R³pavibhatti-ekakaniddesavaººan±

594. Id±ni tass± attha½ bh±jetv± dassetu½ sabba½ r³pa½ na hetumev±ti-±di ±raddha½. Kasm± panettha ‘katama½ ta½ sabba½ r³pa½ na het³’ti pucch± na kat±ti? Bhed±bh±vato. Yath± hi duk±d²su ‘up±d±r³pa’mpi atthi ‘no-up±d±r³pa’mpi, evamidha hetu na het³tipi sahetukamahetukantipi bhedo natthi, tasm± puccha½ akatv±va vibhatta½. Tattha ‘sabban’ti sakala½, niravasesa½. ‘R³pan’ti ayamassa s²t±d²hi ruppanabh±vad²pano s±maññalakkhaºaniddeso. Na hetumev±ti s±dh±raºahetupaµikkhepaniddeso.
Tattha hetuhetu paccayahetu uttamahetu s±dh±raºahet³ti catubbidho hetu. Tesu ‘tayo kusalahet³, tayo akusalahet³, tayo aby±katahet³’ti (dha. sa. 1059) aya½ ‘hetuhetu’ n±ma. “Catt±ro kho, bhikkhu, mah±bh³t± hetu, catt±ro mah±bh³t± paccayo r³pakkhandhassa paññ±pan±y±”ti (ma. ni. 3.85; sa½. ni. 3.82) aya½ ‘paccayahetu’ n±ma. “Kusal±kusala½ attano vip±kaµµh±ne, uttama½ iµµh±rammaºa½ kusalavip±kaµµh±ne, uttama½ aniµµh±rammaºa½ akusalavip±kaµµh±ne”ti aya½ ‘uttamahetu’ n±ma. Yath±ha– ‘at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ kammasam±d±n±na½ µh±naso hetuso vip±ka½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±t²’ti (ma. ni. 1.148; vibha. 810; p±µi. ma. 2.44), “eseva hetu esa paccayo saªkh±r±na½ yadida½ avijj±”ti avijj± saªkh±r±na½ s±dh±raºahetu hutv± paccayaµµha½ pharat²ti aya½ ‘s±dh±raºahetu’ n±ma. Yath± hi pathav²raso ±poraso ca madhurass±pi amadhurass±pi paccayo, eva½ avijj± kusalasaªkh±r±nampi akusalasaªkh±r±nampi s±dh±raºapaccayo hoti. Imasmi½ panatthe ‘hetuhetu’ adhippeto. Iti ‘het³ dhamm± na het³ dhamm±’ti (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 1) m±tik±ya ±gata½ hetubh±va½ r³passa niyametv± paµikkhipanto ‘na hetumev±’ti ±ha. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu paµikkhepaniddeso ca appaµikkhepaniddeso ca veditabbo. Vacanattho pana sabbapad±na½ m±tik±vaººan±ya½ vuttoyeva.
Sappaccayamev±ti ettha pana kammasamuµµh±na½ kammapaccayameva hoti, ±h±rasamuµµh±n±d²ni ±h±r±dipaccay±nev±ti eva½ r³passeva vuttacatupaccayavasena attho veditabbo. R³pamev±ti ‘r³pino dhamm± ar³pino dhamm±’ti m±tik±ya vutta½ ar³p²bh±va½ paµikkhipati. Uppanna½ chahi viññ±ºeh²ti paccuppannar³pameva cakkhuviññ±º±d²hi chahi veditabba½. Niy±mo pana cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni sandh±ya gahito. Na hi t±ni at²t±n±gata½ vij±nanti. Manoviññ±ºa½ pana at²tampi an±gatampi vij±n±ti. Ta½ imasmi½ pañcaviññ±ºasote patitatt± sotapatitameva hutv± gata½. Hutv± abh±vaµµhena pana aniccameva. Jar±ya abhibhavitabbadhammakatt± jar±bhibh³tameva. Yasm± v± r³pak±ye jar± p±kaµ± hoti, tasm±pi ‘jar±bhibh³tamev±’ti vutta½.
Eva½ ekavidhena r³pasaªgahoti ettha ‘vidh±’-saddo m±nasaºµh±nakoµµh±sesu dissati. “Seyyohamasm²ti vidh±, sadisohamasm²ti vidh±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 962) hi m±no vidh± n±ma. “Katha½vidha½ s²lavanta½ vadanti, katha½vidha½ paññavanta½ vadant²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.95) saºµh±na½. ‘Katha½vidhan’ti hi padassa katha½saºµh±nanti attho. “Ekavidhena ñ±ºavatthu½ duvidhena ñ±ºavatth³”ti-±d²su (vibha. 751-752) koµµh±so vidh± n±ma. Idh±pi koµµh±sova adhippeto.
Saªgahasaddopi saj±tisañj±tikiriy±gaºanavasena catubbidho. Tattha “sabbe khattiy± ±gacchantu, sabbe br±hmaº± sabbe vess± sabbe sudd± ±gacchantu”, “y± c±vuso vis±kha, samm±v±c±, yo ca samm±kammanto, yo ca samm±-±j²vo– ime dhamm± s²lakkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) aya½ ‘saj±tisaªgaho’ n±ma. ‘Ekaj±tik± ±gacchant³’ti vuttaµµh±ne viya hi idha sabbe j±tiy± ekasaªgaha½ gat±. “Sabbe kosalak± ±gacchantu, sabbe m±gadhak±, sabbe bh±rukacchak± ±gacchantu”, “yo c±vuso vis±kha, samm±v±y±mo, y± ca samm±sati, yo ca samm±sam±dhi– ime dhamm± sam±dhikkhandhe saªgahit±”ti aya½ ‘sañj±tisaªgaho’ n±ma. Ekaµµh±ne j±t± sa½vuddh± ±gacchant³ti vuttaµµh±ne viya hi idha sabbe sañj±tiµµh±nena nivutthok±sena ekasaªgaha½ gat±. “Sabbe hatth±roh± ±gacchantu, sabbe ass±roh±, sabbe rathik± ±gacchantu”, “y± c±vuso vis±kha, samm±diµµhi, yo ca samm±saªkappo– ime dhamm± paññ±kkhandhe saªgahit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.462) aya½ ‘kiriy±saªgaho’ n±ma. Sabbeva hete attano kiriy±karaºena ekasaªgaha½ gat±. “Cakkh±yatana½ katamakkhandhagaºana½ gacchati? Cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhagaºana½ gacchati. Hañci cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhagaºana½ gacchati, tena vata re vattabbe– cakkh±yatana½ r³pakkhandhena saªgahitan”ti (kath±. 471), aya½ ‘gaºanasaªgaho’ n±ma. Ayamidha adhippeto. Ekakoµµh±sena r³pagaºan±ti ayañhettha attho. Esa nayo sabbattha.