Balar±sivaººan±

Saddh±bal±d²supi saddh±d²ni vuttatth±neva. Akampiyaµµhena pana balanti veditabba½. Evametesu assaddhiye na kampat²ti saddh±bala½. Kosajje na kampat²ti v²riyabala½. Muµµhassacce na kampat²ti satibala½. Uddhacce na kampat²ti sam±dhibala½. Avijj±ya na kampat²ti paññ±bala½. Ahirike na kampat²ti hiribala½ Anottappe na kampat²ti ottappabalanti. Aya½ ubhayapadavasena atthavaººan± hoti.
Tattha purim±ni pañca heµµh± lakkhaº±d²hi pak±sit±neva. Pacchimadvaye k±yaduccarit±d²hi hiriyat²ti hir²; lajj±yeta½ adhivacana½. Tehi eva ottappat²ti ottappa½; p±pato ubbegasseta½ adhivacana½. Tesa½ n±n±karaºad²panattha½ ‘samuµµh±na½ adhipati lajj± bhayalakkhaºena c±’ti ima½ m±tika½ µhapetv± aya½ vitth±rakath± vutt±.
Ajjhattasamuµµh±n± hir² n±ma; bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½ n±ma. Att±dhipati hir² n±ma; lok±dhipati ottappa½ n±ma. Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit± hir² n±ma; bhayasabh±vasaºµhita½ ottappa½ n±ma. Sappatissavalakkhaº± hir² n±ma; vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappa½ n±ma.
Tattha ajjhattasamuµµh±na½ hiri½ cat³hi k±raºehi samuµµh±peti– j±ti½ paccavekkhitv±, vaya½ paccavekkhitv±, s³rabh±va½ paccavekkhitv±, b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv±. Katha½? ‘P±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ na j±tisampann±na½ kamma½, h²najacc±na½ kevaµµ±d²na½ ida½ kamma½. M±disassa j±tisampannassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan’ti, eva½ t±va j±ti½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± ‘p±pakaraºa½ n±meta½ daharehi kattabba½ kamma½, m±disassa vaye µhitassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan’ti, eva½ vaya½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± ‘p±pakamma½ n±meta½ dubbalaj±tik±na½ kamma½, na s³rabh±v±na½. M±disassa s³rabh±vasampannassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan’ti, eva½ s³rabh±va½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Tath± ‘p±pakamma½ n±meta½ andhab±l±na½ kamma½, na paº¹it±na½. M±disassa paº¹itassa bahussutassa ida½ kamma½ k±tu½ na yuttan’ti, eva½ b±husacca½ paccavekkhitv± p±º±tip±t±dip±pa½ akaronto hiri½ samuµµh±peti. Eva½ ajjhattasamuµµh±nahiri½ cat³hi k±raºehi samuµµh±peti. Samuµµh±petv± ca pana attano citte hiri½ pavesetv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Eva½ ajjhattasamuµµh±n± hir² n±ma hoti.
Katha½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½ n±ma? Sace tva½ p±pakamma½ karissasi cat³su paris±su garahappatto bhavissasi.
Garahissanti ta½ viññ³, asuci½ n±gariko yath±;
vajjito s²lavantehi, katha½ bhikkhu karissas²ti.
Eva½ paccavekkhanto hi bahiddh±samuµµhitena ottappena p±pakamma½ na karoti. Eva½ bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½ n±ma hoti.
Katha½ att±dhipati hir² n±ma? Idhekacco kulaputto att±na½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± ‘m±disassa saddh±pabbajitassa bahussutassa dhutaªgadharassa na yutta½ p±pakamma½ k±tun’ti p±pa½ na karoti. Eva½ att±dhipati hir² n±ma hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “so att±na½yeva adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ karitv± akusala½ pajahati kusala½ bh±veti, s±vajja½ pajahati anavajja½ bh±veti, suddhamatt±na½ pariharat²”ti (a. ni. 3.40).
Katha½ lok±dhipati ottappa½ n±ma? Idhekacco kulaputto loka½ adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Yath±ha– “mah± kho pan±ya½ lokasanniv±so. Mahantasmi½ kho pana lokasanniv±se santi samaºabr±hmaº± iddhimanto dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduno, te d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ paj±nanti, tepima½ eva½ j±nissanti ‘passatha bho ima½ kulaputta½, saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiººo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti. Santi devat± iddhimantiniyo dibbacakkhuk± paracittaviduniyo. T± d³ratopi passanti, ±sann±pi na dissanti, cetas±pi citta½ paj±nanti, t±pi ma½ j±nissanti ‘passatha bho ima½ kulaputta½, saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito sam±no vokiººo viharati p±pakehi akusalehi dhammeh²’ti… so loka½yeva adhipati½ jeµµhaka½ katv± akusala½ pajahati kusala½ bh±veti, s±vajja½ pajahati anavajja½ bh±veti, suddhamatt±na½ pariharat²”ti (a. ni. 3.146). Eva½ lok±dhipati ottappa½ n±ma hoti.
Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit± hir², bhayasabh±vasaºµhita½ ottappanti. Ettha pana lajj±ti lajjan±k±ro; tena sabh±vena saºµhit± hir². Bhayanti ap±yabhaya½; tena sabh±vena saºµhita½ ottappa½. Tadubhayampi p±paparivajjane p±kaµa½ hoti. Ekacco hi, yath± n±ma eko kulaputto ucc±rapass±v±d²ni karonto lajjitabbayuttaka½ eka½ disv± lajjan±k±rappatto bhaveyya h²¼ito, evameva ajjhatta½ lajjidhamma½ okkamitv± p±pakamma½ na karoti. Ekacco ap±yabhayabh²to hutv± p±pakamma½ na karoti.
Tatrida½ opamma½– yath± hi dv²su ayogu¼esu eko s²talo bhaveyya g³thamakkhito, eko uºho ±ditto. Tattha paº¹ito s²tala½ g³thamakkhitatt± jigucchanto na gaºh±ti, itara½ ¹±habhayena. Tattha s²talassa g³thamakkhanajigucch±ya agaºhana½ viya ajjhatta½ lajjidhamma½ okkamitv± p±passa akaraºa½. Uºhassa ¹±habhayena agaºhana½ viya ap±yabhayena p±passa akaraºa½ veditabba½.
Sappatissavalakkhaº± hir², vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappanti. Idampi dvaya½ p±paparivajjane eva p±kaµa½ hoti. Ekacco hi j±timahattapaccavekkhaº± satthumahattapaccavekkhaº± d±yajjamahattapaccavekkhaº± sabrahmac±r²mahattapaccavekkhaº±ti cat³hi k±raºehi sappatissavalakkhaºa½ hiri½ samuµµh±petv± p±pa½ na karoti. Ekacco att±nuv±dabhaya½ par±nuv±dabhaya½ daº¹abhaya½ duggatibhayanti cat³hi k±raºehi vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºa½ ottappa½ samuµµh±petv± p±pa½ na karoti. Tattha j±timahattapaccavekkhaº±d²ni ceva att±nuv±dabhay±d²ni ca vitth±retv± kathetabb±ni.