Chaµµhacitt±di

156-9. Chaµµhasattama-aµµham±ni dutiyatatiyacatutthesu vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni. Kevalañhi imesu vedan±parivattanañceva p²tiparih±nañca hoti. Sesa½ saddhi½ uppattinayena t±disameva. Karuº±mudit± parikammak±lepi hi imesa½ uppatti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ anuññ±t± eva. Im±ni aµµha k±m±vacarakusalacitt±ni n±ma.

Puññakiriyavatth±dikath±

T±ni sabb±nipi dasahi puññakiriyavatth³hi d²petabb±ni. Katha½? D±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu, s²lamaya½… bh±van±maya½… apacitisahagata½… veyy±vaccasahagata½… patt±nuppad±na½… abbhanumodana½… desan±maya½… savanamaya½… diµµhijukamma½ puññakiriyavatth³ti im±ni dasa puññakiriyavatth³ni n±ma. Tattha d±nameva d±namaya½. Puññakiriy± ca s± tesa½ tesa½ ±nisa½s±na½ vatthu c±ti puññakiriyavatthu. Sesesupi eseva nayo.
Tattha c²var±d²su cat³su paccayesu, r³p±d²su v± chasu ±rammaºesu, ann±d²su v± dasasu d±navatth³su, ta½ ta½ dentassa tesa½ tesa½ upp±danato paµµh±ya pubbabh±ge, paricc±gak±le, pacch± somanassacittena anussaraºak±le c±ti t²su k±lesu pavatt± cetan± ‘d±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma.
Pañcas²la½ aµµhas²la½ dasas²la½ sam±diyantassa, ‘pabbajiss±m²’ti vih±ra½ gacchantassa, pabbajantassa, ‘manoratha½ matthaka½ p±petv± pabbajito vata’mhi, ‘s±dhu s±dh³’ti ±vajjentassa, p±timokkha½ sa½varantassa, c²var±dayo paccaye paccavekkhantassa, ±p±thagatesu r³p±d²su cakkhudv±r±d²ni sa½varantassa ±j²va½ sodhentassa ca pavatt± cetan± ‘s²lamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma.
Paµisambhid±ya½ vuttena vipassan±maggena cakkhu½ aniccato dukkhato anattato bh±ventassa…pe… mana½… r³pe…pe… dhamme… cakkhuviññ±ºa½…pe… manoviññ±ºa½,… cakkhusamphassa½…pe… manosamphassa½, cakkhusamphassaja½ vedana½…pe… manosamphassaja½ vedana½, …pe… r³pasañña½…pe… jar±maraºa½ aniccato dukkhato anattato bh±ventassa pavatt± cetan±, aµµhati½s±ya v± ±rammaºesu appana½ appatt± sabb±pi cetan± ‘bh±van±maya½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma.
Mahallaka½ pana disv± paccuggamanapattac²varapaµiggahaºa-abhiv±danamaggasampad±n±divasena ‘apacitisahagata½’ veditabba½.
Vu¹¹hatar±na½ vattappaµipattikaraºavasena g±ma½ piº¹±ya paviµµha½ bhikkhu½ disv± patta½ gahetv± g±me bhikkha½ sam±dapetv± upasa½haraºavasena, ‘gaccha bhikkh³na½ patta½ ±har±’ti sutv± vegena gantv± patt±haraº±divasena ca k±yaveyy±vaµikak±le ‘veyy±vaccasahagata½’ veditabba½.
D±na½ datv± gandh±d²hi p³ja½ katv± ‘asukassa n±ma patti hot³’ti v±, ‘sabbasatt±na½ hot³’ti v± patti½ dadato ‘patt±nuppad±na½’ veditabba½. Ki½ paneva½ patti½ dadato puññakkhayo hot²ti? Na hoti. Yath± pana eka½ d²pa½ j±letv± tato d²pasahassa½ j±lentassa paµhamad²po kh²ºoti na vattabbo; purim±lokena pana saddhi½ pacchim±loko ekato hutv± atimah± hoti. Evameva patti½ dadato parih±ni n±ma natthi. Vu¹¹hiyeva pana hot²ti veditabbo.
Parehi dinn±ya pattiy± v± aññ±ya v± puññakiriy±ya ‘s±dhu s±dh³’ti anumodanavasena ‘abbhanumodana½’ veditabba½.
Eko ‘eva½ ma½ dhammakathikoti ma½ j±nissant²’ti icch±ya µhatv± l±bhagaruko hutv± deseti, ta½ na mahapphala½. Eko attano paguºa½ dhamma½ apacc±s²sam±no vimutt±yatanas²sena paresa½ deseti, ida½ ‘desan±maya½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma.
Eko suºanto ‘iti ma½ saddhoti j±nissant²’ti suº±ti, ta½ na mahapphala½. Eko ‘eva½ me mahapphala½ bhavissat²’ti hitapharaºena muducittena dhamma½ suº±ti, ida½ ‘savanamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma.
Diµµhi½ uju½ karontassa ‘diµµhijukamma½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma. D²ghabh±ºak± pan±hu– ‘diµµhijukamma½ sabbesa½ niyamalakkhaºa½, ya½kiñci puñña½ karontassa hi diµµhiy± ujukabh±veneva mahapphala½ hot²’ti.
