Setu½ hanat²ti setugh±to; catunna½ vac²duccarit±na½ padagh±to paccayagh±toti attho. Paccayo hi idha set³ti adhippeto. Tatr±ya½ vacanattho– r±g±diko catunna½ vac²duccarit±na½ paccayo vaµµasmi½ puggala½ sinoti bandhat²ti setu. Setussa gh±to setugh±to. Vac²duccaritapaccayasamuggh±µik±ya viratiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Aya½ pana samm±v±c±saªkh±t± virati pubbabh±ge n±n±cittesu labbhati. Aññeneva hi cittena mus±v±d± viramati, aññena pesuññ±d²hi. Lokuttaramaggakkhaºe pana ekacittasmi½yeva labbhati. Catubbidh±ya hi vac²duccaritacetan±ya padapaccheda½ kurum±n± maggaªga½ p³rayam±n± ek±va virati uppajjati.
300. K±yaduccariteh²ti k±yato pavattehi k±yena v± nipph±ditehi p±º±tip±t±d²hi duccaritehi. Sesa½ purimanayeneva veditabba½. Ayampi samm±kammantasaªkh±t± virati pubbabh±ge n±n±cittesu labbhati. Aññeneva hi cittena p±º±tip±t± viramati, aññena adinn±d±namicch±c±rehi. Lokuttaramaggakkhaºe pana ekacittasmi½yeva labbhati. Tividh±ya hi k±yaduccaritacetan±ya padapaccheda½ kurum±n± maggaªga½ p³rayam±n± ek±va virati uppajjati.
301. Samm±-±j²vaniddese akiriy±ti-±d²su y±ya cetan±ya micch±j²va½ ±j²vam±no kiriya½ karoti n±ma, aya½ uppajjitv± ta½ kiriya½ k±tu½ na det²ti akiriy±ti. Imin± nayena yojan± veditabb±. ¾j²vo ca n±mesa p±µiyekko natthi, v±c±kammantesu gahitesu gahitova hoti, tappakkhikatt±. Dhuvapaµisevanavasena pan±ya½ tato n²haritv± dassitoti. Eva½ sante samm±-±j²vo sakiccako na hoti aµµha maggaªg±ni na parip³renti, tasm± samm±-±j²vo sakiccako k±tabbo, aµµha maggaªg±ni parip³retabb±n²ti. Tatr±ya½ nayo– ±j²vo n±ma bhijjam±no k±yavac²dv±resuyeva bhijjati. Manodv±re ±j²vabhedo n±ma natthi. P³rayam±nopi tasmi½yeva dv±radvaye p³rati. Manodv±re ±j²vap³raºa½ n±ma natthi. K±yadv±re pana v²tikkamo ±j²vahetukopi atthi na-±j²vahetukopi. Tath± vac²dv±re.
Tattha ya½ r±jar±jamah±matt± khi¹¹±pasut± s³rabh±va½ dassent± migavadha½ v± panthaduhana½ v± parad±rav²tikkama½ v± karonti, ida½ akusala½ k±yakamma½ n±ma. Tato viratipi ‘samm±kammanto’ n±ma. Ya½ pana na-±j²vahetuka½ catubbidha½ vac²duccarita½ bh±santi, ida½ akusala½ vac²kamma½ n±ma. Tato viratipi ‘samm±v±c±’ n±ma.
Ya½ pana ±j²vahetu nes±damacchabandh±dayo p±ºa½ hananti, adinna½ ±diyanti, micch±c±ra½ caranti, aya½ micch±j²vo n±ma. Tato virati ‘samm±-±j²vo’ n±ma. Yampi lañja½ gahetv± mus± bhaºanti, pesuññapharusasamphappal±pe pavattenti, ayampi micch±j²vo n±ma. Tato virati samm±-±j²vo n±ma.
