2. R³pakaº¹o

Uddesavaººan±

Id±ni r³pakaº¹a½ bh±jetv± dassetu½ puna katame dhamm± aby±kat±ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha kiñc±pi heµµh± cittupp±dakaº¹e vip±k±by±katañceva kiriy±by±katañca nissesa½ katv± bh±jita½, r³p±by±katanibb±n±by±kat±ni pana akathit±ni, t±ni kathetu½ catubbidhampi aby±kata½ samodh±netv± dassento kusal±kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ vip±k±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha kusal±kusal±nanti catubh³makakusal±nañceva akusal±nañca. Eva½ t±va vip±k±by±kata½ kusalavip±k±kusalavip±kavasena dv²hi padehi pariy±diyitv± dassita½. Yasm± pana ta½ sabbampi k±m±vacara½ v± hoti, r³p±vacar±d²su v± aññatara½, tasm± ‘k±m±vacar±’ti-±din± nayena tadeva vip±k±by±kata½ bh³mantaravasena pariy±diyitv± dassita½. Yasm± pana ta½ vedan±kkhandhopi hoti…pe… viññ±ºakkhandhopi, tasm± puna sampayuttacatukkhandhavasena pariy±diyitv± dassita½.
Eva½ vip±k±by±kata½ kusal±kusalavasena bh³mantaravasena sampayuttakkhandhavasen±ti t²hi nayehi pariy±d±ya dassetv±, puna kiriy±by±kata½ dassento ye ca dhamm± kiriy±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ‘k±m±vacar± r³p±vacar± ar³p±vacar± vedan±kkhandho…pe… viññ±ºakkhandho’ti vattabba½ bhaveyya. Heµµh± pana gahitamev±ti naya½ dassetv± nissajjita½. Id±ni avibhatta½ dassento sabbañca r³pa½ asaªkhat± ca dh±t³ti ±ha. Tattha ‘sabbañca r³pan’ti padena pañcav²sati r³p±ni channavutir³pakoµµh±s± nippadesato gahit±ti veditabb±. ‘Asaªkhat± ca dh±t³’ti padena nibb±na½ nippadesato gahitanti. Ett±vat± ‘aby±kat± dhamm±’ti pada½ niµµhita½ hoti.
584. Tattha katama½ sabba½ r³panti ida½ kasm± gahita½? Heµµh± r³p±by±kata½ saªkhepena kathita½. Id±ni ta½ ekakadukatikacatukka…pe… ek±dasakavasena vitth±rato bh±jetv± dassetu½ ida½ gahita½. Tassattho– ya½ vutta½ ‘sabbañca r³pa½, asaªkhat± ca dh±t³’ti, tasmi½ padadvaye ‘katama½ sabba½ r³pa½ n±ma’? Id±ni ta½ dassento catt±ro ca mah±bh³t±ti-±dim±ha Tattha catt±roti gaºanaparicchedo. Tena tesa½ ³n±dhikabh±va½ niv±reti. ‘Ca’-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Tena na kevala½ ‘catt±ro mah±bh³t±va’ r³pa½, aññampi atth²ti ‘up±d±r³pa½’ sampiº¹eti.
Mah±bh³t±ti ettha mahantap±tubh±v±d²hi k±raºehi mah±bh³tat± veditabb±. Et±ni hi mahantap±tubh±vato, mah±bh³tas±maññato, mah±parih±rato, mah±vik±rato, mahantabh³tatt± c±ti imehi k±raºehi mah±bh³t±n²ti vuccanti. Tattha ‘mahantap±tubh±vato’ti, et±ni hi anup±dinnakasant±nepi up±dinnakasant±nepi mahant±ni p±tubh³t±ni. Tesa½ anup±dinnakasant±ne eva½ mahantap±tubh±vat± veditabb±– ekañhi cakkav±¼a½ ±y±mato ca vitth±rato ca yojan±na½ dv±dasa satasahass±ni t²ºi sahass±ni catt±ri sat±ni paññ±sañca yojan±ni. Parikkhepato–
Sabba½ satasahass±ni, chatti½sa parimaº¹ala½;
dasa ceva sahass±ni, a¹¹hu¹¹h±ni sat±ni ca. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.1; visuddhi. 1.137).
Tattha–
Duve satasahass±ni, catt±ri nahut±ni ca;
ettaka½ bahalattena, saªkh±t±ya½ vasundhar±. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.1; visuddhi. 1.137).
Tass±yeva sandh±raka½–
Catt±ri satasahass±ni, aµµheva nahut±ni ca;
ettaka½ bahalattena, jala½ v±te patiµµhita½.
Tass±pi sandh±rako–
Navasatasahass±ni, m±luto nabhamuggato;
saµµhi ceva sahass±ni, es± lokassa saºµhiti.
Eva½ saºµhite cettha yojan±na½–
Catur±s²tisahass±ni, ajjhog±¼ho mahaººave;
accuggato t±vadeva, sineru pabbatuttamo.
Tato upa¹¹hupa¹¹hena, pam±ºena yath±kkama½;
ajjhog±¼huggat± dibb±, n±n±ratanacittit±.
Yugandharo ²sadharo, karav²ko sudassano;
nemindharo vinatako, assakaººo giri brah±.
Ete satta mah±sel±, sinerussa samantato;
mah±r±j±nam±v±s± devayakkhanisevit±.
Yojan±na½ sat±nucco, himav± pañca pabbato;
yojan±na½ sahass±ni, t²ºi ±yatavitthato;
catur±s²tisahassehi, k³µehi paµimaº¹ito.