Etesu pana puññakiriyavatth³su d±namaya½ t±va ‘d±na½ dass±m²’ti cintentassa uppajjati, d±na½ dadato uppajjati, ‘dinna½ me’ti paccavekkhantassa uppajjati. Eva½ pubbacetana½ muñcanacetana½ aparacetananti tissopi cetan± ekato katv± ‘d±namaya½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma hoti. S²lamayampi ‘s²la½ p³ress±m²’ti cintentassa uppajjati, s²lap³raºak±le uppajjati, ‘p³rita½ me’ti paccavekkhantassa uppajjati. T± sabb±pi ekato katv± ‘s²lamaya½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma hoti…pe… diµµhijukammampi ‘diµµhi½ ujuka½ kariss±m²’ti cintentassa uppajjati, diµµhi½ uju½ karontassa uppajjati, ‘diµµhi me ujuk± kat±’ti paccavekkhantassa uppajjati. T± sabb±pi ekato katv± ‘diµµhijukamma½ puññakiriyavatthu’ n±ma hoti.
Sutte pana t²ºiyeva puññakiriyavatth³ni ±gat±ni. Tesu itaresampi saªgaho veditabbo. Apacitiveyy±vacc±ni hi s²lamaye saªgaha½ gacchanti. Patt±nuppad±na-abbhanumodan±ni d±namaye. Desan±savanadiµµhijukamm±ni bh±van±maye. Ye pana ‘diµµhijukamma½ sabbesa½ niyamalakkhaºan’ti vadanti tesa½ ta½ t²supi saªgaha½ gacchati. Evamet±ni saªkhepato t²ºi hutv± vitth±rato dasa honti.
Tesu ‘d±na½ dass±m²’ti cintento aµµhanna½ k±m±vacarakusalacitt±na½ aññatareneva cinteti; dadam±nopi tesa½yeva aññatarena deti; ‘d±na½ me dinnan’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati. ‘S²la½ p³ress±m²’ti cintentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena cinteti; s²la½ p³rentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena p³reti, ‘s²la½ me p³ritan’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati. ‘Bh±vana½ bh±vess±m²’ti cintentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena cinteti; bh±ventopi tesa½yeva aññatarena bh±veti; ‘bh±van± me bh±vit±’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati.
‘Jeµµh±pacitikamma½ kariss±m²’ti cintentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena cinteti, karontopi tesa½yeva aññatarena karoti, ‘kata½ me’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati. ‘K±yaveyy±vaµikakamma½ kariss±m²’ti cintentopi, karontopi, ‘kata½ me’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati. ‘Patti½ dass±m²’ti cintentopi, dadantopi, ‘dinna½ me’ti paccavekkhantopi, ‘patti½ v± sesakusala½ v± anumodiss±m²’ti cintentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena cinteti; anumodantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena anumodati, ‘anumodita½ me’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati. ‘Dhamma½ desess±m²’ti cintentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena cinteti, desentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena deseti, ‘desito me’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati. ‘Dhamma½ soss±m²’ti cintentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena cinteti, suºantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena suº±ti, ‘suto me’ti paccavekkhantopi tesa½yeva aññatarena paccavekkhati. ‘Diµµhi½ ujuka½ kariss±m²’ti cintentopi tesa½yeva aññatarena cinteti, uju½ karonto pana catunna½ ñ±ºasampayutt±na½ aññatarena karoti, ‘diµµhi me ujuk± kat±’ti paccavekkhanto aµµhanna½ aññatarena paccavekkhati.
Imasmi½ µh±ne catt±ri anant±ni n±ma gahit±ni. Catt±ri hi anant±ni– ±k±so ananto, cakkav±¼±ni anant±ni, sattanik±yo ananto, buddhaññ±ºa½ ananta½. ¾k±sassa hi puratthim±ya dis±ya v± pacchimuttaradakkhiº±su v± ettak±ni v± yojanasat±ni ettak±ni v± yojanasahass±n²ti paricchedo natthi. Sinerumattampi ayok³µa½ pathavi½ dvidh± katv± heµµh± khitta½ bhassetheva, no patiµµha½ labhetha, eva½ ±k±sa½ ananta½ n±ma.
