Tatiyajjh±na½

163. Tatiyajjh±naniddese p²tiy± ca vir±g±ti vir±go n±ma vuttappak±r±ya p²tiy± jigucchana½ v± samatikkamo v±. Ubhinna½ pana antar± ‘ca’-saddo sampiº¹anattho. So v³pasama½ v± sampiº¹eti vitakkavic±rav³pasama½ v±. Tattha yad± v³pasamameva sampiº¹eti tad± p²tiy± vir±g± ca, kiñca bhiyyo ‘v³pasam±’ c±ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Imiss± ca yojan±ya vir±go jigucchanattho hoti. Tasm± p²tiy± jigucchan± ca v³pasam± c±ti ayamattho daµµhabbo. Yad± pana vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasama½ sampiº¹eti tad± p²tiy± ca vir±g± kiñca bhiyyo ‘vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±’ti eva½ yojan± veditabb±. Imiss± ca yojan±ya vir±go samatikkamanattho hoti, tasm± p²tiy± ca samatikkam± vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±ti ayamattho daµµhabbo.
K±mañcete vitakkavic±r± dutiyajjh±neyeva v³pasant±, imassa pana jh±nassa maggaparid²panattha½ vaººabhaºanatthañceta½ vutta½. Vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±ti hi vutte ida½ paññ±yati– n³na vitakkavic±rav³pasamo maggo imassa jh±nass±ti? Yath± ca tatiye ariyamagge appah²n±nampi sakk±yadiµµh±d²na½ “pañcanna½ orambh±giy±na½ sa½yojan±na½ pah±n±”ti (ma. ni. 2.132) eva½ pah±na½ vuccam±na½ vaººabhaºana½ hoti, tadadhigam±ya ussukk±na½ uss±hajanaka½, evameva idha av³pasant±nampi vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasamo vuccam±no vaººabhaºana½ hoti. Ten±yamattho vutto– ‘p²tiy± ca samatikkam± vitakkavic±r±nañca v³pasam±’ti.
Upekkhako ca viharat²ti– ettha upapattito ikkhat²ti upekkh±. Sama½ passati, apakkhapatit± hutv± passat²ti attho. T±ya visad±ya vipul±ya th±magat±ya samann±gatatt± tatiyajjh±nasamaªg² upekkhakoti vuccati.
Upekkh± pana dasavidh± hoti– cha¼aªgupekkh± brahmavih±rupekkh± bojjhaªgupekkh± v²riyupekkh± saªkh±rupekkh± vedanupekkh± vipassanupekkh± tatramajjhattupekkh± jh±nupekkh± p±risuddhupekkh±ti.
Tattha y± “idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± neva sumano hoti, na dummano, upekkhako ca viharati sato sampaj±no”ti (a. ni. 5.1; mah±ni. 90; c³¼ani. mettag³m±ºavapucch±niddesa 18; paµi. ma. 3.17) evam±gat± kh²º±savassa chasu dv±resu iµµh±niµµhacha¼±rammaº±p±the parisuddhapakatibh±v±vijahan±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ ‘cha¼aªgupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± pana “upekkh±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti (d². ni. 1.556; ma. ni. 1.77) evam±gat± sattesu majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ ‘brahmavih±rupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± “upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissitan”ti (ma. ni. 1.27; 3.247) evam±gat± sahaj±tadhamm±na½ majjhatt±k±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ ‘bojjhaªgupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± pana “k±lena k±la½ upekkh±nimitta½ manasi karot²”ti (a. ni. 3.103) evam±gat± anacc±raddhan±tisithilav²riyasaªkh±t± upekkh±, aya½ ‘v²riyupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± “kati saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti, kati saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjanti? Aµµha saªkh±rupekkh± samathavasena uppajjanti, dasa