Sumedhakath±

Eva½ ±bhatassa panassa ya½ ta½ d²paªkaradasabalato paµµh±ya y±va mah±bodhipallaªk± adhigamanid±na½, y±va dhammacakkappavattan± desan±nid±nañca vutta½, tassa ±vibh±vattha½ aya½ anupubbikath± veditabb±–
Ito kira kappasatasahass±dhik±na½ catunna½ asaªkhyeyy±na½ matthake amaravat² n±ma nagara½ ahosi. Tattha sumedho n±ma br±hmaºo paµivasati ubhato suj±to, m±tito ca pitito ca, sa½suddhagahaºiko, y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± akkhitto anupakuµµho j±tiv±dena, abhir³po dassan²yo p±s±diko param±ya vaººapokkharat±ya samann±gato. So añña½ kamma½ akatv± br±hmaºasippameva uggaºhi. Tassa daharak±leyeva m±t±pitaro k±lamaka½su. Athassa r±siva¹¹hako amacco ±yapotthaka½ ±haritv± suvaººarajatamaºimutt±dip³rite gabbhe vivaritv± ‘ettaka½ te kum±ra m±tu santaka½, ettaka½ pitu santaka½, ettak± ayyakapayyak±na½ santak±ti y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± dhana½ ±cikkhitv± eta½ paµipajj±h²’ti ±ha. Sumedhapaº¹ito cintesi– ‘ima½ dhana½ sa½haritv± mayha½ pitupit±mah±dayo paraloka½ gacchant± ekakah±paºampi gahetv± na gat±, may± pana gahetv± gamanak±raºa½ k±tu½ vaµµat²’ti so rañño ±rocetv± nagare bheri½ car±petv± mah±janassa d±na½ datv± t±pasapabbajja½ pabbaji. Imasmi½ pana µh±ne sumedhakath± kathetabb±. Vuttañheta½ buddhava½se (bu. va½. 2.1-33)–
Kappe ca satasahasse, caturo ca asaªkhiye;
amara½ n±ma nagara½, dassaneyya½ manorama½.
Dasahi saddehi avivitta½, annap±nasam±yuta½;
hatthisadda½ assasadda½, bherisaªkharath±ni ca;
kh±datha pivatha ceva, annap±nena ghosita½.
Nagara½ sabbaªgasampanna½, sabbakammamup±gata½;
sattaratanasampanna½, n±n±janasam±kula½;
samiddha½ devanagara½va, ±v±sa½ puññakammina½.
Nagare amaravatiy±, sumedho n±ma br±hmaºo;
anekakoµisannicayo, pah³tadhanadhaññav±.
Ajjh±yako mantadharo, tiººa½ ved±na p±rag³;
lakkhaºe itih±se ca, sadhamme p±rami½ gato.
Rahogato nis²ditv±, eva½ cintesaha½ tad±;
dukkho punabbhavo n±ma, sar²rassa ca bhedana½.
J±tidhammo jar±dhammo, by±dhidhammo saha½ tad±;
ajara½ amata½ khema½, pariyesiss±mi nibbuti½.
Ya½n³nima½ p³tik±ya½, n±n±kuºapap³rita½;
cha¹¹ayitv±na gaccheyya½, anapekkho anatthiko.
Atthi hehiti so maggo, na so sakk± na hetuye;
pariyesiss±mi ta½ magga½, bhavato parimuttiy±.
Yath±pi dukkhe vijjante, sukha½ n±mapi vijjati;
eva½ bhave vijjam±ne, vibhavopi icchitabbako.
Yath±pi uºhe vijjante, apara½ vijjati s²tala½;
eva½ tividhaggi vijjante, nibb±na½ icchitabbaka½.
Yath±pi p±pe vijjante, kaly±ºamapi vijjati;
evameva j±ti vijjante, aj±tipicchitabbaka½.
Yath± g³thagato puriso, ta¼±ka½ disv±na p³rita½;
na gavesati ta½ ta¼±ka½, na doso ta¼±kassa so.
Eva½ kilesamaladhove, vijjante amatanta¼e;
na gavesati ta½ ta¼±ka½, na doso amatanta¼e.
Yath± ar²hi pariruddho, vijjante gamanampathe;
na pal±yati so puriso, na doso añjasassa so.
Eva½ kilesapariruddho, vijjam±ne sive pathe;
na gavesati ta½ magga½, na doso sivamañjase.
Yath±pi by±dhito puriso, vijjam±ne tikicchake;
na tikicch±peti ta½ by±dhi½, na doso so tikicchake.
Eva½ kilesaby±dh²hi, dukkhito parip²¼ito;
na gavesati ta½ ±cariya½, na doso so vin±yake.
Yath±pi kuºapa½ puriso, kaºµhe baddha½ jigucchiya;
mocayitv±na gaccheyya, sukh² ser² saya½vas².
Tathevima½ p³tik±ya½, n±n±kuºapasañcaya½;
cha¹¹ayitv±na gaccheyya½, anapekkho anatthiko.