Cakkav±¼±nampi satehi v± sahassehi v± paricchedo natthi. Sacepi hi akaniµµhabhavane nibbatt±, da¼hath±madhanuggahassa lahukena sarena tiriya½ t±lacch±ya½ atikkamanamattena k±lena cakkav±¼asatasahassa½ atikkamanasamatthena javena samann±gat± catt±ro mah±brahm±no ‘cakkav±¼apariyanta½ passiss±m±’ti tena javena dh±veyyu½, cakkav±¼apariyanta½ adisv±va parinibb±yeyyu½, eva½ cakkav±¼±ni anant±ni n±ma.
Ettakesu pana cakkav±¼esu udakaµµhakathalaµµhakasatt±na½ pam±ºa½ natthi. Eva½ sattanik±yo ananto n±ma. Tatopi buddhañ±ºa½ anantameva.
Eva½ aparim±ºesu cakkav±¼esu aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ k±m±vacarasomanassasahagatañ±ºasampayutta-asaªkh±rikakusalacitt±ni ekassa bah³ni uppajjanti. Bah³nampi bah³ni uppajjanti. T±ni sabb±nipi k±m±vacaraµµhena somanassasahagataµµhena ñ±ºasampayuttaµµhena asaªkh±rikaµµhena ekatta½ gacchanti. Ekameva somanassasahagata½ tihetuka½ asaªkh±rika½ mah±citta½ hoti. Tath± sasaªkh±rika½ mah±citta½…pe… tath± upekkh±sahagata½ ñ±ºavippayutta½ dvihetuka½ sasaªkh±rikacittanti. Eva½ sabb±nipi aparim±ºesu cakkav±¼esu aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ uppajjam±n±ni k±m±vacarakusalacitt±ni samm±sambuddho mah±tul±ya tulayam±no viya, tumbe pakkhipitv± minam±no viya, sabbaññutaññ±ºena paricchinditv± ‘aµµhevet±n²’ti sarikkhaµµhena aµµheva koµµh±se katv± dassesi.
Puna imasmi½ µh±ne chabbidhena puññ±y³hana½ n±ma gahita½. Puññañhi atthi saya½k±ra½ atthi para½k±ra½, atthi s±hatthika½ atthi ±ºattika½, atthi sampaj±nakata½ atthi asampaj±nakatanti.
Tattha attano dhammat±ya kata½ ‘saya½k±ra½’ n±ma. Para½ karonta½ disv± kata½ ‘para½k±ra½’ n±ma. Sahatthena kata½ ‘s±hatthika½’ n±ma. ¾º±petv± k±rita½ ‘±ºattika½’ n±ma. Kammañca phalañca saddahitv± kata½ ‘sampaj±nakata½’ n±ma. Kammampi phalampi aj±nitv± kata½ ‘asampaj±nakata½’ n±ma. Tesu saya½k±ra½ karontopi imesa½ aµµhanna½ kusalacitt±na½ aññatareneva karoti. Para½k±ra½ karontopi, sahatthena karontopi, ±º±petv± karontopi imesa½ aµµhanna½ kusalacitt±na½ aññatareneva karoti. Sampaj±nakaraºa½ pana cat³hi ñ±ºasampayuttehi hoti. Asampaj±nakaraºa½ cat³hi ñ±ºavippayuttehi.
Apar±pi imasmi½ µh±ne catasso dakkhiº±visuddhiyo gahit±– paccay±na½ dhammikat±, cetan±mahatta½, vatthusampatti, guº±tirekat±ti. Tattha dhammena samena uppann± paccay± ‘dhammik±’ n±ma. Saddahitv± okappetv± dadato pana ‘cetan±mahatta½’ n±ma hoti. Kh²º±savabh±vo ‘vatthusampatti’ n±ma. Kh²º±savasseva nirodh± vuµµhitabh±vo ‘guº±tirekat±’ n±ma. Im±ni catt±ri samodh±netv± d±tu½ sakkontassa k±m±vacara½ kusala½ imasmi½yeva attabh±ve vip±ka½ deti. Puººakaseµµhik±kavaliyasumanam±l±k±r±d²na½ (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.225 puººad±s²vatthu) (dha. pa. aµµha. 1.67 sumanam±l±k±ravatthu) viya.
Saªkhepato paneta½ sabbampi k±m±vacarakusalacitta½ ‘cittan’ti karitv± cittavicittaµµhena ekameva hoti. Vedan±vasena somanassasahagata½ upekkh±sahagatanti duvidha½ hoti. ѱºavibhattidesan±vasena catubbidha½ hoti. Somanassasahagata½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ asaªkh±rika½ mah±cittañhi upekkh±sahagata½ ñ±ºasampayutta½ asaªkh±rika½ mah±cittañca ñ±ºasampayuttaµµhena asaªkh±rikaµµhena ca ekameva hoti. Tath± ñ±ºasampayutta½ sasaªkh±rika½, ñ±ºavippayutta½ asaªkh±rika½, ñ±ºavippayutta½ sasaªkh±rikañc±ti. Eva½ ñ±ºavibhattidesan±vasena catubbidhe panetasmi½ asaªkh±rasasaªkh±ravibhattito catt±ri asaªkh±rik±ni catt±ri sasaªkh±rik±n²ti aµµheva kusalacitt±ni honti. T±ni y±th±vato ñatv± bhagav± sabbaññ³ gaº²varo muniseµµho ±cikkhati deseti paññapeti paµµhapeti vivarati vibhajati utt±n²karot²ti.

Aµµhas±liniy± dhammasaªgahaµµhakath±ya

K±m±vacarakusalaniddeso samatto.