saªkh±rupekkh± vipassan±vasena uppajjant²”ti (paµi. ma. 1.57) evam±gat± n²varaº±dipaµisaªkh±santiµµhan±gahaºe majjhattabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ ‘saªkh±rupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± pana “yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ kusala½ citta½ uppanna½ hoti upekkh±sahagatan”ti (dha. sa. 150) evam±gat± adukkhamasukhasaªkh±t± upekkh± aya½ ‘vedanupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± “yadatthi, ya½ bh³ta½, ta½ pajahati, upekkha½ paµilabhat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.71; a. ni. 7.55) evam±gat± vicinane majjhattabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ ‘vipassanupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± pana chand±d²su yev±panakesu ±gat± sahaj±t±na½ samav±hitabh³t± upekkh± aya½, ‘tatramajjhattupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± “upekkhako ca viharat²”ti (dha. sa. 163; d². ni. 1.230) evam±gat± aggasukhepi tasmi½ apakkhap±tajanan² upekkh±, aya½ ‘jh±nupekkh±’ n±ma.
Y± “upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±nan”ti evam±gat± sabbapaccan²kaparisuddh± paccan²kav³pasamanepi aby±p±rabh³t± upekkh±, aya½ ‘p±risuddhupekkh±’ n±ma.
Tattha cha¼aªgupekkh± ca brahmavih±rupekkh± ca bojjhaªgupekkh± ca tatramajjhattupekkh± ca jh±nupekkh± ca p±risuddhupekkh± ca atthato ek± tatramajjhattupekkh±va hoti. Tena tena avatth±bhedena panass± aya½ bhedo Ekass±pi sato sattassa kum±rayuvathera sen±patir±j±divasena bhedo viya. Tasm± t±su yattha cha¼aªgupekkh± na tattha bojjhaªgupekkh±dayo, yattha v± pana bojjhaªgupekkh± na tattha cha¼aªgupekkh±dayo hont²ti veditabb±.
Yath± cet±sa½ atthato ek²bh±vo, eva½ saªkh±rupekkh±vipassanupekkh±nampi. Paññ± eva hi es± kiccavasena dvidh± bhinn±. Yath± hi purisassa s±ya½ geha½ paviµµha½ sappa½ ajapadadaº¹a½ gahetv± pariyesam±nassa ta½ thusakoµµhake nipanna½ disv± ‘sappo nu kho no’ti avalokentassa sovatthikattaya½ disv± nibbematikassa ‘sappo, na sappo’ti vicinane majjhattat± hoti; evameva y± ±raddhavipassakassa vipassan±ñ±ºena lakkhaºattaye diµµhe saªkh±r±na½ aniccabh±v±divicinane majjhattat± uppajjati, aya½ ‘vipassanupekkh±’. Yath± pana tassa purisassa ajapadadaº¹akena g±¼ha½ sappa½ gahetv± ‘kint±ha½ ima½ sappa½ aviheµhento att±nañca imin± a¹a½s±pento muñceyyan’ti muñcan±k±rameva pariyesato gahaºe majjhattat± hoti; evameva y± lakkhaºattayassa diµµhatt±, ±ditte viya tayo bhave passato, saªkh±raggahaºe majjhattat±, aya½ ‘saªkh±rupekkh±’. Iti vipassanupekkh±ya siddh±ya saªkh±rupekkh±pi siddh±va hoti. Imin± panes± vicinanaggahaºesu majjhattasaªkh±tena kiccena dvidh± bhinn±ti. Viriyupekkh± pana vedanupekkh± ca aññamaññañca avases±hi ca atthato bhinn±yev±ti.
Im±su dasasu upekkh±su ‘jh±nupekkh±’ idha adhippet±. S± majjhattalakkhaº± an±bhogaras± aby±p±rapaccupaµµh±n± p²tivir±gapadaµµh±n±ti. Etth±ha– nanu c±ya½ atthato tatramajjhattupekkh±va hoti? S± ca paµhamadutiyajjh±nesupi atthi, tasm± tatr±pi ‘upekkhako ca viharat²’ti evamaya½ vattabb± siy±. S± kasm± na vutt±ti? Aparibyattakiccato. Aparibyattañhi tass± tattha kicca½, vitakk±d²hi abhibh³tatt±. Idha pan±ya½ vitakkavic±rap²t²hi anabhibh³tatt± ukkhittasir± viya hutv± paribyattakicc± j±t±, tasm± vutt±ti.

