Akusalakammapathakath±

P±º±tip±to adinn±d±na½, k±mesumicch±c±ro, mus±v±do, pisuºav±c±, pharusav±c±, samphappal±po, abhijjh±, by±p±do, micch±diµµh²ti ime pana dasa akusalakammapath± n±ma.
Tattha p±ºassa atip±to p±º±tip±to n±ma; p±ºavadho, p±ºagh±toti vutta½ hoti. P±ºoti cettha voh±rato satto, paramatthato j²vitindriya½. Tasmi½ pana p±ºe p±ºasaññino j²vitindriyupacchedaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± k±yavac²dv±r±na½ aññataradv±rappavatt± vadhakacetan± p±º±tip±to. So guºavirahitesu tiracch±nagat±d²su p±ºesu khuddake p±ºe appas±vajjo, mah±sar²re mah±s±vajjo. Kasm±? Payogamahantat±ya. Payogasamattepi vatthumahantat±ya. Guºavantesu manuss±d²su appaguºe appas±vajjo, mah±guºe mah±s±vajjo. Sar²raguº±na½ pana samabh±ve sati kiles±na½ upakkam±nañca mudut±ya appas±vajjo, tibbat±ya mah±s±vajjoti veditabbo.
Tassa pañca sambh±r± honti– p±ºo, p±ºasaññit±, vadhakacitta½, upakkamo, tena maraºanti. Cha payog±– s±hatthiko, ±ºattiko, nissaggiyo, th±varo, vijj±mayo, iddhimayoti. Imasmi½ panatthe vitth±riyam±ne atipapañco hoti. Tasm± ta½ na vitth±ray±ma. Aññañca evar³pa½ atthikehi pana samantap±s±dika½ vinayaµµhakatha½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.172) oloketv± gahetabba½.
Adinnassa ±d±na½ ‘adinn±d±na½’; parassaharaºa½, theyya½, corik±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha adinnanti parapariggahita½, yattha paro yath±k±mak±rita½ ±pajjanto adaº¹±raho anupavajjo ca hoti. Tasmi½ parapariggahite parapariggahitasaññino tad±d±yaka-upakkamasamuµµh±pik± theyyacetan± adinn±d±na½. Ta½ h²ne parasantake appas±vajja½, paº²te mah±s±vajja½. Kasm±? Vatthupaº²tat±ya. Vatthusamatte sati guº±dhik±na½ santake vatthusmi½ mah±s±vajja½. Ta½ta½guº±dhika½ up±d±ya tato tato h²naguºassa santake vatthusmi½ appas±vajja½.
Tassa pañca sambh±r± honti– parapariggahita½, parapariggahitasaññit±, theyyacitta½, upakkamo tena haraºanti. Cha payog±– s±hatthik±dayova. Te ca kho yath±nur³pa½ theyy±vah±ro, pasayh±vah±ro, paµicchann±vah±ro, parikapp±vah±ro, kus±vah±roti imesa½ pañcanna½ avah±r±na½ vasena pavattanti. Ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±ro pana samantap±s±dik±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.138) vutto.
‘K±mesu micch±c±ro’ti ettha pana ‘k±mes³’ti methunasam±c±resu; ‘micch±c±ro’ti ekantanindito l±mak±c±ro. Lakkhaºato pana asaddhamm±dhipp±yena k±yadv±rappavatt± agaman²yaµµh±nav²tikkamacetan± k±mesumicch±c±ro.
Tattha agaman²yaµµh±na½ n±ma– puris±na½ t±va m±turakkhit±, piturakkhit±, m±t±piturakkhit±, bh±turakkhit±, bhaginirakkhit±, ñ±tirakkhit±, gottarakkhit±, dhammarakkhit±, s±rakkh±, saparidaº¹±ti m±turakkhit±dayo dasa; dhanakk²t±, chandav±sin², bhogav±sin², paµav±sin², odapattakin², obhaµacumbaµ±, d±s² ca bhariy±, kammak±r² ca bhariy±, dhaj±haµ±, muhuttik±ti et± dhanakk²t±dayo das±ti v²sati itthiyo. Itth²su pana dvinna½ s±rakkhasaparidaº¹±na½, dasannañca dhanakk²t±d²nanti dv±dasanna½ itth²na½ aññe puris± ida½ agaman²yaµµh±na½ n±ma.
