K±ko purimattabh±ve manusso hutv± eka½ duµµhagoºa½ dametu½ asakkonto g²v±ya pal±laveºi½ bandhitv± aggi½ ad±si. Goºo teneva mato. Id±ni ta½ kamma½ etassa ±k±sena gacchatopi na muccitu½ ad±si. S±pi itth² purimattabh±ve ek± itth²yeva. Eko kukkuro t±ya paricito hutv± arañña½ gacchantiy± saddhi½ gacchati, saddhimev±gacchati. Manuss± ‘nikkhanto id±ni amh±ka½ sunakhaluddako’ti uppaº¹enti. S± tena aµµ²yam±n± kukkura½ niv±retu½ asakkont² v±lik±ghaµa½ g²v±ya bandhitv± udake khipi. Ta½ kamma½ tass± samuddamajjhe muccitu½ n±d±si. Sopi bhikkhu purimattabh±ve gop±lako hutv± bila½ paviµµh±ya godh±ya s±kh±bhaªgamuµµhiy± dv±ra½ thakesi. Tato sattame divase saya½ ±gantv± vivari. Godh± kampam±n± nikkhami. Karuº±ya ta½ na m±resi. Ta½ kamma½ tassa pabbatantara½ pavisitv± nisinnassa muccitu½ n±d±s²ti. Im±ni t²ºi vatth³ni samodh±netv± ima½ g±tham±ha–
“Na antalikkhe na samuddamajjhe,
na pabbat±na½ vivara½ pavissa;
na vijjate so jagatippadeso,
yatthaµµhito mucceyya p±pakamm±”ti. (Dha. pa. 127).
Ayampi kammaniy±moyeva n±ma. Aññ±nipi evar³p±ni vatth³ni kathetabb±ni.
Bodhisatt±na½ pana paµisandhiggahaºe, m±tukucchito nikkhamane, abhisambodhiya½ tath±gatassa dhammacakkappavattane, ±yusaªkh±rassa ossajjane, parinibb±ne ca dasasahassacakkav±¼akampana½ dhammaniy±mo n±ma.
¾rammaºena pana pas±de ghaµµite ‘tva½ ±vajjana½ n±ma hohi…pe… tva½ javana½ n±ma hoh²’ti koci katt± v± k±ret± v± natthi, attano attano pana dhammat±ya eva ±rammaºena pas±dassa ghaµµitak±lato paµµh±ya kiriyamanodh±tucitta½ bhavaªga½ ±vaµµeti, cakkhuviññ±ºa½ dassanakicca½ s±dheti, vip±kamanodh±tu sampaµicchanakicca½ s±dheti, vip±kamanoviññ±ºadh±tu sant²raºakicca½ s±dheti, kiriyamanoviññ±ºadh±tu voµµhabbanakicca½ s±dheti, javana½ ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavat²ti aya½ cittaniy±mo n±ma. Aya½ idha adhippeto.
Sasaªkh±rikatihetukakusalen±pi upekkh±sahagatehi asaªkh±rikasasaªkh±rikakusalacittehipi kamme ±y³hite ta½sadisavip±kacittehi ±dinn±ya paµisandhiy± eseva nayo. Upekkh±sahagatadvaye pana paµhama½ ‘iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºavasena’ pavatti½ dassetv± pacch± ‘iµµh±rammaºavasena’ dassetabb±.
Evampi ekekasmi½ dv±re dv±dasa dv±dasa hutv± samasaµµhi honti. Aggahitaggahaºena so¼asa vip±kacitt±ni uppajjanti.
Imasmi½ µh±ne pañca-ucchun±¼iyantopama½ n±ma gaºhi½su. Ucchup²¼anasamaye kira ekasm± g±m± ek±dasa yantav±h± nikkhamitv± eka½ ucchuv±µa½ disv± tassa paripakkabh±va½ ñatv± ucchus±mika½ upasaªkamitv± ‘yantav±h± mayan’ti ±rocesu½. So ‘aha½ tumheyeva pariyes±m²’ti ucchus±la½ te gahetv± agam±si. Te tattha n±¼iyanta½ sajjetv± ‘maya½ ek±dasa jan±, aparampi eka½ laddhu½ vaµµati, vetanena gaºhath±’ti ±ha½su. Ucchus±miko ‘ahameva sah±yo bhaviss±m²’ti ucch³na½ s±la½ p³r±petv± tesa½ sah±yo ahosi. Te attano attano kicc±ni katv±, ph±ºitap±cakena ucchurase pakke, gu¼abandhakena baddhe, ucchus±mikena tulayitv± bh±gesu dinnesu, attano attano bh±ga½ ±d±ya ucchus±la½ s±mikassa paµicch±petv±, eteneva up±yena apar±supi cat³su s±l±su kamma½ katv± pakkami½su.
