Ar³p±vacarakusalavaººan±

¾k±s±nañc±yatana½

265. Id±ni ar³p±vacarakusala½ dassetu½ puna katame dhamm± kusal±ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha ar³p³papattiy±ti ar³pabhavo ar³pa½, ar³pe upapatti ar³p³papatti, tass± ar³p³papattiy±. Magga½ bh±vet²ti up±ya½ hetu½ k±raºa½ upp±deti va¹¹heti. Sabbasoti sabb±k±rena. Sabb±sa½ v± anavases±nanti attho. R³pasaññ±nanti saññ±s²sena vuttar³p±vacarajjh±n±nañceva tad±rammaº±nañca. R³p±vacarajjh±nampi hi r³panti vuccati ‘r³p² r³p±ni passat²’ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 248; d². ni. 2.129). Tassa ±rammaºampi “bahiddh± r³p±ni passati suvaººadubbaºº±n²”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 244-246; d². ni. 2.173); tasm± idha r³pe saññ± r³pasaññ±ti eva½ saññ±s²sena vuttar³p±vacarajjh±nasseta½ adhivacana½. R³pa½ saññ± ass±ti r³pasañña½, r³pamassa n±manti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ pathav²kasiº±dibhedassa tad±rammaºassa ceta½ adhivacananti veditabba½.
Samatikkam±ti vir±g± nirodh± ca. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Et±sa½ kusalavip±kakiriyavasena pañcadasanna½ jh±nasaªkh±t±na½ r³pasaññ±na½, etesañca pathav²kasiº±divasena aµµhanna½ ±rammaºasaªkh±t±na½ r³pasaññ±na½, sabb±k±rena anavases±na½ v± vir±g± ca nirodh± ca vir±gahetu ceva nirodhahetu ca ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Na hi sakk± sabbaso anatikkantar³pasaññena eta½ upasampajja viharitunti.
Tattha yasm± ±rammaºe avirattassa saññ±samatikkamo na hoti, samatikkant±su ca saññ±su ±rammaºa½ samatikkantameva hoti, tasm± ±rammaºasamatikkama½ avatv± “tattha katam± r³pasaññ±? R³p±vacarasam±patti½ sam±pannassa v± upapannassa v± diµµhadhammasukhavih±rissa v± saññ± sañj±nan± sañj±nitatta½, im± vuccanti r³pasaññ±yo. Im± r³pasaññ±yo atikkanto hoti, v²tikkanto, samatikkanto, tena vuccati sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam±”ti (vibha. 602) eva½ vibhaªge saññ±na½yeva samatikkamo vutto. Yasm± pana ±rammaºasamatikkamena pattabb± et± sam±pattiyo, na ekasmi½yeva ±rammaºe paµhamajjh±n±d²ni viya, tasm± aya½ ±rammaºasamatikkamavasen±pi atthavaººan± kat±ti veditabb±.
Paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam±ti cakkh±d²na½ vatth³na½ r³p±d²na½ ±rammaº±nañca paµigh±tena samuppann± saññ± paµighasaññ±. R³pasaññ±d²na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Yath±ha– “tattha katam± paµighasaññ±? R³pasaññ± saddasaññ± gandhasaññ± rasasaññ± phoµµhabbasaññ±, im± vuccanti paµighasaññ±yo”ti (vibha. 603). T±sa½ kusalavip±k±na½ pañcanna½ akusalavip±k±na½ pañcannanti sabbaso dasannampi paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± pah±n± asamupp±d± appavatti½ katv±ti vutta½ hoti.
K±mañcet± paµhamajjh±n±d²ni sam±pannass±pi na santi– na hi tasmi½ samaye pañcadv±ravasena citta½ pavattati– eva½ santepi, aññattha pah²n±na½ sukhadukkh±na½ catutthajjh±ne viya, sakk±yadiµµh±d²na½ tatiyamagge viya ca, imasmi½ jh±ne uss±hajananattha½ imassa jh±nassa pasa½s±vasena et±sa½ ettha vacana½ veditabba½. Atha v± kiñc±pi t± r³p±vacara½ sam±pannassa na santi, atha kho na pah²natt± na santi. Na hi r³pavir±g±ya r³p±vacarabh±van± sa½vattati, r³p±yatt± ca et±sa½ pavatti. Aya½ pana bh±van± r³pavir±g±ya sa½vattati. Tasm± t± ettha pah²n±ti vattu½ vaµµati. Na kevalañca vattu½, eka½seneva eva½ dh±retumpi vaµµati. T±sañhi ito pubbe appah²natt±yeva paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pannassa “saddo kaºµako”ti (a. ni. 10.72) vutto bhagavat±. Idha ca pah²natt±yeva ar³pasam±patt²na½ ±neñjat± santavimokkhat± ca vutt±. ¾¼±ro ca k±¼±mo ±ruppasam±panno pañcamatt±ni sakaµasat±ni niss±ya niss±ya atikkant±ni neva addasa, na pana sadda½ assos²ti (d². ni. 2.192).