Yath± ucc±raµµh±namhi, kar²sa½ naran±riyo;
cha¹¹ayitv±na gacchanti, anapekkh± anatthik±.
Evamev±ha½ ima½ k±ya½, n±n±kuºapap³rita½;
cha¹¹ayitv±na gacchissa½, vacca½ katv± yath± kuµi½.
Yath±pi jajjara½ n±va½, palugga½ udag±hini½;
s±m² cha¹¹etv± gacchanti, anapekkh± anatthik±.
Evamev±ha½ ima½ k±ya½, navacchidda½ dhuvassava½;
cha¹¹ayitv±na gacchissa½, jiººan±va½va s±mik±.
Yath±pi puriso corehi, gacchanto bhaº¹am±diya;
bhaº¹acchedabhaya½ disv±, cha¹¹ayitv±na gacchati.
Evameva aya½ k±yo, mah±corasamo viya;
pah±yima½ gamiss±mi, kusalacchedan±bhay±.
Ev±ha½ cintayitv±na, nekakoµisata½ dhana½;
n±th±n±th±na½ datv±na, himavantamup±gami½.
Himavantass±vid³re, dhammiko n±ma pabbato;
assamo sukato mayha½, paººas±l± sum±pit±.
Caªkama½ tattha m±pesi½, pañcadosavivajjita½;
aµµhaguºasamupeta½, abhiññ±balam±hari½.
S±µaka½ pajahi½ tattha, navadosamup±gata½;
v±kac²ra½ niv±sesi½, dv±dasaguºamup±gata½.
Aµµhadosasam±kiººa½ pajahi½ paººas±laka½;
up±gami½ rukkham³la½, guºe dasahup±gata½.
V±pita½ ropita½ dhañña½, pajahi½ niravasesato;
anekaguºasampanna½, pavattaphalam±diyi½.
Tatthappadh±na½ padahi½, nisajjaµµh±nacaªkame;
abbhantaramhi satt±he, abhiññ±bala p±puºinti. (Bu. va½. 2.1-33).
Tattha assamo sukato mayha½, paººas±l± sum±pit±ti imiss± p±¼iy± sumedhapaº¹itena assamapaººas±l±caªkam± sahatth± m±pit± viya vutt±. Aya½ panettha attho– mah±sattañhi “himavanta½ ajjhog±hetv± ajja dhammikapabbata½ pavisiss±m²”ti nikkhanta½ disv± sakko dev±namindo vissakammadevaputta½ ±mantesi– “gaccha, t±ta, aya½ sumedhapaº¹ito ‘pabbajiss±m²’ti nikkhanto etassa vasanaµµh±na½ m±peh²”ti. So tassa vacana½ sampaµicchitv± ramaº²ya½ assama½ sugutta½ paººas±la½, manorama½ caªkamañca m±pesi. Bhagav± pana tad± attano puññ±nubh±vena nipphanna½ ta½ assamapada½ sandh±ya “s±riputta tasmi½ dhammikapabbate–
Assamo sukato mayha½, paººas±l± sum±pit±;
caªkama½ tattha m±pesi½, pañcadosavivajjitan”ti.–
¾ha. Tattha assamo sukato mayhanti sukato may±. Paººas±l± sum±pit±ti paººacchann± s±l±pi me sum±pit± ahosi.
Pañcadosavivajjitanti pañcime caªkamados± n±ma thaddhavisamat±, antorukkhat±, gahanacchannat±, atisamb±dhat±, ativis±lat±ti. Thaddhavisamabh³mibh±gasmiñhi caªkame caªkamantassa p±d± rujjanti, phoµ± uµµhahanti, citta½ ekaggata½ na labhati, kammaµµh±na½ vipajjati. Mudusamatale pana ph±suvih±ra½ ±gamma kammaµµh±na½ sampajjati. Tasm± thaddhavisamabh³mibh±gat± eko dosoti veditabbo. Caªkamanassa anto v± majjhe v± koµiya½ v± rukkhe sati pam±dam±gamma caªkamantassa nal±µa½ v± s²sa½ v± paµihaññat²ti antorukkhat± dutiyo doso. Tiºalat±digahanacchanne caªkame caªkamanto andhak±ravel±ya½ urag±dike p±ºe akkamitv± v± m±reti, tehi v± daµµho dukkha½ ±pajjat²ti gahanacchannat± tatiyo doso. Atisamb±dhe caªkame vitth±rato ratanike v± a¹¹haratanike v± caªkamantassa paricchede pakkhalitv± nakh±pi aªguliyopi bhijjant²ti atisamb±dhat± catuttho doso. Ativis±le caªkame caªkamantassa citta½ vidh±vati, ekaggata½ na labhat²ti ativis±lat± pañcamo doso. Puthulato pana diya¹¹haratana½ dv²su passesu ratanamatta-anucaªkama½ d²ghato saµµhihattha½ mudutala½ samavippakiººav±luka½ caªkama½ vaµµati, cetiyagirimhi d²pappas±dakamah±mahindattherassa caªkamana½ viya, t±disa½ ta½ ahosi. Ten±ha “caªkama½ tattha m±pesi½, pañcadosavivajjitan”ti.
