Tattha kiñc±pi cakkhundriye sa½varo v± asa½varo v± natthi, na hi cakkhupas±da½ niss±ya sati v± muµµhassacca½ v± uppajjati. Apica yad± r³p±rammaºa½ cakkhussa ±p±tham±gacchati tad± bhavaªge dvikkhattu½ uppajjitv± niruddhe kiriyamanodh±tu ±vajjanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± uppajjitv± nirujjhati. Tato cakkhuviññ±ºa½ dassanakicca½, tato vip±kamanodh±tu sampaµicchanakicca½, tato vip±k±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu sant²raºakicca½, tato kiriy±hetukamanoviññ±ºadh±tu voµµhabbanakicca½ s±dhayam±n± uppajjitv± nirujjhati. Tadanantara½ javana½ javati. Tatr±pi neva bhavaªgasamaye na ±vajjan±d²na½ aññatarasamaye sa½varo v± asa½varo v± atthi. Javanakkhaºe pana duss²lya½ v± muµµhassacca½ v± aññ±ºa½ v± akkhanti v± kosajja½ v± uppajjati, asa½varo hoti.
Eva½ honto pana so ‘cakkhundriye asa½varo’ti vuccati. Kasm±? Yasm± tasmi½ asa½vare sati dv±rampi agutta½ hoti, bhavaªgampi, ±vajjan±d²nipi v²thicitt±ni. Yath± ki½? Yath± nagare cat³su dv±resu asa½vutesu kiñc±pi antogharadv±rakoµµhakagabbh±dayo susa½vut±, tath±pi antonagare sabba½ bhaº¹a½ arakkhita½ agopitameva hoti. Nagaradv±rena hi pavisitv± cor± yadicchaka½ kareyyu½. Evameva javane duss²ly±d²su uppannesu tasmi½ asa½vare sati dv±rampi agutta½ hoti, bhavaªgampi, ±vajjan±d²nipi v²thicitt±n²ti.
Sotena sadda½ sutv±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Y± imesanti eva½ sa½vara½ an±pajjantassa imesa½ channa½ indriy±na½ y± agutti y± agopan± yo an±rakkho yo asa½varo, athakana½, apidahananti attho.
1353. Bhojane amattaññut±niddese idhekaccoti imasmi½ sattaloke ekacco. Appaµisaªkh±ti paµisaªkh±napaññ±ya aj±nitv± anupadh±retv±. Ayonisoti anup±yena. ¾h±ranti asitap²t±di-ajjhoharaº²ya½. ¾h±ret²ti paribhuñjati ajjhoharati. Dav±y±ti-±di anup±yadassanattha½ vutta½. Anup±yena hi ±h±rento davatth±ya madatth±ya maº¹anatth±ya vibh³sanatth±ya v± ±h±reti, no idamatthita½ paµicca. Y± tattha asantuµµhit±ti y± tasmi½ ayoniso ±h±raparibhoge asantussan± asantuµµhibh±vo. Amattaññut±ti amattaññubh±vo, pam±ºasaªkh±t±ya matt±ya aj±nana½. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ apaccavekkhitaparibhogavasena pavatt± bhojane amattaññut± n±ma vuccati.
1354. Indriyesu guttadv±rat±niddese cakkhun±ti-±di vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Na nimittagg±h² hot²ti chandar±gavasena vuttappak±ra½ nimitta½ na gaºh±ti. Eva½ sesapad±nipi vuttapaµipakkhanayeneva veditabb±ni. Yath± ca heµµh± ‘javane duss²ly±d²su uppannesu tasmi½ asa½vare sati, dv±rampi agutta½ hoti, bhavaªgampi, ±vajjan±d²nipi v²thicitt±n²’ti vutta½, evamidha tasmi½ s²l±d²su uppannesu dv±rampi gutta½ hoti, bhavaªgampi, ±vajjan±d²nipi v²thicitt±ni. Yath± ki½? Yath± nagaradv±resu susa½vutesu, kiñc±pi antoghar±dayo asa½vut± honti, tath±pi antonagare sabba½ bhaº¹a½ surakkhita½ sugopitameva hoti– nagaradv±resu pihitesu cor±na½ paveso natthi– evameva javane s²l±d²su uppannesu dv±rampi gutta½ hoti, bhavaªgampi, ±vajjan±d²nipi v²thicitt±ni. Tasm± javanakkhaºe uppajjam±nopi ‘cakkhundriye sa½varo’ti vutto. Sotena sadda½ sutv±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
1355. Bhojane mattaññut±niddese paµisaªkh± yoniso ±h±ra½ ±h±ret²ti paµisaªkh±napaññ±ya j±nitv± up±yena ±h±ra½ paribhuñjati. Id±ni ta½ up±ya½ dassetu½ neva dav±y±ti-±di vutta½.
