Pariyattibheda½ sampatti½, vipattiñc±pi ya½ yahi½;
p±puº±ti yath± bhikkhu, tampi sabba½ vibh±vayeti.
Ayampi g±th± vuttatth± hoti. Eva½ n±nappak±rato piµak±ni ñatv± tesa½ vasena sabbampeta½ saªgayham±na½ t²ºi piµak±ni honti.
Katha½ nik±yato pañca nik±y±ti? Sabbameva heta½ d²ghanik±yo majjhimanik±yo sa½yuttanik±yo aªguttaranik±yo khuddakanik±yoti pañcappabheda½ hoti. Tattha katamo d²ghanik±yo? Tivaggasaªgah±ni brahmaj±l±d²ni catutti½sa sutt±ni.
Catutti½seva suttant±, tivaggo yassa saªgaho;
esa d²ghanik±yoti, paµhamo anulomiko.
Kasm± panesa d²ghanik±yoti vuccati? D²ghappam±º±na½ sutt±na½ sam³hato niv±sato ca. Sam³haniv±s± hi nik±yoti vuccanti. “N±ha½, bhikkhave, añña½ ekanik±yampi samanupass±mi eva½ citta½ yathayida½, bhikkhave, tiracch±nagat± p±º± (sa½. ni. 3.100), poºikanik±yo, cikkhallikanik±yo”ti. Evam±d²ni cettha s±dhak±ni s±sanato lokato ca. Eva½ ses±nampi nik±yabh±ve vacanattho veditabbo.
Katamo majjhimanik±yo? Majjhimappam±º±ni pañcadasavaggasaªgah±ni m³lapariy±yasutt±d²ni diya¹¹hasata½ dve ca sutt±ni.
Diya¹¹hasatasuttant±, dve ca sutt±ni yattha so;
nik±yo majjhimo pañca, dasavaggapariggaho.
Katamo sa½yuttanik±yo? Devat±sa½yutt±divasena µhit±ni oghataraº±d²ni satta suttasahass±ni satta suttasat±ni ca dv±saµµhi ca sutt±ni.
Satta suttasahass±ni, satta suttasat±ni ca;
dv±saµµhi ceva suttant±, eso sa½yuttasaªgaho.
Katamo aªguttaranik±yo? Ekeka-aªg±tirekavasena µhit±ni cittapariy±d±n±d²ni nava suttasahass±ni pañca suttasat±ni sattapaññ±sañca sutt±ni.
Nava suttasahass±ni, pañca suttasat±ni ca;
sattapaññ±sasutt±ni, saªkhy± aªguttare aya½.
Katamo khuddakanik±yo? Sakala½ vinayapiµaka½, abhidhammapiµaka½, khuddakap±µha, dhammapad±dayo ca pubbe dassit± pañcadasappabhed±; µhapetv± catt±ro nik±ye avasesa½ buddhavacananti.
Ýhapetv± caturopete, nik±ye d²gha-±dike;
tadañña½ buddhavacana½, nik±yo khuddako matoti.
Eva½ nik±yato pañca nik±y± honti.
Katha½ aªgavasena navaªg±n²ti? Sabbameva hida½ ‘sutta½ geyya½ veyy±karaºa½ g±th± ud±na½ itivuttaka½ j±taka½ abbhutadhamma½ vedallan’ti navappabheda½ hoti. Tattha ubhatovibhaªganiddesakhandhakapariv±r± suttanip±te maªgalasuttaratanasuttan±lakasuttatuvaµµakasutt±ni aññampi ca suttan±maka½ tath±gatavacana½ suttanti veditabba½. Sabbampi sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyyanti veditabba½. Visesena sa½yuttanik±ye sakalopi sag±th±vaggo. Sakalampi abhidhammapiµaka½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½, yañca aññampi aµµhahi aªgehi asaªgahita½ buddhavacana½, ta½ veyy±karaºanti veditabba½. Dhammapada½ therag±th± ther²g±th± suttanip±te nosuttan±mik± suddhikag±th± ca g±th±ti veditabb±. Somanassañ±ºamayikag±th±ppaµisa½yutt± dv±s²ti suttant± ud±nanti veditabba½. ‘Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±’ti-±dinayappavatt± (itivu. 1) dasuttarasatasuttant± itivuttakanti veditabba½. Apaººakaj±tak±d²ni paññ±s±dhik±ni pañca j±takasat±ni j±takanti veditabba½. “Catt±rome, bhikkhave, acchariy± abbhut± dhamm± ±nande”ti-±dinayapavatt± (d². ni. 2.209; a. ni. 4.129) sabbepi acchariya-abbhutadhammappaµisa½yutt± suttant± abbhutadhammanti veditabba½.
