Catutthajjh±na½

165. Catutthajjh±naniddese sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n±ti k±yikasukhassa ca k±yikadukkhassa ca pah±n±. Pubbev±ti tañca kho pubbeva na catutthajjh±nakkhaºe. Somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam±ti cetasikasukhassa ca cetasikadukkhassa c±ti imesampi dvinna½ pubbeva atthaªgam±; pah±n± icceva vutta½ hoti. Kad± pana nesa½ pah±na½ hoti? Catunna½ jh±n±na½ upac±rakkhaºe. Somanassañhi catutthajjh±nassa upac±rakkhaºeyeva pah²yati. Dukkhadomanassasukh±ni paµhamadutiyatatiyajjh±n±na½ upac±rakkhaºesu. Evametesa½ pah±nakkamena avutt±na½ indriyavibhaªge pana indriy±na½ uddesakkameneva idh±pi vutt±na½ sukhadukkhasomanassadomanass±na½ pah±na½ veditabba½.
Yadi panet±ni tassa tassa jh±nassa upac±rakkhaºeyeva pah²yanti, atha kasm± “kattha cuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, etthuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati. Kattha cuppanna½ domanassindriya½… sukhindriya½… somanassindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Etthuppanna½ somanassindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhat²”ti (sa½. ni. 5.510) eva½ jh±nesveva nirodho vuttoti? Atisayanirodhatt±. Atisayanirodho hi tesa½ paµhamajjh±n±d²su, na nirodhoyeva. Nirodhoyeva pana upac±rakkhaºe, n±tisayanirodho. Tath± hi n±n±vajjane paµhamajjh±nupac±re niruddhass±pi dukkhindriyassa ¹a½samakas±disamphassena v±, visam±sanupat±pena v± siy± uppatti, natveva anto-appan±ya½. Upac±re v± niruddhampeta½ na suµµhu niruddha½ hoti, paµipakkhena avihatatt±. Anto-appan±ya½ pana p²tipharaºena sabbo k±yo sukhokkanto hoti. Sukhokkantak±yassa ca suµµhu niruddha½ hoti dukkhindriya½, paµipakkhena vihatatt±. N±n±vajjaneyeva ca dutiyajjh±nupac±re pah²nassa domanassindriyassa yasm± eta½ vitakkavic±rapaccayepi k±yakilamathe cittupagh±te ca sati uppajjati, vitakkavic±r±bh±ve neva uppajjati; yattha pana uppajjati tattha vitakkavic±rabh±ve; appah²n± eva ca dutiyajjh±nupac±re vitakkavic±r±ti tatthassa siy± uppatti, natveva dutiyajjh±ne, pah²napaccayatt±. Tath± tatiyajjh±nupac±re pah²nass±pi sukhindriyassa p²tisamuµµh±napaº²tar³paphuµak±yassa siy± uppatti, natveva tatiyajjh±ne. Tatiyajjh±ne hi sukhassa paccayabh³t± p²ti sabbaso niruddh±ti. Tath± catutthajjh±nupac±re pah²nass±pi somanassindriyassa ±sannatt±, appan±ppatt±ya upekkh±ya abh±vena samm± anatikkantatt± ca, siy± uppatti, natveva catutthajjh±ne. Tasm± eva ca ‘etthuppanna½ dukkhindriya½ aparisesa½ nirujjhat²’ti tattha tattha aparisesaggahaºa½ katanti.
Etth±ha– ‘atheva½ tassa tassa jh±nassupac±re pah²n±pi et± vedan± idha kasm± sam±haµ±’ti? ‘Sukhaggahaºattha½’. Y± hi aya½ ‘adukkhamasukhan’ti ettha adukkhamasukh± vedan± vutt±, s± sukhum±, dubbiññeyy±, na sakk± sukhena gahetu½. Tasm± yath± n±ma duµµhassa yath± tath± v± upasaªkamitv± gahetu½ asakkuºeyyassa goºassa gahaºattha½ gopo ekasmi½ vaje sabb± g±vo sam±harati, athekeka½ n²haranto paµip±µiy± ±gata½ ‘aya½ so, gaºhatha nan’ti tampi g±h±payati; evameva bhagav± sukhagahaºattha½ sabb±pi et± sam±har²ti. Evañhi sam±haµ± et± dassetv± ya½ neva sukha½ na dukkha½, na somanassa½ na domanassa½, aya½ adukkhamasukh±vedan±ti sakk± hoti es± g±hayitu½.
