“Vividhavisesanayatt± vinayanato ceva k±yav±c±na½;
vinayatthavid³hi aya½, vinayo vinayoti akkh±to”ti.
Itara½ pana–
Atth±na½ s³canato, suvuttato savanatotha s³danato;
sutt±º± suttasabh±gato ca ‘suttan’ti akkh±ta½.
Tañhi attatthaparatth±dibhede atthe s³ceti. Suvutt± cettha atth± veneyyajjh±say±nulomena vuttatt±. Savati ceta½ atthe, sassamiva phala½, pasavat²ti vutta½ hoti. S³dati ceta½, dhenu viya kh²ra½, paggharat²ti vutta½ hoti. Suµµhu ca ne t±yati rakkhat²ti vutta½ hoti. Suttasabh±gañceta½. Yath± hi tacchak±na½ sutta½ pam±ºa½ hoti evametampi viññ³na½. Yath± ca suttena saªgahit±ni pupph±ni na vikiriyanti na viddha½siyanti evametena saªgahit± atth±. Tenetametassa vacanatthakosallattha½ vutta½–
“Atth±na½ s³canato, suvuttato savanatotha s³danato;
sutt±º± suttasabh±gato ca suttanti akkh±tan”ti.
Abhidhammassa vacanattho vuttoyeva. Aparo nayo–
Ya½ ettha vu¹¹himanto, salakkhaº± p³jit± paricchinn±;
vutt±dhik± ca dhamm±, abhidhammo tena akkh±to.
Ayañhi abhisaddo vu¹¹hilakkhaºap³jitaparicchinn±dhikesu dissati. Tath± hesa “b±¼h± me dukkh± vedan± abhikkamanti, no paµikkamant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.384; sa½. ni. 5.195) vu¹¹hiya½ ±gato. “Y± t± rattiyo abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.49) lakkhaºe. “R±j±bhir±j± manujindo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.399; su. ni. 558) p³jite. “Paµibalo vinetu½ abhidhamme abhivinaye”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 85) paricchinne; aññamaññasaªkaravirahite dhamme ca vinaye c±ti vutta½ hoti. “Abhikkantena vaººen±”ti-±d²su (vi. va. 75) adhike.
Ettha ca “r³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±veti mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 163 ±dayo) nayena vu¹¹himantopi dhamm± vutt±. “R³p±rammaºa½ v± sadd±rammaºa½ v±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) nayena ±rammaº±d²hi lakkhaº²yatt± salakkhaº±pi. “Sekkh± dhamm±, asekkh± dhamm±, lokuttar± dhamm±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 11; dukam±tik± 12) nayena p³jit±pi; p³j±rah±ti adhipp±yo. “Phasso hoti, vedan± hot²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) nayena sabh±vaparicchinnatt± paricchinn±pi. “Mahaggat± dhamm±, appam±º± dhamm±, anuttar± dhamm±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 12; dukam±tik± 99) nayena adhik±pi dhamm± vutt±. Tenetametassa vacanatthakosallattha½ vutta½–
“Ya½ ettha vu¹¹himanto, salakkhaº± p³jit± paricchinn±;
vutt±dhik± ca dhamm±, abhidhammo tena akkh±to”ti.
Ya½ panettha avisiµµha½, ta½–
Piµaka½ piµakatthavid³, pariyattibbh±janatthato ±hu;
tena samodh±netv±, tayopi vinay±dayo ñeyy±.
Pariyattipi hi “m± piµakasampad±nen±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.66) piµakanti vuccati. “Atha puriso ±gaccheyya kud±lapiµaka½±d±y±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.228; a. ni. 3.70) ya½kiñci bh±janampi. Tasm± piµaka½ piµakatthavid³ pariyattibh±janatthato ±hu.
Id±ni tena samodh±netv± tayopi vinay±dayo ñeyy±ti. Tena eva½ duvidhatthena piµakasaddena saha sam±sa½ katv± vinayo ca so piµakañca pariyattibh±vato, tassa tassa atthassa bh±janato c±ti vinayapiµaka½. Yath±vutteneva nayena suttantañca ta½ piµakañc±ti suttantapiµaka½. Abhidhammo ca so piµakañc±ti abhidhammapiµakanti evamete tayopi vinay±dayo ñeyy±.
Eva½ ñatv± ca punapi tesveva piµakesu n±nappak±rakosallattha½–
Desan±s±sanakath±bheda½ tesu yath±raha½;
sikkh±pah±nagambh²rabh±vañca parid²paye;
pariyattibheda½ sampatti½, vipattiñc±pi ya½ yahi½;
p±puº±ti yath± bhikkhu, tampi sabba½ vibh±vaye.
