“Manussatta½ liªgasampatti, hetu satth±radassana½;
pabbajj± guºasampatti, adhik±ro ca chandat±;
aµµhadhammasamodh±n±, abhin²h±ro samijjhat²”ti. (Bu. va½. 2.59).
Ime aµµha dhamme samodh±netv± d²paªkarap±dam³le kat±bhin²h±rena “handa buddhakare dhamme vicin±mi ito cito”ti uss±ha½ katv± “vicinanto tad±dakkhi½, paµhama½ d±nap±ramin”ti d±nap±ramit±dayo buddhakar± dhamm± diµµh±, te p³rento y±va vessantarattabh±v± ±gami. ¾gacchanto ca ye te kat±bhin²h±r±na½ bodhisatt±na½ ±nisa½s± sa½vaººit±–
“Eva½ sabbaªgasampann±, bodhiy± niyat± nar±;
sa½sara½ d²ghamaddh±na½, kappakoµisatehipi.
“Av²cimhi nuppajjanti, tath± lokantaresu ca;
nijjh±mataºh± khuppip±s±, na honti k±lakañjik±.
“Na honti khuddak± p±º±, uppajjant±pi duggati½;
j±yam±n± manussesu, jaccandh± na bhavanti te.
“Sotavekallat± natthi, na bhavanti m³gapakkhik±;
itthibh±va½ na gacchanti, ubhatobyañjanapaº¹ak±.
“Na bhavanti pariy±pann±, bodhiy± niyat± nar±;
mutt± ±nantarikehi, sabbattha suddhagocar±.
“Micch±diµµhi½ na sevanti, kammakiriyadassan±;
vasam±n±pi saggesu, asañña½ nupapajjare.
“Suddh±v±sesu devesu, hetu n±ma na vijjati;
nekkhammaninn± sappuris±, visa½yutt± bhav±bhave;
caranti lokatthacariy±yo, p³renti sabbap±ram²”ti.
Te ±nisa½se adhigantv±va ±gato. P±ramiyo p³rentassa ca tassa akittibr±hmaºak±le saªkhabr±hmaºak±le dhanañcayar±jak±le mah±sudassanar±jak±le mah±govindak±le nimimah±r±jak±le candakum±rak±le visayhaseµµhik±le sivir±jak±le vessantarar±jak±leti d±nap±ramit±ya p³ritattabh±v±na½ parim±ºa½ n±ma natthi. Ekantena panassa sasapaº¹itaj±tak±le–
“Bhikkh±ya upagata½ disv±, sakatt±na½ pariccaji½;
d±nena me samo natthi, es± me d±nap±ram²”ti. (Cariy±. 1.143 tassudd±na–
Eva½ attaparicc±ga½ karontassa d±nap±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Tath± s²lavan±gar±jak±le campeyyan±gar±jak±le bh³ridattan±gar±jak±le chaddantan±gar±jak±le jayaddisar±japuttak±le al²nasattukum±rak±leti s²lap±ramit±ya p³ritattabh±v±na½ parim±ºa½ n±ma natthi. Ekantena panassa saªkhap±laj±tak±le–
“S³lehipi vijjhiyanto, koµµiyantopi sattihi;
bhojaputte na kupp±mi, es± me s²lap±ram²”ti. (Cariy±. 2.91)–
Eva½ attaparicc±ga½ karontassa s²lap±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Tath± somanassakum±rak±le hatthip±lakum±rak±le ayogharapaº¹itak±leti mah±rajja½ pah±ya nekkhammap±ramit±ya p³ritattabh±v±na½ parim±ºa½ n±ma natthi. Ekantena panassa c³¼asutasomaj±tak±le–
“Mah±rajja½ hatthagata½, khe¼apiº¹a½va cha¹¹ayi½;
cajato na hoti lagana½, es± me nekkhammap±ram²”ti.–
Eva½ nissaªgat±ya rajja½ cha¹¹etv± nikkhamantassa nekkhammap±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Tath± vidhurapaº¹itak±le mah±govindapaº¹itak±le kud±lapaº¹itak±le arakapaº¹itak±le bodhiparibb±jakak±le mahosadhapaº¹itak±leti paññ±p±ramit±ya p³ritattabh±v±na½ parim±ºa½ n±ma natthi. Ekantena panassa sattubhastaj±take senakapaº¹itak±le–
“Paññ±ya vicinantoha½, br±hmaºa½ mocayi½ dukh±;
paññ±ya me samo natthi, es± me paññ±p±ram²”ti.–
Antobhastagata½ sappa½ dassentassa paññ±p±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Tath± v²riyap±ramit±d²nampi p³ritattabh±v±na½ parim±ºa½ n±ma natthi. Ekantena panassa mah±janakaj±take–
“At²radass² jalamajjhe, hat± sabbeva m±nus±;
cittassa aññath± natthi, es± me v²riyap±ram²”ti.–
Eva½ mah±samudda½ tarantassa v²riyap±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Khantiv±d²j±take–
“Acetana½va koµµente, tiºhena pharasun± mama½;
k±sir±je na kupp±mi, es± me khantip±ram²”ti.–
Eva½ acetanabh±vena viya mah±dukkha½ adhiv±sentassa khantip±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Mah±sutasomaj±take–
“Saccav±ca½ anurakkhanto, cajitv± mama j²vita½;
mocesi½ ekasata½ khattiye, es± me saccap±ram²”ti.–
Eva½ j²vita½ cavitv± saccamanurakkhantassa saccap±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
M³gapakkhaj±take–
“M±t± pit± na me dess±, napi dessa½ mah±yasa½;
sabbaññuta½ piya½ mayha½, tasm± vatamadhiµµhahin”ti.–
Eva½ j²vita½ cajitv± vata½ adhiµµhahantassa adhiµµh±nap±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Ekar±jaj±take–
“Na ma½ koci uttasati, napiha½ bh±y±mi kassaci;
mett±balenupatthaddho, ram±mi pavane tad±”ti. (Cariy±. 3.113)–
Eva½ j²vita½ anapaloketv± mett±yantassa mett±p±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±.