Tattha ‘neva dav±y±’ti davatth±ya na ±h±reti. Tattha naµalaªghak±dayo davatth±ya ±h±renti n±ma. Yañhi bhojana½ bhuttassa naccag²takabyasilokasaªkh±to davo atirekatarena paµibh±ti, ta½ bhojana½ adhammena visamena pariyesitv± te ±h±renti. Aya½ pana bhikkhu eva½ na ±h±reti.
Na mad±y±ti m±namadapurisamad±na½ va¹¹hanatth±ya na ±h±reti. Tattha r±jar±jamah±matt± madatth±ya ±h±renti n±ma. Te hi attano m±namadapurisamad±na½ va¹¹hanatth±ya piº¹arasabhojan±d²ni paº²tabhojan±ni bhuñjanti. Aya½ pana bhikkhu eva½ na ±h±reti.
Na maº¹an±y±ti sar²ramaº¹anatth±ya na ±h±reti. Tattha r³p³paj²viniyo m±tug±m± antepurik±dayo ca sappiph±ºita½ n±ma pivanti, te hi siniddha½ mudu½ manda½ bhojana½ ±h±renti ‘eva½ no aªgalaµµhi susaºµhit± bhavissati, sar²re chavivaººo pasanno bhavissat²’ti. Aya½ pana bhikkhu eva½ na ±h±reti.
Na vibh³san±y±ti sar²re ma½savibh³sanatth±ya na ±h±reti. Tattha nibbuddhamallamuµµhikamall±dayo susiniddhehi macchama½s±d²hi sar²rama½sa½ p²ºenti ‘eva½ no ma½sa½ ussada½ bhavissati pah±rasahanatth±y±’ti. Aya½ pana bhikkhu eva½ sar²re ma½savibh³sanatth±ya na ±h±reti.
Y±vadev±ti ±h±r±haraºe payojanassa paricchedaniyamadassana½. Imassa k±yassa µhitiy±ti imassa catumah±bh³tikakarajak±yassa µhapanatth±ya ±h±reti. Idamassa ±h±r±haraºe payojananti attho. Y±pan±y±ti j²vitindriyay±panatth±ya ±h±reti. Vihi½s³paratiy±ti vihi½s± n±ma abhuttapaccay± uppajjanak± khudd±. Tass± uparatiy± v³pasamanatth±ya ±h±reti. Brahmacariy±nuggah±y±ti brahmacariya½ n±ma tisso sikkh±, sakala½ s±sana½, tassa anuggaºhanatth±ya ±h±reti.
It²ti up±yanidassana½; imin± up±yen±ti attho. Pur±ºañca vedana½ paµihaªkh±m²ti pur±ºavedan± n±ma abhuttappaccay± uppajjanakavedan±. Ta½ paµihaniss±m²ti ±h±reti. Navañca vedana½ na upp±dess±m²ti navavedan± n±ma atibhuttappaccayena uppajjanakavedan±. Ta½ na upp±dess±m²ti ±h±reti. Atha v±, ‘navavedan±’ n±ma bhuttappaccay± na-uppajjanakavedan±. Tass± anuppann±ya anuppajjanatthameva ±h±reti. Y±tr± ca me bhavissat²ti y±pan± ca me bhavissati. Anavajjat± c±ti ettha atthi s±vajja½ atthi anavajja½. Tattha adhammikapariyesan± adhammikapaµiggahaºa½ adhammena paribhogoti ida½ ‘s±vajja½’ n±ma. Dhammena pariyesitv± dhammena paµiggahetv± paccavekkhitv± paribhuñjana½ ‘anavajja½’ n±ma. Ekacco anavajjeyeva s±vajja½ karoti, ‘laddha½ me’ti katv± pam±º±tikkanta½ bhuñjati. Ta½ j²r±petu½ asakkonto uddha½virecana-adhovirecan±d²hi kilamati. Sakalavih±re bhikkh³ tassa sar²rapaµijagganabhesajjapariyesan±d²su ussukka½ ±pajjanti. ‘Ki½ idan’ti vutte ‘asukassa n±ma udara½ uddhum±tan’ti-±d²ni vadanti. ‘Esa niccak±lampi eva½pakatikoyeva, attano kucchipam±ºa½ n±ma na j±n±t²’ti nindanti garahanti. Aya½ anavajjeyeva s±vajja½ karoti n±ma. Eva½ akatv± ‘anavajjat± ca bhavissat²’ti ±h±reti.
