Lokuttarakusalavaŗŗan±

277. Eva½ bhavattayasampattinibbattaka½ kusala½ dassetv± id±ni sabbabhavasamatikkaman±ya lokuttarakusala½ dassetu½ puna katame dhamm± kusal±ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha lokuttaranti kenaµµhena lokuttara½? Loka½ tarat²ti, lokuttara½ loka½ uttarat²ti lokuttara½; loka½ samatikkamma abhibhuyya tiµµhat²ti lokuttara½ (paµi. ma. 2.43). Jh±na½ bh±vet²ti ekacittakkhaŗika½ appan±jh±na½ bh±veti janeti va¹¹heti.
Lokato niyy±ti vaµµato niyy±t²ti niyy±nika½. Niyy±ti v± eten±ti niyy±nika½. Ta½samaŖg² hi puggalo dukkha½ parij±nanto niyy±ti, samudaya½ pajahanto niyy±ti, nirodha½ sacchikaronto niyy±ti, magga½ bh±vento niyy±ti. Yath± ca pana tebh³makakusala½ vaµµasmi½ cutipaµisandhiyo ±cin±ti va¹¹het²ti ±cayag±m² n±ma hoti, na tath± ida½. Ida½ pana yath± ekasmi½ purise aµµh±rasahattha½ p±k±ra½ cinante aparo mah±muggara½ gahetv± tena citacitaµµh±na½ apacinanto viddha½sento eva gaccheyya, evameva tebh³makakusalena cit± cutipaµisandhiyo paccayavekallakaraŗena apacinanta½ viddha½senta½ gacchat²ti apacayag±mi.
Diµµhigat±na½ pah±n±y±ti, ettha diµµhiyo eva diµµhigat±ni, g³thagata½ muttagatanti-±d²ni (a. ni. 9.11) viya. Dv±saµµhiy± v± diµµh²na½ antogadhatt± diµµh²su gat±n²tipi diµµhigat±ni. Diµµhiy± v± gata½ etesantipi diµµhigat±ni. Diµµhisadisagaman±ni diµµhisadisappavatt±n²ti attho. K±ni pana t±n²ti? Sasampayutt±ni sakk±yadiµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±m±sa-ap±yagaman²yar±gadosamoh±kusal±ni. T±ni hi y±va paµhamamaggabh±van± t±va pavattisabbh±vato diµµhisadisagaman±n²ti vuccanti. Iti diµµhiyo ca diµµhigat±ni ca diµµhigat±ni. Tesa½ diµµhigat±na½. Pah±n±y±ti samucchedavaseneva pajahanatth±ya. Paµham±y±ti gaŗanavasenapi paµhamuppattivasenapi paµham±ya. Bh³miy±ti “anantarahit±ya bh³miy±”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 27; ma. ni. 2.296) t±va aya½ mah±pathav² bh³m²ti vuccati. “Sukhabh³miya½ k±m±vacare”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 988) cittupp±do. Idha pana s±mańńaphala½ adhippeta½. Tańhi sampayutt±na½ nissayabh±vato te dhamm± bhavanti etth±ti bh³mi. Yasm± v± sam±nepi lokuttarabh±ve sayampi bhavati uppajjati, na nibb±na½ viya ap±tubh±va½, tasm±pi bh³m²ti vuccati; tass± paµham±ya bh³miy±. Pattiy±ti sot±pattiphalasaŖkh±tassa paµhamassa s±mańńaphalassa pattatth±ya paµil±bhatth±y±ti evamettha attho veditabbo. Vivicc±ti samucchedavivekavasena viviccitv±, vin± hutv±.
Id±ni kińc±pi lokiyajjh±nampi na vin± paµipad±ya ijjhati, eva½ santepi idha suddhikanaya½ pah±ya lokuttarajjh±na½ paµipad±ya saddhi½yeva garu½ katv± desetuk±mat±ya dukkhapaµipada½ dandh±bhińńanti-±dim±ha.
