Brahmavih±rakath±

251. Id±ni mett±dibrahmavih±ravasena pavattam±na½ r³p±vacarakusala½ dassetu½ puna katame dhamm± kusal±ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha mett±sahagatanti mett±ya samann±gata½. Parato karuº±sahagat±d²supi eseva nayo. Yena panesa vidh±nena paµipanno mett±disahagat±ni jh±n±ni upasampajja viharati, ta½ mett±d²na½ bh±van±vidh±na½ sabba½ visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.240) vitth±ritameva. Avases±ya p±¼iy± attho pathav²kasiºe vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
Kevalañhi pathav²kasiºe pañcav²sati navak±, idha purim±su t²su tikacatukkajjh±nikavasena pañcav²sati sattak±, upekkh±ya catutthajjh±navasena pañcav²sati ekak±, karuº±mudit±su ca chand±d²hi cat³hi saddhi½ karuº±mudit±ti imepi yev±panak± labbhanti. Dukkhapaµipad±dibh±vo cettha mett±ya t±va by±p±davikkhambhanavasena, karuº±ya vihi½s±vikkhambhanavasena, mudit±ya arativikkhambhanavasena, upekkh±ya r±gapaµighavikkhambhanavasena veditabbo. Paritt±rammaºat± pana nabahusatt±rammaºavasena; appam±º±rammaºat± bahusatt±rammaºavasena hot²ti aya½ viseso. Sesa½ t±disameva.
Eva½ t±va p±¼ivaseneva–
Brahmuttamena kathite, brahmavih±re ime iti viditv±;
bhiyyo etesu aya½, pakiººakakath±pi viññeyy±.
Et±su hi mett±karuº±mudit±-upekkh±su atthato t±va mejjat²ti mett±, siniyhat²ti attho. Mitte v± bhav±, mittassa v± es± pavattat²pi mett±. Paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ hadayakampana½ karot²ti karuº±. Kiº±ti v± paradukkha½ hi½sati vin±set²ti karuº± Kir²yati v± dukkhitesu pharaºavasena pas±riyat²ti karuº±. Modanti t±ya ta½samaªgino, saya½ v± modati, modanamattameva v± tanti mudit±. ‘Aver± hont³’ti-±diby±p±rappah±nena majjhattabh±v³pagamanena ca upekkhat²ti upekkh±.
Lakkhaº±dito panettha hit±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ‘mett±’, hit³pasa½h±raras±, ±gh±tavinayapaccupaµµh±n±, satt±na½ man±pabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. By±p±d³pasamo etiss± sampatti, sinehasambhavo vipatti. Dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ‘karuº±’, paradukkh±sahanaras±, avihi½s±paccupaµµh±n± dukkh±bhibh³t±na½ an±thabh±vadassanapadaµµh±n±. Vihi½s³pasamo tass± sampatti, sokasambhavo vipatti. Sattesu pamodanalakkhaº± ‘mudit±’, aniss±yanaras±, arativigh±tapaccupaµµh±n±, satt±na½ sampattidassanapadaµµh±n±. Arativ³pasamo tass± sampatti, pah±sasambhavo vipatti. Sattesu majjhatt±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ‘upekkh±’, sattesu samabh±vadassanaras±, paµigh±nunayav³pasamapaccupaµµh±n±, “kammassak± satt±, te kassa ruciy± sukhit± v± bhavissanti, dukkhato v± muccissanti, pattasampattito v± na parih±yissant²”ti? Eva½ pavattakammassakat±dassanapadaµµh±n±. Paµigh±nunayav³pasamo tass± sampatti, gehassit±ya aññ±ºupekkh±ya sambhavo vipatti.
Catunnampi panetesa½ brahmavih±r±na½ vipassan±sukhañceva bhavasampatti ca s±dh±raºappayojana½, by±p±d±dipaµigh±to ±veºika½. By±p±dapaµigh±tappayojan± hettha mett±, vihi½s±-aratir±gapaµigh±tappayojan± itar±. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, by±p±dassa yadida½ mett±cetovimutti, nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, vihes±ya yadida½ karuº±cetovimutti; nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, aratiy± yadida½ mudit±cetovimutti, nissaraºañheta½, ±vuso, r±gassa yadida½ upekkh±cetovimutt²”ti (d². ni. 3.326; a. ni. 6.13).