Ph±suvih±ro c±ti etth±pi atthi ph±suvih±ro atthi na ph±suvih±ro. Tattha ‘±harahatthako ala½s±µako tatthavaµµako k±kam±sako bhuttavamitako’ti imesa½ pañcanna½ br±hmaº±na½ bhojana½ na ph±suvih±ro n±ma. Etesu hi ‘±harahatthako’ n±ma bahu½ bhuñjitv± attano dhammat±ya uµµh±tu½ asakkonto ‘±hara hatthan’ti vadati. ‘Ala½s±µako’ n±ma accuddhum±takucchit±ya uµµhitopi s±µaka½ niv±setu½ na sakkoti. ‘Tatthavaµµako’ n±ma uµµh±tu½ asakkonto tattheva parivaµµati. ‘K±kam±sako’ n±ma yath± k±kehi ±masitu½ sakk± hoti, eva½ y±va mukhadv±r± ±h±reti. ‘Bhuttavamitako’ n±ma mukhena sandh±retu½ asakkonto tattheva vamati. Eva½ akatv± ‘ph±suvih±ro ca me bhavissat²’ti ±h±reti. Ph±suvih±ro n±ma cat³hi pañcahi ±lopehi ³n³darat±. Ettakañhi bhuñjitv± p±n²ya½ pivato catt±ro iriy±path± sukhena pavattanti. Tasm± dhammasen±pati evam±ha–
“Catt±ro pañca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno”ti. (Therag±. 983).
Imasmi½ pana µh±ne aªg±ni samodh±netabb±ni. ‘Neva dav±y±’tihi eka½ aªga½, ‘na mad±y±’ti eka½, ‘na maº¹an±y±’ti eka½, ‘na vibh³san±y±’ti eka½, ‘y±vadeva imassa k±yassa µhitiy± y±pan±y±’ti eka½, ‘vihi½s³paratiy± brahmacariy±nuggah±y±’ti eka½, ‘iti pur±ºañca vedana½ paµihaªkh±mi navañca vedana½ na upp±dess±m²’ti eka½, ‘y±tr± ca me bhavissat²’ti eka½ aªga½. Anavajjat± ca ph±suvih±ro c±ti ayamettha bhojan±nisa½so. Mah±s²vatthero pan±ha– heµµh± catt±ri aªg±ni paµikkhepo n±ma. Upari pana aµµhaªg±ni samodh±netabb±n²ti– tattha ‘y±vadeva imassa k±yassa µhitiy±’ti eka½ aªga½, ‘y±pan±y±’ti eka½, ‘vihi½s³paratiy±ti’ eka½, ‘brahmacariy±nuggah±y±’ti eka½, ‘iti pur±ºañca vedana½ paµihaªkh±m²’ti eka½, ‘navañca vedana½ na upp±dess±m²’ti eka½, ‘y±tr± ca me bhavissat²’ti eka½, ‘anavajjat±’ c±ti eka½. Ph±suvih±ro pana bhojan±nisa½soti. Eva½ aµµhaªgasamann±gata½ ±h±ra½ ±h±rento bhojane mattaññ³ n±ma hoti. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ pariyesanapaµiggahaºaparibhogesu yuttappam±ºaj±nanavasena pavatto paccavekkhitaparibhogo bhojane mattaññut± n±ma vuccati.
1356. Muµµhassaccaniddese asat²ti sativirahit± catt±ro khandh±. Ananussati appaµissat²ti upasaggavasena pada½ va¹¹hita½. Asaraºat±ti asaraº±k±ro. Adh±raºat±ti dh±retu½ asamatthat±. T±ya hi samann±gato puggalo ±dh±nappatto nidh±nakkhamo na hoti. Udake al±bukaµ±ha½ viya ±rammaºe pilavat²ti pil±panat±. Sa½musanat±ti naµµhamuµµhassatit±. T±ya hi samann±gato puggalo nikkhittabhatto viya k±ko, nikkhittama½so viya ca siªg±lo hoti.