Niµµhit± upekkhako ca viharat²ti etassa

Sabbaso atthavaººan±.

Id±ni sato ca sampaj±noti ettha sarat²ti sato. Sampaj±n±t²ti sampaj±no. Iti puggalena sati ca sampajaññañca vutta½. Tattha saraºalakkhaº± sati, asammussanaras±, ±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n±. Asammohalakkhaºa½ sampajañña½, t²raºarasa½, pavicayapaccupaµµh±na½.
Tattha kiñc±pi ida½ satisampajañña½ purimajjh±nesupi atthi– muµµhassatissa hi asampaj±nassa upac±ramattampi na sampajjati, pageva appan±– o¼±rikatt± pana tesa½ jh±n±na½, bh³miya½ viya purisassa, cittassa gati sukh± hoti, abyatta½ tattha satisampajaññakicca½. O¼±rikaªgappah±nena pana sukhumatt± imassa jh±nassa, purisassa khuradh±r±ya½ viya, satisampajaññakiccapariggahit± eva cittassa gati icchitabb±ti idheva vutta½. Kiñca bhiyyo? Yath± dhenupago vaccho dhenuto apan²to arakkhiyam±no punadeva dhenu½ upagacchati, evamida½ tatiyajjh±nasukha½ p²tito apan²tampi satisampajaññ±rakkhena arakkhiyam±na½ punadeva p²ti½ upagaccheyya, p²tisampayuttameva siy±. Sukhe v±pi satt± s±rajjanti, idañca atimadhura½ sukha½, tato para½ sukh±bh±v±. Satisampajaññ±nubh±vena panettha sukhe as±rajjan± hoti, no aññath±ti imampi atthavisesa½ dassetu½ idamidheva vuttanti veditabba½.
Id±ni sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedet²ti ettha kiñc±pi tatiyajjh±nasamaªgino sukhapaµisa½vedan±bhogo natthi, eva½ santepi yasm± tassa n±mak±yena sampayutta½ sukha½, ya½ v± ta½ n±mak±yasampayutta½ sukha½, ta½samuµµh±nenassa yasm± atipaº²tena r³pena r³pak±yo phuµo, yassa phuµatt± jh±n± vuµµhitopi sukha½ paµisa½vedeyya, tasm± etamattha½ dassento ‘sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedet²’ti ±ha.
Id±ni ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²ti ettha ya½jh±nahetu ya½jh±nak±raº± ta½ tatiyajjh±nasamaªg²puggala½ buddh±dayo ariy± “±cikkhanti desenti paññ±penti paµµhapenti vivaranti vibhajanti utt±n²karonti pak±sen”ti pasa½sant²ti adhipp±yo– kinti? ‘Upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²’ti– ta½ tatiyajjh±na½ upasampajja viharat²ti evamettha yojan± veditabb±.
Kasm± pana ta½ te eva½ pasa½sant²ti? Pasa½s±rahato. Ayañhi yasm± atimadhurasukhe sukhap±ramippattepi tatiyajjh±ne upekkhako, na tattha sukh±bhisaªgena ±ka¹¹h²yati, ‘yath± ca p²ti na uppajjati’ eva½ upaµµhitasatit±ya satim±, yasm± ca ariyakanta½ ariyajanasevitameva asa½kiliµµha½ sukha½ n±mak±yena paµisa½vedeti tasm± pasa½s±raho; iti pasa½s±rahato na½ ariy± te eva½ pasa½s±hetubh³te guºe pak±sent± ‘upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²’ti eva½ pasa½sant²ti veditabba½.
Tatiyanti gaºan±nupubbat± tatiya½. Ida½ tatiya½ sam±pajjat²tipi tatiya½. Tasmi½ samaye phasso hot²ti-±d²su jh±napañcake p²tipadampi parih²na½. Tass±pi vasena savibhattik±vibhattikapadavinicchayo veditabbo. Koµµh±sav±repi duvaªgika½ jh±na½ hot²ti ±gata½. Sesa½ dutiyajjh±nasadisamev±ti.

Tatiya½.