Indriyar±sivaººan±

Saddahanti et±ya, saya½ v± saddahati, saddahanamattameva v± es±ti saddh±. S±va assaddhiyassa abhibhavanato adhipatiyaµµhena indriya½. Adhimokkhalakkhaºe v± indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. Saddh±va indriya½ saddhindriya½. S± panes± sampas±danalakkhaº± ca saddh± sampakkhandanalakkhaº± ca.
Yath± hi rañño cakkavattissa udakappas±dako maºi udake pakkhitto paªkasev±lapaºakakaddama½ sannis²d±peti, udaka½ accha½ karoti vippasanna½ an±vila½, evameva saddh± uppajjam±n± n²varaºe vikkhambheti, kilese sannis²d±peti, citta½ pas±deti, an±vila½ karoti. Pasannena cittena yog±vacaro kulaputto d±na½ deti, s²la½ sam±diyati, uposathakamma½ karoti, bh±vana½ ±rabhati. Eva½ t±va saddh± sampas±danalakkhaº±ti veditabb±. Ten±ha ±yasm± n±gaseno
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, r±j± cakkavatti caturaªginiy± sen±ya saddhi½ addh±namaggappaµipanno paritta½ udaka½ tareyya, ta½ udaka½ hatth²hi ca assehi ca rathehi ca patt²hi ca saªkhubhita½ bhaveyya ±vila½ lulita½ kalal²bh³ta½, uttiººo ca r±j± cakkavatti manusse ±º±peyya ‘p±n²ya½ bhaºe ±haratha, ta½ piviss±m²’ti. Rañño ca udakappas±dako maºi bhaveyya. ‘Eva½ dev±’ti kho te manuss± rañño cakkavattissa paµissutv± ta½ udakappas±daka½ maºi½ udake pakkhipeyyu½. Tasmi½ udake pakkhittamatte paªkasev±lapaºaka½ vigaccheyya, kaddamo ca sannis²deyya, accha½ bhaveyya udaka½ vippasanna½ an±vila½, tato rañño cakkavattissa p±n²ya½ upan±meyyu½– ‘pivatu devo p±n²yan’ti.
“Yath± mah±r±ja, udaka½ eva½ citta½ daµµhabba½. Yath± te manuss± eva½ yog±vacaro daµµhabbo. Yath± paªkasev±lapaºaka½ kaddamo ca eva½ kiles± daµµhabb±. Yath± udakappas±dako maºi eva½ saddh± daµµhabb±. Yath± udakappas±dake maºimhi pakkhittamatte paªkasev±lapaºaka½ vigacchati kaddamo ca sannis²dati, accha½ bhavati udaka½ vippasanna½ an±vila½, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, saddh± uppajjam±n± n²varaºe vikkhambheti, vin²varaºa½ citta½ hoti accha½ vippasanna½ an±vilan”ti (mi. pa. 2.1.10).
Yath± pana kumbhilamakarag±harakkhas±dikiººa½ p³ra½ mah±nadi½ ±gamma bh²rukajano ubhosu t²resu tiµµhati. Saªg±mas³ro pana mah±yodho ±gantv± ‘kasm± µhitatth±’ti pucchitv± ‘sappaµibhayabh±vena otaritu½ na visah±m±’ti vutte sunisita½ asi½ gahetv± ‘mama pacchato etha, m± bh±yitth±’ti vatv± nadi½ otaritv± ±gat±gate kumbhil±dayo paµib±hitv± orimat²rato manuss±na½ sotthibh±va½ karonto p±rimat²ra½ neti. P±rimat²ratopi sotthin± orimat²ra½ ±neti. Evameva d±na½ dadato s²la½ rakkhato uposathakamma½ karoto bh±vana½ ±rabhato saddh± pubbaªgam± purec±rik± hoti. Tena vutta½ ‘sampakkhandanalakkhaº± ca saddh±’ti.
Aparo nayo– saddahanalakkhaº± saddh±, okappanalakkhaº± v±. Pas±danaras± udakappas±dakamaºi viya, pakkhandanaras± v± oghuttaraºo viya. Ak±lusiyapaccupaµµh±n±, adhimuttipaccupaµµh±n± v±. Saddheyyavatthupadaµµh±n± sot±pattiyaªgapadaµµh±n± v±, s± hatthavittab²j±ni viya daµµhabb±.