N±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r±ti n±natte gocare pavatt±na½ saññ±na½ n±natt±na½ v± saññ±na½. Yasm± hi et± “tattha katam± n±nattasaññ±? Asam±pannassa manodh±tusamaªgissa v± manoviññ±ºadh±tusamaªgissa v± saññ± sañj±nan± sañj±nitatta½, im± vuccanti n±nattasaññ±yo”ti (vibha. 604) eva½ vibhaªge vibhajitv± vutt± idha adhippet±; asam±pannassa manodh±tumanoviññ±ºadh±tusaªgahit± saññ± r³pasadd±dibhede n±natte n±n±sabh±ve gocare pavattanti; yasm± cet± aµµha k±m±vacarakusalasaññ±, dv±dasa akusalasaññ±, ek±dasa k±m±vacarakusalavip±kasaññ± dve akusalavip±kasaññ±, ek±dasa k±m±vacarakiriyasaññ±ti eva½ catucatt±l²sampi saññ± n±natt± n±n±sabh±v± aññamañña½ asadis±, tasm± n±nattasaññ±ti vutt±. T±sa½ sabbaso n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± an±vajjan± asamann±h±r± apaccavekkhaº±. Yasm± t± n±vajjati, na manasikaroti, na paccavekkhati, tasm±ti vutta½ hoti.
Yasm± cettha purim± r³pasaññ± paµighasaññ± ca imin± jh±nena nibbatte bhavepi na vijjanti, pageva tasmi½ bhave ima½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharaºak±le, tasm± t±sa½ ‘samatikkam± atthaªgam±’ti dvedh±pi abh±voyeva vutto. N±nattasaññ±su pana yasm± aµµha k±m±vacarakusalasaññ±, nava kiriy±saññ±, dasa akusalasaññ±ti im± sattav²sati saññ± imin± jh±nena nibbatte bhave vijjanti, tasm± t±sa½ amanasik±r±ti vuttanti veditabba½. Tatr±pi hi ima½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharanto t±sa½ amanasik±r±yeva upasampajja viharati. T± pana manasikaronto asam±panno hot²ti. Saªkhepato cettha ‘r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam±’ti imin± sabbar³p±vacaradhamm±na½ pah±na½ vutta½. ‘Paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r±’ti imin± sabbesa½ k±m±vacaracittacetasik±nañca pah±na½ amanasik±ro ca vuttoti veditabbo.
Iti bhagav± ‘pannarasanna½ r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkamena, dasanna½ paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgamena, catucatt±l²s±ya n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±ren±’ti t²hi padehi ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±pattiy± vaººa½ kathesi. Ki½ k±raº±ti ce sot³na½ uss±hajananatthañceva palobhanatthañca. Sace hi keci apaº¹it± vadeyyu½ ‘satth± ±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ nibbatteth±ti vadati, ko nu kho et±ya nibbattit±ya attho? Ko ±nisa½so’ti te eva½ vattu½ m± labhant³ti imehi ±k±rehi sam±pattiy± vaººa½ kathesi. Tañhi nesa½ sutv± eva½ bhavissati– ‘eva½sant± kira aya½ sam±patti, eva½paº²t±, nibbattess±ma nan’ti. Athassa nibbattanatth±ya uss±ha½ karissant²ti.