C³¼avedallamah±vedallasamm±diµµhisakkapañhasaªkh±rabh±jan²yamah±puººamasutt±dayo sabbepi vedañca tuµµhiñca laddh± laddh± pucchitasuttant± vedallanti veditabba½. Evameta½ aªgato navaªg±ni.
Katha½ dhammakkhandhato catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²ti? Sabbameva hida½ buddhavacana½.
“Dv±s²ti buddhato gaºhi½, dve sahass±ni bhikkhuto;
catur±s²ti sahass±ni, ye me dhamm± pavattino”ti. (Therag±. 1027).
Eva½ parid²pitadhammakkhandhavasena catur±s²tisahassappabheda½ hoti. Tattha ek±nusandhika½ sutta½ eko dhammakkhandho. Ya½ anek±nusandhika½ tattha anusandhivasena dhammakkhandhagaºan±. G±th±bandhesu pañh±pucchana½ eko dhammakkhandho, vissajjana½ eko. Abhidhamme ekameka½ tikadukabh±jana½ ekamekañca cittav±rabh±jana½ eko dhammakkhandho. Vinaye atthi vatthu, atthi m±tik±, atthi padabh±jan²ya½, atthi ±patti, atthi an±patti, atthi antar±patti, atthi tikacchedo. Tattha ekameko koµµh±so ekameko dhammakkhandhoti veditabbo. Eva½ dhammakkhandhato catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±ni.
Evameta½ sabbampi buddhavacana½ pañcasatikasaªg²tik±le saªg±yantena mah±kassapappamukhena vas²gaºena aya½ dhammo aya½ vinayo, ida½ paµhamabuddhavacana½, ida½ majjhimabuddhavacana½, ida½ pacchimabuddhavacana½, ida½ vinayapiµaka½, ida½ suttantapiµaka½, ida½ abhidhammapiµaka½, aya½ d²ghanik±yo…pe… aya½ khuddakanik±yo, im±ni sutt±d²ni navaªg±ni, im±ni catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²ti ima½ pabheda½ vavatthapetv±va saªg²ta½. Na kevalañca imameva aññampi udd±nasaªgahavaggasaªgahapeyy±lasaªgaha-ekanip±tadukanip±t±dinip±tasaªgahasa½yuttasaªgaha paºº±sasaªgah±di-anekavidha½, t²su piµakesu sandissam±na½ saªgahappabheda½ vavatthapetv±va sattahi m±sehi saªg²ta½.
Saªg²tipariyos±ne cassa ida½ mah±kassapattherena dasabalassa s±sana½ pañcavassasahassaparim±ºak±la½ pavattanasamattha½ katanti sañj±tappamod± s±dhuk±ra½ viya dadam±n± aya½ mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± anekappak±ra½ kampi saªkampi sampakampi sampavedhi. Anek±ni ca acchariy±ni p±turahesu½.
Eva½ saªg²te panettha aya½ abhidhammo piµakato abhidhammapiµaka½, nik±yato khuddakanik±yo, aªgato veyy±karaºa½, dhammakkhandhato katipay±ni dhammakkhandhasahass±ni honti.