Mah±s²vatthero pan±ha– ‘k±yavac²dv±resupi v²tikkamo ±j²vahetuko v± hotu no v± ±j²vahetuko, akusala½ k±yakamma½ vac²kammantveva saªkhya½ gacchati. Tato viratipi samm±kammanto samm±v±c±tveva vuccat²’ti. ‘¾j²vo kuhin’ti vutte pana ‘t²ºi kuhanavatth³ni niss±ya catt±ro paccaye upp±detv± tesa½ paribhogo’ti ±ha. Aya½ pana koµippatto micch±j²vo. Tato virati samm±-±j²vo n±ma.
Ayampi samm±-±j²vo pubbabh±ge n±n±cittesu labbhati, aññeneva hi cittena k±yadv±rav²tikkam± viramati, aññena vac²dv±rav²tikkam±. Lokuttaramaggakkhaºe pana ekacittasmi½yeva labbhati. K±yavac²dv±resu hi sattakammapathavasena uppann±ya micch±j²vasaªkh±t±ya duss²lyacetan±ya padapaccheda½ kurum±n± maggaªga½ p³rayam±n± ek±va virati uppajjat²ti. Aya½ niddesav±re viseso.
Ya½ paneta½ indriyesu anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ va¹¹hita½, maggaªgesu ca samm±v±c±d²ni, tesa½ vasena saªgahav±re “navindriy±ni, aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti vutta½. Suññatav±ro p±katikoyev±ti. Aya½ t±va suddhikapaµipad±ya viseso.
343. Ito para½ suddhikasuññat± suññatapaµipad± suddhika-appaºihit± appaºihitapaµipad±ti aya½ desan±bhedo hoti. Tattha suññatanti lokuttaramaggassa n±ma½. So hi ±gamanato saguºato ±rammaºatoti t²hi k±raºehi n±ma½ labhati. Katha½? Idha bhikkhu anattato abhinivisitv± anattato saªkh±re passati. Yasm± pana anattato diµµhamatteneva maggavuµµh±na½ n±ma na hoti, aniccatopi dukkhatopi daµµhumeva vaµµati, tasm± ‘anicca½ dukkhamanatt±’ti tividha½ anupassana½ ±ropetv± sammasanto carati. Vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± panassa tebh³makepi saªkh±re suññatova passati. Aya½ vipassan± suññat± n±ma hoti. S± ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa ‘suññatan’ti n±ma½ deti. Eva½ maggo ‘±gamanato’ suññatan±ma½ labhati. Yasm± pana so r±g±d²hi suñño tasm± ‘saguºeneva’ suññatan±ma½ labhati. Nibb±nampi r±g±d²hi suññatt± suññatanti vuccati. Ta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± uppannatt± maggo ‘±rammaºato’ suññatan±ma½ labhati.
Tattha suttantikapariy±yena saguºatopi ±rammaºatopi n±ma½ labhati. Pariy±yadesan± hes±. Abhidhammakath± pana nippariy±yadesan±. Tasm± idha saguºato v± ±rammaºato v± n±ma½ na labhati, ±gamanatova labhati. ¾gamanameva hi dhura½. Ta½ duvidha½ hoti– vipassan±gamana½ magg±gamananti. Tattha maggassa ±gataµµh±ne vipassan±gamana½ dhura½, phalassa ±gataµµh±ne magg±gamana½ dhura½. Idha maggassa ±gatatt± vipassan±gamanameva dhura½ j±ta½.
350. Appaºihitanti, etth±pi appaºihitanti maggasseva n±ma½. Idampi n±ma½ maggo t²heva k±raºehi labhati. Katha½? Idha bhikkhu ±ditova dukkhato abhinivisitv± dukkhatova saªkh±re passati. Yasm± pana dukkhato diµµhamatteneva maggavuµµh±na½ n±ma na hoti, aniccatopi anattatopi daµµhumeva vaµµati, tasm± anicca½ dukkhamanatt±’ti tividha½ anupassana½ ±ropetv± sammasanto carati. Vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± panassa tebh³makasaªkh±resu paºidhi½ sosetv± pariy±diyitv± vissajjeti. Aya½ vipassan± appaºihit± n±ma hoti. S± ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa ‘appaºihitan’ti n±ma½ deti. Eva½ maggo ‘±gamanato’ appaºihitan±ma½ labhati. Yasm± pana tattha r±gadosamohapaºidhayo natthi, tasm± ‘saguºeneva’ appaºihitan±ma½ labhati. Nibb±nampi tesa½ paºidh²na½ abh±v± appaºihitanti vuccati. Ta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± uppannatt± maggo appaºihitan±ma½ labhati.