V²rassa bh±vo v²riya½, v²r±na½ v± kamma½ v²riya½. Vidhin± v± nayena up±yena ²rayitabba½ pavattayitabbanti v²riya½. Tadeva kosajjassa abhibhavanato adhipatiyaµµhena indriya½. Paggahaºalakkhaºe v± indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. V²riyameva indriya½ v²riyindriya½. Ta½ paneta½ upatthambhanalakkhaºañca v²riya½ paggahaºalakkhaºañca. Yath± hi jiººaghara½ ±gantukena th³ºupatthambhena tiµµhati, evameva yog±vacaro v²riyupatthambhena upatthambhito hutv± sabbakusaladhammehi na h±yati, na parih±yati. Eva½ t±vassa upatthambhanalakkhaºat± veditabb±. Ten±ha thero n±gaseno
“Yath± mah±r±ja, puriso gehe patante tamaññena d±run± upatthambheyya, upatthambhita½ santa½ eva½ ta½ geha½ na pateyya, evameva kho mah±r±ja upatthambhanalakkhaºa½ v²riya½, v²riyupatthambhit± sabbe kusal± dhamm± na h±yanti na parih±yant²”ti (mi. pa. 2.1.12).
Yath± v± pana khuddik±ya ca mahatik±ya ca sen±ya saªg±me pavatte khuddik± sen± ol²yeyya, tato rañño ±roceyya, r±j± balav±hana½ peseyya, tena paggahit± sakasen± parasena½ par±jeyya, evameva v²riya½ sahaj±tasampayuttadhamm±na½ ol²yitu½ osakkitu½ na deti, ukkhipati, paggaºh±ti. Tena vutta½ ‘paggahaºalakkhaºañca v²riyan’ti.
Aparo nayo– uss±halakkhaºa½ v²riya½, sahaj±t±na½ upatthambhanarasa½, asa½s²danabh±vapaccupaµµh±na½, “sa½viggo yoniso padahat²”ti (a. ni. 4.113) vacanato sa½vegapadaµµh±na½, v²riy±rambhavatthupadaµµh±na½ v±. Samm± ±raddha½ sabb±sa½ sampatt²na½ m³la½ hot²ti daµµhabba½.
Saranti et±ya, saya½ v± sarati, saraºamattameva v± es±ti sati. S±va muµµhassaccassa abhibhavanato adhipatiyaµµhena indriya½, upaµµh±nalakkhaºe v± indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. Sati eva indriya½ satindriya½. S± panes± apil±panalakkhaº± ca sati upaggaºhanalakkhaº± ca. Yath± hi rañño bhaº¹±g±riko dasavidha½ ratana½ gopayanto s±ya½p±ta½ r±j±na½ issariyasampatti½ sallakkh±peti s±reti, evameva sati kusala½ dhamma½ sallakkh±peti sar±peti. Ten±ha thero
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, rañño cakkavattissa bhaº¹±g±riko r±j±na½ cakkavatti½ s±ya½p±ta½ yasa½ sar±peti– ‘ettak±, deva, hatth², ettak± ass±, ettak± rath±, ettak± patt², ettaka½ hirañña½, ettaka½ suvaººa½, ettaka½ sabba½ s±pateyya½, ta½ devo sarat³’ti, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, sati kusale dhamme apil±peti– ime catt±ro satipaµµh±n±, ime catt±ro sammappadh±n±, ime catt±ro iddhip±d±, im±ni pañcindriy±ni, im±ni pañca bal±ni, ime satta bojjhaªg±, aya½ ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, aya½ samatho, aya½ vipassan±, aya½ vijj±, aya½ vimutti, ime lokuttar± dhamm±ti. Eva½ kho, mah±r±ja, apil±panalakkhaº± sat²”ti (mi. pa. 2.1.13).
Yath± pana rañño cakkavattissa pariº±yakaratana½ rañño ahite ca hite ca ñatv± ahite apay±peti, hite upay±peti, evameva sati hit±hit±na½ dhamm±na½ gatiyo samanvesitv± ‘ime k±yaduccarit±dayo dhamm± ahit±’ti ahite dhamme apanudeti ‘ime k±yasucarit±dayo dhamm± hit±’ti hite dhamme upaggaºh±ti. Ten±ha thero–
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, rañño cakkavattissa pariº±yakaratana½ rañño hit±hite j±n±ti ‘ime rañño hit± ime ahit±, ime upak±r± ime anupak±r±’ti, tato ahite apanudeti hite upaggaºh±ti, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, sati uppajjam±n± hit±hit±na½ dhamm±na½ gatiyo samanvesati ‘ime dhamm± hit± ime dhamm± ahit±, ime dhamm± upak±r± ime dhamm± anupak±r±’ti tato ahite dhamme apanudeti hite dhamme upaggaºh±ti. Eva½ kho, mah±r±ja, upaggaºhanalakkhaº± sat²”ti (mi. pa. 2.1.13).
Aparo nayo– apil±panalakkhaº± sati, asammosanaras±, ±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n± visay±bhimukh²bh±vapaccupaµµh±n± v±, thirasaññ±padaµµh±n±, k±y±disatipaµµh±napadaµµh±n± v±, ±rammaºe da¼ha½ patiµµhitatt± pana esik± viya, cakkhudv±r±dirakkhaºato dov±riko viya ca daµµhabb±.