Palobhanatthañc±pi nesa½ etiss± vaººa½ kathesi, visakaºµakav±ºijo viya. Visakaºµakav±ºijo n±ma gu¼av±ºijo vuccati. So kira gu¼aph±ºitakhaº¹asakkar±d²ni sakaµen±d±ya paccantag±ma½ gantv± ‘visakaºµaka½ gaºhatha visakaºµaka½ gaºhath±’ti ugghosesi. Ta½ sutv± g±mik± ‘visa½ n±ma kakkha¼a½, yo na½ kh±dati so marati, kaºµakopi vijjhitv± m±reti. Ubhopete kakkha¼±, ko ettha ±nisa½so’ti gehadv±r±ni thakesu½, d±rake ca pal±pesu½. Ta½ disv± v±ºijo ‘avoh±rakusal± ime g±mik±, handa ne up±yena gaºh±pem²’ti ‘atimadhura½ gaºhatha atis±du½ gaºhatha, gu¼a½ ph±ºita½ sakkara½ samaggha½ labbhati, k³µam±sakak³µakah±paº±d²hipi labbhat²’ti ugghosesi. Ta½ sutv± g±mik± haµµhapahaµµh± niggantv± bahumpi m³la½ datv± gahesu½.
Tattha v±ºijassa ‘visakaºµaka½ gaºhath±’ti ugghosana½ viya bhagavato ‘±k±s±nañc±yatanasam±patti½ nibbatteth±’ti vacana½. ‘Ubhopete kakkha¼± ko ettha ±nisa½so’ti? G±mik±na½ cintana½ viya ‘bhagav± ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ nibbatteth±ti ±ha, ko ettha ±nisa½so? N±ssa guºa½ j±n±m±’ti sot³na½ cintana½. Athassa v±ºijassa ‘atimadhura½ gaºhath±’ti-±divacana½ viya bhagavato r³pasaññ±samatikkaman±dika½ ±nisa½sappak±sana½. Idañhi sutv± te bahumpi m³la½ datv±, g±mik± viya gu¼a½, imin± ±nisa½sena palobhitacitt± mahantampi uss±ha½ katv± ima½ sam±patti½ nibbattessant²ti uss±hajananattha½ palobhanatthañca kathesi.
¾k±s±nañc±yatanasaññ±sahagatanti ettha n±ssa antoti ananta½. ¾k±sa½ ananta½ ±k±s±nanta½. ¾k±s±nantameva ±k±s±nañca½. Ta½ ±k±s±nañca½ adhiµµh±naµµhena ±yatanamassa sasampayuttadhammassa jh±nassa, dev±na½ dev±yatanamiv±ti ±k±s±nañc±yatana½. Iti ±k±s±nañca½ ca ta½ ±yatanañc±tipi ±k±s±nañc±yatana½. Kasiºuggh±µim±k±sasseta½ adhivacana½. Tasmi½ ±k±s±nañc±yatane appan±ppatt±ya saññ±ya sahagata½ ±k±s±nañc±yatanasaññ±sahagata½.
Yath± pana aññattha ‘ananto ±k±so’ti (vibha. 508; d². ni. 2.129) vutta½, evamidha anantanti v± parittanti v± na gahita½. Kasm±? Anante hi gahite paritta½ na gayhati, paritte gahite ananta½ na gayhati. Eva½ sante ±rammaºacatukka½ na p³rati, desan± so¼asakkhattuk± na hoti. Samm±sambuddhassa ca imasmi½ µh±ne desana½ so¼asakkhattuka½ k±tu½ ajjh±sayo, tasm± anantanti v± parittanti v± avatv± ‘±k±s±nañc±yatanasaññ±sahagatan’ti ±ha. Evañhi sati ubhayampi gahitameva hoti. ¾rammaºacatukka½ p³rati, desan± so¼asakkhattuk± sampajjati. Avaseso p±¼i-attho heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabbo. R³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nanikantipariy±d±nadukkhat±ya cettha dukkh± paµipad±, pariy±dinnanikantikassa appan±pariv±sadandhat±ya dandh±bhiññ± hoti. Vipariy±yena sukh± paµipad± khipp±bhiññ± ca veditabb±. Parittakasiºuggh±µim±k±se pana pavatta½ jh±na½ paritt±rammaºa½ vipulakasiºuggh±µim±k±se pavatta½ appam±º±rammaºanti veditabba½. Upekkh±brahmavih±re viya ca idh±pi catutthajjh±navasena pañcav²sati ekak± honti Yath± cettha eva½ ito paresupi. Visesamattameva pana tesu vaººayiss±ma.