Kulanti upaµµh±kakulampi ñ±tikulampi. Tattha aññassa upasaªkamana½ anicchato kulamacchariya½ hoti. P±papuggalassa pana upasaªkamana½ anicchantopi macchar² n±ma na hoti. So hi tesa½ pas±dabhed±ya paµipajjati. Pas±da½ rakkhitu½ samatthasseva pana bhikkhuno tattha upasaªkamana½ anicchanto macchar² n±ma hoti.
L±bhoti catupaccayal±bhova. Ta½ aññasmi½ s²lavanteyeva labhante ‘m± labhat³’ti cintentassa l±bhamacchariya½ hoti. Yo pana saddh±deyya½ vinip±teti, aparibhogadupparibhog±divasena vin±seti, p³tibh±va½ gacchantampi aññassa na deti, ta½ disv± ‘sace ima½ esa na labheyya añño s²lav± labheyya, paribhoga½ gaccheyy±’ti cintentassa macchariya½ n±ma natthi.
Vaººo n±ma sar²ravaººopi guºavaººopi. Tattha sar²ravaººe maccharipuggalo ‘paro p±s±diko r³pav±’ti vutte ta½ na kathetuk±mo hoti. Guºavaººamacchar² s²lena dhutaªgena paµipad±ya ±c±rena vaººa½ na kathetuk±mo hoti.
Dhammoti pariyattidhammo ca paµivedhadhammo ca. Tattha ariyas±vak± paµivedhadhamma½ na macchar±yanti, attan± paµividdhadhamme sadevakassa lokassa paµivedha½ icchanti. Ta½ pana paµivedha½ ‘pare j±nant³’ti icchanti. Tantidhammeyeva pana dhammamacchariya½ n±ma hoti. Tena samann±gato puggalo ya½ gu¼ha½ gantha½ v± kath±magga½ v± j±n±ti ta½ añña½ na j±n±petuk±mo hoti. Yo pana puggala½ upaparikkhitv± dhamm±nuggahena, dhamma½ v± upaparikkhitv± puggal±nuggahena na deti, aya½ dhammamacchar² n±ma na hoti.
Tattha ekacco puggalo lolo hoti, k±lena samaºo hoti, k±lena br±hmaºo, k±lena nigaºµho. Yo hi bhikkhu ‘aya½ puggalo paveºi-±gata½ tanti½ saºha½ sukhuma½ dhammantara½ bhinditv± ±lu¼issat²’ti na deti, aya½ puggala½ upaparikkhitv± dhamm±nuggahena na deti n±ma Yo pana ‘aya½ dhammo saºho sukhumo, sac±ya½ puggalo gaºhissati añña½ by±karitv± att±na½ ±vikatv± nassissat²’ti na deti, aya½ dhamma½ upaparikkhitv± puggal±nuggahena na deti n±ma. Yo pana ‘sac±ya½ ima½ dhamma½ gaºhissati, amh±ka½ samaya½ bhinditu½ samattho bhavissat²’ti na deti, aya½ dhammamacchar² n±ma hoti.
Imesu pañcasu macchariyesu ±v±samacchariyena t±va yakkho v± peto v± hutv± tasseva ±v±sassa saªk±ra½ s²sena ukkhipitv± vicarati. Kulamacchariyena tasmi½ kule aññesa½ d±nam±nan±d²ni karonte disv± ‘bhinna½ vatida½ kula½ mam±’ti cintayato lohitampi mukhato uggacchati, kucchivirecanampi hoti, ant±nipi khaº¹±khaº¹±ni hutv± nikkhamanti. L±bhamacchariyena saªghassa v± gaºassa v± santake l±bhe macchar±yitv± puggalikaparibhoga½ viya paribhuñjitv± yakkho v± peto v± mah±-ajagaro v± hutv± nibbattati. Sar²ravaººaguºavaººamaccharena pariyattidhammamacchariyena ca attanova vaººa½ vaººeti, paresa½ vaººe ‘ki½ vaººo eso’ti ta½ ta½ dosa½ vadanto pariyattidhammañca kassaci kiñci adento dubbaººo ceva e¼am³go ca hoti.
Apica ±v±samacchariyena lohagehe paccati. Kulamacchariyena appal±bho hoti. L±bhamacchariyena g³thaniraye nibbattati. Vaººamacchariyena bhave bhave nibbattassa vaººo n±ma na hoti. Dhammamacchariyena kukku¼aniraye nibbattat²ti.
Macchar±yanavasena macchera½. Macchar±yan±k±ro macchar±yan±. Maccharena ayitassa maccherasamaªgino bh±vo macchar±yitatta½. ‘Mayhameva hontu m± aññass±’ti sabb±pi attano sampattiyo by±petu½ na icchat²ti viviccho. Vivicchassa bh±vo veviccha½, mudumacchariyasseta½ n±ma½. Kadariyo vuccati an±daro. Tassa bh±vo kadariya½. Thaddhamacchariyasseta½ n±ma½. Tena hi samann±gato puggalo parampi paresa½ dadam±na½ niv±reti. Vuttampi ceta½–
Kadariyo p±pasaªkappo, micch±diµµhi an±daro;
dadam±na½ niv±reti, y±cam±n±na bhojananti. (Sa½. ni. 1.132).