Apica adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± paccayadassanatthañc±pi et± vutt±ti veditabb±. Sukhadukkhappah±n±dayo hi tass± paccay±. Yath±ha– “catt±ro kho, ±vuso, paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±. Idh±vuso bhikkhu, sukhassa ca pah±n±…pe… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, ime kho, ±vuso, catt±ro paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±”ti (ma. ni. 1.458). Yath± v± aññattha pah²n±pi sakk±yadiµµhi-±dayo tatiyamaggassa vaººabhaºanattha½ tattha pah²n±ti vutt±, eva½ vaººabhaºanatthampetassa jh±nasset± idha vutt±ti veditabb±. Paccayagh±tena v± ettha r±gados±na½ atid³rabh±va½ dassetumpet± vutt±ti veditabb±. Et±su hi sukha½ somanassassa paccayo, somanassa½ r±gassa; dukkha½ domanassassa, domanassa½ dosassa. Sukh±digh±tena ca sappaccay± r±gados± hat±ti atid³re hont²ti.
Adukkhamasukhanti dukkh±bh±vena adukkha½, sukh±bh±vena asukha½. Etenettha dukkhasukhappaµipakkhabh³ta½ tatiyavedana½ d²peti, na dukkhasukh±bh±vamatta½. Tatiyavedan± n±ma adukkhamasukh±. Upekkh±tipi vuccati. S± iµµh±niµµhavipar²t±nubhavanalakkhaº±, majjhattaras±, avibh³tapaccupaµµh±n±, sukhanirodhapadaµµh±n±ti veditabb±.
Upekkh±satip±risuddhinti upekkh±ya janitasatip±risuddhi½. Imasmiñhi jh±ne suparisuddh± sati. Y± ca tass± satiy± p±risuddhi s± upekkh±ya kat±, na aññena. Tasm± eta½ upekkh±satip±risuddh²ti vuccati. Vibhaªgepi vutta½– “aya½ sati im±ya upekkh±ya visad± hoti parisuddh± pariyod±t±, tena vuccati upekkh±satip±risuddh²”ti (vibha. 597). Y±ya ca upekkh±ya ettha sati p±risuddhi hoti s± atthato tatramajjhattat±ti veditabb±. Na kevalañcettha t±ya satiyeva parisuddh± apica kho sabbepi sampayuttadhamm±. Satis²sena pana desan± vutt±.
Tattha kiñc±pi aya½ upekkh± heµµh±pi t²su jh±nesu vijjati– yath± pana div± s³riyappabh±bhibhav± sommabh±vena ca attano upak±rakattena v± sabh±g±ya rattiy± al±bh± div± vijjam±n±pi candalekh± aparisuddh± hoti apariyod±t±– evamayampi tatramajjhattupekkh±candalekh± vitakk±dipaccan²kadhammatej±bhibhav± sabh±g±ya ca upekkh±vedan±rattiy± appaµil±bh± vijjam±n±pi paµham±dijjh±nabhedesu aparisuddh± hoti. Tass± ca aparisuddh±ya div± aparisuddhacandalekh±ya pabh± viya sahaj±t±pi sati-±dayo aparisuddh±va honti. Tasm± tesu ekampi ‘upekkh±satip±risuddh²’ti na vutta½. Idha pana vitakk±dipaccan²kadhammatej±bhibhav±bh±v± sabh±g±ya ca upekkh± vedan±rattiy± paµil±bh± aya½ tatramajjhattupekkh±candalekh± ativiya parisuddh±. Tass± parisuddhatt± parisuddhacandalekh±ya pabh± viya sahaj±t±pi sati-±dayo parisuddh± honti pariyod±t±. Tasm± idameva upekkh±satip±risuddh²ti vuttanti veditabba½.
Catutthanti gaºan±nupubbat± catuttha½. Ida½ catuttha½ sam±pajjat²tipi catuttha½. Phasso hot²ti-±d²su phassapañcake t±va vedan±ti upekkh±vedan± veditabb±. Jh±napañcaka-indriya-aµµhakesu pana upekkh± hoti upekkhindriya½ hot²ti (dha. sa. 165) vuttameva. Ses±ni tatiye parih²napad±ni idh±pi parih²n±neva. Koµµh±sav±repi duvaªgika½ jh±nanti upekkh±cittekaggat±vaseneva veditabba½. Sesa½ sabba½ tatiyasadisamev±ti.

Catukkanayo niµµhito.