Tattha yo ±ditova kilese vikkhambhento dukkhena sasaŖkh±rena sappayogena kilamanto vikkhambheti tassa dukkh± paµipad± hoti; yo pana vikkhambhita kileso vipassan±pariv±sa½ vasanto cirena maggap±tubh±va½ p±puŗ±ti tassa dandh±bhińń± hoti. Iti yo koci v±ro dukkhapaµipadadandh±bhińńo n±ma kato.
Katama½ pana v±ra½ rocesunti? Yattha saki½ vikkhambhit± kiles± samud±caritv± dutiyampi vikkhambhit± puna samud±caranti, tatiya½ vikkhambhite pana tath±vikkhambhiteva katv± maggena samuggh±ta½ p±peti, ima½ v±ra½ rocesu½. Imassa v±rassa dukkh±paµipad± dandh±bhińń±ti n±ma½ kata½. Ettakena pana na p±kaµa½ hoti. Tasm± evamettha ±dito paµµh±ya vibh±van± veditabb±– yo hi catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni pariggahetv± up±d±r³pa½ pariggaŗh±ti, ar³pa½ pariggaŗh±ti, ‘r³p±r³pa½’ pana pariggaŗhanto dukkhena kasirena kilamanto pariggahetu½ sakkoti, tassa dukkh± paµipad± n±ma hoti. Pariggahitar³p±r³passa pana vipassan±pariv±se maggap±tubh±vadandhat±ya dandh±bhińń± n±ma hoti.
Yopi r³p±r³pa½ pariggahetv± ‘n±mar³pa½’ vavatthapento dukkhena kasirena kilamanto vavatthapeti, vavatth±pite ca n±mar³pe vipassan±pariv±sa½ vasanto cirena magga½ upp±detu½ sakkoti, tass±pi dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń± n±ma hoti.
Aparo n±mar³pampi vavatthapetv± ‘paccaye’ pariggaŗhanto dukkhena kasirena kilamanto pariggaŗh±ti, paccaye ca pariggahetv± vipassan±pariv±sa½ vasanto cirena magga½ upp±deti, evampi dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń± n±ma hoti.
Aparo paccayepi pariggahetv± ‘lakkhaŗ±ni’ paµivijjhanto dukkhena kasirena kilamanto paµivijjhati, paµividdhalakkhaŗo ca vipassan±pariv±sa½ vasanto cirena magga½ upp±deti, evampi dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń± n±ma hoti.
Aparo lakkhaŗ±nipi paµivijjhitv± vipassan±ń±ŗe tikkhe s³re pasanne vahante uppanna½ ‘vipassan±nikanti½’ pariy±diyam±no dukkhena kasirena kilamanto pariy±diyati, nikantińca pariy±diyitv± vipassan±pariv±sa½ vasanto cirena magga½ upp±deti, evampi dukkh± paµipad± dandh±bhińń± n±ma hoti. Ima½ v±ra½ rocesu½. Imassa v±rassa eta½ n±ma½ kata½. Imin±va up±yena parato tisso paµipad± veditabb±.
Phasso hot²ti-±d²su anańń±tańńass±m²tindriya½, samm±v±c±, samm±kammanto, samm±-±j²voti catt±ri pad±ni adhik±ni. Niddesav±re ca vitakk±diniddesesu ‘maggaŖgan’ti-±d²ni pad±ni adhik±ni. Sesa½ sabba½ heµµh± vuttasadisameva. Bh³mantaravasena pana lokuttarat±va idha viseso.
Tattha anańń±tańńass±m²tindriyanti ‘anamatagge sa½s±ravaµµe anańń±ta½ amata½ pada½ catusaccadhammameva v± j±niss±m²’ti paµipannassa imin± pubb±bhogena uppanna½ indriya½. Lakkhaŗ±d²ni panassa heµµh± pańńindriye vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni.