Y±cake disv± kaµukabh±vena citta½ añcati saªkocet²ti kaµukañcuko. Tassa bh±vo kaµukañcukat±. Aparo nayo– kaµukañcukat± vuccati kaµacchugg±ho. Samatittikapuºº±ya hi ukkhaliy± bhatta½ gaºhanto sabbatobh±gena saªkuµitena aggakaµacchun± gaºh±ti, p³retv± gahetu½ na sakkoti; eva½ maccharipuggalassa citta½ saªkucati. Tasmi½ saªkucite k±yopi tatheva saªkucati, paµikuµati, paµinivattati, na sampas±riyat²ti macchera½ ‘kaµukañcukat±’ti vutta½.
Aggahitatta½ cittass±ti paresa½ upak±rakaraºe d±n±din± ±k±rena yath± na sampas±riyati, eva½ ±varitv± gahitabh±vo cittassa. Yasm± pana maccharipuggalo attano santaka½ paresa½ ad±tuk±mo hoti parasantaka½ gaºhituk±mo, tasm± ‘ida½ acchariya½ mayhameva hotu, m± aññass±’ti pavattivasenassa attasampattinig³hanalakkhaºat± attasampattiggahaºalakkhaºat± v± veditabb±. Sesa½ imasmi½ gocchake utt±natthameva.
Im±ni pana sa½yojan±ni kilesapaµip±µiy±pi ±haritu½ vaµµati maggapaµip±µiy±pi. Kilesapaµip±µiy± k±mar±gapaµighasa½yojan±ni an±g±mimaggena pah²yanti, m±nasa½yojana½ arahattamaggena, diµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±m±s± sot±pattimaggena, bhavar±gasa½yojana½ arahattamaggena, iss±macchariy±ni sot±pattimaggena, avijj± arahattamaggena. Maggapaµip±µiy± diµµhivicikicch±s²labbatapar±m±sa-iss±macchariy±ni sot±pattimaggena pah²yanti, k±mar±gapaµigh± an±g±mimaggena, m±nabhavar±ga-avijj± arahattamaggen±ti.
1140. Ganthagocchake n±mak±ya½ gantheti, cutipaµisandhivasena vaµµasmi½ ghaµet²ti k±yagantho. Sabbaññubh±sitampi paµikkhipitv± sassato loko idameva sacca½ moghamaññanti imin± ±k±rena abhinivisat²ti ida½sacc±bhiniveso. Yasm± pana abhijjh±k±mar±g±na½ viseso atthi, tasm± abhijjh±k±yaganthassa padabh±jane “yo k±mesu k±macchando k±mar±go”ti avatv± yo r±go s±r±goti-±di vutta½. Imin± ya½ heµµh± vutta½ ‘brahm±na½ vim±n±d²su chandar±go k±m±savo na hoti, ganthagocchaka½ patv± abhijjh±k±yagantho hot²’ti ta½ suvuttanti veditabba½. Parato kilesagocchakepi eseva nayo. Ýhapetv± s²labbatapar±m±santi ida½ yasm± s²labbatapar±m±so ‘idameva saccan’ti-±din± ±k±rena n±bhinivisati, ‘s²lena suddh²’ti-±din± eva pana abhinivisati, tasm± micch±diµµhibh³tampi ta½ paµikkhipanto ‘µhapetv±’ti ±ha.
1162. N²varaºagocchakassa thinamiddhaniddese cittassa akallat±ti cittassa gil±nabh±vo. Gil±no hi akallakoti vuccati. Vinayepi vutta½– “n±ha½, bhante, akallako”ti (p±r±. 151). Akammaññat±ti cittagelaññasaªkh±tova akammaññat±k±ro. Ol²yan±ti ol²yan±k±ro. Iriy±pathikacittañhi iriy±patha½ sandh±retu½ asakkonta½, rukkhe vagguli viya, kh²le laggitaph±ºitav±rako viya ca, ol²yati. Tassa ta½ ±k±ra½ sandh±ya ol²yan±ti vutta½. Dutiyapada½ upasaggavasena va¹¹hita½. L²nanti avipph±rikat±ya paµikuµita½. Itare dve ±k±rabh±vaniddes±. Thinanti sappipiº¹o viya avipph±rikat±ya ghanabh±vena µhita½. Thiyan±ti ±k±raniddeso. Thiyitabh±vo thiyitatta½, avipph±ravaseneva thaddhat±ti attho.