Aµµhaguºasamupetanti aµµhahi samaºasukhehi upeta½. Aµµhim±ni samaºasukh±ni n±ma dhanadhaññapariggah±bh±vo anavajjapiº¹apariyesanabh±vo, nibbutapiº¹abhuñjanabh±vo, raµµha½ p²¼etv± dhanas±ra½ v± s²sakah±paº±d²ni v± gaºhantesu r±jakulesu raµµhap²¼anakiles±bh±vo, upakaraºesu nicchandar±gabh±vo, coravilope nibbhayabh±vo, r±jar±jamah±maccehi asa½saµµhabh±vo cat³su dis±su appaµihatabh±voti. Ida½ vutta½ hoti “yath± tasmi½ assame vasantena sakk± honti im±ni aµµha samaºasukh±ni vinditu½, eva½ aµµhaguºasamupeta½ ta½ assama½ m±pesi” nti.
Abhiññ±balam±harinti pacch± tasmi½ assame vasanto kasiºaparikamma½ katv± abhiññ±nañca sam±patt²nañca upp±danatth±ya aniccato dukkhato vipassana½ ±rabhitv± th±mappatta½ vipassan±bala½ ±hari½. Yath± tasmi½ vasanto ta½ bala½ ±haritu½ sakkomi, eva½ ta½ assama½ tassa abhiññatth±ya vipassan±balassa anucchavika½ katv± m±pesinti attho.
S±µaka½ pajahi½ tattha, navadosamup±gatanti etth±ya½ anupubbikath±, tad± kira kuµileºacaªkam±dipaµimaº¹ita½ pupph³pagaphal³pagarukkhasañchanna½ ramaº²ya½ madhurasalil±saya½ apagatav±¼amigabhi½sanakasakuºa½ pavivekakkhama½ assama½ m±petv± alaªkatacaªkamassa ubhosu antesu ±lambanaphalaka½ sa½vidh±ya nis²danatth±ya caªkamavemajjhe samatala½ muggavaººasila½ m±petv± antopaººas±l±ya½ jaµ±maº¹alav±kac²ratidaº¹akuº¹ik±dike t±pasaparikkh±re maº¹ape p±n²yaghaµap±n²yasaªkhap±n²yasar±v±ni aggis±l±ya½ aªg±rakapallad±ru-±d²n²ti eva½ ya½ ya½ pabbajit±na½ upak±r±ya sa½vattati, ta½ ta½ sabba½ m±petv± paººas±l±ya bhittiya½ “ye keci pabbajituk±m± ime parikkh±re gahetv± pabbajant³”ti akkhar±ni chinditv± devalokameva gate vissakammadevaputte sumedhapaº¹ito himavantap±de girikandar±nus±rena attano niv±san±nur³pa½ ph±sukaµµh±na½ olokento nad²nivattane vissakammanimmita½ sakkadattiya½ ramaº²ya½ assama½ disv± caªkamakoµi½ gantv± padavalañja½ apassanto “dhuva½ pabbajit± dhurag±me bhikkha½ pariyesitv± kilantar³p± ±gantv± paººas±la½ pavisitv± nisinn± bhavissant²”ti cintetv± thoka½ ±gametv± “ativiya cir±yanti, j±niss±m²”ti paººas±lakuµidv±ra½ vivaritv± anto pavisitv± ito cito ca olokento mah±bhittiya½ akkhar±ni v±cetv± “mayha½ kappiyaparikkh±r± ete, ime gahetv± pabbajiss±m²”ti attan± nivatthap±ruta½ s±µakayuga½ pajahi. Ten±ha “s±µaka½ pajahi½ tatth±”ti. Eva½ paviµµho aha½ s±riputta tassa½ paººas±l±ya½ s±µaka½ pajahi½.
Navadosamup±gatanti s±µaka½ pajahanto nava dose disv± pajahinti d²peti. T±pasapabbajja½ pabbajit±nañhi s±µakasmi½ nava dos± upaµµhahanti. Tesu tassa mahagghabh±vo eko doso, parapaµibaddhat±ya uppajjanabh±vo eko, paribhogena lahu½ kilissanabh±vo eko, kiliµµho hi dhovitabbo ca rajitabbo ca hoti, paribhogena lahuka½ j²raºabh±vo eko jiººassa hi tunna½ v± agga¼ad±na½ v± k±tabba½ hoti. Punapariyesan±ya durabhisambhavabh±vo eko, t±pasapabbajj±ya as±ruppabh±vo eko, paccatthik±na½ s±dh±raºabh±vo eko, yath± hi na½ paccatthik± na gaºhanti, eva½ gopetabbo hoti. Paribhuñjantassa vibh³sanaµµh±nabh±vo eko, gahetv± carantassa khandhabh±ramahicchabh±vo ekoti.