Tatr±ya½ parid²pan± vibh±van± ca– et±ni hi t²ºi piµak±ni yath±kkama½ ±º±voh±raparamatthadesan±, yath±par±dhayath±nulomayath±dhammas±san±ni, sa½var±sa½varadiµµhiviniveµhanan±mar³paparicchedakath±ti ca vuccanti.
Ettha hi vinayapiµaka½ ±º±rahena bhagavat± ±º±b±hullato desitatt± ±º±desan±; suttantapiµaka½ voh±rakusalena bhagavat± voh±rab±hullato desitatt± voh±radesan±; abhidhammapiµaka½ paramatthakusalena bhagavat± paramatthab±hullato desitatt± paramatthadesan±ti vuccati.
Tath± paµhama½ ye te pacur±par±dh± satt± te yath±par±dha½ ettha s±sit±ti yath±par±dhas±sana½; dutiya½ anekajjh±say±nusayacariy±dhimuttik± satt± yath±nuloma½ ettha s±sit±ti yath±nulomas±sana½; tatiya½ dhammapuñjamatte ‘aha½ mam±’ti saññino satt± yath±dhamma½ ettha s±sit±ti yath±dhammas±sananti vuccati.
Tath± paµhama½ ajjh±c±rapaµipakkhabh³to sa½var±sa½varo ettha kathitoti sa½var±sa½varakath±; sa½var±sa½varoti khuddako ceva mahanto ca sa½var±sa½varo, kamm±kamma½ viya ca phal±phala½ viya ca; dutiya½ dv±saµµhidiµµhipaµipakkhabh³t± diµµhiviniveµhan± ettha kathit±ti diµµhiviniveµhanakath±; tatiya½ r±g±dipaµipakkhabh³to n±mar³paparicchedo ettha kathitoti n±mar³paparicchedakath±ti vuccati.
T²supi cetesu tisso sikkh± t²ºi pah±n±ni catubbidho ca gambh²rabh±vo veditabbo. Tath± hi vinayapiµake visesena adhis²lasikkh± vutt±, suttantapiµake adhicittasikkh±, abhidhammapiµake adhipaññ±sikkh±.
Vinayapiµake ca v²tikkamappah±na½ kiles±na½ v²tikkamapaµipakkhatt± s²lassa; suttantapiµake pariyuµµh±nappah±na½, pariyuµµh±napaµipakkhatt± sam±dhissa; abhidhammapiµake anusayappah±na½, anusayapaµipakkhatt± paññ±ya.
Paµhame ca tadaªgappah±na½ kiles±na½, itaresu vikkhambhanasamucchedappah±n±ni. Paµhame ca duccaritasa½kilesassa pah±na½, itaresu taºh±diµµhisa½kiles±na½ pah±na½.
Ekamekasmiñcettha catubbidhopi dhammatthadesan±paµivedhagambh²rabh±vo veditabbo– tattha dhammoti tanti. Atthoti tass±yevattho. Desan±ti tass± manas± vavatth±pit±ya tantiy± desan±. Paµivedhoti tantiy± tanti-atthassa ca yath±bh³t±vabodho. T²supi cetesu ete dhammatthadesan±paµivedh±. Yasm± sas±d²hi viya mah±samuddo mandabuddh²hi dukkhog±h± alabbhaneyyapatiµµh± ca tasm± gambh²r±. Eva½ ekamekasmi½ ettha catubbidhopi gambh²rabh±vo veditabbo.
Aparo nayo– dhammoti hetu. Vuttañheta½– “hetumhi ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”ti (vibha. 720). Atthoti hetuphala½. Vuttañheta½– “hetuphale ñ±ºa½ atthapaµisambhid±”ti (vibha. 720). Desan±ti paññatti, yath±dhamma½ dhamm±bhil±poti adhipp±yo; anulomapaµilomasaªkhepavitth±r±divasena v± kathana½. Paµivedhoti abhisamayo. So ca lokiyalokuttaro. Visayato ca asammohato ca; atth±nur³pa½ dhammesu, dhamm±nur³pa½ atthesu, paññattipath±nur³pa½ paññatt²su avabodho. Tesa½ tesa½ v± tattha tattha vuttadhamm±na½ paµivijjhitabbo salakkhaºasaªkh±to avipar²tasabh±vo.
Id±ni yasm± etesu piµakesu ya½ ya½ dhammaj±ta½ v± atthaj±ta½ v± y± c±ya½ yath± yath± ñ±petabbo attho sot³na½ ñ±ºassa abhimukho hoti tath± tath± tadatthajotik± desan±, yo cettha avipar²t±vabodhasaªkh±to paµivedho tesa½ tesa½ v± dhamm±na½ paµivijjhitabbo salakkhaºasaªkh±to avipar²tasabh±vo– sabbampeta½ anupacitakusalasambh±rehi duppaññehi, sas±d²hi viya mah±samuddo, dukkhog±ha½ alabbhaneyyapatiµµhañca, tasm± gambh²ra½. Evampi ekamekasmi½ ettha catubbidhopi gambh²rabh±vo veditabbo. Ett±vat± ca–
Desan±s±sanakath±bheda½ tesu yath±raha½;
sikkh±pah±nagambh²rabh±vañca parid²payeti–
Aya½ g±th± vuttatth± hoti.