Ta½ dh±rayantesu bhikkh³su pubbe eko bhikkhu sabbas±mayikaparis±ya nis²ditv± abhidhammato sutta½ ±haritv± dhamma½ kathento “r³pakkhandho aby±kato, catt±ro khandh± siy± kusal± siy± akusal± siy± aby±kat±; das±yatan± aby±kat±, dve ±yatan± siy± kusal± siy± akusal± siy± aby±kat±; so¼asa dh±tuyo aby±kat±, dve dh±tuyo siy± kusal± siy± akusal± siy± aby±kat±; samudayasacca½ akusala½, maggasacca½ kusala½, nirodhasacca½ aby±kata½, dukkhasacca½ siy± kusala½ siy± akusala½ siy± aby±kata½; dasindriy± aby±kat±, domanassindriya½ akusala½, anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ kusala½, catt±ri indriy±ni siy± kusal± siy± aby±kat±, cha indriy±ni siy± kusal± siy± akusal± siy± aby±kat±”ti dhammakatha½ kathesi.
Tasmi½ µh±ne eko bhikkhu nisinno ‘dhammakathika tva½ sineru½ parikkhipanto viya d²ghasutta½ ±harasi, ki½ sutta½ n±metan’ti ±ha. ‘Abhidhammasutta½ n±ma, ±vuso’ti. ‘Abhidhammasutta½ kasm± ±harasi? Ki½ añña½ buddhabh±sita½ sutta½ ±haritu½ na vaµµat²’ti? ‘Abhidhammo kena bh±sito’ti? ‘Na eso buddhabh±sito’ti. ‘Ki½ pana te, ±vuso, vinayapiµaka½ uggahitan’ti? ‘Na uggahita½, ±vuso’ti. ‘Avinayadh±rit±ya maññe tva½ aj±nanto eva½ vades²’ti. ‘Vinayamattameva, ±vuso, uggahitan’ti. ‘Tampi te duggahita½, parisapariyante nis²ditv± nidd±yantena uggahita½ bhavissati; tumh±dise hi pabb±jento v± upasamp±dento v± s±tis±ro hoti’. ‘Ki½ k±raº±’? Vinayamattassapi duggahitatt±; vuttañheta½– “tattha an±patti, na vivaººetuk±mo iªgha t±va, ±vuso, suttanta½ v± g±th±yo v± abhidhamma½ v± pariy±puºassu, pacch±pi vinaya½ pariy±puºissas²”ti (p±ci. 442) bhaºati. “Suttante ok±sa½ k±r±petv± abhidhamma½ v± vinaya½ v± pucchati, abhidhamme ok±sa½ k±r±petv± suttanta½ v± vinaya½ v± pucchati, vinaye ok±sa½ k±r±petv± suttanta½ v± abhidhamma½ v± pucchat²”ti (p±ci. 1221). ‘Tva½ pana ettakampi na j±n±s²’ti ettakenapi parav±d² niggahito hoti.
Mah±gosiªgasutta½ pana itopi balavatara½. Tatra hi dhammasen±pati s±riputtatthero aññamañña½ pucchitapañhañca vissajjanañca ±rocetu½ satthu santika½ gantv± mah±moggall±nattherassa vissajjana½ ±rocento “idh±vuso s±riputta, dve bhikkh³ abhidhammakatha½ kathenti te aññamañña½ pañha½ pucchanti, aññamaññassa pañha½ puµµh± vissajjenti, no ca sa½s±denti, dhamm² ca nesa½ kath±pavattin² hoti, evar³pena kho, ±vuso, s±riputta, bhikkhun± gosiªgas±lavana½ sobheyy±”ti (ma. ni. 1.343) ±ha. Satth± ±bhidhammik± n±ma mama s±sane parib±hir±ti avatv± suvaºº±liªgasadisa½ g²va½ unn±metv± puººacandasassir²ka½ mah±mukha½ p³retv± brahmaghosa½ nicch±rento “s±dhu s±dhu s±riputt±”ti mah±moggall±nattherassa s±dhuk±ra½ datv± “yath± ta½ moggall±no ca samm± by±karam±no by±kareyya, moggall±no hi s±riputta dhammakathiko”ti (ma. ni. 1.343) ±ha. ¾bhidhammikabhikkh³yeva kira dhammakathik± n±ma, avases± dhammakatha½ kathent±pi na dhammakathik±. Kasm±? Te hi dhammakatha½ kathent± kammantara½ vip±kantara½ r³p±r³papariccheda½ dhammantara½ ±lo¼etv± kathenti. ¾bhidhammik± pana dhammantara½ na ±lo¼enti. Tasm± ±bhidhammiko bhikkhu dhamma½ kathetu v± m± v±, pucchitak±le pana pañha½ kathessat²ti. Ayameva ekantadhammakathiko n±ma hoti. Ida½ sandh±ya satth± s±dhuk±ra½ datv± ‘sukathita½ moggall±nen±’ti ±ha.