Lomaha½saj±take
“Sus±ne seyya½ kappemi, chavaµµhika½ upanidh±yaha½;
g±maº¹al± up±gantv±, r³pa½ dassenti nappakan”ti.–
Eva½ g±mad±rakesu niµµhubhan±d²hi ceva m±l±gandh³pah±r±d²hi ca sukhadukkha½ upp±dentesupi upekkhana½ anativattentassa upekkh±p±ramit± paramatthap±ram² n±ma j±t±. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±rato panesa attho cariy±piµakato gahetabbo.
Eva½ p±ramiyo p³retv± vessantarattabh±ve µhito–
“Acetan±ya½ pathav², aviññ±ya sukha½ dukha½;
s±pi d±nabal± mayha½, sattakkhattu½ pakampath±”ti. (Cariy±. 1.124).
Eva½ mah±pathav²kampan±ni mah±puññ±ni katv± ±yupariyos±ne tato cuto tusitabhavane nibbatti, tattha aññe deve dasahi µh±nehi adhigaºhitv± “y±vat±yuka½ dibbasampatti½ anubhavanto manussagaºan±ya id±ni sattahi divasehi ±yukkhaya½ p±puºissat²”ti vatth±ni kilissanti, m±l± mil±yanti, kacchehi sed± muccanti, k±ye vevaººiya½ okkamati, devo dev±sane na saºµhahat²ti imesu pañcasu pubbanimittesu uppannesu t±ni disv± “suññ± vata bho sagg± bhavissant²”ti sa½vegaj±t±hi devat±hi mah±sattassa p³ritap±ramibh±va½ ñatv± “imasmi½ id±ni añña½ devaloka½ anupagantv± manussaloke uppajjitv± buddhabh±va½ patte puññ±ni katv± cut± cut± manuss± devaloka½ parip³ressant²”ti cintetv±–
“Yatoha½ tusite k±ye, santusito n±maha½ tad±;
dasasahass² sam±gantv±, y±canti pañjal² mama½.
“K±lo deva mah±v²ra, uppajja m±tukucchiya½;
sadevaka½ t±rayanto, bujjhassu amata½ padan”ti. (Bu. va½. 1.66-67).
Eva½ buddhabh±vatth±ya ±y±cito k±la½, d²pa½, desa½, kula½, janettiy± ±yuppam±ºanti im±ni pañca mah±vilokan±ni viloketv± katasanniµµh±no tato cuto sakyar±jakule paµisandhi½ gahetv± tattha mah±sampattiy± parihariyam±no anukkamena bhadrayobbana½ anup±puºi. Imasmi½ antare “sato sampaj±no ±nanda bodhisatto tusit± k±y± cavitv± m±tukucchi½ okkam²”ti-±d²na½ (ma. ni. 3.200) suttapad±nañceva tesa½ aµµhakath±ya ca vasena vitth±ro veditabbo.
So tiººa½ ut³na½ anucchavikesu t²su p±s±desu devalokasiri½ viya rajjasiri½ anubhavam±no uyy±nak²¼±ya gamanasamaye anukkamena jiººaby±dhimatasaªkh±te tayo devad³te disv± sañj±tasa½vego nivattitv± catutthav±re pabbajita½ disv± ‘s±dhu pabbajj±’ti pabbajj±ya ruci½ upp±detv± uyy±na½ gantv± tattha divasabh±ga½ khepetv± maªgalapokkharaº²t²re nisinno kappakavesa½ gahetv± ±gatena vissakammena devaputtena alaªkatapaµiyatto r±hulabhaddassa j±tas±sana½ sutv± puttasinehassa balavabh±va½ ñatv± ‘y±va ida½ bandhana½ na va¹¹hati t±vadeva na½ chindiss±m²’ti cintetv± s±ya½ nagara½ pavisanto–
“Nibbut± n³na s± m±t±, nibbuto n³na so pit±;
nibbut± n³na s± n±r², yass±ya½ ²diso pat²”ti. (Bu. va½. aµµha. 27 avid³renid±nakath±; dha. pa. aµµha. 1.10 s±riputtattheravatthu; apa. aµµha. 1.avid³renid±nakath±; j±. aµµha. 1.avid³renid±nakath±).