So panesa micch±c±ro s²l±diguºarahite agaman²yaµµh±ne appas±vajjo, s²l±diguºasampanne mah±s±vajjo. Tassa catt±ro sambh±r±– agaman²yavatthu, tasmi½ sevanacitta½, sevanappayogo, maggenamaggappaµipatti-adhiv±sananti. Eko payogo s±hatthiko eva.
‘Mus±’ti visa½v±danapurekkh±rassa atthabhañjako vac²payogo, k±yapayogo v±. Visa½v±dan±dhipp±yena panassa paravisa½v±dakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. Aparo nayo– ‘mus±’ti abh³ta½ ataccha½ vatthu. ‘V±do’ti tassa bh³tato tacchato viññ±pana½. Lakkhaºato pana atatha½ vatthu½ tathato para½ viññ±petuk±massa tath±viññattisamuµµh±pik± cetan± mus±v±do. So yamattha½ bhañjati tassa appat±ya appas±vajjo, mahantat±ya mah±s±vajjo. Apica gahaµµh±na½ attano santaka½ ad±tuk±mat±ya ‘natth²’ti-±dinayappavatto appas±vajjo. Sakkhin± hutv± atthabhañjanattha½ vutto mah±s±vajjo. Pabbajit±na½ appakampi tela½ v± sappi½ v± labhitv± has±dhipp±yena ‘ajja g±me tela½ nad² maññe sandat²’ti p³raºakath±nayena pavatto appas±vajjo. Adiµµha½yeva pana diµµhanti-±din± nayena vadant±na½ mah±s±vajjo.
Tassa catt±ro sambh±r± honti– atatha½ vatthu, visa½v±danacitta½, tajjo v±y±mo, parassa tadatthavij±nananti. Eko payogo– s±hatthikova. So ca k±yena v± k±yappaµibaddhena v± v±c±ya v± paravisa½v±dakakiriy±karaºe daµµhabbo. T±ya ce kiriy±ya paro tamattha½ j±n±ti, aya½ kiriyasamuµµh±pikacetan±kkhaºeyeva mus±v±dakammun± bajjhati. Yasm± pana yath± k±yak±yappaµibaddhav±c±hi para½ visa½v±deti, tath± imassa ‘ima½ bhaº±h²’ti ±º±pentopi, paººa½ likhitv± purato nissajjantopi, ‘ayamattho eva½ daµµhabbo’ti kuµµ±d²su likhitv± µhapentopi; tasm± ettha ±ºattikanissaggiyath±var±pi payog± yujjanti. Aµµhakath±su pana an±gatatt± v²ma½sitv± gahetabb±.
‘Pisuºav±c±’ti-±d²su y±ya v±c±ya yassa ta½ v±ca½ bh±sati tassa hadaye attano piyabh±va½ parassa ca suññabh±va½ karoti, s± pisuºav±c±. Y±ya pana att±nampi parampi pharusa½ karoti, y± v±c± sayampi pharus± neva kaººasukh±, na hadayaªgam±, aya½ ‘pharusav±c±’. Yena sampha½ palapati, niratthaka½, so ‘samphappal±po’. Tesa½ m³labh³t± cetan±pi pisuºav±c±din±mameva labhati. S± eva ca idha adhippet±ti.
Tattha sa½kiliµµhacittassa paresa½ v± bhed±ya attano piyakamyat±ya v± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± cetan± pisuºav±c± n±ma. S± yassa bheda½ karoti tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±.