Abhidhamma½ paµib±hento imasmi½ jinacakke pah±ra½ deti, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµib±hati, satthu ves±rajjaññ±ºa½ paµinivatteti, sotuk±ma½ parisa½ visa½v±deti, ariyamagge ±varaºa½ bandhati, aµµh±rasasu bhedakaravatth³su ekasmi½ sandissati ukkhepan²yakammatajjan²yakamm±raho hoti. Ta½ ta½ kamma½ katv± uyyojetabbo ‘gaccha vigh±s±do hutv± j²vissas²’ti.
Ath±pi eva½ vadeyya– “sace abhidhammo buddhabh±sito, yath± anekesu suttasahassesu ‘eka½ samaya½ bhagav± r±jagahe viharat²’ti-±din± nayena nid±na½ sajjita½, evamass±pi nid±na½ sajjita½ bhaveyy±”ti. So ‘j±takasuttanip±tadhammapad±d²na½ evar³pa½ nid±na½ natthi, na cet±ni na buddhabh±sit±n²’ti paµikkhipitv± uttaripi eva½ vattabbo– ‘paº¹ita, abhidhammo n±mesa sabbaññubuddh±na½yeva visayo, na aññesa½ visayo. Buddh±nañhi okkanti p±kaµ±, abhij±ti p±kaµ±, abhisambodhi p±kaµ±, dhammacakkappavattana½ p±kaµa½. Yamakap±µih±riya½ p±kaµa½, tidivakkamo p±kaµo, devaloke desitabh±vo p±kaµo, devorohana½ p±kaµa½. Yath± n±ma cakkavattirañño hatthiratana½ v± assaratana½ v± thenetv± y±nake yojetv± vicaraºa½ n±ma aµµh±na½ ak±raºa½; cakkaratana½ v± pana thenetv± pal±lasakaµe olambitv± vicaraºa½ n±ma aµµh±na½ ak±raºa½; yojanappam±ºa½ obh±sanasamattha½ maºiratana½ v± pana kapp±sapacchiya½ pakkhipitv± va¼añjana½ n±ma aµµh±na½ ak±raºa½. Kasm±? R±j±rahabhaº¹at±ya; evameva abhidhammo n±ma na aññesa½ visayo, sabbaññubuddh±na½yeva visayo. Tesa½ vasena desetabbadesan±. Buddh±nañhi okkanti p±kaµ±…pe… devorohana½ p±kaµa½. Abhidhammassa nid±nakicca½ n±ma natthi paº¹it±’ti. Na hi sakk± eva½ vutte parav±din± sahadhammika½ ud±haraºa½ ud±haritu½.
Maº¹al±r±mav±s² tissabh³titthero pana mah±bodhinid±no esa abhidhammo n±m±ti dassetu½ “yena sv±ha½, bhikkhave, vih±rena paµham±bhisambuddho vihar±mi tassa padesena vih±sin”ti (sa½. ni. 5.11) ima½ padesavih±rasuttanta½ ±haritv± kathesi. Dasavidho hi padeso n±ma– khandhapadeso, ±yatanapadeso, dh±tupadeso, saccapadeso, indriyapadeso, paccay±k±rapadeso, satipaµµh±napadeso, jh±napadeso, n±mapadeso, dhammapadesoti. Tesu satth± mah±bodhimaº¹e pañcakkhandhe nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ vedan±kkhandhavaseneva vih±si. Dv±das±yatan±ni aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo nippadesena paµivijjhi. Ima½ tem±sa½ dhamm±yatane vedan±vasena dhammadh±tuyañca vedan±vaseneva vih±si. Catt±ri sacc±ni nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ dukkhasacce vedan±vaseneva vih±si. B±v²satindriy±ni nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ vedan±pañcaka-indriyavasena vih±si. Dv±dasapadika½ paccay±k±ravaµµa½ nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ phassapaccay± vedan±vaseneva vih±si. Catt±ro satipaµµh±ne nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ vedan±satipaµµh±navaseneva vih±si. Catt±ri jh±n±ni nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ jh±naªgesu vedan±vaseneva vih±si. N±ma½ nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ tattha vedan±vaseneva vih±si. Dhamme nippadesena paµivijjhi, ima½ tem±sa½ vedan±ttikavaseneva vih±s²ti. Eva½ thero padesavih±rasuttantavasena abhidhammassa nid±na½ kathesi.