Pariyattibheda½ sampatti½, vipattiñc±pi ya½ yahi½;
p±puº±ti yath± bhikkhu, tampi sabba½ vibh±vayeti.
Ettha pana t²su piµakesu tividho pariyattibhedo daµµhabbo. Tisso hi pariyattiyo– alagadd³pam± nissaraºatth± bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatt²ti.
Tattha y± duggahit± up±rambh±dihetu pariy±puµ± aya½ alagadd³pam±. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso alagaddatthiko alagaddagaves² alagaddapariyesana½ caram±no, so passeyya mahanta½ alagadda½, tamena½ bhoge v± naªguµµhe v± gaºheyya, tassa so alagaddo paµiparivattitv± hatthe v± b±h±ya v± aññatarasmi½ v± aªgapaccaªge ¹a½seyya, so tato nid±na½ maraºa½ v± nigaccheyya maraºamatta½ v± dukkha½. Ta½ kissa hetu? Duggahitatt±, bhikkhave, alagaddassa. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, idhekacce moghapuris± dhamma½ pariy±puºanti sutta½…pe… vedalla½, te ta½ dhamma½ pariy±puºitv± tesa½ dhamm±na½ paññ±ya attha½ na upaparikkhanti, tesa½ te dhamm± paññ±ya attha½ anupaparikkhata½ na nijjh±na½ khamanti, te up±rambh±nisa½s± ceva dhamma½ pariy±puºanti itiv±dappamokkh±nisa½s± ca. Yassa catth±ya dhamma½ pariy±puºanti tañcassa attha½ n±nubhonti. Tesa½ te dhamm± duggahit± d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Duggahitatt±, bhikkhave, dhamm±nan”ti (ma. ni. 1.238).
Y± pana suggahit± s²lakkhandh±dip±rip³ri½yeva ±kaªkham±nena pariy±puµ± na up±rambh±dihetu, aya½ nissaraºatth±. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “tesa½ te dhamm± suggahit± d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Suggahitatt±, bhikkhave, dhamm±nan”ti (ma. ni. 1.239).
Ya½ pana pariññ±takkhandho pah²nakileso bh±vitamaggo paµividdh±kuppo sacchikatanirodho kh²º±savo kevala½ paveºip±lanatth±ya va½s±nurakkhaºatth±ya pariy±puº±ti, aya½ bhaº¹±g±rikapariyatt²ti.
Vinaye pana suppaµipanno bhikkhu s²lasampada½ niss±ya tisso vijj± p±puº±ti, t±sa½yeva ca tattha pabhedavacanato. Sutte suppaµipanno sam±dhisampada½ niss±ya cha¼abhiññ± p±puº±ti, t±sa½yeva ca tattha pabhedavacanato. Abhidhamme suppaµipanno paññ±sampada½ niss±ya catasso paµisambhid± p±puº±ti t±sañca tattheva pabhedavacanato. Evametesu suppaµipanno yath±kkamena ima½ vijj±ttayacha¼abhiññ±catupaµisambhid±ppabheda½ sampatti½ p±puº±ti.
Vinaye pana duppaµipanno anuññ±tasukhasamphassa-attharaºap±vuraº±diphassas±maññato paµikkhittesu up±dinnakaphass±d²su anavajjasaññ² hoti. Vuttañheta½– “tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi, yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”ti (p±ci. 417; ma. ni. 1.234). Tato duss²labh±va½ p±puº±ti. Sutte duppaµipanno “catt±rome, bhikkhave, puggal± santo sa½vijjam±n± lokasmin”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 4.5) adhipp±ya½ aj±nanto duggahita½ gaºh±ti. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “attan± duggahitena amhe ceva abbh±cikkhati att±nañca khanati bahuñca apuñña½ pasavat²”ti (p±ci. 417; ma. ni. 1.236). Tato micch±diµµhita½ p±puº±ti. Abhidhamme duppaµipanno dhammacinta½ atidh±vanto acinteyy±nipi cinteti, tato cittakkhepa½ p±puº±ti. Vuttañheta½– “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, acinteyy±ni, na cintetabb±ni, y±ni cintento umm±dassa vigh±tassa bh±g² ass±”ti (a. ni. 4.77). Evametesu duppaµipanno yath±kkamena ima½ duss²labh±vamicch±diµµhit±cittakkhepappabheda½ vipatti½ p±puº±t²ti. Ett±vat± ca–