Sundar± pasatth± v± v±c± samm±v±c±. Vac²duccaritasamuggh±µik±ya micch±v±c±viratiy± eta½ adhivacana½. S± pariggahalakkhaŗ± viramaŗaras± micch±v±cappah±napaccupaµµh±n±. Sundaro pasattho v± kammanto samm±kammanto. Micch±kammantasamucchedik±ya p±ŗ±tip±t±diviratiy± eta½ n±ma½. So samuµµh±nalakkhaŗo viramaŗaraso micch±kammantappah±napaccupaµµh±no. Sundaro pasattho v± ±j²vo samm±-±j²vo. Micch±j²vaviratiy± eta½ adhivacana½. So vod±nalakkhaŗo ń±y±j²vappavattiraso micch±j²vappah±napaccupaµµh±no.
Apica heµµh± viratittaye vuttavasenapettha lakkhaŗ±d²ni veditabb±ni. Iti imesa½ tiŗŗa½ dhamm±na½ vasena heµµh± vutta½ maggapańcaka½ idha maggaµµhaka½ veditabba½. Yev±panakesu ca imesa½ abh±vo. Tath± karuŗ±mudit±na½. Ime hi tayo dhamm± idha p±¼iya½ ±gatatt±va yev±panakesu na gahit±. Karuŗ±mudit± pana satt±rammaŗ±, ime dhamm± nibb±n±rammaŗ±ti t±pettha na gahit±. Aya½ t±va uddesav±re visesattho.
283. Niddesav±re pana maggaŖga½ maggapariy±pannanti ettha t±va maggassa aŖganti maggaŖga½; maggakoµµh±soti attho. Yath± pana arańńe pariy±panna½ arańńapariy±panna½ n±ma hoti, eva½ magge pariy±pannanti maggapariy±panna½. Maggasannissitanti attho.
285. P²tisambojjhaŖgoti ettha p²ti eva sambojjhaŖgoti p²tisambojjhaŖgo. Tattha bodhiy± bodhissa v± aŖgoti bojjhaŖgo. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– y± aya½ dhammas±magg² y±ya lokuttaramaggakkhaŗe uppajjam±n±ya l²nuddhaccapatiµµh±n±y³hanak±masukhattakilamath±nuyoga-ucchedasassat±bhinives±d²na½ anekesa½ upaddav±na½ paµipakkhabh³t±ya satidhammavicayav²riyap²tipassaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±saŖkh±t±ya dhammas±maggiy± ariyas±vako bujjhat²ti katv± bodh²ti vuccati. Bujjhat²ti kilesasant±nanidd±ya uµµhahati, catt±ri v± ariyasacc±ni paµivijjhati, nibb±nameva v± sacchikaroti. Tass± dhammas±magg²saŖkh±t±ya bodhiy± aŖgotipi bojjhaŖgo, jh±naŖgamaggaŖg±d²ni viya. Yopesa yath±vuttappak±r±ya et±ya dhammas±maggiy± bujjhat²ti katv± ariyas±vako bodh²ti vuccati, tassa bodhissa aŖgotipi bojjhaŖgo; senaŖgarathaŖg±dayo viya. Ten±hu aµµhakath±cariy±– “bujjhanakassa puggalassa aŖg±ti v± bojjhaŖg±”ti (vibha. aµµha. 466; sa½. ni. aµµha. 3.5.182).
Apica “bojjhaŖg±ti kenaµµhena bojjhaŖg±? Bodh±ya sa½vattant²ti bojjhaŖg±, bujjhant²ti bojjhaŖg±, anubujjhant²ti bojjhaŖg±, paµibujjhant²ti bojjhaŖg±, sambujjhant²ti bojjhaŖg±”ti (paµi. ma. 2.17) imin± paµisambhid±nayen±pi bojjhaŖgattho veditabbo. Pasattho sundaro v± bojjhaŖgoti sambojjhaŖgo. Eva½ p²ti eva sambojjhaŖgo p²tisambojjhaŖgoti. Cittekaggat±niddes±d²supi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo.