Ekamekassa cettha ±sannad³ravasena dve dve paccatthik±. Mett±brahmavih±rassa hi, sam²pac±ro viya purisassa sapatto, guºadassanasabh±gat±ya r±go ±sannapaccatthiko. So lahu½ ot±ra½ labhati. Tasm± tato suµµhu mett± rakkhitabb±. Pabbat±digahananissito viya purisassa sapatto sabh±vavisabh±gat±ya by±p±do d³rapaccatthiko. Tasm± tato nibbhayena mett±yitabba½. Mett±yissati ca n±ma kopañca karissat²ti aµµh±nameta½.
Karuº±brahmavih±rassa “cakkhuviññeyy±na½ r³p±na½ iµµh±na½ kant±na½ man±p±na½ manoram±na½ lok±misapaµisa½yutt±na½ appaµil±bha½ v± appaµil±bhato samanupassato pubbe v± paµiladdhapubba½ at²ta½ niruddha½ vipariºata½ samanussarato uppajjati domanassa½. Ya½ evar³pa½ domanassa½ ida½ vuccati gehassita½ domanassan”ti-±din± nayena ±gata½ gehassita½ domanassa½ vipattidassanasabh±gat±ya ±sannapaccatthika½. Sabh±vavisabh±gat±ya vihes± d³rapaccatthik±. Tasm± tato nibbhayena karuº±yitabba½. Karuºañca n±ma karissati p±ºi-±d²hi ca vihesissat²ti aµµh±nameta½.
Mudit±brahmavih±rassa “cakkhuviññeyy±na½ r³p±na½ iµµh±na½ kant±na½ man±p±na½ manoram±na½ lok±misapaµisa½yutt±na½ paµil±bha½ v± paµil±bhato samanupassato pubbe v± paµiladdhapubba½ at²ta½ niruddha½ vipariºata½ samanussarato uppajjati somanassa½. Ya½ evar³pa½ somanassa½ ida½ vuccati gehassita½ somanassan”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.306) nayena ±gata½ gehassita½ somanassa½ sampattidassanasabh±gat±ya ±sannapaccatthika½. Sabh±vavisabh±gat±ya arati d³rapaccatthik±. Tasm± tato nibbhayena mudit± bh±vetabb±. Pamudito ca n±ma bhavissati pantasen±sanesu ca adhikusaladhammesu ca ukkaºµhissat²ti aµµh±nameta½.
Upekkh±brahmavih±rassa pana “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± uppajjati upekkh± b±lassa m³¼hassa puthujjanassa anodhijinassa avip±kajinassa an±d²navadass±vino assutavato puthujjanassa. Y± evar³p± upekkh± r³pa½ s± n±tivattati. Tasm± s± upekkh± gehassit±ti vuccat²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.308) nayena ±gat± gehassit± aññ±ºupekkh± dosaguº±na½ avic±raºavasena sabh±gatt± ±sannapaccatthik±. Sabh±vavisabh±gat±ya r±gapaµigh± d³rapaccatthik±. Tasm± tato nibbhayena upekkhitabba½. Upekkhissati ca n±ma rajjissati ca paµihaññissati c±ti aµµh±nameta½.
Sabbesampi ca etesa½ kattuk±mat±chando ±di, n²varaº±divikkhambhana½ majjha½, appan± pariyos±na½, paññattidhammavasena eko v± satto anek± v± satt± ±rammaºa½, upac±re v± appan±ya v± patt±ya ±rammaºava¹¹hana½.
Tatr±ya½ va¹¹hanakkamo– yath± hi kusalo kassako kasitabbaµµh±na½ paricchinditv± kasati, eva½ paµhamameva eka½ ±v±sa½ paricchinditv± tattha sattesu ‘imasmi½ ±v±se satt± aver± hont³’ti-±din± nayena mett± bh±vetabb±. Tattha citta½ mudu½ kammaniya½ katv± dve ±v±s± paricchinditabb± Tato anukkamena tayo catt±ro pañca cha satta aµµha nava dasa, ek± racch±, upa¹¹hag±mo, g±mo, janapado, rajja½, ek± dis±ti eva½ y±va eka½ cakkav±¼a½, tato v± pana bhiyyo tattha tattha sattesu mett± bh±vetabb±. Tath± karuº±dayoti. Ayamettha ±rammaºava¹¹hanakkamo.