Kis±gotamiy± n±ma pitucch±dh²t±ya bh±sita½ ima½ g±tha½ sutv±, ‘aha½ im±ya nibbutapada½ s±vito’ti g²vato satasahassagghanika½ mutt±h±ra½ muñcitv±, tass± pesetv±, attano bhavana½ pavisitv±, sirisayane nisinno nidd±vasena n±µak±na½ vippak±ra½ disv±, nibbinnahadayo channa½ uµµh±petv±, kaº¹aka½ ±har±petv±, kaº¹aka½ ±ruyha, channasah±yova dasasahassilokadh±tudevat±hi katapariv±ro mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv±, teneva ratt±vasesena t²ºi mah±rajj±ni atikkamma anom±nad²t²re pabbajitv±, anukkamena r±jagaha½ gantv±, tattha piº¹±ya caritv±, paº¹avapabbatapabbh±re nisinno magadhar±jena rajjena nimantiyam±no ta½ paµikkhipitv±, sabbaññuta½ patv± tassa vijita½ ±gamanatth±ya tena gahitapaµiñño ±¼±rañca udakañca upasaªkamitv±, tesa½ santike adhigatavisesena aparituµµho chabbass±ni mah±padh±na½ padahitv±, vis±kh±puººamadivase p±tova sen±nigame suj±t±ya dinna½ p±y±sa½ paribhuñjitv±, nerañjar±ya nadiy± suvaººap±ti½ pav±hetv±, nerañjar±ya t²re mah±vanasaº¹e n±n±sam±patt²hi divasabh±ga½ v²tin±metv±, s±yanhasamaye sotthiyena dinna½ aµµhatiºamuµµhi½ gahetv±, k±¼ena n±gar±jena abhitthutaguºo bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha tiº±ni santharitv±, ‘na t±vima½ pallaªka½ bhindiss±mi y±va me na anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuccissat²’ti paµiñña½ katv±, p±c²nadis±bhimukho nis²ditv±, s³riye anatthaªgamiteyeva m±rabala½ vidhamitv±, paµhamay±me pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½, majjhimay±me cut³pap±tañ±ºa½ patv±, pacchimay±m±vas±ne dasabalacatuves±rajj±disabbabuddhaguºapaµimaº¹ita½ sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhantoyeva ima½ abhidhammanayasamudda½ adhigañchi. Evamassa adhigamanid±na½ veditabba½.
Eva½ adhigat±bhidhammo ekapallaªkena nisinnasatt±ha½ animisasatt±ha½ caªkamanasatt±hañca atikkamitv±, catutthe satt±he sayambh³ñ±º±dhigamena adhigata½ abhidhamma½ vicinitv± apar±nipi ajap±lamucalindar±j±yatanesu t²ºi satt±h±ni v²tin±metv±, aµµhame satt±he ajap±lanigrodharukkham³le nisinno dhammagambh²rat±paccavekkhaºena appossukkata½ ±pajjam±no dasasahassimah±brahmapariv±rena sahampatibrahmun± ±y±citadhammadesano buddhacakkhun± loka½ oloketv±, brahmuno ajjhesana½ ±d±ya “kassa nu kho aha½ paµhama½ dhamma½ deseyyan’ti olokento ±¼±rudak±na½ k±laªkatabh±va½ ñatv±, pañcavaggiy±na½ bhikkh³na½ bah³pak±rata½ anussaritv±, uµµh±y±san± k±sipura½ gacchanto antar±magge upakena saddhi½ mantetv±, ±s±¼h²puººamadivase isipatane migad±ye pañcavaggiy±na½ bhikkh³na½ vasanaµµh±na½ patv±,te ananucchavikena samud±c±rena samud±carante saññ±petv±, dhammacakka½ pavattento aññ±sikoº¹aññattherappamukh± aµµh±rasa brahmakoµiyo amatap±na½ p±yesi. Eva½ y±va dhammacakkappavattan± desan±nid±na½ veditabba½. Ayamettha saªkhepo. Vitth±ro pana s±µµhakath±na½ ariyapariyesana(ma. ni. 1.274) pabbajjasutt±d²na½ (su. ni. 407 ±dayo) vasena veditabbo.
Eva½ adhigamanid±nadesan±nid±nasampannassa panassa abhidhammassa apar±nipi d³renid±na½, avid³renid±na½, santikenid±nanti t²ºi nid±n±ni. Tattha d²paªkarap±dam³lato paµµh±ya y±va tusitapur± d³renid±na½ veditabba½. Tusitapurato paµµh±ya y±va bodhimaº¹± avid³renid±na½. ‘Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± devesu viharati t±vati½sesu p±ricchattakam³le paº¹ukambalasil±ya½, tattha kho bhagav± dev±na½ t±vati½s±na½ abhidhammakatha½ kathes²’ti idamassa santikenid±na½. Aya½ t±va nid±nakath±.

Nid±nakath± niµµhit±.