Tass± catt±ro sambh±r±– ‘bhinditabbo paro’ iti ‘ime n±n± bhavissan’ti vin± bhavissant²ti bhedapurekkh±rat± v±, ‘iti aha½ piyo bhaviss±mi viss±siko’ti piyakamyat± v±, tajjo v±y±mo, tassa tadatthavij±nananti Pare pana abhinne kammapathabhedo natthi, bhinne eva hoti.
Parassa mammacchedakak±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± ekantapharusacetan± ‘pharusav±c±’. Tass± ±vibh±vatthamida½ vatthu– eko kira d±rako m±tu vacana½ an±diyitv± arañña½ gacchati. Ta½ m±t± nivattetu½ asakkont² ‘caº¹± ta½ mahi½s² anubandhat³’ti akkosi. Athassa tatheva araññe mahi½s² uµµh±si. D±rako ‘ya½ mama m±t± mukhena kathesi ta½ m± hotu, ya½ cittena cintesi ta½ hot³’ti saccakiriya½ ak±si. Mahi½s² tattheva baddh± viya aµµh±si. Eva½ mammacchedakopi payogo cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti. M±t±pitaro hi kad±ci puttake evampi vadanti– ‘cor± vo khaº¹±khaº¹ika½ karont³’ti, uppalapattampi ca nesa½ upari patanta½ na icchanti. ¾cariyupajjh±y± ca kad±ci nissitake eva½ vadanti– ‘ki½ ime ahirik± anottappino caranti, niddhamatha ne’ti; atha ca nesa½ ±gam±dhigamasampatti½ icchanti. Yath± ca cittasaºhat±ya pharusav±c± na hoti, eva½ vacanasaºhat±ya apharusav±c±pi na hoti. Na hi m±r±petuk±massa ‘ima½ sukha½ say±peth±’ti vacana½ apharusav±c± hoti. Cittapharusat±ya panes± pharusav±c±va. S± ya½ sandh±ya pavattit± tassa appaguºat±ya appas±vajj±, mah±guºat±ya mah±s±vajj±. Tass± tayo sambh±r±– akkositabbo paro, kupitacitta½, akkosananti.
Anatthaviññ±pik± k±yavac²payogasamuµµh±pik± akusalacetan± ‘samphappal±po’. So ±sevanamandat±ya appas±vajjo. ¾sevanamahantat±ya mah±s±vajjo. Tassa dve sambh±r±– bh±ratayuddhas²t±haraº±diniratthakakath±purekkh±rat±, tath±r³p²kath±kathanañc±ti. Pare pana ta½ katha½ agaºhante kammapathabhedo natthi, parena samphappal±pe gahiteyeva hoti.
Abhijjh±yat²ti ‘abhijjh±’. Parabhaº¹±bhimukh² hutv± tanninnat±ya pavattat²ti attho. S± ‘aho tava ida½ mamass±’ti eva½ parabhaº¹±bhijjh±yanalakkhaº±. Adinn±d±na½ viya appas±vajj± mah±s±vajj± ca. Tass± dve sambh±r±– parabhaº¹a½, attano pariº±manañc±ti. Parabhaº¹avatthuke hi lobhe uppannepi na t±va kammapathabhedo hoti y±va na ‘aho vata ida½ mamass±’ti attano pariº±meti.
Hitasukha½ by±p±dayat²ti ‘by±p±do’. So paravin±s±ya manopadosalakkhaºo. Pharusav±c± viya appas±vajjo mah±s±vajjo ca. Tassa dve sambh±r±– parasatto ca, tassa ca vin±sacint±ti. Parasattavatthuke hi kodhe uppannepi na t±va kammapathabhedo hoti y±va ‘aho vat±ya½ ucchijjeyya vinasseyy±’ti tassa vin±sana½ na cintesi.
Yath±bhuccagahaº±bh±vena micch± passat²ti ‘micch±diµµhi’. S± ‘natthi dinnan’ti-±din± nayena vipar²tadassanalakkhaº±. Samphappal±po viya appas±vajj± mah±s±vajj± ca. Apica aniyat± appas±vajj±, niyat± mah±s±vajj±. Tass± dve sambh±r±– vatthuno ca gahit±k±ravipar²tat±, yath± ca ta½ gaºh±ti tath±bh±vena tassupaµµh±nanti. Tattha natthik±hetuka-akiriyadiµµh²hi eva kammapathabhedo hoti, na aññadiµµh²hi.
