasaºµh±ne padese yath±vuttappak±ra-upak±rupatthambhan±nup±lanapariv±ra½ hutv± gh±naviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati.
S±yanaµµhena jivh±. S± sasambh±rajivh±majjhassa upari uppaladalaggasaºµh±ne padese yath±vuttappak±ra-upak±rupatthambhan±nup±lanapariv±r± hutv± jivh±viññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±n± tiµµhati.
Y±vat± pana imasmi½ k±ye up±diººakar³pa½ n±ma atthi, sabbattha k±y±yatana½, kapp±sapaµale sneho viya, yath±vuttappak±ra-upak±rupatthambhan±nup±lanapariv±rameva hutv± k±yaviññ±º±d²na½ yath±raha½ vatthudv±rabh±va½ s±dhayam±na½ tiµµhati. Ayamettha viseso. Seso p±¼ippabhedo ca attho ca cakkhuniddese vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Kevalañhi idha cakkhupadassa µh±ne sotapad±d²ni, r³papadassa µh±ne saddapad±d²ni, pass²ti ±d²na½ µh±ne suº²ti-±dipad±ni ca ±gat±ni. ‘Netta½peta½ nayana½petan’ti imassa ca padadvayassa abh±v± dv±dasa dv±dasa n±m±ni honti. Sesa½ sabbattha vuttasadisameva.
Tattha siy±– yadi y±vat± imasmi½ k±ye up±diººakar³pa½ n±ma atthi, sabbattha k±y±yatana½, kapp±sapaµale sneho viya. ‘Eva½ sante lakkhaºasammissat± ±pajjat²’ti. ‘N±pajjat²’ti. ‘Kasm±’? ‘Aññassa aññattha abh±vato’. ‘Yadi eva½, na sabbattha k±y±yatanan’ti? ‘Neva paramatthato sabbattha. Vinibbhujitv± panassa n±n±karaºa½ paññ±petu½ na sakk±, tasm± eva½ vutta½. Yath± hi r³paras±dayo, v±lik±cuºº±ni viya, vivecetu½ asakkuºeyyat±ya aññamaññaby±pinoti vuccanti, na ca paramatthato r³pe raso atthi. Yadi siy± r³paggahaºeneva rasaggahaºa½ gaccheyya. Eva½ k±y±yatanampi paramatthato neva sabbattha atthi, na ca sabbattha natthi, vivecetu½ asakkuºeyyat±y±ti. Evamettha na lakkhaºasammissat± ±pajjat²ti veditabb±’.
Apica lakkhaº±divavatth±panatopetesa½ asammissat± veditabb±– etesu hi r³p±bhigh±t±rahabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ daµµhuk±mat±nid±nakammasamuµµh±nabh³tappas±dalakkhaºa½ v± cakkhu, r³pesu ±viñchanarasa½, cakkhuviññ±ºassa ±dh±rabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, daµµhuk±mat±nid±nakammajabh³tapadaµµh±na½.