G±mav±s² sumanadevatthero pana heµµh±lohap±s±de dhamma½ parivattento ‘aya½ parav±d² b±h± paggayha araññe kandanto viya, asakkhika½ a¹¹a½ karonto viya ca, abhidhamme nid±nassa atthibh±vampi na j±n±t²’ti vatv± nid±na½ kathento evam±ha– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± devesu viharati t±vati½sesu p±ricchattakam³le paº¹ukambalasil±ya½. Tatra kho bhagav± dev±na½ t±vati½s±na½ abhidhammakatha½ kathesi– “kusal± dhamm±, akusal± dhamm±, aby±kat± dhamm±”ti.
Aññesu pana suttesu ekameva nid±na½. Abhidhamme dve nid±n±ni– adhigamanid±nañca desan±nid±nañca Tattha adhigamanid±na½ d²paªkaradasabalato paµµh±ya y±va mah±bodhipallaªk± veditabba½. Desan±nid±na½ y±va dhammacakkappavattan±. Eva½ ubhayanid±nasampannassa panassa abhidhammassa nid±nakosallattha½ ida½ t±va pañh±kamma½ veditabba½– aya½ abhidhammo n±ma kena pabh±vito? Kattha parip±cito? Kattha adhigato? Kad± adhigato? Kena adhigato? Kattha vicito? Kad± vicito? Kena vicito? Kattha desito? Kassatth±ya desito? Kimattha½ desito? Kehi paµiggahito? Ke sikkhanti? Ke sikkhitasikkh±? Ke dh±renti? Kassa vacana½? Ken±bhatoti?
Tatrida½ vissajjana½– kena pabh±vitoti bodhi-abhin²h±rasaddh±ya pabh±vito. Kattha parip±citoti a¹¹hachakkesu j±takasatesu. Kattha adhigatoti bodhim³le. Kad± adhigatoti vis±kh±puººam±siya½. Ken±dhigatoti sabbaññubuddhena. Kattha vicitoti bodhimaº¹e. Kad± vicitoti ratanagharasatt±he. Kena vicitoti sabbaññubuddhena. Kattha desitoti devesu t±vati½sesu. Kassatth±ya desitoti devat±na½. Kimattha½ desitoti caturoghaniddharaºattha½. Kehi paµiggahitoti devehi. Ke sikkhant²ti sekkh± ca puthujjanakaly±º± ca. Ke sikkhitasikkh±ti arahanto kh²º±sav±. Ke dh±rent²ti yesa½ vattati te dh±renti. Kassa vacananti bhagavato vacana½, arahato samm±sambuddhassa. Ken±bhatoti ±cariyaparampar±ya.
Ayañhi s±riputtatthero bhaddaji sobhito piyaj±l² piyap±lo piyadass² kosiyaputto siggavo sandeho moggaliputto sudatto dhammiyo d±sako soºako revatoti evam±d²hi y±va tatiyasaªg²tik±l± ±bhato. Tato uddha½ tesa½yeva siss±nusisseh²ti eva½ t±va jambud²patale ±cariyaparampar±ya ±bhato. Ima½ pana d²pa½–
Tato mahindo iµµiyo, uttiyo sambalo tath±;
paº¹ito bhaddan±mo ca, ete n±g± mah±paññ±.

Jambud²p± idh±gat±ti (pari. 3, 8).

Imehi mah±n±gehi ±bhato. Tato uddha½ tesa½yeva siss±nusissasaªkh±t±ya ±cariyaparampar±ya y±vajjatanak±l± ±bhato.