Tipañcayojanakkhandhaparikkhep± nagavhay±;
paññ±sayojanakkhandhas±kh±y±m± samantato.
Satayojanavitthiºº± t±vadeva ca uggat±;
jamb³ yass±nubh±vena, jambud²po pak±sito. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.1; visuddhi. 1.137).
Yañceta½ jambuy± pam±ºa½ tadeva asur±na½ cittap±µaliy±, garu¼±na½ simbalirukkhassa, aparagoy±ne kadambarukkhassa, uttarakurumhi kapparukkhassa, pubbavidehe sir²sassa, t±vati½sesu p±ricchattakass±ti. Ten±hu por±º±–
P±µal² simbal² jamb³, dev±na½ p±ricchattako;
kadambo kapparukkho ca, sir²sena bhavati sattamanti.
Dve-as²tisahass±ni, ajjhog±¼ho mahaººave;
u-accuggato t±vadeva, cakkav±¼asiluccayo;
parikkhipitv± ta½ sabba½, lokadh±tumaya½ µhitoti.
Up±dinnakasant±nepi macchakacchapadevad±nav±disar²ravasena mahant±neva p±tubh³t±ni. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– “santi, bhikkhave, mah±samudde yojanasatik±pi attabh±v±ti”±di.
‘Mah±bh³tas±maññato’ti et±ni hi yath± m±y±k±ro amaºi½yeva udaka½ maºi½ katv± dasseti, asuvaººa½yeva le¹¹u½ suvaººa½ katv± dasseti, yath± ca saya½ neva yakkho na pakkh² sam±no yakkhabh±vampi pakkhibh±vampi dasseti, evameva saya½ an²l±neva hutv± n²la½ up±d±r³pa½ dassenti, ap²t±ni… alohit±ni… anod±t±neva hutv± od±ta½ up±d±r³pa½ dassent²ti m±y±k±ramah±bh³tas±maññato mah±bh³t±ni. Yath± ca yakkh±d²ni mah±bh³t±ni ya½ gaºhanti neva tesa½ tassa anto na bahiµh±na½ upalabbhati, na ca ta½ niss±ya na tiµµhanti, evameva et±nipi neva aññamaññassa anto na bahi µhit±ni hutv± upalabbhanti, na ca aññamañña½ niss±ya na tiµµhant²ti. Acinteyyaµµh±nat±ya yakkh±dimah±bh³tas±maññatopi mah±bh³t±ni.
Yath± ca yakkhin²saªkh±t±ni mah±bh³t±ni man±pehi vaººasaºµh±navikkhepehi attano bhay±nakabh±va½ paµicch±detv± satte vañcenti, evameva et±nipi itthipurisasar²r±d²su man±pena chavivaººena, man±pena aªgapaccaªgasaºµh±nena, man±pena ca hatthap±daªgulibhamukavikkhepena attano kakkha¼at±dibheda½ sarasalakkhaºa½ paµicch±detv± b±lajana½ vañcenti, attano sabh±va½ daµµhu½ na denti. Iti vañcakaµµhena yakkhin²mah±bh³tas±maññatopi mah±bh³t±ni.
‘Mah±parih±rato’ti mahantehi paccayehi pariharitabbato. Et±ni hi divase divase upanetabbatt± mahantehi gh±sacch±dan±d²hi bh³t±ni pavatt±n²ti mah±bh³t±ni. Mah±parih±r±ni v± bh³t±n²ti mah±bh³t±ni.
‘Mah±vik±rato’ti bh³t±na½ mah±vik±rato. Et±ni hi up±diºº±nipi anup±diºº±nipi mah±vik±r±ni honti. Tattha anup±diºº±na½ kappavuµµh±ne vik±ramahatta½ p±kaµa½ hoti, up±diºº±na½ dh±tukkhobhak±le. Tath± hi–
Bh³mito vuµµhit± y±va, brahmalok± vidh±vati;
acci accimato loke, dayham±namhi tejas±.
Koµisatasahasseka½, cakkav±¼a½ vil²yati;
kupitena yad± loko, salilena vinassati.
Koµisatasahasseka½ cakkav±¼a½ vik²rati;
v±yodh±tuppakopena, yad± loko vinassati.
Patthaddho bhavati k±yo, daµµho kaµµhamukhena v±;
pathav²dh±tuppakopena, hoti kaµµhamukheva so.
P³tiyo bhavati k±yo, daµµho p³timukhena v±;
±podh±tuppakopena, hoti p³timukheva so.
Santatto bhavati k±yo, daµµho aggimukhena v±;
tejodh±tuppakopena, hoti aggimukheva so.
Sañchinno bhavati k±yo, daµµho satthamukhena v±;
v±yodh±tuppakopena, hoti satthamukheva so. (Sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.4.238).
Iti mah±vik±r±ni bh³t±n²ti mah±bh³t±ni.
‘Mahantabh³tatt± c±’ti et±ni hi mahant±ni mahat± v±y±mena pariggahetabbatt±, bh³t±ni vijjam±natt±ti, mahantabh³tatt± ca mah±bh³t±ni. Eva½ mahantap±tubh±v±d²hi k±raºehi mah±bh³t±ni.
Catunnañca mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±ya r³panti upayogatthe s±mivacana½. Catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni up±d±ya, niss±ya, amuñcitv± pavattar³panti attho. Ida½ vuccati sabba½ r³panti ida½ catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni, padapaµip±µiy± niddiµµh±ni tev²sati up±d±r³p±n²ti, sattav²satippabheda½ sabba½ r³pa½ n±ma.