¾rammaºe citta½ samm± adhiyati µhapet²ti sam±dhi. Sova vikkhepassa abhibhavanato adhipatiyaµµhena indriya½. Avikkhepalakkhaºe v± indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. Sam±dhiyeva indriya½ sam±dhindriya½. Lakkhaº±d²ni panassa heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni.
Paj±n±t²ti paññ±. Ki½ paj±n±ti? ‘Ida½ dukkhan’ti-±din± nayena ariyasacc±ni. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana ‘paññ±pet²ti paññ±’ti vutta½. Kinti paññ±pet²ti? Anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±ti paññ±peti. S±va avijj±ya abhibhavanato adhipatiyaµµhena indriya½. Dassanalakkhaºe v± indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. Paññ±va indriya½ paññindriya½. S± panes± obh±sanalakkhaº± ca paññ± paj±nanalakkhaº± ca. Yath± hi catubhittike gehe rattibh±ge d²pe jalite andhak±ro nirujjhati ±loko p±tubhavati, evameva obh±sanalakkhaº± paññ±. Paññobh±sasamo obh±so n±ma natthi. Paññavato hi ekapallaªkena nisinnassa dasasahassilokadh±tu ek±lok± hoti. Ten±ha thero
“Yath±, mah±r±ja, puriso andhak±re gehe pad²pa½ paveseyya, paviµµho pad²po andhak±ra½ viddha½seti, obh±sa½ janeti, ±loka½ vida½seti, p±kaµ±ni ca r³p±ni karoti, evameva kho, mah±r±ja, paññ± uppajjam±n± avijjandhak±ra½ viddha½seti, vijjobh±sa½ janeti, ñ±º±loka½ vida½seti, p±kaµ±ni ca ariyasacc±ni karoti. Eva½ kho, mah±r±ja, obh±sanalakkhaº± paññ±”ti (mi. pa. 2.1.15).
Yath± pana cheko bhisakko ±tur±na½ sapp±y±sapp±y±ni bhojan±ni j±n±ti, eva½ paññ± uppajjam±n± kusal±kusale sevitabb±sevitabbe h²nappaº²takaºhasukkasappaµibh±ga-appaµibh±ge dhamme paj±n±ti. Vuttampi ceta½ dhammasen±patin±– “paj±n±ti paj±n±t²ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± paññav±ti vuccati. Kiñca paj±n±ti? Ida½ dukkhanti paj±n±t²”ti (ma. ni. 1.449) vitth±retabba½. Evamass± paj±nanalakkhaºat± veditabb±.
Aparo nayo– yath±sabh±vapaµivedhalakkhaº± paññ±; akkhalitapaµivedhalakkhaº± v± kusaliss±sakhitta-usupaµivedho viya. Visayobh±saras± pad²po viya. Asammohapaccupaµµh±n± araññagatasudesako viya.
Manat²ti mano; vij±n±t²ti attho. Aµµhakath±cariy± pan±hu– n±¼iy± minam±no viya, mah±tul±ya dh±rayam±no viya ca, ±rammaºa½ minati paj±n±t²ti manoti. Tadeva mananalakkhaºe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. Manova indriya½ manindriya½. Heµµh± vuttacittasseveta½ vevacana½.
P²tisomanassasampayogato sobhana½ mano ass±ti sumano. Sumanassa bh±vo somanassa½. S±talakkhaºe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. Somanassameva indriya½ somanassindriya½. Heµµh± vuttavedan±yeveta½ vevacana½.
J²vanti tena ta½sampayuttak± dhamm±ti j²vita½. Anup±lanalakkhaºe indaµµha½ k±ret²ti indriya½. J²vitameva indriya½ j²vitindriya½. Ta½ pavattasantat±dhipateyya½ hoti. Lakkhaº±d²hi pana attan± avinibhutt±na½ dhamm±na½ anup±lanalakkhaºa½ j²vitindriya½, tesa½ pavattanarasa½, tesa½yeva µhapanapaccupaµµh±na½, y±payitabbadhammapadaµµh±na½. Santepi ca anup±lanalakkhaº±dimhi vidh±ne atthikkhaºeyeva ta½ te dhamme anup±leti udaka½ viya uppal±d²ni, yath±saka½paccayuppannepi ca dhamme p±leti dh±t² viya kum±ra½, saya½pavattitadhammasambandheneva ca pavattati niy±mako viya, na bhaªgato uddha½ pavattayati attano ca pavattayitabb±nañca abh±v±, na bhaªgakkhaºe µhapeti saya½ bhijjam±natt± kh²yam±no viya vaµµisineho d²pasikha½. Na ca anup±lanapavattanaµµhapan±nubh±vavirahita½ yath±vuttakkhaºe tassa tassa s±dhanatoti daµµhabba½.