1361. Bh±van±balaniddese kusal±na½ dhamm±nanti bodhipakkhiyadhamm±na½ ±sevan±ti ±disevan±. Bh±van±ti va¹¹han±. Bahul²kammanti punappuna½ karaºa½.
1368. S²lavipattiniddeso s²lasampad±niddesapaµipakkhato veditabbo. Diµµhivipattiniddeso ca diµµhisampad±niddesapaµipakkhato diµµhisampad±niddeso ca diµµhup±d±naniddesapaµipakkhato. S²lavisuddhiniddeso kiñc±pi s²lasampad±niddesena sam±no, tattha pana visuddhisamp±paka½ p±timokkhasa½varas²la½ kathita½, idha visuddhippatta½ s²la½. Sati ca sampajaññañca, paµisaªkh±nabalañca bh±van±balañca, samatho ca vipassan± ca, samathanimittañca paggahanimittañca, pagg±ho ca avikkhepo ca, s²lasampad± ca diµµhisampad± c±ti imehi pana chahi dukehi catubh³mak±pi lokiyalokuttaradhamm±va kathit±.
1373. Diµµhivisuddhiniddese kammassakataññ±ºanti ‘ida½ kamma½ saka½, ida½ no sakan’ti j±nanapaññ±. Tattha attan± v± kata½ hotu parena v± sabbampi akusalakamma½ no saka½. Kasm±? Atthabhañjanato anatthajananato ca. Kusalakamma½ pana anatthabhañjanato atthajananato ca ‘saka½’ n±ma. Tattha yath± n±ma sadhano sabhogo puriso addh±namagga½ paµipajjitv± antar±magge g±manigam±d²su nakkhatte saªghuµµhe ‘aha½ ±gantuko, ka½ nu kho niss±ya nakkhatta½ k²¼eyyan’ti acintetv± yath± yath± icchati tena tena n²h±rena nakkhatta½ k²¼anto sukhena kant±ra½ atikkamati, evameva imasmi½ kammassakataññ±ºe µhatv± ime satt± bahu½ vaµµag±mikamma½ ±y³hitv± sukhena sukha½ anubhavant± arahatta½ patt± gaºanapatha½ v²tivatt±. Sacc±nulomikañ±ºanti catunna½ sacc±na½ anuloma½ vipassan±ñ±ºa½. Maggasamaªgissa ñ±ºa½ phalasamaªgissa ñ±ºanti maggañ±ºaphalañ±º±niyeva.
1374. ‘Diµµhivisuddhi kho pan±’tipadassa niddese y± paññ± paj±nan±ti-±d²hi padehi heµµh± vutt±ni kammassakataññ±º±d²neva catt±ri ñ±º±ni vibhatt±ni.
1375. ‘Yath±diµµhissa ca padh±nan’ti padassa niddese yo cetasiko v²riy±rambhoti-±d²hi padehi niddiµµha½ v²riya½ paññ±gatikameva; paññ±ya hi lokiyaµµh±ne lokiya½ lokuttaraµµh±ne lokuttaranti veditabba½.
1376. Sa½vegadukaniddese j±tibhayanti j±ti½ bhayato disv± µhitañ±ºa½. Jar±maraºabhay±d²supi eseva nayo.
1377. Anuppann±na½ p±pak±nanti-±d²hi j±ti-±d²ni bhayato disv± j±tijar±by±dhimaraºehi muccituk±massa up±yapadh±na½ kathita½. Padabh±jan²yassa panattho vibhaªgaµµhakath±ya½ (vibha. aµµha. 367 bojjhaªgapabbavaººan±) ±vi bhavissati.
1378. ‘Asantuµµhit± ca kusalesu dhammes³’ti padaniddese bhiyyokamyat±ti visesak±mat±. Idhekacco hi ±ditova pakkhikabhatta½ v± sal±kabhatta½ v± uposathika½ v± p±µipadika½ v± deti, so tena asantuµµho hutv± puna dhurabhatta½ saªghabhatta½ vass±v±sika½ deti, ±v±sa½ k±reti, catt±ropi paccaye deti. Tatr±pi asantuµµho hutv± saraº±ni gaºh±ti, pañca s²l±ni sam±diyati. Tatr±pi asantuµµho hutv± pabbajati. Pabbajitv± eka½ nik±ya½ dve nik±yeti tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ gaºh±ti, aµµha sam±pattiyo bh±veti, vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ gaºh±ti Arahattappattito paµµh±ya mah±santuµµho n±ma hoti. Eva½ y±va arahatt± visesak±mat± ‘bhiyyokamyat±’ n±ma.