Tattha pañca yantas±l± viya pañca pas±d± daµµhabb±. Pañca ucchuv±µ± viya pañca ±rammaº±ni. Ek±dasa vicaraºakayantav±h± viya ek±dasa vip±kacitt±ni. Pañca ucchus±l±s±mino viya pañcaviññ±º±ni. Paµhamakas±l±ya½ s±mikena saddhi½ dv±dasanna½ jan±na½ ekatova hutv± katakamm±na½ bh±gaggahaºak±lo viya ek±dasanna½ vip±kacitt±na½ cakkhuviññ±ºena saddhi½ ekato hutv± cakkhudv±re r³p±rammaºe sakasakakiccakaraºak±lo. S±l±s±mikassa s±l±ya sampaµicchanak±lo viya cakkhuviññ±ºassa dv±rasaªkanti-akaraºa½. Dutiya tatiya catuttha pañcamas±l±ya dv±dasanna½ ekato hutv± katakamm±na½ bh±gaggahaºak±lo viya ek±dasanna½ vip±kacitt±na½ k±yaviññ±ºena saddhi½ ekato hutv± k±yadv±re phoµµhabb±rammaºe sakasakakiccakaraºak±lo. S±l±s±mikassa s±l±ya sampaµicchanak±lo viya k±yaviññ±ºassa dv±rasaªkanti-akaraºa½ veditabba½. Ett±vat± tihetukakammena paµisandhi tihetuk± hot²ti v±ro kathito. Y± pana tena duhetukapaµisandhi hoti, s± paµicchann±va hutv± gat±.
Id±ni duhetukakammena duhetuk± paµisandhi hot²ti v±ro kathetabbo. Duhetukena hi somanassasahagata-asaªkh±rikacittena kamme ±y³hite ta½sadiseneva duhetukavip±kacittena gahitapaµisandhikassa vuttanayeneva cakkhudv±re ‘iµµh±rammaºe’ ±p±tham±gate tayo moghav±r±. Duhetukasomanassasahagata-asaªkh±rikajavan±vas±ne ta½sadisameva m³labhavaªgasaªkh±ta½ tad±rammaºa½. Sasaªkh±rikajavan±vas±ne ta½sadisameva ±gantukabhavaªgasaªkh±ta½ tad±rammaºa½. ‘Iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºe’ dvinna½ upekkh±sahagatajavan±na½ avas±ne t±dis±neva dve tad±rammaº±ni uppajjanti. Idha ekekasmi½ dv±re aµµha aµµha katv± samacatt±l²sa citt±ni. Aggahitaggahaºena pana cakkhudv±re aµµha, sotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±º±ni catt±r²ti dv±dasa honti. Eva½ ek±ya cetan±ya kamme ±y³hite dv±dasa vip±kacitt±ni uppajjanti. Ambopamapañcaniy±makath± p±katik± eva. Duhetukasesacittattayasadisavip±kena gahitapaµisandhikepi eseva nayo. Yantav±hopam±ya panettha satta yantav±h±. Tehi tattha yante n±ma sajjite s±l±s±mika½ aµµhama½ katv± vuttanay±nus±rena yojan± veditabb±. Ett±vat± duhetukakammena duhetukapaµisandhi hot²ti v±ro kathito.
Id±ni ahetukapaµisandhikath± hoti– catunnañhi duhetukakusalacitt±na½ aññatarena kamme ±y³hite kusalavip±ka-upekkh±sahagat±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tucittena gahitapaµisandhikassa paµisandhi kammasadis±ti na vattabb±. Kammañhi duhetuka½ paµisandhi ahetuk±. Tassa vu¹¹hippattassa cakkhudv±re ‘iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºe’ ±p±tham±gate purimanayeneva tayo moghav±r± veditabb±. Catunna½ pana duhetukakusalacitt±na½ aññatarajavanassa pariyos±ne ahetukacitta½ tad±rammaºabh±vena patiµµh±ti. Ta½ ‘m³labhavaªga½’‘tad±rammaºan’ti dve n±m±ni labhati. Evamettha cakkhuviññ±ºa½ sampaµicchana½ upekkh±sahagatasant²raºa½ tad±rammaºampi upekkh±sahagatamev±ti tesu eka½ gahetv± gaºan³pag±ni t²ºeva honti.
‘Iµµh±rammaºe’ pana sant²raºampi tad±rammaºampi somanassasahagatameva. Tesu eka½ gahetv± purim±ni t²ºi catt±ri honti. Eva½ pañcasu dv±resu catt±ri catt±ri katv± ek±ya cetan±ya kamme ±y³hite v²sati vip±kacitt±ni uppajjant²ti veditabb±ni. Aggahitaggahaºena pana cakkhudv±re catt±ri sotagh±najivh±k±yaviññ±º±ni catt±r²ti aµµha honti. Ida½ ‘ahetukaµµhaka½’ n±ma. Ida½ manussalokena gahita½.