1163. K±yass±ti khandhattayasaªkh±tassa n±mak±yassa. Akallat± akammaññat±ti heµµh± vuttanayameva. Megho viya ±k±sa½ k±ya½ onayhat²ti on±ho. Sabbatobh±gena on±ho pariyon±ho. Abbhantare samorundhat²ti antosamorodho. Yath± hi nagare rundhitv± gahite manuss± bahi nikkhamitu½ na labhanti, evampi middhena samoruddh± dhamm± vipph±ravasena nikkhamitu½ na labhanti. Tasm± antosamorodhoti vutta½. Medhat²ti middha½; akammaññabh±vena vihi½sat²ti attho. Supanti ten±ti soppa½. Akkhidal±d²na½ pacalabh±va½ karot²ti pacal±yik±. Supan± supitattanti ±k±rabh±vaniddes±. Ya½ pana tesa½ purato soppapada½ tassa punavacane k±raºa½ vuttameva. Ida½ vuccati thinamiddhan²varaºanti ida½ thinañca middhañca ekato katv± ±varaºaµµhena thinamiddhan²varaºanti vuccati. Ya½ yebhuyyena sekkhaputhujjan±na½ nidd±ya pubbabh±ga-aparabh±gesu uppajjati ta½ arahattamaggena samucchijjati. Kh²º±sav±na½ pana karajak±yassa dubbalabh±vena bhavaªgotaraºa½ hoti, tasmi½ asammisse vattam±ne te supanti, s± nesa½ nidd± n±ma hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “abhij±n±mi kho pan±ha½, aggivessana, gimh±na½ pacchime m±se catugguºa½ saªgh±µi½ paññapetv± dakkhiºena passena sato sampaj±no nidda½ okkamit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.387). Evar³po pan±ya½ karajak±yassa dubbalabh±vo na maggavajjho, up±dinnakepi anup±dinnakepi labbhati. Up±dinnake labbham±no yad± kh²º±savo d²ghamagga½ gato hoti, aññatara½ v± pana kamma½ katv± kilanto, evar³pe k±le labbhati. Anup±dinnake labbham±no paººapupphesu labbhati. Ekacc±nañhi rukkh±na½ paºº±ni s³riy±tapena pas±riyanti ratti½ paµikuµanti, padumapupph±d²ni s³riy±tapena pupphanti, ratti½ puna paµikuµanti Ida½ pana middha½ akusalatt± kh²º±sav±na½ na hot²ti.
Tattha siy±– “na middha½ akusala½. Kasm±? R³patt±. R³pañhi aby±kata½. Idañca r³pa½. Tenevettha ‘k±yassa akallat± akammaññat±’ti k±yaggahaºa½ katan”ti. Yadi ‘k±yass±’ti vuttamatteneveta½ r³pa½, k±yapassaddh±dayopi dhamm± r³pameva bhaveyyu½. ‘Sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedeti’ (dha. sa. 163; d². ni. 1.230) ‘k±yena ceva paramasacca½ sacchikarot²’ti (ma. ni. 2.183; a. ni. 4.113) sukhapaµisa½vedanaparamatthasaccasacchikaraº±nipi r³pak±yeneva siyu½. Tasm± na vattabbameta½ ‘r³pa½ middhan’ti. N±mak±yo hettha k±yo n±ma. Yadi n±mak±yo, atha kasm± ‘soppa½ pacal±yik±’ti vutta½? Na hi n±mak±yo supati, na ca pacal±yat²ti. ‘Liªg±d²ni viya indriyassa, tassa phalatt±. Yath± hi ‘itthiliªga½ itthinimitta½ itthikutta½ itth±kappo’ti im±ni liªg±d²ni itthindriyassa phalatt± vutt±ni, eva½ imass±pi n±mak±yagelaññasaªkh±tassa middhassa phalatt± sopp±d²ni vutt±ni. Middhe hi sati t±ni hont²ti. Phal³pac±rena, middha½ ar³pampi sam±na½ ‘soppa½ pacal±yik± supan± supitattan’ti vutta½.
‘Akkhidal±d²na½ pacalabh±va½ karot²ti pacal±yik±’ti vacanatthen±pi c±yamattho s±dhitoyev±ti na r³pa½ middha½. On±h±d²hipi cassa ar³pabh±vo d²pitoyeva. Na hi r³pa½ n±mak±yassa ‘on±ho pariyon±ho antosamorodho’ hot²ti. ‘Nanu ca imin±va k±raºeneta½ r³pa½? Na hi ar³pa½ kassaci on±ho, na pariyon±ho, na antosamorodho hot²’ti. Yadi eva½, ±varaºampi na bhaveyya. Tasm±. Yath± k±macchand±dayo ar³padhamm± ±varaºaµµhena n²varaº±, eva½ imass±pi on±han±di-atthena on±h±dit± veditabb±. Apica “pañca n²varaºe pah±ya cetaso upakkilese paññ±ya dubbal²karaºe”ti (d². ni. 2.146; sa½. ni. 5.233) vacanatopeta½ ar³pa½. Na hi r³pa½ cittupakkileso, na paññ±ya dubbal²karaºa½ hot²ti.
Kasm± na hoti? Nanu vutta½–
“Santi, bhikkhave, eke samaºabr±hmaº± sura½ pivanti meraya½, sur±merayap±n± appaµivirat±, aya½, bhikkhave, paµhamo samaºabr±hmaº±na½ upakkileso”ti (a. ni. 4.50).