1379. ‘Appaµiv±nit± ca padh±nasmin’ti padassa niddese yasm± pantasen±sanesu adhikusal±na½ dhamm±na½ bh±van±ya ukkaºµham±no padh±na½ paµiv±seti n±ma anukkaºµham±no no paµiv±seti n±ma, tasm± ta½ naya½ dassetu½ y± kusal±na½ dhamm±nanti-±di vutta½. Tattha sakkaccakiriyat±ti kusal±na½ karaºe sakkaccak±rit±. S±taccakiriyat±ti satatameva karaºa½. Aµµhitakiriyat±ti khaº¹a½ akatv± aµµhapetv± karaºa½. Anol²navuttit±ti al²naj²vit±, al²napavattit± v±. Anikkhittachandat±ti kusalacchandassa anikkhipana½. Anikkhittadhurat±ti kusalakaraºe v²riyadhurassa anikkhipana½.
1380. ‘Pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½ vijj±’ti ettha pubbeniv±soti pubbe nivutthakkhandh± ca khandhapaµibaddhañca. Pubbeniv±sassa anussati pubbeniv±s±nussati. T±ya sampayutta½ ñ±ºa½ pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½. Tayida½ pubbe nivutthakkhandhapaµicch±daka½ tama½ vijjhat²ti vijj±. Ta½ tama½ vijjhitv± te khandhe vidite p±kaµe karot²ti viditakaraºaµµhen±pi vijj±.
Cut³pap±te ñ±ºanti cutiyañca upap±te ca ñ±ºa½. Idampi satt±na½ cutipaµisandhicch±daka½ tama½ vijjhat²ti vijj±. Ta½ tama½ vijjhitv± satt±na½ cutipaµisandhiyo vidit± p±kaµ± karot²ti viditakaraºaµµhen±pi vijj±. ¾sav±na½ khaye ñ±ºanti sabbakiles±na½ khayasamaye ñ±ºa½. Tayida½ catusaccacch±dakatama½ vijjhat²ti vijj±. Ta½ tama½ vijjhitv± catt±ri sacc±ni vidit±ni p±kaµ±ni karot²ti viditakaraºaµµhen±pi vijj±.
1381. ‘Cittassa ca adhimutti nibb±nañc±’ti ettha ±rammaºe adhimuccanaµµhena, paccan²kadhammehi ca suµµhumuttaµµhena aµµha sam±pattiyo cittassa adhimutti n±ma. Itara½ pana ‘natthi ettha taºh±saªkh±ta½ v±na½’, ‘niggata½ v± tasm± v±n±’ti nibb±na½. Tattha aµµha sam±pattiyo saya½ vikkhambhitakilesehi vimuttatt± vimutt²ti vutt±, nibb±na½ pana sabbakilesehi accanta½ vimuttatt± vimutt²ti.
1382. Maggasamaªgissa ñ±ºanti catt±ri maggañ±º±ni. Phalasamaªgissa ñ±ºanti catt±ri phalañ±º±ni. Tattha paµhamamaggañ±ºa½ pañca kilese khepenta½ nirodhenta½ v³pasamenta½ paµippassambhenta½ uppajjat²ti khaye ñ±ºa½ n±ma j±ta½. Dutiyamaggañ±ºa½ catt±ro kilese. Tath± tatiyamaggañ±ºa½. Catutthamaggañ±ºa½ pana aµµha kilese khepenta½ nirodhenta½ v³pasamenta½ paµippassambhenta½ uppajjat²ti ‘khaye ñ±ºa½’ n±ma j±ta½. Ta½ ta½ maggaphalañ±ºa½ pana tesa½ tesa½ kiles±na½ kh²ºante niruddhante v³pasamante paµippassambhante anupp±dante appavattante uppannanti anupp±de ñ±ºa½ n±ma j±tanti.

Aµµhas±liniy± dhammasaªgaha-aµµhakath±ya

Nikkhepakaº¹avaººan± niµµhit±.