Tattha suttantikapariy±yena saguºatopi ±rammaºatopi n±ma½ labhati. Pariy±yadesan± hes± Abhidhammakath± pana nippariy±yadesan±. Tasm± idha saguºato v± ±rammaºato v± n±ma½ na labhati, ±gamanatova labhati. ¾gamanameva hi dhura½. Ta½ duvidha½ hoti– vipassan±gamana½ magg±gamananti. Tattha maggassa ±gataµµh±ne vipassan±gamana½ dhura½, phalassa ±gataµµh±ne magg±gamana½ dhura½. Idha maggassa ±gatatt± vipassan±gamanameva dhura½ j±ta½.
Nanu ca suññato animitto appaºihitoti t²ºi maggassa n±m±ni? Yath±ha– “tayome, bhikkhave, vimokkh±– suññato vimokkho, animitto vimokkho, appaºihito vimokkho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.209). Tesu idha dve magge gahetv± animitto kasm± na gahitoti? ¾gaman±bh±vato. Animittavipassan± hi saya½ ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa n±ma½ d±tu½ na sakkoti. Samm±sambuddho pana attano puttassa r±hulattherassa.
“Animittañca bh±vehi, m±n±nusayamujjaha;
tato m±n±bhisamay±, upasanto carissas²”ti. (Su. ni. 344).
Animittavipassana½ kathesi. Vipassan± hi niccanimitta½ dhuvanimitta½ sukhanimitta½ attanimittañca uggh±µeti. Tasm± animitt±ti kathit±. S± ca kiñc±pi ta½ nimitta½ uggh±µeti, saya½ pana nimittadhammesu carat²ti sanimitt±va hoti. Tasm± saya½ ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa n±ma½ d±tu½ na sakkoti.
Aparo nayo– abhidhammo n±ma paramatthadesan±. Animittamaggassa ca paramatthato hetuvekallameva hoti. Katha½? Anicc±nupassan±ya hi vasena animittavimokkho kathito. Tena ca vimokkhena saddhindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti. Ta½ ariyamagge ekaªgampi na hoti, amaggaªgatt± attano maggassa paramatthato n±ma½ d±tu½ na sakkoti. Itaresu pana dv²su anatt±nupassan±ya t±va vasena suññatavimokkho, dukkh±nupassan±ya vasena appaºihitavimokkho kathito. Tesu suññatavimokkhena paññindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti, appaºihitavimokkhena sam±dhindriya½. T±ni ariyamaggassa aªgatt± attano maggassa paramatthato n±ma½ d±tu½ sakkonti. Magg±rammaºattikepi hi magg±dhipatidhammavibhajane chandacitt±na½ adhipatik±le tesa½ dhamm±na½ amaggaªgatt±va magg±dhipatibh±vo na vutto. Eva½sampadamida½ veditabbanti. Ayamettha aµµhakath±muttako ekassa ±cariyassa mativinicchayo.
Eva½ sabbath±pi animittavipassan± saya½ ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa n±ma½ d±tu½ na sakkot²ti animittamaggo na gahito. Keci pana ‘animittamaggo ±gamanato n±ma½ alabhantopi suttantapariy±yena saguºato ca ±rammaºato ca n±ma½ labhat²’ti ±ha½su. Te ida½ vatv± paµikkhitt±– animittamagge saguºato ca ±rammaºato ca n±ma½ labhante suññata-appaºihitamagg±pi saguºatoyeva ±rammaºatoyeva ca idha n±ma½ labheyyu½. Na pana labhanti. Ki½ k±raº±? Ayañhi maggo n±ma dv²hi k±raºehi n±ma½ labhati– sarasato ca paccan²kato ca; sabh±vato ca paµipakkhato c±ti attho. Tattha suññata-appaºihitamagg± sarasatopi paccan²katopi n±ma½ labhanti. Suññata-appaºihitamagg± hi r±g±d²hi suññ±, r±gapaºidhi-±d²hi ca appaºihit±ti eva½ ‘sarasato’ n±ma½ labhanti. Suññato ca att±bhinivesassa paµipakkho, appaºihito paºidhiss±ti eva½ ‘paccan²kato’ n±ma½ labhanti. Animittamaggo pana r±g±dinimitt±na½ niccanimitt±d²nañca abh±vena sarasatova n±ma½ labhati, no paccan²kato. Na hi so saªkh±ranimitt±rammaº±ya anicc±nupassan±ya paµipakkho. Anicc±nupassan± panassa anulomabh±ve µhit±ti. Sabbath±pi abhidhammapariy±yena animittamaggo n±ma natth²ti.