Imesa½ pana dasanna½ akusalakammapath±na½ dhammato koµµh±sato ±rammaºato vedan±to m³lato c±ti pañcah±k±rehi vinicchayo veditabbo–
Tattha ‘dhammato’ti etesu hi paµip±µiy± satta cetan±dhamm±va honti, abhijjh±dayo tayo cetan±sampayutt±.
‘Koµµh±sato’ti paµip±µiy± satta, micch±diµµhi c±ti ime aµµha kammapath± eva honti; no m³l±ni. Abhijjh±by±p±d± kammapath± ceva m³l±ni ca. Abhijjh± hi m³la½ patv± ‘lobho akusalam³la½’ hoti, by±p±do ‘doso akusalam³la½’.
‘¾rammaºato’ti p±º±tip±to j²vitindriy±rammaºato saªkh±r±rammaºo hoti. Adinn±d±na½ satt±rammaºa½ v± hoti saªkh±r±rammaºa½ v±. Micch±c±ro phoµµhabbavasena saªkh±r±rammaºo hoti; satt±rammaºotipi eke. Mus±v±do satt±rammaºo v±, saªkh±r±rammaºo v±. Tath± pisuºav±c±. Pharusav±c± satt±rammaº±va. Samphappal±po diµµhasutamutaviññ±tavasena satt±rammaºo v± saªkh±r±rammaºo v±. Tath± abhijjh±. By±p±do satt±rammaºova. Micch±diµµhi tebh³makadhammavasena saªkh±r±rammaº±va.
‘Vedan±to’ti p±º±tip±to dukkhavedano hoti. Kiñc±pi hi r±j±no cora½ disv± hasam±n±pi ‘gacchatha na½ gh±teth±’ti vadanti, sanniµµh±pakacetan± pana nesa½ dukkhasampayutt±va hoti Adinn±d±na½ tivedana½. Tañhi parabhaº¹a½ disv± haµµhatuµµhassa gaºhato sukhavedana½ hoti, bh²tatasitassa gaºhato dukkhavedana½. Tath± vip±kanissandaphal±ni paccavekkhantassa. Gahaºak±le majjhattabh±ve µhitassa pana gaºhato adukkhamasukhavedana½ hot²ti. Micch±c±ro sukhamajjhattavasena dvivedano. Sanniµµh±pakacitte pana majjhattavedano na hoti. Mus±v±do adinn±d±ne vuttanayeneva tivedano; tath± pisuºav±c±. Pharusav±c± dukkhavedan±. Samphappal±po tivedano. Paresu hi s±dhuk±ra½ dentesu celukkhep±d²ni khipantesu haµµhatuµµhassa s²t±haraºabh±ratayuddh±d²ni kathanak±le so sukhavedano hoti. Paµhama½ dinnavetanena ekena pacch± ±gantv± ‘±dito paµµh±ya katheh²’ti vutte ‘ananusandhika½ pakiººakakatha½ kathess±mi nu kho no’ti domanassitassa kathanak±le dukkhavedano hoti, majjhattassa kathayato adukkhamasukhavedano hoti. Abhijjh± sukhamajjhattavasena dvivedan±; tath± micch±diµµhi. By±p±do dukkhavedano.
‘M³lato’ti p±º±tip±to dosamohavasena dvim³lako hoti. Adinn±d±na½ dosamohavasena v± lobhamohavasena v±. Micch±c±ro lobhamohavasena. Mus±v±do dosamohavasena v± lobhamohavasena v±; tath± pisuºav±c± samphappal±po ca. Pharusav±c± dosamohavasena. Abhijjh± mohavasena ekam³l±; tath± by±p±do. Micch±diµµhi lobhamohavasena dvim³l±ti.

Akusalakammapathakath± niµµhit±.