Yath± pana kasiº±na½ nissando ±rupp±, sam±dh²na½ nissando nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½, vipassan±na½ nissando phalasam±patti, samathavipassan±na½ nissando nirodhasam±patti, eva½ purimabrahmavih±rattayassa nissando ettha upekkh±brahmavih±ro. Yath± hi thambhe anuss±petv± tul±saªgh±µa½ an±ropetv± na sakk± ±k±se k³µagop±nasiyo µhapetu½, eva½ purimesu tatiyajjh±na½ vin± na sakk± catuttha½ bh±vetu½. Kasiºesu pana uppannatatiyajjh±nassapes± nuppajjati visabh±g±rammaºatt±ti.
Ettha siy±– ‘kasm± panet± mett± karuº± mudit± upekkh± brahmavih±r±ti vuccanti? Kasm± ca, catassova? Ko ca et±sa½ kamo? Vibhaªge ca kasm± appamaññ±ti vutt±’ti? Vuccate– seµµhaµµhena t±va niddosabh±vena cettha brahmavih±rat± veditabb±. Sattesu samm±paµipattibh±vena hi seµµh± ete vih±r±. Yath± ca brahm±no niddosacitt± viharanti, eva½ etehi sampayutt± yogino brahmasam±va hutv± viharant²ti seµµhaµµhena niddosabh±vena ca brahmavih±r±ti vuccanti.
Kasm± ca catassoti-±dipañhassa pana ida½ vissajjana½–
Visuddhimagg±divas± catasso,
hit±di-±k±ravas± pan±sa½;
kamo pavattanti ca appam±ºe,
t± gocare yena tadappamaññ±.
Et±su hi yasm± mett± by±p±dabahulassa, karuº± vihi½s±bahulassa, mudit± aratibahulassa, upekkh± r±gabahulassa visuddhimaggo; yasm± ca hit³pasa½h±ra-ahit±panayanasampattimodana-an±bhogavasena catubbidhoyeva sattesu manasik±ro; yasm± ca yath± m±t± daharagil±nayobbanappattasakiccapasutesu cat³su puttesu daharassa abhivu¹¹hik±m± hoti, gil±nassa gelaññ±panayanak±m±, yobbanappattassa yobbanasampattiy± ciraµµhitik±m±, sakiccapasutassa kismiñcipi pariy±ye aby±vaµ± hoti, tath± appamaññ±vih±riken±pi sabbasattesu mett±divasena bhavitabba½, tasm± ito visuddhimagg±divas± catassova appamaññ±.
Yasm± pana catassopet± bh±vetuk±mena paµhama½ hit±k±rappavattivasena sattesu paµipajjitabba½, hit±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ca mett±; tato eva½ patthitahit±na½ satt±na½ dukkh±bhibhava½ disv± v± sutv± v± sambh±vetv± v± dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattivasena, dukkh±panayan±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ca karuº±; atheva½ patthitahit±na½ patthitadukkh±pagam±nañca nesa½ sampatti½ disv± sampattippamodanavasena, pamodanalakkhaº± ca mudit±; tato para½ pana kattabb±bh±vato ajjhupekkhakat±saªkh±tena majjhatt±k±rena paµipajjitabba½, majjhatt±k±rappavattilakkhaº± ca upekkh±; tasm± ito hit±di-±k±ravas± pan±sa½ paµhama½ mett± vutt±. Atha karuº± mudit± upekkh±ti aya½ kamo veditabbo.
Yasm± pana sabb±pet± appam±ºe gocare pavattanti, tasm± appamaññ±ti vuccanti. Appam±º± hi satt± et±sa½ gocarabh³t±, ‘ekasattass±pi ca ettake padese mett±dayo bh±vetabb±’ti eva½ pam±ºa½ aggahetv± sakalapharaºavaseneva pavatt±ti, tena vutta½–
Visuddhimagg±divas± catasso,
hit±di-±k±ravas± pan±sa½;
kamo pavattanti ca appam±ºe,
t± gocare yena tadappamaññ±ti.
Eva½ appam±ºagocarat±ya ekalakkhaº±su c±pi et±su purim± tisso tikacatukkajjh±nik±va honti. Kasm±? Somanass±vippayogato. Kasm± pan±sa½ somanassena avippayogoti? Domanassasamuµµhit±na½ by±p±d±d²na½ nissaraºatt±. Pacchim± pana avasesekajjh±nik±va. Kasm±? Upekkh±vedan±sampayogato. Na hi sattesu majjhatt±k±rappavatt± brahmavih±rupekkh± upekkh±vedana½ vin± vattat²ti.

Brahmavih±rakath±.