Suttantikapariy±yena panesa eva½ ±haritv± d²pito– yasmiñhi v±re maggavuµµh±na½ hoti, t²ºi lakkhaº±ni ek±vajjanena viya ±p±tham±gacchanti, tiººañca ekato ±p±thagamana½ n±ma natthi. Kammaµµh±nassa pana vibh³tabh±vad²panattha½ eva½ vutta½. ¾dito hi yattha katthaci abhiniveso hotu, vuµµh±nag±min² pana vipassan± ya½ ya½ sammasitv± vuµµh±ti tassa tasseva vasena ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa n±ma½ deti. Katha½? Anicc±d²su hi yattha katthaci abhinivisitv± itarampi lakkhaºadvaya½ daµµhu½ vaµµati eva. Ekalakkhaºadassanamatteneva hi maggavuµµh±na½ n±ma na hoti, tasm± aniccato abhiniviµµho bhikkhu na kevala½ aniccatova vuµµh±ti, dukkhatopi anattatopi vuµµh±tiyeva. Dukkhato anattato abhiniviµµhepi eseva nayo. Iti ±dito yattha katthaci abhiniveso hotu, vuµµh±nag±min² pana vipassan± ya½ ya½ sammasitv± vuµµh±ti tassa tasseva vasena ±gaman²yaµµh±ne µhatv± attano maggassa n±ma½ deti. Tattha aniccato vuµµhahantassa maggo animitto n±ma hoti, dukkhato vuµµhahantassa appaºihito, anattato vuµµhahantassa suññatoti. Eva½ suttantapariy±yena ±haritv± d²pito.
Vuµµh±nag±min² pana vipassan± kim±rammaº±ti? Lakkhaº±rammaº±ti. Lakkhaºa½ n±ma paññattigatika½ na vattabbadhammabh³ta½. Yo pana anicca½ dukkhamanatt±ti t²ºi lakkhaº±ni sallakkheti, tassa pañcakkhandh± kaºµhe baddhakuºapa½ viya honti. Saªkh±r±rammaºameva ñ±ºa½ saªkh±rato vuµµh±ti. Yath± hi eko bhikkhu patta½ kiºituk±mo pattav±ºijena patta½ ±bhata½ disv± haµµhapahaµµho gaºhiss±m²ti cintetv± v²ma½sam±no t²ºi chidd±ni passeyya, so na chiddesu nir±layo hoti, patte pana nir±layo hoti; evameva t²ºi lakkhaº±ni sallakkhetv± saªkh±resu nir±layo hoti. Saªkh±r±rammaºeneva ñ±ºena saªkh±rato vuµµh±t²ti veditabba½. Dussopam±yapi eseva nayo.
Iti bhagav± lokuttara½ jh±na½ bh±jento suddhikapaµipad±ya catukkanaya½ pañcakanayanti dvepi naye ±hari. Tath± suddhikasuññat±ya suññatapaµipad±ya suddhika-appaºihit±ya appaºihitapaµipad±y±ti. Kasm± eva½ ±har²ti? Puggalajjh±sayena ceva desan±vil±sena ca. Tadubhayampi heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Eva½ lokuttara½ jh±na½ bh±vet²ti ettha suddhikapaµipad±ya catukkapañcakavasena dve nay±, tath± seses³ti sabbesupi pañcasu koµµh±sesu dasa nay± bh±jit±.