Koµµh±sav±ro

58-120. Id±ni tasmi½ kho pana samaye catt±ro khandh± hont²ti saŖgahav±ro ±raddho. So uddesaniddesapaµiniddes±na½ vasena tividho hoti. Tattha ‘tasmi½ kho pana samaye catt±ro khandh±’ti evam±diko uddeso. Katame tasmi½ samaye catt±ro khandh±’ti-±diko niddeso. Katamo tasmi½ samaye vedan±kkhandhoti-±diko paµiniddesoti veditabbo.
Tattha uddesav±re catt±ro khandh±ti-±dayo tev²sati koµµh±s± honti. Tesa½ evamattho veditabbo– yasmi½ samaye k±m±vacara½ paµhama½ mah±kusalacitta½ uppajjati, ye tasmi½ samaye cittaŖgavasena uppann±, µhapetv± yev±panake, p±¼i-±ru¼h± atirekapaŗŗ±sadhamm±, te sabbepi saŖgayham±n± r±saµµhena catt±rova khandh± honti Heµµh± vuttena ±yatanaµµhena dve ±yatan±ni honti. Sabh±vaµµhena suńńataµµhena nissattaµµhena dveva dh±tuyo honti. PaccayasaŖkh±tena ±h±raµµhena tayovettha dhamm± ±h±r± honti. Avases± no ±h±r±.
‘Ki½ panete ańńamańńa½ v± ta½samuµµh±nar³passa v± paccay± na hont²’ti? ‘No na honti. Ime pana tath± ca honti, ańńath± c±ti sam±nepi paccayatte atirekapaccay± honti, tasm± ±h±r±ti vutt±. Katha½? Etesu hi phass±h±ro, yesa½ dhamm±na½ avases± cittacetasik± paccay± honti, tesańca paccayo hoti, tisso ca vedan± ±harati. Manosańcetan±h±ro tesańca paccayo hoti tayo ca bhave ±harati. Vińń±ŗ±h±ro tesańca paccayo hoti paµisandhin±mar³pańca ±harat²’ti. ‘Nanu ca so vip±kova ida½ pana kusalavińń±ŗan’ti? ‘Kińc±pi kusalavińń±ŗa½, ta½sarikkhat±ya pana vińń±ŗ±h±ro’tveva vutta½. Upatthambhakaµµhena v± ime tayo ±h±r±ti vutt±. Ime hi sampayuttadhamm±na½, kaba¼²k±r±h±ro viya r³pak±yassa, upatthambhakapaccay± honti. Teneva vutta½– “ar³pino ±h±r± sampayuttak±na½ dhamm±na½ ta½samuµµh±n±nańca r³p±na½ ±h±rapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.15).
Aparo nayo– ajjhattikasantatiy± visesapaccayatt± kaba¼²k±r±h±ro ca ime ca tayo dhamm± ±h±r±ti vutt±. Visesapaccayo hi kaba¼²k±r±h±rabhakkh±na½ satt±na½ r³pak±yassa kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro; n±mak±ye vedan±ya phasso, vińń±ŗassa manosańcetan±, n±mar³passa vińń±ŗa½. Yath±ha–
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, aya½ k±yo ±h±raµµhitiko, ±h±ra½ paµicca tiµµhati, an±h±ro no tiµµhati” (sa½. ni. 5.183). Tath± phassapaccay± vedan±, saŖkh±rapaccay± vińń±ŗa½, vińń±ŗapaccay± n±mar³panti (sa½. ni. 2.1).
Adhipatiyaµµhena pana aµµheva dhamm± indriy±ni honti, na avases±. Tena vutta½– aµµhindriy±ni hont²ti. Upanijjh±yanaµµhena pańceva dhamm± jh±naŖg±ni honti. Tena vutta½– pańcaŖgika½ jh±na½ hot²ti.
Niyy±naµµhena ca hetvaµµhena ca pańceva dhamm± maggaŖg±ni honti. Tena vutta½– pańcaŖgiko maggo hot²ti. Kińc±pi hi aµµhaŖgiko ariyamaggo, lokiyacitte pana ekakkhaŗe tisso viratiyo na labbhanti, tasm± pańcaŖgikoti vutto. ‘Nanu ca “yath±gatamaggoti kho, bhikkhu, ariyasseta½ aµµhaŖgikassa maggassa adhivacanan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.245) imasmi½ sutte ‘yatheva lokuttaramaggo aµµhaŖgiko, pubbabh±gavipassan±maggopi tatheva aµµhaŖgiko’ti yath±gatavacanena imassatthassa d²pitatt±, lokiyamaggen±pi aµµhaŖgikena bhavitabbanti? Na bhavitabba½ Ayańhi suttantikadesan± n±ma pariy±yadesan±. Ten±ha– “pubbeva kho panassa k±yakamma½ vac²kamma½ ±j²vo suparisuddho hot²”ti (ma. ni. 3.431). Aya½ pana nippariy±yadesan±. Lokiyacittasmińhi tisso viratiyo ekakkhaŗe na labbhanti, tasm± ‘pańcaŖgiko’va vuttoti.
Akampiyaµµhena pana satteva dhamm± bal±ni honti. M³laµµhena tayova dhamm± het³. Phusanaµµhena ekova dhammo phasso. Vedayitaµµhena ekova dhammo vedan±. Sańj±nanaµµhena ekova dhammo sańń±. Cetayanaµµhena ekova dhammo cetan±. Cittavicittaµµhena ekova dhammo citta½. R±saµµhena ceva vedayitaµµhena ca ekova dhammo vedan±kkhandho. R±saµµhena ca sańj±nanaµµhena ca ekova dhammo sańń±kkhandho. R±saµµhena ca abhisaŖkharaŗaµµhena ca ekova dhammo saŖkh±rakkhandho. R±saµµhena ca cittavicittaµµhena ca ekova dhammo vińń±ŗakkhandho. Vij±nanaµµhena ceva heµµh± vutta-±yatanaµµhena ca ekameva man±yatana½. Vij±nanaµµhena ca adhipatiyaµµhena ca ekameva manindriya½. Vij±nanaµµhena ca sabh±vasuńńatanissattaµµhena ca ekova dhammo manovińń±ŗadh±tu n±ma hoti, na avases±. Żhapetv± pana citta½, yath±vuttena atthena avases± sabbepi dhamm± eka½ dhamm±yatanameva, ek± ca dhammadh±tuyeva hot²ti.
Ye v± pana tasmi½ samayeti imin± pana appan±v±rena idh±pi heµµh± vutt± yev±panak±va saŖgahit±. Yath± ca idha eva½ sabbattha Ito parańhi ettakampi na vic±rayiss±ma. Niddesapaµiniddesav±resu heµµh± vuttanayeneva attho veditabboti.

SaŖgahav±ro niµµhito.

Koµµh±sav±rotipi etasseva n±ma½.