296. Tesa½ dhamm±nanti ye tasmi½ samaye paµivedha½ gacchanti catusaccadhamm±, tesa½ dhamm±na½. Anańń±t±nanti kińc±pi paµhamamaggena te dhamm± ń±t± n±ma honti, yath± pana pakatiy± an±gatapubba½ vih±ra½ ±gantv± vih±ramajjhe µhitopi puggalo pakatiy± an±gatabh±va½ up±d±ya ‘an±gatapubba½ µh±na½ ±gatomh²’ti vadati, yath± ca pakatiy± api¼andhapubba½ m±la½ pi¼andhitv±, anivatthapubba½ vattha½ niv±setv±, abhuttapubba½ bhojana½ bhuńjitv±, pakatiy± abhuttabh±va½ up±d±ya abhuttapubba½ bhojana½ bhuttomh²ti vadati, evamidh±pi yasm± pakatiy± imin± puggalena ime dhamm± na ń±tapubb± tasm± anańń±t±nanti vutta½. Adiµµh±d²supi eseva nayo. Tattha adiµµh±nanti ito pubbe pańń±cakkhun± adiµµh±na½. Appatt±nanti adhigamanavasena appatt±na½. Avidit±nanti ń±ŗena ap±kaµakat±na½. Asacchikat±nanti apaccakkhakat±na½. Sacchikiriy±y±ti paccakkhakaraŗattha½. Yath± ca imin± padena, eva½ sesehipi saddhi½ anańń±t±na½ ń±ŗ±ya, adiµµh±na½ dassan±ya, appatt±na½ pattiy±, avidit±na½ ved±y±ti yojan± k±tabb±.
299. Cat³hi vac²duccariteh²ti-±d²su vac²ti vac²vińńatti veditabb±. Tiŗŗa½ dos±na½ yena kenaci duµµh±ni carit±n²ti duccarit±ni. Vac²to pavatt±ni duccarit±ni vac²duccarit±ni, vaciy± v± nipph±dit±ni duccarit±ni vac²duccarit±ni. Tehi vac²duccaritehi. ¾rak± ramat²ti ±rati. Vin± tehi ramat²ti virati. Tato tato paµinivatt±va hutv± tehi vin± ramat²ti paµivirati. Upasaggavasena v± pada½ va¹¹hita½. Sabbamida½ oramaŗabh±vassev±dhivacana½. Vera½ maŗati, vin±set²ti veramaŗ². Idampi oramaŗasseva vevacana½. Y±ya pana cetan±ya mus±v±d±d²ni bh±sam±no karoti n±ma, aya½ lokuttaramaggavirati. Uppajjitv± ta½ kiriya½ k±tu½ na deti, kiriy±patha½ pacchindat²ti akiriy±. Tath± ta½ karaŗa½ k±tu½ na deti, karaŗapatha½ pacchindat²ti akaraŗa½. Y±ya ca cetan±ya catubbidha½ vac²duccarita½ bh±sam±no ajjh±pajjati n±ma, aya½ uppajjitv± tath± ajjh±pajjitu½ na det²ti anajjh±patti.
Vel±-anatikkamoti ettha “t±ya vel±y±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.154; mah±va. 1-3; ud±. 1 ±dayo) t±va k±lo vel±ti ±gato. “Uruvel±ya½ viharat²”ti (mah±va. 1; sa½. ni. 1.137) ettha r±si. “Żhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattat²”ti (c³¼ava. 384; a. ni. 8.19; ud±. 45) ettha s²m±. Idh±pi s²m±va. Anatikkaman²yaµµhena hi catt±ri vac²sucarit±ni vel±ti adhippet±ni. Iti y±ya cetan±ya catt±ri vac²duccarit±ni bh±sam±no vela½ atikkamati n±ma, aya½ uppajjitv± ta½ vela½ atikkamitu½ na det²ti vel±-anatikkamoti vutt±. Vel±yat²ti v± vel±, calayati viddha½set²ti attho. Ki½ vel±yati? Catubbidha½ vac²duccarita½. Iti vel±yanato ‘vel±’. Purisassa pana hitasukha½ anatikkamitv± vattat²ti ‘anatikkamo’. Evamettha padadvayavasen±pi attho veditabbo.