Cat³su pana ap±yesu pavatte labbhati. Yad± hi mah±moggall±natthero niraye paduma½ m±petv± padumakaººik±ya nisinno nerayik±na½ dhammakatha½ kathesi, tad± tesa½ thera½ passant±na½ kusalavip±ka½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½ uppajjati. Sadda½ suºant±na½ sotaviññ±ºa½, candanavane div±vih±ra½ nis²ditv± gatassa c²varagandhagh±yanak±le gh±naviññ±ºa½, nirayaggi½ nibb±petu½ deva½ vass±petv± p±n²yad±nak±le jivh±viññ±ºa½, mandamandav±tasamuµµh±panak±le k±yaviññ±ºanti eva½ cakkhuviññ±º±d²ni pañca eka½ sampaµicchana½, dve sant²raº±n²ti ahetukaµµhaka½ labbhati N±gasupaººavem±nikapet±nampi akusalena paµisandhi hoti. Pavatte kusala½ vipaccati. Tath± cakkavattino maªgalahatthi-ass±d²na½. Aya½ t±va ‘iµµha-iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºesu’ kusalajavanavasena kath±maggo.
‘Iµµh±rammaºe’ pana cat³su somanassasahagat±kusalacittesu javitesu kusalavip±ka½ somanassasahagat±hetukacitta½ tad±rammaºa½ hoti. ‘Iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºe’ cat³su upekkh±sahagatalobhasampayuttesu javitesu kusalavip±ka½ upekkh±sahagat±hetukacitta½ tad±rammaºa½ hoti. Ya½ pana ‘javanena tad±rammaºa½ niyametabban’ti vutta½ ta½ kusala½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½. Domanassasahagatajavan±nantara½ tad±rammaºa½ uppajjam±na½ ki½ uppajjat²ti? Akusalavip±k±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tucitta½ uppajjati.
Ida½ pana javana½ kusalatth±ya v± akusalatth±ya v± ko niy±met²ti? ¾vajjanañceva voµµhabbanañca. ¾vajjanena hi yoniso ±vaµµite voµµhabbanena yoniso vavatth±pite javana½ akusala½ bhavissat²ti aµµh±nameta½. ¾vajjanena ayoniso ±vaµµite voµµhabbanena ayoniso vavatth±pite javana½ kusala½ bhavissat²tipi aµµh±nameta½. Ubhayena pana yoniso ±vaµµite vavatth±pite ca javana½ kusala½ hoti, ayoniso akusalanti veditabba½.
‘Iµµh±rammaºe’ pana kaªkhato uddhatassa ca tad±rammaºa½ ki½ hot²ti? Iµµh±rammaºasmi½ kaªkhatu v± m± v±, uddhato v± hotu m± v±, kusalavip±k±hetukasomanassacittameva tad±rammaºa½ hoti, ‘iµµhamajjhatt±rammaºe’ ‘kusalavip±k±hetuka-upekkh±sahagatan’ti, aya½ panettha saªkhepato atthad²pano mah±dhammarakkhitattherav±do n±ma. Somanassasahagatasmiñhi javane javite pañca tad±rammaº±ni gavesitabb±n²ti. Upekkh±sahagatasmi½ javane javite cha gavesitabb±n²ti.
Atha yad± somanassasahagatapaµisandhikassa pavatte jh±na½ nibbattetv± pam±dena parih²najjh±nassa ‘paº²tadhammo me naµµho’ti paccavekkhato vippaµis±ravasena domanassa½ uppajjati, tad± ki½ uppajjati? ‘Somanass±nantarañhi domanassa½ domanass±nantarañca somanassa½’ paµµh±ne paµisiddha½. Mahaggatadhamma½ ±rabbha javane javite tad±rammaºampi tattheva paµisiddhanti? Kusalavip±k± v± akusalavip±k± v± upekkh±sahagat±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu uppajjati kimass± ±vajjananti? ‘Bhavaªg±vajjan±na½ viya natthass± ±vajjanakiccan’ti. ‘Et±ni t±va attano ninnatt± ca ciººatt± ca samud±c±ratt± ca uppajjantu, aya½ katha½ uppajjat²’ti? ‘Yath± nirodhassa anantarapaccaya½ nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½, nirodh± vuµµhahantassa phalasam±patticitta½, ariyamaggacitta½, magg±nantar±ni phalacitt±ni, eva½ asantepi ±vajjane, ninnaciººasamud±c±rabh±vena uppajjati. Vin± hi ±vajjanena citta½ uppajjati, ±rammaºena pana vin± nuppajjat²’ti. ‘Atha kimass±rammaºan’ti? ‘R³p±d²su parittadhammesu aññatara½. Etesu hi yadeva tasmi½ samaye ±p±tham±gata½ hoti, ta½ ±rabbha eta½ citta½ uppajjat²’ti veditabba½.
Id±ni sabbesampi etesa½ citt±na½ p±kaµabh±vattha½ aya½ pakiººakanayo vutto–
Sutta½ dov±riko ca, g±millo ambo koliyakena ca;
jaccandho p²µhasapp² ca, visayagg±ho ca upanissayamatthasoti.
Tattha ‘suttan’ti, eko panthamakkaµako pañcasu dis±su sutta½ pas±retv± j±la½ katv± majjhe nipajjati. Paµhamadis±ya pas±ritasutte p±ºakena v± paµaªgena v± makkhik±ya v± pahaµe nipannaµµh±nato calitv± nikkhamitv± sutt±nus±rena gantv± tassa y³sa½ pivitv± puna-±gantv± tattheva nipajjati. Dutiyadis±d²su pahaµak±lepi evameva karoti.